January 19, 2005

Open Letter to Udit Raj regarding his article Caste Curse (ToI- January 17, 2002)

21/33 Sagar Aptt.
Link Rd., Lokhandwala Cx.
Andheri – Mumbai 400 102

This has reference to the letter by U. Raj under the
heading Caste Curse (ToI- January 17, 2002) and again
repeated the next day. The letter was about caste
discrimination in the tsunami affected areas in Tamil
According to a report from NAGAPATTINAM, Tamil Nadu,
an area affected by the tsunami disaster, some Dalit
families are not allowed to use toilets or even drink
water by a majority of fishermen who are from the
Meenavar community, listed in official records as Most
Backward class (MBC). The fishermen think that Dalits
are still untouchable.

In this case Udit Raj has unnecessarily blamed the
Sangh Parivar, which has nothing to do with the caste
discrimination. U.Raj has said: “the Sangh Parivar
cries foul against conversion, but can you blame
Dalits for conversion?”
It must be noted that the Sangh parivar has blames not
“Dalits” but missionaries for converting people by
allurement or force, which is banned by Congress
governments in some states.
U.Raj has better note that even Mahatma Gandhi had
opposed such conversion.

Udit Raj, converted to Buddhism in which there are no
castes, however, continues to call his organization

It is high time we made efforts to get rid of casteism
from our society.
We must try to see that a bill is brought to
parliament to ban all words connoting castes from the
next Ambedkar jayanti or so.

Yours faithfully,

Conspiracy-- The hand behind the Kanchi Mutt assault ( Vatican Mafia)


The campaign against national institutions is being coordinated by a secretive organization known as Opus Dei.

N.S. Rajaram

Hand behind the coup

Anyone following the brazen attack on the Kanchi Mutt and the relentless witch hunt against its leaders and officials cannot be in doubt that it must have a powerful organization directing its every move. It is no coincidence that these attacks, which were little more than pinpricks when the NDA government was in power, have become suddenly bold and open once the UPA came to power with Sonia Gandhi as the power behind the Government.

Two developments have brought a sense of urgency to the conspiracy or campaign behind this assault on the nation: (1) the rapidly eroding base of the Congress, especially in North India, with the natural implication that the ‘Dynasty’ will have difficulty holding on to power for any length of time by strictly constitutional means; and (2) the growing fear in Europe, especially in Italy, that Christendom is losing the civilizational war against Islam. The survival of Christianity is at stake.

The first is dynastic while the second is geopolitical. Rapid changes in national and international politics and a creeping sense of fear bordering on paranoia have led to an unholy alliance between anti-national forces in India and Christian organizations of the world hoping to use India’s vast resources in Europe’s and Christianity's desperate struggle for survival in the West.

The Vatican’s mafia
The country most vulnerable to the Islamic invasion of Europe is Italy. The institution that is at the greatest risk is the Vatican, seen the world over as the seat of Christianity though in religious matters, many Christians do not accept its leadership. But financially and organizationally, it is unmatched by any other Christian sect. Most importantly, the Vatican has an intelligence apparatus and a network of agents all over the world that non-Catholic denominations lack. Also, the Vatican’s patronage of this machinery ensures complete secrecy since the Vatican is probably the world’s most secretive organization and a sovereign state to boot.

This intelligence organization is the sinister but little known Opus Dei. The Time magazine recently had a feature on it, but the Indian media, a good part of it under the influence of the Opus Dei, has maintained complete silence over its activities and even its very existence.

What is this mysterious organization that carries out operations that would put the CIA to shame in the name of God and Christ? (Opus Dei in Latin means the work of God.)

Opus Dei was founded shortly before the Spanish Civil War by a Spanish adventurer and Christian fanatic by name Jose Maria Escriva de Belaguer. Born in the sleepy town of Barbastro, he rose by the dint of his determination, industry and ruthlessness to be the virtual dictator of the Vatican, and came to be known as the ‘Super Pope.’

This was no idle boast. In 1978, Albino Luciani was elected Pope as John Paul I. He threatened to change the Vatican with his reforms, but died within a month of assuming office under mysterious circumstances— without an autopsy or even a death certificate. This led to the election of the reactionary Karol Woztyla, better known as Pope John Paul II. And he showed his gratitude by rushing the Opus Die founder Excriva’s nomination to sainthood in record time, though Mother Teresa’s name still languishes.

With more than 100,000 members worldwide and more than a million activists, the Opus Die that Escriva founded now controls the Catholic Church and many other Christian and secular organizations. The Vatican regards Escriva as “God’s gift to the Church in our time.” When Escriva died in 1975, its officials openly boasted: “In 20 or 30 years, all that remains of the Church will be Opus Dei.” This has proven remarkably prophetic.

The Opus Dei agenda at the time was to combine economic and political control with thought control. It believes that the first two cannot be achieved without the third. And here is where conversion, especially in India comes into play. With Europeans unwilling to lay down their lives to defend Christianity, much less the Vatican, Christian organizations and nominally Christian nations of Europe have cast their covetous eyes on India with its vast manpower and material resources.

This is now made all the more urgent by the Islamic threat to Europe from within and without, and by the fact as the Pope has himself admitted: “Christianity has lost the West.” This realization has made some non-Catholic churches (like the evangelical outfits) to join in the rush for gaining converts in India.

Europe, especially the Vatican, would like nothing better than a Musharraf-like puppet in India, willing to place India’s resources, especially its vast manpower, in the service of defending Europe against Islam.

Crusade driven by paranoia
The vision of the Opus Dei founder Escriva was spelled out by an internal document in the following words: “The labor of placing Jesus [i.e., the Christianity] at the summit of human activity throughout the world.” This now sounds like a pipedream, with Christianity itself struggling for survival in Europe, and with Islamic warriors in Kosovo less than a hundred miles from Trieste on the Italian border. By breaking up Yugoslavia, the Western powers virtually cut their own throats, by destroying the buffer state that had protected Europe for nearly a century.

The situation today is different. Christianity, much less the Vatican no longer sees Christianity triumphing in the world. The concern today is over survival. Here is Vatican’s nightmare vision. In the first millennium, Christianity lost Jerusalem to the Arabs. In the second millennium, in 1453, Constantinople fell to the Islamic warriors of the Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II; the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire disappeared from the map. Now, with Islamic warriors poised in Kosovo, waiting to make the short leap to Italy, Christianity may next lose Rome itself.

Probably this is what the Pope had in mind when he said that the third millennium would see Christianity in Asia. It also may be read to mean that he sees Christianity disappearing from Europe. This is not helped by the fact that Italy is not known for the heroism of its soldiers as many Indian veterans who fought against Mussolini’s army will attest. (Roman pickpockets are a greater menace than the Italian army.)

This nightmare scenario is reflected in Opus Dei sources. Participants at an Opus Dei seminar in Barcelona concluded: “A parallel exists between the present situation in the Occident [West] and the fall of the Roman Empire.” A leading Canadian expert on Opus Dei observed: “Now this was an alarmist, not to say scare-mongering conclusion. But it was perfectly in line with the Opus Dei’s use of the psychology of fear.”

The point is not whether this doomsday scenario is valid, but the undeniable fact that the Opus Dei (and the Vatican) is driven by this fear. To make matters worse, many Islamic leaders also believe that Rome, and even Europe, is theirs for the taking and all they have to do is mount a determined assault. They point out that they defeated one superpower — the Soviet Union — and are now on the verge of defeating America— or so they believe. Europe they feel will be a pushover.

In view of the Vatican’s inability to mount a military offensive against encroaching Islam, it has resorted to cunning and subterfuge— something at which it has always excelled. Opus Dei is now at the forefront of what it calls “cyber-crusade.” The idea is to use its propaganda muscle and subversion of state institutions in countries like India to gain converts for defending Christianity. Its principal assault is on higher education and the media.

Opus Dei has set up several universities and research institutions with names like the Institution for Human Sciences in Vienna, University of Human Rights in Geneva, the Weatherford Foundation for African Students in New York and many others. It even attempted to set up a college in Oxford but was thwarted. As early as 1979, an Opus Dei memorandum stated:

“Members of Opus Dei already work in the following professional enterprises… 479 universities and institutes of higher learning in five continents; 604 newspapers, magazines and scientific publications; 52 radio and television stations; 38 news and publicity agencies; 12 film production and distribution companies…”

Today, 25 years later, it is at least twice as extensive. And the list does not include individuals journalists and scholars who work for Opus Dei in institutions not owned by it (and also NGOs). It is a virtual certainty that Opus Dei has significant presence in India. As recently as 1993, Opus Dei opened a new center in India headed by a Spanish wool merchant— or so he claimed. A decade before him, the cultural attaché at the Italian Embassy in Delhi was rumored to be in the pay of Opus Dei. (He was later removed for running an antique smuggling racket under diplomatic cover.)

More than forty years ago, the Indian-Spanish theologian Raimundo Panikkar came to India armed with a scholarship from the National Science and Research Council (NSRC)— an Opus Dei front. Has anyone looked at the possibility that some Indian foundations might also be fronting for Opus Dei activities— like the Heritage Foundation of Washington?

What has all this got to do with the assault on Kanchi Mutt? Subramanian Swamy and several others have charged that it is part of an international conspiracy and a threat to national security. If such is the case, it cannot possibly be the handiwork of just a few adventurers and politicians. Opus Dei is one of the few organizations with the resources and the motive. Its plan calls for fighting Islam to the last Indian.

This is what India is really up against. The Kanchi Mutt case is just the tip of the iceberg.

Their Kingdom Come: Inside the Secret World of Opus Dei (1997) by Robert Hutchison. London: Corgi Books

Of CBI, Mayawati and apex court

CBI's credibility? Zilch. Why doesn't SC intervene?

SC should have intervened when bank accounts of Kanchi Peetham were
frozen, when Kanchi Acharya Junior Acharya was arrested close on the
heels of the bail judgement delivered by SC and when CM writes a
veritable indictment of judiciary, stating that judiciary has no
righto interfere with an investigation agency, that is, telling the SC
that it has no business to declare that there was no prima facie case
against the Kanchi Acharya. Why does SC even entertain a bail revision
petition of the sort presented by TN Govt. that the Acharya should be
exiled north of the Vindhyas?

Who is credible in Bharat, these days, in a country ruled by a vides'i rani?

Dhanyavaadah. Kalyanaraman

Title: Of CBI, Mayawati and apex court
Author: Editorial
Publication: Free Press Journal
Date: Januay 17, 2005


Here is further proof that the independence and autonomy of the
country's premier investigating agency stands completely eroded. Some
weeks ago, the CBI let Captain Satish Sharma off the hook, citing the
directive of the Home Ministry to withdraw all cases against the
Nehru-Gandhi family's trusted retainer.

Last week, it decided to close investigations into the
multi-crore Taj Corridor scam against Mayawati, citing the opinion of the
Attorney General Milon Banerjee. That both the Home Ministry and the AG are
agents of the ruling Congress Party need not be over-emphasised here. But
public memory cannot be so short as not to recall how tens of crores of
rupees were unearthed by the self-same CBI while following the trail of
the Taj corridor scam.

Or how the bank accounts of the BSP boss and her close family
members were sealed by the CBI after crores of rupees were found deposited
in cash in them and it was suspected that it might have been the loot
from the Taj scam. Why, the Supreme Court, no less, was itself
monitoring the investigations and had insisted on it being informed by the CBI
at regular intervals.

Therefore, it is rather odd for the AG to come to the considered
opinion, as, we presume, he seems to have done, that the closure of
investigations in the case is called for despite the direction by the
highest court in the land that a case of wrong-doing existed for the CBI to
probe and fix the blame on its perpetrators.

Now, the main suspect without whose active collusion there would
have been no Taj scam is being allowed to go scot free simply because
the ruling Congress Party feels obliged to serenade her for sheer
extraneous reasons. As the Chief Minister of UP, Mayawati had virtually
parceled out the standing symbol of the country'sglorious heritage for
commercial exploitation to her crony contractors and builders.

Now, exploiting its control over the CBI, the ruling Congress
Party has decided to exploit the self-same Taj Corridor scam for making
political capital. The party wants to recover the lost ground in UP
riding on the shoulders of Mayawati and, therefore, is willing to bend the
CBI to its partisan dictates disregarding all canons of equity, justice
and good governance.

It is a fit case for intervention by the Supreme Court. After
all, the CBI investigations into major scams cannot be revived or killed
depending on the complexion of the ruling party in New Delhi. The apex
court must step in to prevent the broad daylight hijacking of the
country's premier investigating agency by the amoral and unscrupulous rulers.

Its failure to do so would call into question the keen interest
it had earlier taken in the investigation of the scam. Meanwhile, the
CBI stands to lose whatever little remains of its credibility if it
surrenders meekly to its political masters. In the final analysis,
partisanship, anywhere and everywhere, is the enemy of justice and fair play.

The Nehruvian-secular "compulsions of coalition politics"


The Nehruvian-secular "compulsions of coalition politics" (1of 2)

Jan 19, 2005

Thoughts on issues of current interest [my comments - as an Indian citizen - within square brackets], including instances of some double standards of our public figures, especially in the construction of Indian identity (all those Macaulayan myths, and the hypocrisy that is Nehruvian secularism) - Krishen Kak

[Readers will share my astonishment at learning - on the authority of a senior union minister - that in the State of Bihar seventy thousand, yes, "70,000 persons, mostly from the weaker castes and minority communities, have been killed in the last 15 years", under the overlordship of another senior union minister LP Yadav and his politically emancipated and powerful wife Rabri Devi who is chief minister of Bihar (RV Paswan, "Defamed by the duo", The Pioneer, Jan 15, 2005).

The mind boggles. Here are more State-enabled "secular" killings in a shorter period in Bihar than likewise State-enabled jihadi killings over 50 years in Kashmir. Of course, there cannot be a comparison between the Bihari job-migration and the KP genocide, but there certainly can be over the Nehruvian-secular response to the deaths. In both States, Nehruvian secularism aids, abets, enables and encourages them..

V'mala 16, 45, 49 show clearly how MK Gandhi wanted Hindus to sacrifice themselves for Muslims, and P Goradia reminds us how Gandhi described Muslim murderers of Hindus as brave and God-fearing ("Secularism and bharatiyata", The Pioneer, Jan 15, 2005). V'mala 19 shows how JL Nehru put this into practice in Kashmir. But LP Yadav bests both! During his overlordship. his castemen in 1989 massacred Muslims in Bhagalpur; he ensured the murderers were never brought to justice and "the Muslims also got the message that if they pleased the Yadav leadership with their votes their lives would be safe. This is the essence of Mr Yadav's secularism in Bihar" (J Jaitly, "Theatre of the bizarre", The Pioneer, Jan 15, 2005).

(It is another matter that, as in Pakistan and Bangladesh, once Koranic Islam acquires or reproduces its way to majority, it kills the Hindus - but perhaps Mr Yadav's demographic calculations don't go beyond his own political survival.)

The Patna High Court has repeatedly noted the breakdown of law and order in Bihar. The LP Yadav example explodes the recent politically-correct myth of voters wanting good governance - clearly the Bihar voters at least don't. Nor for that matter, do Nehruvian secularists. What they want is power, as the widespread Nehruvian-secular witch-hunting of those with professedly or believedly Hindu beliefs indubitably establishes.

Worse, the Nehruvian-secular "compulsions of coalition politics" is now the politically correct justification for alignments of mafia dons and dacoits. Cabinet ministers openly call each other thieves, while the prime minister tut-tuts, the Super PM smiles enigmatically, and her National Advisory Council, accountable to no one, does not feel this is a situation that needs its advice.

The same overlord openly bribes voters, the Election Commission "severely condemns this serious violation.....normally a serious violation should invite exemplary punishment" but it seems we live in abnormal times so the Commission merely tut-tuts a little strongly ("severely reprimands") - and lets the offendor off (J Venkatesan, "Lalu violated code: Election Commission", The Hindu, Jan 18, 2005)!

Not at all surprisingly, LP Yadav, openly declared by his cabinet colleague to be responsible for thousands of killings, openly contemptuous of the law because of the Nehruvian-secular "compulsions of coalition politics", can ensure just before elections in his State an "interim report" on the Godhra train-burning that Nehruvian secularism promptly uses to demonise Hindus. LP Yadav, having got away with the intimidation of the head of the forensic science laboratory (V''mala 75), then sponsors a report by a retired judge selected by him, who was asked to give an interim report to time it with the elections, who stated that he was unaware of the elections, who promptly calls a Press conference (but refuses there to answer questions), a judge who gives LP Yadav an advance copy a Hindi translation of which the chief minister of Bihar can prepare to simultaneously release from her residence in Patna ("Did Lalu's man consider the evidence?" and "Injustice Banerjee", editorial, The Pioneer, Jan 19, 2005).

The Election Commission, in finding LP Yadav guilty of electoral bribery, said,"it is not the strict rules of evidence that apply. What matters is the general perception in the minds of the people...." and it talked about "the whole nation's conscience". Where is its own conscience now? With the distribution from the Bihar chief minister's house of a translation of the report, can there still be the slightest doubt that (just as the communists with impunity encouraged communal hatred to gain Muslim votes - V'mala 57), LP Yadav is playing the same communal game for Muslim votes? The Commission, in the bribery matter, cautioned the Yadav party that that was "the last opportunity" to it "to honour the code and abide by it, both in letter and in spirit" (Venkatesan, op.cit.). Well, for what is the Commission now waiting? Another opportunity?!

Whether Bihar or Kashmir, Central statutory and Constitutional authorities watch as innocent Indians continue in the thousands to die. All because of Nehruvian secularism (V'mala 20).

UAV flocks to be operated against terrorists

UAV flocks to be operated against terrorists

Elad Kivelevitch, who is working towards his M.Sc. at Technion - Israel Institute of Technology under the guidance of Dr. Pini Gurfil of the Faculty of Aerospace Engineering, has developed an innovate and unique method of fighting terrorism, using a flock of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). The new method will make it possible to distinguish between military targets and civilians, even in crowded built-up areas, and greatly increase the probability of hitting and destroying the target.

Kivelevitch and Gurfil have developed an algorithm for indentifying and destroying targets in hostile territory, based on natural movements of flocks, such as storks, wasps, and ants. They have created a flock of coordinated UAVs, which do not collide with each other, and which work as a team. “A flock of UAVs can perform a given mission better than one UAV,” Gurfil explains. “Communications between the members of the flock are sophisticated, not complicated, which enables even a flock of dozens of UAVs to function effectively.”

A heterogeneous flock of UAVs, each with its own capabilities, has one “leader.” The leader spots the target, conducts a “tender” among the flock members, decides which has the best chance of destroying the target, and assigns the mission to that member.

”The new method has several conspicuous advantages,” Gurfil adds. “It distinguishes between friend and foe, and its chances of striking the enemy are far better than the chances of an individual UAV. When a malfunction is detected in a flock member, or one simply runs out of fuel, that member is returned to the base for repair or refueling, while the mission continues. This is not the case with a single UAV forced to return to its base. All UAV flock systems are capable of learning and adapting to dangerous territory and a high degree of uncertainty.” The system, based on the theory of logic and behavioral science, took over a year to develop

January 18, 2005




Train numbers 9164, 9166 and 9168 have been named Sabarmati Express after the name of the Sabarmati Ashram established by Mahatma Gandhi to experiment and propagate his philosophies of non-violence and swadeshi. The train runs up to Ahmedabad, from Faizabad (9164) on Saturdays, from Muzaffarabad (9166) on Wednesday, Friday and Monday and from Varanasi (9168) on Thursday, Sunday and Tuesday. It covers Lucknow, Gwalior, Bhopal, Indore and Dahod is its first halt in Gujarat. After traveling 74 km in 2 hrs and 19 minutes from Dahod the train is scheduled to arrive at 0255hrs at Godhra. After Godhra it halts at Vadodra, Anand and Nadiad reaching Ahmedabad at 0700hrs

On 26.02.02 Sabarmati Express started from Faizabad about 225 minutes late. On that fateful day, about 2300 pilgrims were travelling by the train. Most of them were returning from Ayodhya where they had gone for either participating in the shila pujan or for the purana ahuti of the ritual jap of Ram naam that the devotees began one month in advance at their respective places.

There were other passengers in the train including members of the Muslim community. However, it has been reported that most of the Muslim passengers got down at Dahod Railway Station and rest of them

at Godhra and it appears that when the train was torched there was no Muslim passengers on the train

except the elements who were to stop the train by pulling the chain as part of a conspiracy to burn the pilgrims alive.

At 07.42 hrs the train stopped at Godhra railway Station. After about five minutes, the train started to move but stopped for a few moments as some passengers could not board the train. It finally left the station but came to halt about 700 metres away from the station as some one had pulled the chain. The vacuum pipe between the Coaches No. S-6 and S-7 was cut thereby preventing any further movement of the train.

Miscreants threw bricks and stones at the train as soon as it left Godhra railway station. The stoning intensified after it finally stopped about 700 metres from the station. The passengers of the train, particularly Coaches S-5, S-6 and S-7, were the main targets. The passengers reportedly shut the windows and doors to protect themselves. Burning missiles and acid bulbs were thrown on and in the coaches. One such acid missile landed in Coach S-7 and a fire started which the passengers were able to extinguish. But the attack continued and more burning missiles were thrown into the Coach S-6.

Soon, S-6 caught fire and within minutes it was in flames. Passengers who managed to get out of the burning compartment were attacked with sharp weapons and stoned. They received serious injuries. Some of them got out through the windows and took shelter below the coach. After some time (between 20 minutes and 40 minutes) fire engine arrived at the scene and took about half an hour to extinguish the fire.

Inside the coach, 58 charred bodies were found. These included 26 women and 12 children. Those who had seen the charred bodies shiver even weeks after the incident while recalling the gory scene. Even a cursory look at the photographs of the charred bodies is a chilling experience. Forty-three (43) injured persons were rushed to the Civil Hospital at Godhra with different degrees of burns. The train left Godhra at about 1230 hours minus Coach S-6, 58 dead and 43 injured.

The question why a large number of Hindus were roasted alive at the hands of Muslim crowds at Godhra and also what was the motivation to enact such a ghastly act needs to be answered. There is strong logic supported by direct and circumstantial evidence that enables the team to assert without an iota of doubt that the entire action was carried out on the behest of the Government of Pakistan. The primary objective was to create Hindu-Muslim communal conflagration in India. The reasons why Pakistan would resort to such acts are:

1.Hindu-Muslim communal riots in India would have echo in Bangladesh, and would help in cleansing of Hindus from that country resulting in further straining of relations with India. The communal rioting will provide yet another excuse for India bashing. The reaction in Bangladesh will add fuel to the already communally tense situation in India. It would ultimately gives sustenance to the "Two Nation Theory".

2. Hindu-Muslim riots in India would further accentuate alienation of Kashmiri Muslims, thereby creating further space in Kashmir for Pakistan’s nefarious activities against India.

3. Hindu-Muslim riots in India would tend to adversely affect India’s present friendly relations with Afghanistan. It is worth mentioning here that Prime Minister of Afghanistan had in a television interview while responding to a question about the nature of Afghanistan’s relations with India observed, "That would depend upon how India treats its Muslim minority". Incidentally, the Prime Minister of Afghanistan was in Delhi on the fateful day the train was torched.

4.Situation at the Indo-Pak border is extremely critical and volatile. A little misunderstanding or even an unintended move can lead to a war between the two countries. Hindu-Muslim riots in such a situation would come handy to weaken our defences as the army would have to be withdrawn from the borders to combat riots. The army is normally summoned to assist the civil authorities when the situation worsens as happened during recent riots in Gujarat.

With a view to maintain law and order, two Brigades of army were deployed in various parts of the state thereby leaving a portion of our border uncovered or weakly protected. To cite an example, if the troops deployed on the Katch border are withdrawn our defences in that area become weak and border more porous thereby increasing the danger of infiltration by jehadis and smugglers dealing with drugs and arms. What would please more the hostile neighbour and ISI than weak defences and porous borders and what can be a better mechanism than creating a situation where Indian army’s attention is diverted because of its deployment in riot-hit areas. All patriotic and nationalist forces demanding deployment of army to assist the civil authority for one reason or the other need to look at the situation from this angle as well.

5.Hindu-Muslim riots increase the alienation of the saner elements among Kashmiri Muslim and add to the support base of terrorist outfits sponsored, armed and financed by ISI. Terrorism and insurgency get a shot in the arm. In the event of a war between the two countries these subversive groups can play havoc.

6.Hindu-Muslim riots create tensions and misunderstanding between India and Muslim countries with which India has developed understanding and goodwill. By provoking communal violence, Pakistan wants to isolate India in the international community and tarnish its image as a pluralistic and democratic society.

Another question that needs systematic analysis is: Why Godhra? Why did Pakistan choose to enact this ghastly act at a small, little known town of Godhra? On the basis of information gathered from various sources the team identifies the following reasons for choosing Godhra for this carnage:

The rate of growth of Muslim population in Godhra is much higher than the national growth rate of Muslim population. At present the estimated ratio of Hindu-Muslim population ranges from 60:40 to 48:52. In any case, it is an established fact that Godhra has a very large Muslim population. Most of them live on both the sides of the railway station in depth. In normal course, the Sabarmati Express was to arrive at Godhra railway Station at 02.55 a.m. The conspirators must have chosen the place with a view to complete their operation "Burn the train" at the dead of night when most of the passengers would be asleep. They must have planned to accomplish their evil "mission" unhindered and with impunity.

Godhra has the dubious distinction of having a large number of Muslim fundamentalists and ‘jehadi’ elements. Godhra is neither a Muslim pilgrim center like Ajmer nor a Muslim educational center like Aligarh and Deoband. The local Muslims are not economically affluent either, yet this town had hosted three ‘istema’- religious congregations. In one of the ‘istema’, Muslim representatives from more than hundred countries participated. The holding of international congregations on such a massive scale gives credence to the commonly held perception that there has been a massive inflow of foreign money into Godhra.

One Shri Haji Bilal, a Congress member of Nagarpalika, who has been booked by the police as the executor of the carnage, have been, according to locals, proudly proclaiming himself to be "Bin Laden of Godhra". President of the District Congress Committee, Farooq Malla and Congress activist and member of Godhra Nagarpalika, Abdul Rehman Dhatia, are amongst those booked for the carnage giving credence to reports that local Congressmen were actively involved in the burning of the train.

The next question is: Why was this particular train chosen for torching? The team provides the following answer:

This particular train was chosen because the 2300 ‘pilgrims’ were returning from Ayodhya on this train. Torching and burning alive a large number of Hindu pilgrims (including women and children) was intended to let loose a tide of indignation and provocation of horrendous proportion in Hindu population resulting in intended ignition of the communal tinder box, causing wide spread Hindu-Muslim riots all over the country. However, the train got late and the miscreants were able to burn only one compartment instead of the entire train and (contrary to the expectations of their Pakistani masters) the communal riots were confined to only a part of Gujarat.

The evidence that leads to the conclusion that the torching of Sabarmati Express on the morning of 27.02.02 was pre-meditated can be stated as:

The train took only three minutes, as per the statement of the Stationmaster, form the platform to the place where it was stopped by pulling the chain at a distance of about 700 metres. It is impossible for a mob of about 2000 persons carrying acid bulbs and highly combustible liquids to converge within three minutes that too in the early hours of the morning.

The conspirators had done their homework. They ensured that the mob gets enough time to accomplish the misdeed. Had the train stopped because of chain pulling, the driver could have re-started the train after it was attacked by the mob. In order to ensure that the train would not move even an inch, the conspirators had deputed certain persons to cut the vacuum pipe.

Consequently, the train could not move before the pipe was repaired.

In order to establish the correct chronology of events the Study Team collected information from:

1.Staff at the Railway Station, Godhra

2.District Administration

3.Passengers traveling in Sabarmati Express on 27.02.02 in S-6

4.Passengers traveling in Sabarmati Express on 27.02.02 other than in S-6

5.Staff of the Fire Brigade, Godhra

6.Others who were witness to the later part of the incident

7. Reports in local, regional and Delhi Press.

The staff at the Railway Station Godhra told the team that no serious quarrel took place on the platform when the train halted there for about 05 minutes. Immediately after the train started moving it stopped and few left-out passengers boarded the train and it started again. A mob of about 1000 Muslims ahead of the Railway Station started pelting stones and other missiles on the train. The train after moving about 700 metres stopped once again but with a jerk as a result of chain pulling. The vacuum pipe of the Coach No. S-6 was cut. The mob had by then swelled to more than 2000. They stoned the train and also threw burning missiles, concentrating on S-6 and S-7. Soon the Coach S-6 was seen burning and the flames reached outside the coach in no time. Railway Police rushed to the scene and after initial hesitation fired in the air to disperse the mob. There was no impact on the mob that did not disperse even after firing in the air and kept shouting slogans and throwing missiles at the police and the crowd comprising railway officials, passengers of the other coaches of the train and bystanders.

Fire brigade reached the site after about half an hour (from the time of the departure of the train from the platform). It took about half an hour to extinguish the flames and cool down the S-6 coach. District administration reached the spot after the fire had almost been extinguished and the mob had withdrawn to a distant place but was still shouting slogans. All through voices were heard on loudspeakers from both the sides of the railway track inciting the mob to kill and burn the infidels (kafirs) and the enemies of Bin Laden. With the help of civilians, the injured were taken to the Civil Hospital and the dead were brought out and counted. Burnt bodies of passengers were identified with the help of other passengers of the train including those of S-6 who had escaped unhurt or were not seriously injured.

As per the presentation made by the Collector of Panchmahal at Godhra, the Sabarmati express arrived at Godhra Railway station at 7.43 am (scheduled arrival at 2.55a.m.). Train departed at 7.48 a.m. and was stopped at a distance of 1km from Godhra railway station by pulling chain at "Signal Faliya". A mob of about 2000 miscreants attacked the train with stones and firebombs. Bogies no S/5 and S/6 were set on fire, bogies S/6 was completely burnt with 58 passengers in it including 26 women, 12 children and 20 men roasted alive.

D.S.P. rushed to the spot as soon as he got the information about the incident. Relief work started immediately by the Collector. Arrangements for firefighters were made. Along with the arrangements of Ambulance Van and ST Buses from RTO. Team of three doctors rushed to the site. Twentyfive passengers were treated on site. Food packets, drinking water was made available to stranded passengers. 43 injured passengers were shifted to civil hospital. Police fired 14 rounds and 30 teargas shells to prevent the mob from causing further damage. Curfew was imposed in the town at 10.55am. Collector with senior railway officers entered the burnt carriage to assess the casualties - 58 dead bodies found. Train departed for Ahmedabad with the rest of passengers at 12.40 pm. Inquest & post-mortem of all bodies was done by 4.30 pm. Bodies dispatched at 10.30 pm to Civil hospital, Sola, Ahmedabad.


Kamala (name changed in view of threats received and bomb attack on her a day before she was interviewed by the Study Team on O4.02.02), a college student, went to Ayodhya along with her parents and two sisters to perform the purana ahuti of the Ram jaap her mother was doing for the last one month. The family boarded the train at Faizabad in Coach no S-6 on 26.02.02 at about 0800 hours. There were many passengers on the train who were chanting Ram naam and occasionally chanting jai Sri ram. In the morning of 27.02.02 the train was at Godhra railway station and as soon as it moved, a barrage of stones were thrown at the compartment. Terrified and taken aback, the passengers closed the windows.

The train stopped for a few moments and again started. After about 2-3 minutes the train stopped with a strong jerk rattling the passengers and the luggage. The train continued to be stoned with great intensity.

Mob outside the train was pounding upon the windows and doors. Somebody from outside the train was able to open a window and threw a burning object into the compartment. It fell on the luggage and the fire started. Some passengers stated stamping on the fire, but more burning objects were thrown in as the mob broke open more windows. Some liquid was also poured in from the windows, which intensified the fire. Iron grills of some windows were detached from one side and bent to pick up the passengers’ luggage. This luggage was set on fire and thrown back into the coach. The passengers were terribly shaken and shouting for help. Some of them were able to open the door and get out.

Soon the entire coach was gutted. Smoke was so thick that it was impossible to breathe or see anything. She looked for her family members in vain and dropped out of the train from a window whose grill had been bent and detached from one side. Lying of the ground she could breathe a little and saw a huge mob with swords and iron rods hurling abuses at Hindus. She moved below the coach from where she was rescued after sometime. She may have remained unconscious for some time. She later identified the charred bodies of her mother, father and two sisters. One sister was an engineer and the other was a commerce graduate.

The same train took her to Ahmedabad where she now lives with her younger sister. She has already got Rs. 50,000 as relief and expects more. She told the team that she had heard certain Muslims saying that a lot of trouble was caused to them because of her narration of the Godhra tragedy and that she would be eliminated. A bomb was thrown into the room in which she was sleeping a day before the team met her. Fortunately, it did not explode. The matter was reported to the police who are investigating the case.

Raghu (name changed for reasons of security of the witness) was traveling in Coach S-6 of the Sabarmati Express on 27.02.02 and his narration of the events is similar to those of Kamala. When the coach was set on fire he went up on the upper berth in the hope that the fire will soon be extinguished. But when he got a choked because of the thick smoke he moved from one upper berth to another towards the door but the flames frustrated his first attempt to jump out. He returned and after some time made a desperate attempt and was able to reach the door where a passenger whom he had earlier seen in the train dragged him outside. He fell unconscious and was given water and sugar by a lady who was managing the passengers belonging to Ahmedabad. Though he felt dizzy he received no burn injuries except that his hair were partly burnt. His father and uncle were burnt alive in the same coach.


Shakuntla (name changed because of security reasons) narrates a story similar to that of Kamala and Raghu except that she was traveling in Coach S-7 and she was looking after a group of pilgrims from Ahmedabad. She got down at Godhra Railway Station and saw many pilgrims bidding each other Jai Ram ji ki as the first greeting in the morning. Some passengers took tea and one of the vendors angrily asked them not to make a noise. The pilgrims did not respond and got into the train as it had started moving. As some lady passengers were not able to board, the train stopped for a few moments and again steamed-off when the left-out passengers boarded. Along with the stones a burning missile landed in S-7 in which she was traveling but the fire was put out without much effort. After some time the train again stopped with a great jerk and shouts of maro-maro came from outside. She could not tell the approximate number of persons in the mob as all the windows were closed. Some one using a mike was inciting the mob to kill and loot the kafirs and the enemies of Bin laden.. Through a slit in the window she saw a part of the mob with iron rods and swords.

There was tension and suspense in the compartment No one knew what was happening or what would happen to him or her the next moment. After some time both the shouts of the crowd and the voice on the mike stopped. Shakuntla along with some other passengers got out and saw S-6 in flames. There were some injured and perplexed passengers outside. The mob had withdrawn a few hundred yards away. The fire engine arrived and the fire was put off. The mob kept throwing stones at the train from a distance. A few policemen were also there but they did nothing to protect the passengers. More and more passengers assembled near the burning coach and urged the police to take action against the miscreants but the police did nothing. Crying and shouting Shakuntla took out her bangles and offered them to the two policemen with rifles. The policemen fired a few shots in the air. That did not deter the mob.

When more police came and the fire was put out several passengers along with some policemen chased the attackers. Some persons told the police that the attackers had taken shelter in a nearby garage. The police hesitated to enter the garage. When the policemen on duty did not take any action, some passengers and locals entered the garage. But it was too late as the miscreants had by then escaped from another door on the other side of the garage. Shkuntla helped the authorities to identify some of the bodies and returned to Ahmedabad by the same train.


Shri Pradeep Singh s/o Shri Bhola Singh, Motor Driver, Fire brigade, Godhra & Shri Vijay Kumar s/o Shri Ram Chander Sharma, Fireman, Fire Brigade, Godhra (names mentioned with the consent of the witnesses) said they reported for their shift duty at 0800hrs on 27.02.02. One of the major vehicles was out of order, as its clutch-plates had been taken out a few days earlier. On their arrival on 27.02.02 in their office they found that one of the nuts that connects the pipe to the water tank of the other fire engine was also missing. By the time they had put the nut in place a message about the fire in the train was received.

The Driver along with the firemen rushed towards the spot but on the way a mob led by Haji Balal, a Congress member of the Godra Nagarpalika, stopped the vehicle and did not allow it to proceed any further. A tall well built young man stood in front of the vehicle. The mob started pelted stones at the vehicle. A fireman sitting in the front seat had to take shelter behind the driver. The headlights and the windowpanes of the vehicle got damaged. Fearing for his own and his crew’s life the driver drove the vehicle through the mob, as it was not possible to move backwards. The mob gave in but by that time precious 15-20 minutes had been lost.

The vehicle reached at the site and crew saw one of the compartments blazing. The fire was brought under control in about half an hour. Fireman Vijay Singh reported that he saw one woman trying to come out. He covered himself with a blanket and tried twice to reach the lady but the flames were too hot and high and he could not enter the coach. He is deeply disappointed and said some lives could have been saved if the miscreants had not delayed the arrival of the fire engine. Both the witnesses stated that they were sure that the acts of demobilizing one of the vehicles and removing the nut of the connection of the pipe with the water tank were premeditated and the Congress member of Ghodhra Nagarpalika, Haji Balal, who is also chairman of the Vehicle Committee of the Nagarpalika, had hatched the conspiracy. Haji Balal had been visiting the fire station at night for the past few days on the pretext of watching films on the television. They also stated that had the train reached during the night, the entire train would have been burnt. Both the witnesses also said that the manner in which the bodies were charred and the furniture and luggage burnt indicates the use of some highly inflammable material like solvent in addition to petrol, diesel and kerosene.

The fire-crew informed the team that although they had reported the damage to the vehicle to their seniors no formal complaint had been registered. They also reported having received a threatening call warning them not to give statements about the obstruction to the fire engine by a crowd on 27.02.02. As the fire station has a call identification system, they know who made the threatening call

The Study Team also inspected the Coach S-6. There was no evidence of any stove in the compartment. Although the Team was surprised to find two plastic jerrycans that have been referred to in the report submitted by a team of CPI (M). Wonder of wonders is that while the entire coach got burnt roasting alive the passengers, two plastic jerrycans remained intact. It seems to be a deliberate attempt to plant evidence that is a very serious offence.

It is natural that when an incident of such a gravity happens many citizens gather at and near the place of incident. While visiting the affected areas and the relief camps the team members kept on searching for the persons who had been the witness to at least some part of the incident. Three such persons could be contacted and interviewed. All of them reported of the inability of the police to take action against the mob. The firing in the air was reluctant and no one saw firing of teargas shells or use of lathies as claimed by the police.


The Study Team went carefully through the reports of the gory incidents published in 22 newspapers and 9 newsmagazines. There is so much variance in the reporting of the events in these publications that it is impossible to draw out a cohesive and acceptable chain of events. The reports vary from an accusation that the fire was stage-managed in order to malign the Muslim minority to an assertion that all Muslim passengers were asked to get down before Godhra by the conspirators. Since the team had reasonably credible evidence from direct witnesses it decided not to analyze the media reports for reconstruction of the chronology of events.


There has been so much said, written and broadcast about the Godhra incident that it is difficult to distinguish between facts, half-truths, innocent imagination and motivated lies. Media and interested parties have selected, distorted and added fiction to the story to prove their respective points of view.

Unfortunately, professionalism took a back seat as media persons, fact-finding commissions and administrators, by and large, failed to maintain the fairness, neutrality and objectivity expected from them. To engage in a dispassionate analysis the Study Team has divided all the facts relating to this incident into four categories:

1.Indisputable facts.

2. Facts that appear to be true but need verification.

3. Information that appears to be untrue.


1.On 27.02.02 Sabarmati Express from Faizabad reached Godhra more than four hours late.

2.There were more than 2000 Hindu pilgrims on this train.

3.No serious dispute took place at the platform at Godhra between the passengers and the vendors.

4.The entire train was stoned right after it left the platform at Godhra and it continued even after it was stopped at Signal Faliya.

5.Firebombs, acid bulbs and highly inflammable liquid(s) were used to set the coaches on fire that must have been stored already for the purpose.

6.Miscreants succeeded in torching only one coach.

7.The conspirators did not allow the fire fighting staff to reach the burning train expeditiously.

8.The iron grills of the windows of S-6 were broken and bent from outside.

9.Fifty-eight passengers of coach S-6 were burnt to death by a Muslim mob and that one of the conspirators was a Congress Councillor, Haji Balal.

10.The train was stopped by pulling the chain and the vacuum pipe was cut.

11.Someone used the public address system exhorting the mob to kill kafirs and enemies of Bin Laden.

12.Assembly of a mob of about 2000 Muslims in three minutes could not have been spontaneous.

13.The attack on Sabarmati Express on 27.02.02 was pre-planned and pre-meditated. It was the result of a criminal conspiracy hatched by a hostile foreign power with the help of local jehadis.


1.There was a conspiracy to reduce the effectiveness of the fire fighting system of Godhra municipal committee.

2.The mob that burnt the coach had Muslims from outside the town as well.

3.Firearms were used by the mob.

4.Police could have caught or killed some of the miscreants at the spot.

5.Local politicians and elected representatives took active part in instigating the mob.

6.Railway Police at Dahod sent a message to Godhra Railway police that some Muslim youths on board Sabarmati Express were likely to create mischief at Godhra.

7.Head of a passenger of S-6 coach was cut when he tried to get out of the window. The head was later thrown back into the coach to burn.


1.Some women passengers are missing.

2.Some women passengers were raped or molested.

3.Passengers had pulled the beard of a vendor at Godhra Railway Station.

4.Passengers carried weapons with them.

5.Railway staff connived with the miscreants.

6.The pilgrims had taunted certain Muslims of Godhra while returning from Ayodhya.

7.Police firing while they were burning the coach killed two Muslims.


1.Assistant Collector, Godhra (a young Muslim from eastern UP) goes on leave two days before the incident and does not return till the middle of the March while the district of his posting was aflame with communal riots.

2.The unusual growth rate of Muslim population in Godhra.

3.Absence of information with the District officials about the number of arms licenses issued.

4.Abnormally large number of passports issued to the residents of Godhra.

5.Presence of a very large number of persons without ration cards in Signal Faliya and Polan Bazar areas of Godhra.

6.A large number of unemployed Muslims in Godhra have mobile phones.

7.Very high traffic of telephone calls from Godhra to Pakistan (mainly Karachi) before 27.02.02.

8. Holding of ‘istema’ - religious gatherings - at Godhra that were attended by foreigners in large numbers.


Justice Banerjee Interim Report on Godhra : BJP's Statement


January 18, 2005

Press statement on Justice Banerjee Interim Report on Godhra

The Bharatiya Janata Party had yesterday given its reaction to the Interim Report submitted by a Railway Committee headed by Justice UC Banerjee, a retired Judge of the Supreme Court. The Party has further analysed the recommendations and opinion of the committee. Serious questions relating to the appointment, jurisdiction, functioning and recommendations of the Committee arise. The BJP is posing those questions to the Justice Banerjee interim report, so that proper discourse on a matter of public importance could be carried on:

1) Did you consider the evidence that two meetings took place on the night of 26.2.2002 at the Aman Guest House at Godhra, where the conspiracy to set fire to Bogey No.S-6 of the Sabarmati Express was hatched?

2) Did you consider the evidence that 140 litres of petrol was purchased from a nearby petrol pump on the night of 26.2.2002 and kept at Aman Guest House itself?

3) Did you consider the evidence that one of the conspirators Salim Badam was verifying the movement of the Sabarmati Express at 1.30 AM on 27.2.2002 from the Godhra Railway Station? Since the train was running four hours late the conspirators reassembled at the Aman Guest House at 6 AM.

4) Did you consider the evidence that chain pulling was simultaneously executed from various compartments to get the train stopped so that the mob at the platform could indulge in stone throwing?

5) Did you consider the evidence of workers who have deposed about the transportation of petrol from the Aman Guest House to the Station?

6) Did you consider the evidence that the conspirators entered Bogey No.S-7 and cut open the vestibule cord between Bogey S-6 and S-7? Then the entire quantity of petrol was poured in Bogey No. S-6. The entry was done through Bogey S-7 since the scared passengers of S-6 had bolted all the doors of their Bogey.

7) Did you consider the fact that burning rags were thrown into Bogey No.S-6?

8) Do you realise that the "Accident Theory" propounded by you is not an original thought? This was propounded by the accused in the case and repeated by Shri Laloo Prasad Yadav, the Railway Minister while announcing your appointment. You have merely stamped the "Laloo Theory". If there was a minor fire under a seat due to 'Accidental Fire' why did the passengers not get out of the bogey and save their lives. Obviously they could not do so since there was an armed mob outside the bogey attacking them. Do you accept that your 'Accident Theory' discounts the presence of the armed MOB on the platform.

9) Do you accept that a Committee appointed by the Railways cannot go into the issue of 'conspiracy' to set the bogey on fire? Policing is a State subject and prevention and detection of crime on Railways is the constitutional responsibility of the State Government. Did you not realise that your report is an 'extra-constitutional' interference in the administration of Justice since the trial is pending before the appropriate Court?

10) Do you now realise that the functioning of the Committee and its recommendations will eventually act as the defence for the culprits?

* Why did you accept to head a departmental inquiry of the Railways on a matter where a criminal trial and a Commission of Inquiry are pending?

* Why was the Chief Justice of India not consulted to suggest the name of a retired Judge? You were the choice of the Railway Minister.

* Why did you give an interim report during the election period even though your term is extended till 3rd March 2005?

* Why did you address a Press Conference to release your report, particularly when a Judge only submits his report and it is upto the Government to release it at an appropriate time?

* How did Shri Laloo Prasad Yadav get an advance of copy of your report since a translated copy of the summary of your report in Hindi was released by him simultaneously from his residence in Patna?

* Do you expect anyone to believe (as you told a TV Channel) that you are unaware of the fact that Elections to some State Assemblies are being currently held?




Iran’s nuclear technology lies in minds of Iranian scientists

Iran’s nuclear technology lies in minds of Iranian scientists: first IAEO director

Tehran Times, Daily Newspaper, No. 237, Jan. 17th, 2005, Page 2
Word Count : 1501

Akbar Etemad, the founder of the Iran Atomic Energy Organization (IAEO) and the first IAEO director, says that Iran’s nuclear technology lies in the minds of the country’s nuclear scientists and thus can never be suspended.Etemad, who once headed the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Board of Governors and was even a candidate for the post of IAEA director general, has a lot to say about Iran’s nuclear activities.

In a recent interview with the Mehr News Agency, he said that nuclear expertise is in fuel technology rather than in power plants.

If a country has access to the complete nuclear fuel cycle it is considered a nuclear power, even though it may have no nuclear power plants, Etemad observed.

“In fact, even if you have dozens of nuclear reactors but lack the national power to access the nuclear fuel cycle, you would only be a consumer in the nuclear market,” he explained.

Etemad, who has been living in Paris since the victory of the Islamic Revolution in Iran, criticized the country for agreeing to sign the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT).

“If I were still director, I would never have allowed Iran to join the NPT, which is in fact an inefficient treaty meant to grant a special concession to some powerful countries,” he said.

“Rather, I would have tried to continue cooperation with the IAEA within the framework of its charter,” he added.

The former IAEO director noted that France and Germany have both proven that they are not prepared to give Iran its nuclear rights.

He stated that Iran had purchased 10 percent of the shares of France’s Eurodif uranium enrichment plant for one billion dollars in 1975, enabling it to avoid bankruptcy, but has never received any uranium from the plant, even though it is a shareholder.

Eurodif is still the world’s biggest enrichment plant, but, unfortunately, it has failed to officially recognize Iran’s right and has violated international law by refusing to give Iran its rightful due, Etemad noted.

Germany also a broke a contract with Iran to build the Bushehr nuclear power plant by discontinuing construction work on the plant, withholding equipment that Iran had purchased, and revoking the license for the export of the purchased equipment for phase 2 of the project.

Now that both countries have entered talks with Iran, which means they officially recognize the country’s rights, they should attempt to rectify their previous mistakes, Etemad said.

During those years Iran had good relations with all countries including Britain, Germany, France, China, India, Argentina, and Brazil, he stated, adding that even at that time the United States intended to impose conditions on Iran.

“Our nuclear story with the U.S. started from the time they became aware of Iran’s major nuclear energy program, and the first group that arrived in Iran to announce its interest in nuclear cooperation with the country was a delegation from Westinghouse”.

If it makes the decision, Iran can resist the foreigners and obtain its rights through patience and a united political will, Etemad stressed.

“We cannot allow our technological future to be controlled by foreign forces, since this would be considered a disgrace for the free nation of Iran,” he noted.

The former Iranian official also stated that in order to become self-sufficient in the field of nuclear energy, Iran must implement a long-term plan lasting approximately 40 years.

France, which is a major nuclear power, particularly in the field of nuclear fuel production, has trained 100,000 nuclear experts and technicians over the past three to four decades, he said.

Etemad stressed that Iran should not restrict itself to relations with the West but should also take a serious approach to expand ties with the rest of Europe, East Asia, South America, Africa, and other countries throughout the world.

Iran should continue the current process with patience and a strong political will in order to show Europe it will never forgo its interests, he noted.

“We have to trust and support our youth so Iran can stand on its own feet and we must persuade Europe to respect our interests,” Etemad said.

Iranian officials were right to decide to reach an agreement with Europe, on the condition that they continue to remain vigilant in the process of talks and focus on the Islamic Republic’s interests, he added.

Etemad criticized the country for its weak performance in disseminating information about its international activities and its nuclear program.

Iran should convince world public opinion that it is abiding by international law and implementing fair and logical measures, he stated.

“Iran should develop the political will for nuclear energy activities and the world should realize nothing can destroy the country’s desire to produce nuclear fuel.

“The current process of talks with the European Union is the best way forward for Iran to continue the course of its nuclear activities, on the condition that it continues to strongly defend its national interests.

“Twenty years ago, the same Western countries imposed severe economic sanctions on the country, but as soon as they realized Iran’s (nuclear) capabilities, they sent their foreign ministers for negotiations with the country and even proposed granting concessions.

“This is because Iran has demonstrated its independence and political persistence.

“In my opinion, Iran is a very advanced country in the field of atomic technologies. In other words, it actually possesses the heart of this technology. The foundation of this (technology) is the successful chemical conversion of uranium.

“Iran has also taken great strides regarding enrichment in Natanz and other related centers. “As for the heavy water project, longer planning is required. The plan to produce 100 tons of heavy water per year is a unique project for Iran.”

Elsewhere in his remarks, the former official said that the IAEA was established to help less advanced countries access the technology necessary to develop civilian nuclear programs.

“But the approaches of the Westerners, particularly the U.S., over the past three decades show that they expect the agency to block the development of nuclear technology in other countries.

“And this is why in English they call the IAEA the ‘watchdog’, which is an improper name for an international organization.

“In fact, they want the agency to be an organization where they can exercise their power.

“Western powers, and particularly the U.S., have deliberately appointed non-technical figures like Mohamed ElBaradei, who is a jurist from Egypt, to the post of IAEA director general in order to pursue their own goals.

“I personally believe that the IAEA inspectors are all spies. They receive their wages from the IAEA but are also paid by various intelligence agencies like the CIA and others.

“The IAEA is in no way authorized to order a country to desist from pursuing a certain part of its technological program, but this is what it did in the June and September resolutions.

“It was a mistake for Iran to remain silent in this regard and it should have made a definitive response by publicizing the agency’s violation of the regulations.

“Iran’s worse mistake was allowing IAEA inspectors to seal some of its nuclear equipment, although it is free to bar them from entering the country.

“The result of all this openhandedness was an outcry against Iran on the day it decided to remove some of these seals. But sealing nuclear equipment is only required for countries that have violated the regulations, not Iran. “If Tehran observes the (IAEA) charter and its own commitments, the outcry will not last long. The agency should not be allowed to go beyond its mandate.”

Etemad stressed that the development of strategic political, technological, and economic ties with Europe would be an important perk for Iran, if materialized.

“I believe if the Paris Pact reaches a final conclusion in a logical period of time, Iran will benefit more than Europe in the long run,” he stated. “At first, the Westerners wanted to persuade Iran not to produce nuclear fuel so that we could buy it from them. But the country was right in thinking: ‘What if they stop the supply of fuel one day?’ “Now they have taken a step back, saying, ‘You can have the fuel, but you must guarantee it will not be used to produce nuclear weapons.’

“At this stage, Iran could have proposed the establishment of an international fuel bank under the supervision of the IAEA.

“Producer countries would deliver their fuel, through specific mechanisms, to this bank while consumers would receive the fuel they require from it.

“In this way, both producers and consumers would only have to deal with the IAEA rather than various countries.

“Iran would also be able to receive fuel, if it required more than its production, according to a complementary treaty.

“This would prevent countries from imposing their political rather than technical views on nuclear affairs. “However, this is only a proposal, and we can’t claim it will be 100 percent feasible.”

Iran to Decide on Uranium Enrichment in at Most 6 Months

Iran to Decide on Uranium Enrichment in at Most 6 Months

Kayhan, Daily Newspaper, No. 18146, Jan. 15th, 2005, Page 1
By : Mehdi Mohammadi
Word Count : 1883

Hossein Mousavian, spokesman for Iran’s nuclear negotiation team, says Iran will decide to resume its enrichment of uranium in light of progress in its talks with the Europeans. “We should bunker down in March and make an assessment of our negotiations with the Europeans,” he says. “We rely on progress in talks. We will not need more than six months. We can reach conclusion within such period. We do not want to hold 50 years of negotiations. We can assure the people that the country can make a correct decision in at most six months.”

Q: Iran’s nuclear dossier should have been closed in July 2004 because of its cooperation with the International Atomic Energy Agency. The European countries had promised Iran to finalize its case in exchange for its suspension of uranium enrichment in light of confidence-building measures. But the Europeans adopted a politically motivated approach and did not let Iran’s file close. They were intent on bringing Iran’s nuclear cycle work to a halt. Iran launched a new diplomatic offensive. A delegation went to Paris for negotiation with the Europeans. What did happen there?
A: We offered a project in order to preserve our nuclear fuel cycle. We never wanted to renounce it but we had promised to assure the world that we were not after non-peaceful purposes. We told the Europeans that our nuclear fuel cycle represented our red lines and we could not stop it. We told them that we could negotiate with the Europeans o give them objective guarantees of the peaceful nature of our nuclear work. Moreover, we obliged the Europeans to cooperate with Iran in political, economic, security and technological domains in exchange for our confidence-building and temporary suspension of uranium enrichment. So our plan relied on two pivots: nuclear fuel cycle and Iran-EU cooperation.

Q: The Associated Press had quoted a European diplomat as saying that Iran had urged the Europeans to let him acquire nuclear technology for all military and civilian purposes. Do you confirm such a report?
A: I cannot remember the exact sentences we included in the agreement but the fact is that we had to remove barriers on the way of Iran-EU cooperation.

Q: Did Iran ask any security guarantee from Europe against a possible American or Israeli strike?
A: No. Europe is not in any position to give us security guarantees against a possible attack by a third country. Europe should not defend any action against our national security and even stand against it. Western print media might have an incorrect interpretation.
In case Israel decides to attack Iran in a stupid move we will need no support from Europe or anybody else. We will launch a counterattack. We need no guarantees.

Q: Did our plan oblige Europe to be cooperative?
A: Yes, our July plan included case-for-case cooperation. We had called for mutual confidence-building and cooperation.

Q: How did the Europeans react?
A: It was difficult for them to accept our obligations and they were dumbfounded. We finally convinced them to accept them.

Q: Iran and Europe are determined to promote their relations in all fields but Iran’s nuclear programs may create problems. What do you think?
A: Since the early 1990s when Mr Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani started his first presidential term Iran was determined to give a boost to its European ties. We had negotiations to this effect but we hit snags. Both sides are still eager to cooperate but they are aware of the problems. The Middle East peace process, terrorism, weapons of mass destruction and human rights are bones of contention. In their relations with all countries, the Europeans highlight these four countries. Iran is no exception. We have been negotiating these issues with the Europeans for nearly 20 years.

Q: Iran-EU nuclear deal in Paris was subject to a news blackout. You did not mention anything about the contents of negotiations.
A: We cannot divulge any confidential negotiations.

Q: But the Europeans let their media maneuver on the affair?
A: Foreign print media are accustomed to exploit such affairs. But no country gets the contents of its secret diplomatic talks away.

Q: In an interview you had mentioned that the highest authorities in the Islamic Republic were in favor of Iran-EU nuclear deal in Paris. Can you explain further?
A: I have always emphasized that our nuclear policies are not adopted by a single organ. Our meetings at the secretariat of the Supreme National Security Council, the coordinating body, involve representatives from all bodies. The Foreign Ministry gets the go-ahead to follow up the case. All members of the negotiating were diplomats from the Foreign Ministry. We had to notify our people of the fact that the negotiators did not make any decisions arbitrarily.

Q: Europeans were not happy with the outcome of negotiations. You had also said that you were unsatisfied but “that was a beginning for long-term dialogue with Europe”. Afterwards we heard news reports saying we had offered another plant to the Europeans. Is that right?
A: Iran and Europe exchanged several plans through July to November 2004. Both sides had to modify the plans and that is natural.

Q: We want to know what happened last July.
A: Europeans were under pressure from Iranian negotiators. Our diplomats were very active and on several occasions the negotiations were close to being stopped.

Q: European newspapers alleged that the talks were embittered.
A: That is right. Our conditions were unexpected for the Europeans. They claim that Iranians had defined new red lines.

Q: The Associated Press had reported that Europe was disappointed with Iran. Afterwards the Europeans claimed that they would align with the United States. What do you think?
A: The Europeans will bear the brunt of failure of their talks with Iranians. We do not want that talks fail but not at any price. Any failure will let the Untied States make a fun of Europeans. We want the domination of multilateralism on the world and we know our red lines. In the meantime, we want to enhance our ties with Europeans. That is our strategy. I had mentioned that our nuclear fuel cycle represented the main challenge for us. Iran was committed to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) and there was no suspicion of this fact. We had told the Europeans that we could give them objective guarantees that our nuclear programs would not be diverted towards nuclear bomb. Our Islamic government is opposed to production and use of nuclear arms. The supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei has issued an edict to this effect. We should negotiate for confidence-building measures.

Q: But these confidence-building measures should not tarnish our image.
A: I have stressed that point that Iran will never renounce its sovereign rights defined in NPT. We are entitled to have nuclear fuel cycle and we will never ignore our right. We accept certain restrictions elaborated by the Europeans in order to enjoy their services. We will not hesitate to reconsider our commitments if any imbalance takes place.

Q: The Europeans provided us with a package in November 2004. What did it contain?
A: Europeans had finally to accept our preliminary plan. Then we entered into the stage of bargaining on details. We had reached agreement on the main idea but we had differences of opinion.

Q: What was the main idea?
A: We should have our nuclear fuel cycle but we give objective guarantees that our nuclear programs will not move towards atomic bomb. In exchange, the Europeans should define political, economic and security cooperation with us. We had agreed on “firm guarantees”. The first draft of the package the Europeans gave us in early November did not favor us and we objected to it. The draft underwent changes so that it did not impinge on our red lines.

Q: How come we give “objective” guarantees in exchange for “firm” ones?
A: They make no difference. The Europeans had mentioned the word “objective” and we had to create our own term. We used “firm” in our negotiations.

Q: Our package says the Europeans agree to our uranium enrichment activities based on our objective guarantees while the European draft says Iran should scrap its enrichment programs and gain its fuel from abroad.
A: We had intensive contacts with the Europeans about the contents of the agreement. The European-style package changed in Paris. Europeans acknowledged that Iranian diplomats had fought like a lion. That was a fact. We held tough talks about inclusion of such words as “exercise, non-legal obligation and indefinite” in the agreement.

Q: Mr Hassan Rohani said Iran would resume its enrichment programs in exchange for objective guarantees while the Europeans claim that Iran should scrap its nuclear fuel cycle work. How did you agree on this point?
A: I do not rule out the possibility that Iran and Europe may still have discrepancies on the contents of the deal. We agreed on the main part of the deal on “objective guarantees” but we did not reach agreement on the details. We are now holding talks to this effect. We may restart our nuclear fuel cycle or go into a crisis again. That is a fact.

Q: Iran has agreed to suspend the enrichment of uranium temporarily but the Paris agreement does not set any deadline. What do you think?
A: The fact is that we do not scrap our enrichment activities. The Europeans know well that we cannot tolerate any foot-dragging on talks. In case they intend to play a game on us we will not hesitate to destroy everything. The Europeans have said they only want objective guarantees from Iran and they have promised not to the kill the time. We will examine their promises in practice. We have set up working committees to submit their reports in a three-month period. Then we will see if there is any tangible progress. If progress is in sight we will continue for another three-month period. In case we realize that the Europeans intend to buy the time to have our suspension lingered we will spell an end to talks. We have mentioned this point to the Europeans.

Q: Mr Rohani has said that negotiations will not last a year. He says Iran will resume its enrichment of uranium once talks end either in success or failure.
A: Yes, that is right.

Q: But Iran-EU deal does not refer to this point.
A: We have notified the Europeans of this issue and the Europeans have said they will prove their honesty. We should bunker down in March and make an assessment of our negotiations with the Europeans.

Q: Can Iranians be sure that Iran will resume its enrichment in December 2005?
A: We rely on progress in talks. We will not need more than six months. We can reach conclusion within such period. We do not want to hold 50 years of negotiations. We can assure the people that the country can make a correct decision in at most six months.

Q: So you can decide in June.
A: I will tell you what we would do then.

Why the Hindus Are Losing the Kanchi Battle ?

By Nachiketa Tiwari

One central lesson, that life keeps on throwing at me (which some times I take, and other times I duck) is that fear is the central reason of most of human miseries. On the Shankaracharya issue, the same fear factor has caused us immense grief, and will continue to do so unless things change for better.

What do I mean by all this? In brief, the Hindu response (even from Hindu orgs. including Sangh etc.) has been very very weak-kneed. A very standard Hindu response from the Hindu organizations has been: Go ahead with the prosecution, but treat the Acharya with dignity. To me, this is a fundamentally flawed approach. Here are top five reasons why I think so.

a) It means that you do not have courage to stand by your guy, when your guy is in need. The story of Yudhisthir standing by dog and forsaking heavens is illustrative. Leadership is about standing with your guy(s) in his gravest hour of need. Only then you will command his following. If an Imam/Bishop had been publicly arrested for commiting a murder in broad daylight, the Muslim/Christian response would have hardly been: Please treat him with dignity till the sentencing. Rather, the opening demand would have been: Release him or else ....

b) It means that you have doubts about your guy. Doubting Thomases can never be leaders. The lay person is smart to sense your doubts. A week kneed response on crises like these only fuels the agenda of the "other side". It legitimises the lay person's doubts thru your doubts. The default response should have been (esp. when it involves a person of Kanch Acharya's stature): We are 120% confident that the charges against the Acharya are all cooked up, and the prosecution is persecuting the Hindus instead of conducting a real investigation. Rather than this, Hindu leadership, at the very best, has made elliptical references to "Delhi", "center", .... thinking that such word-smithsmanship will yield long term dividends.

c) It means that you are not fair. Frankly, a person who is suspected of having committed murder, should be treated as such. What the Hindu leadership has argued is that the Acharya's stature should entitle him to kid-glove treatment (e.g. put him in guest house, but continue the prosecution). THis is a half-ass argument. It is neither here, nor there. And what it does is sow the seeds of doubts that Hindu leadership expects axiomatic entitlements. Given India's 200 years of colonial raj, such an argument for "kid-glove treatment" is actually counter productive. It actually corrodes the prestige of Hindu sages in eyes of the public.

While all such "sophisticated and well positioned" arguments may get you a couple browny points, they will do little to generate popular support, because the janata does not understand (and rightly so) intellectual gymnastics.

So, in my opinion, the Hindus should have responded along the following lines.

a) The Acharaya is 100% blemishless. Demonstrate by showing his social contributions.

b) The Indian State is 100% corrupt and devious. (You do not have to convice people about this).

c) A Nation of Bharateeyas cannot be run by the types of rapists, murderers, and embezzlers. (ex. Ministers in every nook and corner of India). Rather, it can only be guided by the righteous.

d) Between a corrupt Indian State, and a blemishless person, we support the latter. Bharat deserves this better choice.

e) We demand immediate relase of the Acharya. (Show your strength by mobilizing people. People, by def., do not get self mobilized. Or else they would make up an army).

g) India deserves a better system than this thing called "secularism".

Email : nachiketa_t@hotmail.com

Jamestown Foundation has launched Eurasiadaily.org

By Nagesh Bhushan

January 18, 2005 : Jamestown Foundation has launched a new website Eurasia Daily Monitor, http://www.eurasiadaily.org. In a note sent to its members stated that " The site offers complete archives, enhanced search features, and additional resources" to their readers . Also it "hope this website can serve as an additional way for you to follow developments in Eurasia and a tool for your research. " One can also go to http://www.jamestown.org/edm/ .

January 17, 2005

Will Balochis succeed this time ?

Intelli Briefs : What is your opinion about ongoing insurgency in Balochistan ? Do you think they will succeed this time ?

Col R.Hariharan : No. Baloch are numerically fewer. Their insurgency has roots in
economic development or the lack of it in the inhospitable land. Unless they
have external support they cannot fight Musharraf. Baloch has a problem
of modern leadeship, modern arms etc. In the long run, all over the
world fewer inusrgencies are succeeding by themselves. So I doubt whether
they can sustain.

Col R Hariharan, an MI specialist in counter-insurgency intelligence, served with the IPKF as Head of Intelligence in Sri Lanka

January 16, 2005

Balochistan today

Balochistan: Wosatullah Khan (Bat se Bat report)

Sui: Sardar Attaullah Mengal press conference

CIA report - 22% muslim Europe by 2025

THE CIA has predicted that the European Union will break-up within 15
years unless it radically reforms its ailing welfare systems.
The report by the intelligence agency, which forecasts how the world
will look in 2020, warns that Europe could be dragged into economic
decline by its ageing population. It also predicts the end of Nato and
post-1945 military alliances.

In a devastating indictment of EU economic prospects, the report warns:
"The current EU welfare state is unsustainable and the lack of any
economic revitalisation could lead to the splintering or, at worst,
disintegration of the EU, undermining its ambitions to play a heavyweight
international role."...

The EU is also set for a looming demographic crisis because of a drop
in birth rates and increased longevity, with devastating economic

The report says: "Either European countries adapt their workforces,
reform their social welfare, education and tax systems, and accommodate
growing immigrant populations [chiefly from Muslim countries] or they
face a period of protracted economic stasis."

As a result of the increased immigration needed, the report predicts
that Europe's Muslim population is set to increase from around 13% today
to between 22% and 37% of the population by 2025, potentially
triggering tensions