January 29, 2005

Governing people in Bharat, naxals and the file

Governing people in Bharat, naxals and the file

It looks like anyone can govern Bharat and talk of corporate
governance, with words like ethics thrown in as an inexpensive
corporate option. The state satrapi-s in areas such as dravidanadu (a
pseudonym for Tamilnadu), count only when lined with traces of
cyanide. (There is a cop who is called Cyanide P., in all admiration,
in the vernacular press).

The term corporate governance leads one to speculate on governing
people in a nation. It is scary when Gautam Sen talks about the file
and the nuclear attack response in 10 minutes flat.

There is no chance in hell that a decision will be taken in 10 minutes
flat in Bharat. Waking up 10 Janpath is not the issue here. Nor, even
destabilising Goa government with christist resignations. Nor, even
the naxals in cahoots with the criminal polity.

Who is governing Bharat? The chief designates are:

Vides'i Rani the chief, assisted by the muslim quartet ? -- Ahmed
Patel, Salman Khurshid, Ghulam Nabi Azad, E. Ahamed of Dubai
connections?

Vides'i Rani the chief, assisted by Oscar Fernandes?

Vides'i Rani the chief, assisted by Jean Dreze Belgian turned Indian in 2002?

No one is even talking about the substitute PM, a khalsa panthi called
Manmohan or even the planner, another khalsa panthi called Ahluwalia.

Why go through the charade of elections and all the helicopter
photo-ops when elections are won by Pappu Yadav's hands down?

Surely, it is a waste of time talking about tyaaga and all that stuff.

Who is the mystery lady, Grace Brenta (sounds Italian) who was
honoured by Suzanne Hinn in Bangalore on the last day of the Rs. 40
crore extravaganza?

In a criminalised polity governing the state, who cares about NSA or
the file, Gautam? The bush-shirt bureaucracy and the politicians have
withdrawn from the naxal problem said a two-day seminar in Chennai on
Jan. 28-29 in Hotel GRT Grand, leaving the ill-equipped police to
govern the regions called Telengana or Jharkhand or even Nepal. I
understand that the naxals talk about jal, jangal and jameen.
(Sashidhar Reddy, MLA freom AP, convenor of Task Force on Naxalite
Violence set up by Congress Party -- aha, at the national level -- was
seen sometimes taking notes, after presenting his paper.)

Acharya sabha? What acharya sabha?

Dhanyavaadah.

Kalyanaraman

K.A. Paul isn't well-known here, but his mission has global reach

Evangelist plays hardball to move spirits worldwide

K.A. Paul isn't well-known here, but his mission has global reach

Christian evangelist K.A. Paul has moved a ruthless dictator to his knees.



He couldn't get Mattress Mack to budge.
"I didn't like his bull's rush approach," said Jim "Mattress Mack" McIngvale, Gallery Furniture owner and local philanthropist. "Everything has to happen in the next 24 hours and you have to come up with the money."

Paul wanted McIngvale to help finance the liftoff of a 747 full of medical supplies and professionals to help survivors of the tsunami in southeast Asia. McIngvale said he was put off by Paul's aggressive sales pitch.

In the end, McIngvale wouldn't donate to Paul's Global Peace Initiative, though he is spearheading other efforts to help tsunami-destroyed regions.
Paul's trip to the tsunami region was delayed for more than a week by funding woes and then a fuel system problem on Global Peace Initiative's 747. The jumbo jet, loaded with medicine and other relief supplies, finally took off from Ellington Field shortly after 8 p.m. Friday.

For many Houstonians, the hardball fund raising served as an introduction to Paul and his approach to Christian evangelism and humanitarian relief that has made him well-known worldwide.
"You know the old saying about the prophet without honor in his own hometown?" said Nelson Bunker Hunt, the Dallas businessman who has served on the board of Global Peace Initiative and Paul's Gospel to the Unreached Millions. "Frankly, until you attend one of his overseas missions, you can't conceive of what it is like. The average person in Houston wouldn't believe it."

It stretches the imagination as Paul, 41, relates tales of ministry and meetings with some of the monsters of recent world history.
Told in a one-story office decorated with a sprinkling of fake flowers and florescent light, Paul's stories are set in Hyderabad, India; Monrovia, Liberia; and Port-au-Prince, Haiti — cities far away from the northeast Harris County town of Huffman, the "Home of the Fighting Falcons."

'A hyper-type person'

Wielding his cell phone, Paul speaks with frenetic urgency. He measures crowds in the hundreds of thousands, counts money in millions and drops names such as oil heir Hunt and the late Mother Teresa.

His supporters say his approach to personal relationships is fueled by energy and a sense of mission. It is an approach, they say, that cuts through bureaucracy and efficiently gets help to people in troubled countries.

But it can rub people the wrong way. Supporter Evander Holyfield was put off — at first.
Paul first came to Holyfield days before the former heavyweight champion was scheduled to fight Mike Tyson in 1997.

"I didn't know of him and he is a hyper-type person and I was concentrating on what I wanted to do — fight — and he was concerned about his ministry," Holyfield said.

"It was kind of aggravating."
Three years later, Paul again contacted Holyfield. This time the boxer had time to travel to the orphanage that Paul's organization runs near Hyderabad.

"I went to India and got an opportunity to see that he was healing people and his heart was right for people," said Holyfield, who donates his time to Paul's causes.

McIngvale said he did not question that Paul's heart was in the right place, but wondered about security and whether the relief mission was well-planned.
Accountability questions
The Evangelical Council for Financial Accountability, an accreditation agency for Christian nonprofits, revoked the group's membership earlier this month, said council president Paul Nelson.

The council was concerned that Gospel to the Unreached Millions did not have a functioning board of directors, that it did not have proper financial controls in place, and that it had not responded to the council's demand last fall for documentation. The organization had been a member of the council since July 1998, Nelson said.

"We are not representing that (money) was going someplace bad," Nelson said. "We were not comfortable with the environment."
Global Peace Initiative never registered with the council, which has a voluntary membership of about 1,150 evangelical Christian groups that comply with its standards, Nelson said.

Paul said Gospel to the Unreached Millions' dismissal from the council occurred while he and the other full-time staff member, Tim Murray, were busy with humanitarian work and not able to file the paperwork on time. But Murray, the chief financial officer, said he was working to register the group with the local Better Business Bureau.

Carl Lindner III, co-CEO and co-president of American Financial Group in Cincinnati, is one of Paul's supporters.
They met at a 1997 Promise Keeper's event where Paul spoke. Lindner donated about $250,000 for a mission trip to Sri Lanka after the tsunami and is also contributing to the current trip.
Lindner also has donated to Charity City, the orphanage near Hyderabad, which now serves more than 1,000 children and can accommodate an additional 2,000.
"Whatever (Paul) has promised me over the years, he has come through 100 percent and a lot of times 120 percent," Lindner said.
Known as 'spiritual healer'
Born Sept. 25, 1963, in Andhra Pradesh in southeast India, Paul considers himself a "Hindu-born follower of Jesus."
His parents were Christian converts, Paul said. Though a believer from a young age, Paul's commitment to Jesus was inspired by a vision of hell when he was 19. Complete with anguished, tortured souls crying for help, the vision served as his call to become an evangelist, Paul said.
"Hell became real to me," he said. "Jesus became real to me."
Paul does not have any formal theology training and said he was given an honorary doctorate by a college in Canada.
"The reason I'm known as Dr. Paul is that in these Third World countries I'm known as a spiritual healer," Paul said.
In 1993, Paul formed the evangelical U.S. organization, Gospel to the Unreached Millions, which organizes rallies, primarily in India and Africa.
In 1999, he added the humanitarian relief arm, Global Peace Initiative.
The main physical presence of his work in the United States is the sparse Huffman office staffed by Paul and Murray and three recently hired contract workers. The organizations also rent offices in Baltimore and Harrisburg, Pa., and own the donated 747.
Paul, his wife, Mary, and three children — Grace, Peace and John Paul — live near his Huffman office.
Last year, Global Peace Initiative received about $2 million in cash donations and $14 million in supplies such as medicines, Murray said. Gospel to the Unreached Millions received more than $5 million, he said.
Overseas powerhouse
In the United States, Paul has no congregation, holds no religious services and hosts no television show.
Yet overseas, he has maneuvered onto the edges of decades of world history, claiming that he has met with the likes of Slobodan Milosevic, Saddam Hussein and Haitian rebel leader Guy Philippe.
In 2003, Paul placed himself in the middle of escalating civil conflict and the negotiations to rid Liberia of its president, Charles Taylor.
At the time, Taylor told the New York Times that Paul was his "religious leader," and later gave Paul credit for persuading him to leave Liberia in August 2003.
California entertainment executive David McQuade accompanied Paul on one of his trips to Monrovia that summer. While there, he attended a gathering in a stadium with Taylor and Paul.
"I saw him transform this president, this rather maniacal guy, have him on his knees," said McQuade, who now serves as interim executive director of Global Peace Initiative.
"I've seen him do things that you just don't do," he added. "Normal people don't do things and bring peace to a situation."
Saving the soulless
Paul said he considers saving the souls of people that some consider soulless as a calling from God.
"God called us to be peacemakers," Paul said. "Blessed are the peacemakers, not peace-wanters, not peace-lovers."
Paul also has used these situations to nose into the news, hiring a New York City public relations company in 2003 to promote his work. Though he no longer pays for the company's help, a former employee of the company, Juda Engelmayer, donates his time to help Paul get his message heard.
"He is just doing what he thinks he has to — yelling and screaming his message," Engelmayer said. "I've been training him, telling him how to scale back."
As an evangelist, Paul has traveled throughout Asia and Africa, preaching to hundreds of thousands at peace rallies.
"It is essentially people as far as you can see," McQuade said of the rallies he has witnessed, starting with one in Paul's home state, Andhra Pradesh, in 2002.
"He is a bit of a rock star when you fly into these situations," he said.
At the rallies, Paul lines up government officials on the platform and "rails against the caste system in India," McQuade said. He also covers the Christian standards: truth, sin and forgiveness.
"He preaches the straight Christian Gospel and he gets tremendous response," Hunt said.

Chronicle reporter Anne Marie Kilday contributed to this report.
http://www.chron.com/cs/CDA/ssistory.mpl/page1/3014249

Comments on sulekha.com

Dr.Paul also has the dubious distinction of being probably one of the first Indian Christians who claimed asylum in USA because "Hindus of India torture Christians". And that has opened floodgate and some recent statistics show many Indian christians are succesfully claiming political asylum in USA - just like Khalistanis did for many years till US govt pulled the plug.

It is a different matter that these guys scared of India visit India every year for vacation!

All for the greencard..

Does being the loudest mean the best? Then a donkey braying is more spiritually advanced than a silent human being.

----------------


http://www.prweb.com/releases/2004/12/prweb192500.htm

GPI and Dr. KA Paul Are Best Poised in South Asia to Help The Victims of the Earthquake and Tsunami Disaster


GPI has a vast network of support agencies throughout South Asia, with over 50,000 staff and volunteers and owns and operates its own 747sp airplane capable of hauling 76,000 lb of cargo. It has millions of pounds worth of supplies, food and medicine. It is seeking help raising jet fuel for 20 fully loaded flights to the disaster areas.

New York, NY (PRWEB) December 30, 2004 -- Dr. K.A. Paul and the Global Peace Initiative are poised to handle any and all logistics and care on the ground in South Asia due to its large operation with over 50,000 staff and volunteers already in place in India, Nepal and the nearby region. GPI has one of the largest network of Charity Cities and social service organizations, some doing business as Gospel to the unreached Millions and the coordinators have already been handing out rations, food, water and offering shelter to victims of the Tsunami and Earthquake.

In the United States, GPI’s own 747sp airplane is being loaded with 76,000 lbs of food and medical supplies, and will be leaving to Chennai, Sri Lanka, and Indonesia,. Working together with Feed the Children, World Vision and some other help organizations, GPI has amassed millions of pounds of food and supplies. Additionally, Doctors Without Borders is hoping to send professionals on GPI’s plane to offers medical assistance.

For more information on the relief efforts, to help with aid or supplies, or to talk with Dr. Paul, please contact Juda Engelmayer, 917-733-3561, Doug Dodson at 619-819-6345 or Dave McQuade at 949-632-5800.

-----------------------


RIGHT-HAND MAN DEPT.
THE PERSUADER
Issue of 2003-09-01
Posted 2003-08-25

http://newyorker.com/talk/content/?030901ta_talk_finnegan


Charles Taylor, having laid waste to Liberia, has been trying to set the record straight about who persuaded him to surrender his Presidency and go into exile in Nigeria. “I will say that 99% of [the credit] goes to Dr. K. A. Paul alone,” he wrote on August 16th, in a letter to the Times. Since Taylor was on the verge of losing a civil war, and three African heads of state went to Liberia to usher him out of the country—and since President Bush made his exit a precondition of American peacekeeping help—this is no small nod to Dr. K. A. Paul.

But the Times has declined to publish Taylor’s letter. (Taylor fled Liberia on August 11th, declaring, before he boarded the plane, “I want to be the sacrificial lamb” and “I may have stepped on a few toes, but I don’t care” and, finally, “Dr. Paul, I’m out of here.”)

Who is Dr. K. A. Paul, and what can he do about this erasure of his place in history? He is a hyperactive Christian evangelist from southern India, now living in Houston, and he can (indeed, he did) hire Rubenstein Associates, the publicity firm, to get out the word about his good works and, while they’re at it, circulate Taylor’s letter.

And so Dr. Paul was in town the other day, installed in a midtown conference room, under rows of framed magazine covers featuring other Rubenstein clients: Rupert Murdoch, David Letterman, Fergie. He is a small, dark, bright-eyed fellow, thirty-nine, with thinning hair and a thick but neatly trimmed mustache. He wore an immaculate cream-colored Nehru suit, brocaded at the collar, and, though he smiled a great deal, he seemed pretty furious with the Times. He told Juda Engelmayer, his handler at Rubenstein, that he had left a message for a Times reporter whom he had previously helped get an interview with Taylor, saying, “I will never do interview with New York Times again as long as I live!”

“Oh, don’t say that,” Mr. Engelmayer murmured.

“The man is risking his very life,” Dr. Paul cried. He meant that Taylor’s letter could perturb his host, Nigeria’s President, Olusegun Obasanjo, who believes that he deserves much of the credit for getting Taylor out of Liberia, and who is under some international pressure to hand Taylor over to Sierra Leone, where he has been indicted for war crimes. What’s more, President Obasanjo apparently dislikes Dr. Paul because, according to Dr. Paul, he is jealous of the great crowds and the great press that Dr. Paul gets in Nigeria for his evangelical crusades.

O.K. How did Dr. Paul gain such influence over Taylor? They only met, after all, in mid-July. “Oh, he watched me on some television program,” Dr. Paul said. “The leadership in Africa, it’s hard not to hear about me. We are in forty or fifty countries.” By “we” he meant Gospel to the Unreached Millions, a missionary organization that he founded. Or perhaps Global Peace Initiative, a more recent effort. Or both. “We have huge rallies. We had seven million people in Lagos, Nigeria, in November, 2001.”

Seven million people?

“Three million in one night,” Dr. Paul confirmed.

This July, again in Nigeria, he was approached by ten Liberian bishops, who asked him to intervene in their nation’s crisis. He went to Monrovia and met with Taylor in a chapel attached to the President’s house. The two men ended up spending eighteen hours together, “one on one,” over the next couple of days. “At first, he was arrogant—a lot of strong leadership qualities,” Dr. Paul recalled. “But when it comes to prayer and spirituality he’s very humble. He kneels, he cries. Before God, before me. So I have seen two personalities. Sometimes I grabbed him by the head, with both hands, shaking him up—‘Tell me the truth!’ I asked him questions nobody has ever asked. I confronted him about his three wives. How could he call himself a Christian? I asked him, Do you follow Jesus? He brought in one of his Muslim wives.” In the end, Taylor started calling Dr. Paul “my religious leader.” He even confessed to his crimes, in a general sort of way. And he left Liberia.

But this feat did not actually rank, in Dr. Paul’s own estimation, as his greatest peacemaking achievement. That came last year, when Dr. Paul organized a vast peace rally in India—“two million people”—which he believes averted a major war between India and Pakistan. Indian politicians, he says, have learned the hard way to respect him. “When the local officials don’t show up at my rallies, I ask, ‘Where’s the mayor? Where’s the governor?’ And if he’s not there I say, ‘You need a new mayor.’ And boom—he’s gone in the next election.” Dr. Paul grinned, and he grew more animated as he described the obeisances of various Asian and African leaders.

He has called himself “the Billy Graham of India,” and he certainly has a nose for the spotlight. He threw himself into the middle of the Elián González affair (testifying before the Senate Judiciary Committee) and the Florida recount (testifying to Fox News). He has developed a special line in endangered dictators. He met, he says, with Slobodan Milosevic during the war in Kosovo. Dr. Paul even claims that he arranged, late last year, for Saddam Hussein and his two sons to leave Iraq. But the Bush White House blew it. “I called Karl Rove and left a message. I waited two weeks, but I heard nothing.”

To increase his clout in Washington, Dr. Paul recently hired a dozen defeated American political candidates, including four former congressmen, as lobbyists and consultants. They should be helpful, he has said, with fund-raising—and so, presumably, should Nelson Bunker Hunt (of what Dr. Paul calls “the Hunt brothers silver deal”), who is on the board of directors of Global Peace Initiative. Dr. Paul also recently acquired a refurbished 747 jetliner, which he christened Global Peace One. Dr. Paul giggles when he mentions the plane. This, it should be remembered, is someone who was born and raised in rural India and spent, by his own testimony, much of his early adulthood homeless, too poor to rent even a cowshed. (He emigrated to the United States in 1993.) You’d giggle, too.

Liberia has a large Christian population—indeed, the country’s devastation has inspired a new wave of born-again evangelism, even among some of its most notorious warlords. Still, its recent deliverance into a fragile ceasefire had, according to Dr. Paul, an important geo-religious dimension: he was told by the ten Liberian bishops that the rebel group which was threatening to overrun the country had a secret plan to convert Liberia into a Muslim fundamentalist state. And so Dr. Paul was fighting for the faith, as well as for peace, in Liberia.

Juda Engelmayer, game publicist, tried to suggest just how down-and-dirty a fight it was. At the very end, he said, when Taylor was finally boarding the plane to leave, Dr. Paul was physically prevented from accompanying him, apparently on the orders of the jealous Nigerian President. “They kept showing it on CNN,” Engelmayer said. “Taylor getting on the plane and then this burly guy shoving Dr. Paul, who was not identified, out of the plane and down the stairs. Dr. Paul just wanted to go to Nigeria with Taylor to insure his safety.” Engelmayer shrugged. “But he seems to be O.K. where he is.”
— William Finnegan

Covert War against Iran Has Already Begun

If the Hersh and Indian reports are accurate, the Bush Administration has struck a deal with one of the world's leading nuclear weapons black-marketeers, and with the very Taliban regime in Afghanistan which the United States ousted from power as the opening shot in the GWOT.

The involvement of Pakistan's Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) in the United States' anti-Iran covert effort, according to Hersh, comes at a very high price. The Bush Administration has reportedly agreed to drop any efforts to shut down the nuclear material black-market operations of Pakistani scientist A.Q. Khan, in return for Dr. Khan's providing information on Iran's alleged illicit nuclear weapons program. As Hersh wrote, "It's the neo-conservatives' version of short-term gain at long-term cost. They want to prove that Bush is the anti-terrorism guy who can handle Iran and the nuclear threat, against the long-term goal of eliminating the black market for nuclear proliferation."

EIR's (http://www.larouchepub.com/other/2005/3204hersh_cheney.html) own sources in the intelligence community in India, who usually have a precise reading on the situation in Afghanistan, confirmed the essentials of Hersh's account of the U.S. deal with Pakistan, but added some further disturbing details. They charge that the Bush Administration used proof that officials of Pakistan's ISI had advance knowledge about the kidnapping and murder of American journalist Daniel Pearl, and wanted to extract Pakistani help in infiltrating Iran, through the Balochistan region of Afghanistan. In return for silence on the ISI links to Pearl's murderers, Pakistan agreed to provide assistance in the infiltration of Iran.

The recent ouster of Ismael Khan, Governor of Afghanistan's Herat Province, bordering Iran, was intended, the Indian intelligence sources say, to clear the way for American covert operations teams to infiltrate eastern Iran from bases in Afghanistan, including a clandestine air base just a few miles from the Iranian border. Another price that the United States has been willing to pay for the Afghan secret basing: Washington has given Pakistan the green light to reintegrate the Taliban into the Afghan government. According to Indian sources, 81 Taliban prisoners have been released in recent weeks, and 400 more are soon to be freed. All of the Talibani held in the U.S. facility at Guantánamo Bay, Cuba, are also reportedly being released because they "failed to provide any useful intelligence" on al-Qaeda's operations.

Descetion of Hersh article

http://www.larouchepub.com/other/2005/3204hersh_cheney.html

Pakistani sponsored terrorists to attack inside India -- PSMI

Source : SAAG Forum


Statement is issued by PSMI , Patriotic Sons of Mother India , cautioning impending attacks inside india , particularly outside Kashmir .
-------------------------------------------------------------

{START}

Reports are coming from close circles in pakistans millitary establishment that ISI is activating it's sleeper cells inside india to launch attacks . One can expect more bombings and sabotages , in this regard we have to caution our government to take necessary measures to thwart . If terrorists are sucessfull in their mission , we have to put pressure on government to launch all out millitary offence on pakistan , Indian lives are not cheap , out politicians have to understand this and send a message to pakistan appropriately .

WE INDIANS

1. Have to watch how MEDIA report

2. Start campaign and put pressure on government to prepare counter offensive on pakistan

3. Activate all our PR machinery , ISI has already prepared it's peole inside Indian media to underplay events . THIS WE HAVE TO TAKE SERIOUSLY

4. Pseudo Secular Leaders should be hounded out on this issue



The Pakistani correspondent of Asia Times Online, Syed Saleem Shahzad, who is well informed on military matters, reported that at a meeting of the corps commanders held last month under the chairmanship of Musharraf, a decision was made to re-escalate Pakistan's proxy war in Indian territory. The Asia Times Online correspondent connected this reported decision with Pakistani disappointment over what it perceives as the lack of progress in the bilateral dialogue process (see Musharraf ups the ante on Kashmir, January 8).

He did not connect it to the Balochistan situation, which had not assumed such alarming proportions at the time of last month's corps commanders' conference as it has now. The pressures now faced by Musharraf in Balochistan have become an additional factor, in the eyes of the Pakistani military leadership, for re-escalating jihadi terrorism against India.

If Musharraf decides to launch an offensive operation to crush the Baloch freedom-fighters, he would be tempted to combine it with a re-escalation of jihadi terrorism against India in the calculation that he would thereby prevent India from taking advantage of the resulting situation.

There is a need for heightened alert by the Indian security forces and counter-terrorism agencies. The recent violations of the more than a year-long ceasefire along the LoC by the Pakistani army and its allegations of violations by the Indian security forces appear for now as isolated incidents, but to treat them totally as without much significance would be unwise. They could be the indicators of a Pakistani rethinking and forerunners of a re-escalation of terrorism.

{END}

January 28, 2005

ran ranks third in the region in producing ballistic missiles

General on Iran's 'Nuclear Capabilities,' Possibility of 'Asymmetrical' War With
US
Tehran Aftab-e Yazd (Internet Version-WWW) in Persian 29 Dec 04

[Unattributed news report, entitled: Iran ranks third in the region in producing
ballistic missiles]

[Text] The dean of the Police Academy has said that Iran ranks third in the
region in producing ballistic missiles after China and Russia.

According to a report by Mehr News Agency, speaking at the eighth ceremony
commemorating the martyrs of Qom University [on Tuesday 28 December], General
[Qasem] Shabani said: In the event of war against America, we must resort to
asymmetrical battles.

He added: At present we have manufactured some weapons and acquired nuclear
capabilities. ["Ma, dar hal-e hazer, salah ha'i sakhte'im va be tavanmandi ha-ye
hasteh'i dast yafte'im."] And America is angry because young Iranians have
acquired this technology through their own endeavor.

Noting that the Iranian armed forces should always remain vigilant about the
activities of the enemies, General Shabani added: Through a series of programs,
America intends to alter the behavior of the authorities in the Islamic Republic
of Iran, because it knows that military attack will not be successful.

He further added: If the enemies try to threaten our country's security, we
shall deprive them of every security.

Save the Minors From Pakistani Torture Cells of Balawaristan

Below is a letter to Mr.Kofi Annan by Mr.Abdul Hamid of Balawaristsn National Front




Save the Minors From Pakistani Torture Cells of Balawaristan


Date: 29th Jan 2005
His Excellency
Mr. Kofi Annan
Secretary General
United Nations Organization
New York

Sub: Save the Minors from Pakistani Torture Cells in Balawaristan

I have the honor to write your honor and world community and Human
Rights Organization about the Pakistani forces attrocities against the
indigenous people of Skardu, Balawaristan (Pakistan Occupied Gilgit
Baltistan). This Pakistani action was taken place against the indigenous
people, aftermath when the local Shia leader Agha Zia-Ud-Din, local
employee Dr. Sher Wali (Muslim Sooni sect) and local employee DFO Taighon Nabi
(Muslim Ismaili sect)beside 2 dozen others were killed by Pakistani
terrorists in Gilgit, the Pakistani occupied part of disputed Jammu &
Kashmir on 8th Jan 2005. Pakistani occupied regime arretests local
indigenous people by charging them terrorist acts, when they protest against
the Pakistani and it's ISI sponsored terrorisim in this part of the
world.
In the last months of 2004 more than 80 people were arrested from
Gilgit, when they protested against the Pakistani discriminatry Islamic book
against Shia Muslims, tortured them and sent them in High School No 2
Jitiyal Gilgit by declaring Schol as Jail. After that more than 2 dozen
people from Yasen were sent to this so-called School Jail when they
protested against the Pakistani and it's ISI sponsored terrisists who
kidnapped 2 minor students from Gilgit, one was killed another escapped
from the clutches of terrorists, After 8th Jan the mass killing of al 3
sects persnonalities and other persons by ISI agents in Gilgit, local
people of Gilgit and Skardu protested. Pakistani occupioed regime
arrested, tottured the protesters and chrged them in terrorists acts bu no
action was teken against the ISI and it's agents.
Is this the CIVILIZED NATIONS WAR AGAINST TERRORISM, where those are
termed as terrorists who protest against terrorists?
The world community and the so-called Human Rights chanpions of the
world should open their eyes and read the following story of a Pakistani
daily the "Daily Dawn".

Daily Dawn
SKARDU: 54 arrested in Skardu over Jan 13 violence By Our Correspondent
SKARDU, Jan 26 2005:
Fifty-four people have been arrested for allegedly damaging public
property and setting on fire some shops and hotels during the Jan 13
violence.
Senior Superintendent of Police Hajat Mir told newsmen here on
Wednesday that cases had been registered under Terrorism Act against 16 unknown
people and investigation was in final stage.
Three different investigation teams have been formed. The SSP said 54
people were under police custody and investigations were under way
against them under the Terrorist Act, section 7, and PPC sections 164, 147,
148, 149 and 436.
Cases had also been registered against several arrested persons under
section 295 for raising slogans and they would be sent to jail after
judicial remand, he added.
Several persons, who were under police custody, had been hospitalized
due to severe physical and mental torture by the police during
investigation, sources said. The accused had been arrested by the police on
suspicion of being involved in setting ablaze some private properties.
The source said besides 54 people booked so far, more arrests were
being made. Nine accused, including young boys, were shifted to the DHQ
hospital the other day because of severe police torture.
Earlier, five people had also reportedly been shifted to the hospital
in the same case and were sent back to the police station after their
condition improved.
The accused said they were innocent and not involved in any incident.
The police were unfair with them, they complained. Visitors have been
barred from meeting the accused in the Police Lines and the police
stations.
..................................................

Distributed By

Abdul Hamid Khan
Chairman
Balawaristan National Front (BNF)
Head Off:
Majini Mahla, Gilgit, Balawaristan
(Pakistan occupied Gilgit Baltistan)
WEBSITE (Urdu & English)
Urdu & Eng:
Urdu website:

EMAIL:

An actor who was happy in being of Sangh (Amrish Puri)

Mogambo a Sangh Swayamsevak?






Title: An actor who was happy in being of Sangh

Author: Ramesh Mehta

Publication: 'Vivek' Marathi Weekly

Date: January 23, 05



I still remember that day when I met Amarish Puri. Very few people know

that when Amarish Puri was in Simla, he was a Sangh Swayamsevak and he

was taking training in Officer's Training Camp (OTC). The time was when

Balarao Deoras (Third Sarsanghchalak) was camping in my house for a few

days. Amrish Puri was striving to get stabilized in the movie industry.

He expressed his desire to meet Deoras to our friend Dr Ramesh
Gandotra.
Dr gave him my telephone number. After two days, my phone rang,
"Namaste, mai Amrish Puri am speaking". Same resonant and weighty
voice.
The meeting was fixed at our residence and he came to our house even
though he had a hectic shooting schedule.



A robust, strapping personality with superb height, calm but resolute
face. He joined his hand in Namaskar to Balasaheb Deoras and sat on
ground only. Deoras and we all requested him to sit on the Sofa, but he

quickly said, "Nahi, Nahi, mai yahaan Charano me hi theek hoon!" (No,
no, I am all right here at the feet only.)" With this single sentence,

the humility of this great artist was easily apparent. We had a long
discussion on various matters.



Saying "I am proud that when I was in Simla, I had taken the training
in
the OTC,' he was lost in the old memory lane. "I will never forget the

principles and teachings of Sangh", he said and he chatted on many
subjects like politics, social matters, art, cinema, music to heart's
content. While talking about Sangh, Param Poojya Guruji's mention was
inevitable. While talking about Guruji, his respect for him poured
through his tone. He kept on talking on many things about him. His
memories of traveling with him, his teachings etc



While talking, he paused and looked at Deoras and said, "Guruji's
teachings were spiritual while yours are practical. Your personality
is
different from him and believe me, at this time, Sangh requires only
such skilful leadership."



His thoughts and his information about Sangh surprised me to no little

extent. During discussions, my young small daughter came there. He took

her in his arms and was playing with her with joy. In a light vein I
said to him, "Remembering your villainous appearance on the screen, she

will get afraid". Looking at me mischievously, he said, "This is an
effort to wipe out that image." .



Meeting was over. But as if after a concert, the music and tunes should

be lingering in the mind, his humble talk, the sanskaars showing
through
it and the greatness of his mind remained echoing in my heart.



Many years passed. Much water had flown under the bridge. Now Amrish
Puri had become a great star. I came to know that his shooting was
going
on nearby. Casually I went to meet him. After telling my name, I gave
the reference of the meeting with Balarao Deoras. Immediately his face

brightened. The full reel of his meeting with Deoras must have passed
before mind. He took my hand with love and again talked a lot with me.

Again all that earnest love surfaced with force. "Yes, there is regret

for not being able to keep in touch with Sangh, but the happiness of
being connected with Sangh will last me the whole of my life," saying
this, he kept his hand on shoulder an said, "Ramesh ji Yoon he dosti
banaye rakhana", (Ramesh ji, continue this friendship please).



Today, my Dost has left me, for ever. My deep homage to this true
artist
who although working in movie line yet maintained his separate
individuality and always kept his flame of love for Sangh aglow in his

heart."

Bangladesh violence-five killed

Calcutta
28 Jan 2005,

Source :Voice of America

Bangladesh violence-five killed

Syrian Missile Sale Slots into Secret Russian Air Defense System for Iran



DEBKAfile Exclusive Military Report

January 24, 2005, 1:34 PM (GMT+02:00)


Damascus to get Russian SA-18 - effective against low-flying craft.


Russian president Vladimir Putin and Syrian president Bashar Assad, who arrived in Moscow Monday, January 24, will sign a $70 million deal for the sale of 20 SA-18 Igla-S batteries mounted on Armored Personnel Carriers. One of the most effective missiles against low-flying aircraft on the market, the SA-18 is manufactured at the Russian KBM factory near Moscow.

The sale culminates intense quiet exchanges conducted by the US Pentagon and State Department with the Kremlin and Russian defense ministry to prevent the sale to Damascus of the shoulder-launched version of the SA-18 for fear it falling into the hands of Iraqi guerrillas and Hizballah terrorists.

Washington accepted the APC-mounted compromise despite Israel’s complaints. Although 20 batteries do not present a major headache for the Israeli air force, their mobility makes them difficult to target and limits the maneuverability of Israeli planes in Syrian airspace as a deterrent to Damascus war or terror initiatives. The Igla-S is also effective against small targets like reconnaissance drones, helicopters and cruise missiles. Missile experts report that when fired against fighter craft an Igla-S has the effectiveness of two missiles fired in a single round – or five missiles when launched against a cruise missile.

This is Syria’s second important arms purchase in recent months. DEBKAfile’s military sources were first report its acquisition in East Europe of Kornet AT-14 anti-tank missiles. This purchase provoked a warning from Washington that if this weapon should turn up in Iraq or Lebanon, America will be free to take military action.

DEBKAfile’s military sources now reveal that the Syrian missile sale is integral to the Kremlin’s new, broad strategic initiative that encompasses secret military assistance to Tehran as well as its overt deals with Damascus. Moscow’s objective is partly to secure its investment in Iran’s nuclear center at Bushehr on the Persian Gulf against the fate of the Saddam Hussein’s French-built Tamuz nuclear center which the Israeli air force bombed out existence 24 years ago.

In the second week of January, Russian defense minister Sergey Ivanov spent five days in Washington setting up the February 24 summit meeting between Presidents George W. Bush and Vladimir Putin in the Slovak capital of Bratislava.

That same week, DEBKA-Net-Weekly 189 revealed that Russian experts from the Raduga OKB engineering group in Dubna near Moscow had just completed the installation of two advanced radar systems around the Bushehr nuclear reactor on the Persian Gulf.

These improved mobile 36D6 systems, Western codenamed Tin Shield, were custom-made to upgrade the air defense radar protecting Iran’s key nuclear facilities from American or Israeli aerial, missile or cruise missile attack.

If that was all, it might have passed without too great a hullabaloo.

However, the fat hit the fire when the Russians were discovered to be building the same system at Iran’s uranium enrichment plants for military purposes in Isfahan in central Iran. It was taken to mean that Moscow has undertaken to secure all of Iran’s nuclear industry from top to bottom – from the installation of sophisticated equipment to military planning and operational cooperation - against American or Israeli attack. Moscow has thus placed a serious impediment in the path of any American and Israel military action to curb Iran’s nuclear armament. This Russian-Iranian cooperation looks like the harbinger of geo-strategic understandings in other places like Afghanistan, India, Iraq and the Persian Gulf.

Already, the Russian military umbrella over Iran is emitting diplomatic signals.

And that is not all.

On January 12, the day Russian radar was finally installed at Bushehr and Isfahan, the Kremlin leaked word of a large-scale arms deal afoot with Syria for the delivery of advanced SS-26 road-mobile Iskander-E surface missiles - successor to the Scud, whose 480-kilo multiple warhead can dodge air defense radar systems and electronic jamming - as well as surface-to-air SA-10 (“Grumble”) and SA-18 (“Grouse”) shoulder-launched missiles.

The first can engage several targets at varying altitudes simultaneously including raiding aircraft and cruise or tactical missiles. The SA-18 is an improved version of the Strela with a 2-kilo high-explosive warhead fitted with a contact and grazing fuse, aerodynamic improvements, extended effective range and greater speed. The SA-18 has a maximum range of 5.2 km and maximum altitude of 3.5 km.

Sale of this missile package was not expected to go through in its entirety - certainly not the Iskander. The shoulder-launched version of the SA-18 was deemed too flagrant a provocation for Washington to tolerate in view of its applications for Iraqi insurgents and Hizballah terrorists. The leak was therefore intended as a partial red herring to camouflage Moscow’s real plans.

What really worries Washington and Jerusalem is the possibility of Assad and Putin putting their heads together on the same 36D6 radar system Moscow has supplied Iran.

Our military sources describe the Tin Shield 36D6 as a mobile radar system designed to detect air targets and perform friend-or-foe identification. It is highly effective in detecting low, medium and high altitude targets moving at almost any speed, including winged missiles and American or Israeli cruise missiles. It is capable of providing the target and bearing of active jamming, as well as integrated computer-aided systems of control and guidance of anti-aircraft missile complexes.

Tin Shield can operate independently as an observation and air detection post, as part of computer-aided control systems or as an element in an anti-air guided missile complex, where it carries out reconnaissance and targeting.

If Syria gets this sophisticated system, a Russian-coordinated Iranian-Syrian-Lebanese radar barrier will rise with three serious consequences that go beyond the balance of strength in the Middle East:

1. The 36D6 radar system deployment, if acquired by Syria as well Iran, will confine US aerial operations in Iraq to a narrow corridor hemmed in by sophisticated Russian radar and reconnaissance systems.

2. Its deployment at nuclear sites in northern Iran near the Afghan border will obstruct any American air operation mounted from the north against Iran from Afghan bases, while the Russian radar system’s presence in Syria will hinder an American or Israeli strike against Iran from the west.

3. Moscow’s military backing for Iran and Syria is tantamount to sympathy for their diplomatic postures and extends to their sponsorship of Hizballah and Palestinian terrorist organizations. First overt indications of Moscow’s new direction surfaced in an official Russian foreign ministry denunciation last week, the first since the 1990s, of the American threat of new sanctions against Syria for sponsoring “freedom fighters” – Syria’s term for Palestinian terrorist organizations like Hamas and the Jihad Islami.

How far the Kremlin intends to take its new policy thrust in the Middle East will become clearer after the Assad-Putin talks in Moscow this week and the Putin-Bush Bratislava summit in a month.

Iraqi Poll’s Winners and Losers - According to US Forecast



From DEBKA-Net-Weekly 190 Updated by DEBKAfile

January 27, 2005, 11:44 AM (GMT+02:00)


Islamic law - but no theocracy


Wednesday was the single most deadly day for US forces in Iraq ; 36 servicemen died – 31 in a helicopter crash and five in anti-insurgent operations at trouble spots. At least 25 Iraqis were also killed in insurgent attacks on party offices and police centers. In counter-strikes, US troops uncovered a round dozen bomb cars In the northern city of Mosul rigged ready for detonation on election-day in three days time. US troops also raided Hit in Anbar Province, where many followers of al Qaeda’s Iraq commander, Abu Mussab al-Zarqawi, went to ground in flight from Fallujah.

Despite the Iraqi Sunni boycott, al-Zarqawi’s imprecations against the general election, and the unprecedented level of bloodletting, an certain number of the 40,000 polling stations across the country will almost certainly open on time Sunday, January 30.

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That was one of the starting points on which Gregory Hooker, chief analyst of CENTCOM, the American command running the war in Iraq, presupposed his detailed forecast of election results.

This forecast, commissioned by CENTOM commander General John Abizaid, was first revealed by DEBKA-Net-Weekly 190 on January 21.

The second premise was that orderly vote-counting would likewise take place notwithstanding threats of sabotage.

The Hooker forecast is essentially a simulation exercise based on US and Iraqi intelligence data gathered in the last six months, together with estimates of opinion openly canvassed in towns up and down the country.

The level of participation and the results of this pivotal election will bear strongly on the Bush administration’s second term Iraq policy, the tasks facing US armed forces, the chances of the elected national assembly taking up its responsibilities, including the drafting of a new national constitution, and the prospects of an elected government exercising authority.

• Altogether 111 political entities – parties, individuals or coalitions – are running for the 275 National Assembly seats.

• A total of 7,785 candidates are registered on the national ballot

• Eligible voters in Iraq: 14.27 million

• Eligible voters outside Iraq: 1.2 – 2 million (only one-quarter of whom registered).

• More than 130 lists were submitted by the December 15, 2004 deadline for registration. Nine were multi-party coalition blocs while 102 were lists presented by single Iraqi parties.

• There are two major political blocs – Shiite and Kurdish:

The Shiite Unified Iraqi Alliance list submitted 228 candidates representing 16 Iraqi political groups including the dominant Shiite factions. Abdul Aziz al-Hakim, leader of the Supreme Council for the Islamic Revolution in Iraq – SCIRI, heads this list, followed by Ibrahim Al-Jafari, head of the al-Dawa Party.

• The two Kurdish parties headed by Masoud Barzani and Jalal Talabani decided to run together on the Kurdish list.

• Both the Iraqi interim prime minister Iyad Allawi and Iraqi president Ghazi al-Yawar submitted their own lists of candidates. Allawi’s party, the Iraqi National Accord – INC, submitted a 240-candidate coalition, while al-Yawar leads an 80-member slate representing the Iraqi Grouping.

Projected Results

For elections held now, Hooker projects the following figures:

The Shiite Unified Iraqi Alliance list – 43.8% = 120 national assembly seats.

The Kurdish list – a surprising 36.4% (more than twice their 16-18% proportion of the general population) = 100 seats.

The Iraqi National Accord – 8.1% = 22 seats. (A formula is being actively sought to retain him as premier even if his showing is low.)

The Iraqi Communist party (the best organized) – 1.6% = 5 seats.

All the Assyrian, Turkomen and Yazdi minorities together – 4 seats.

All the rest – 5 seats.

The first conclusion reached by our analysts is that, while the leading Shiite UIA bloc can expect to be the big winner of the election, the real victor will be the Shiite cleric who assembled and founded the alliance, Grand Ayatollah Ali Sistani and his inner circle. The slate he drew up of candidates to the legislature reflects his political aspirations and cunning: of the 120 registered, the first 60 are independents with no parties behind them and will therefore be totally dependent on Sistani himself for support.

Al-Hakim’s SCIRI will get no more than 14 assembly seats, while al-Jafari’s al Dawa must be content with 12. The former rebel cleric Moqtada Sadr’s following will match al Dawa with 12 places in the legislature

The slate he assembled also pushes pro-Tehran and Iran’s chosen men down to the unrealistic bottom.

Sistani wants to see non-clerical ministers in the post-election government but will insist on incorporating Islamic law as the basis of the national constitution.

The Kurds owe their projected big win to three prime causes:

1. The union of the two principal lists, which will help them carry districts in which each faction is fragmentary, like Iraq’s second largest town of Mosul and certain quarters of Baghdad.

2. Major concessions by Sistani in Kirkuk, where he endorsed the transfer of tens of thousands of Kurdish voters into the city. Quietly underway at this moment is the largest demographic transformation in Iraq since the war began, an abrupt reversal of the population displacement conducted by Saddam Hussein. Sunni families are being pushed out of Kirkuk to the Sunni Triangle and replaced by incoming Kurds. Turkomen, Assyrians and Yazdis gnash their teeth but have not the power to interfere in the Kurdish takeover of the mixed city.

3. Another key Sistani concession was his consent to local elections taking place in Kurdish regions for a Kurdish national assembly at the same time as the general election. In return, the Kurdish leaders have granted Sistani a powerful tool of government, a promise to join his Unified Iraqi Bloc in a coalition administration.

The Shiite cleric has little to fear from this alliance. He knows the Kurds are only interested in expanding their own self-government and will therefore not muscle in on the central administration with power-sharing demands. Their backing, however, provides insurance for stable Shiite-dominated government in the long term.

The Sunni Muslim minority can hardly be expected to sit still as the Shiites and Kurds split up the post-war spoils of power.

Wounds of 1984 massacre are still ripe

Indira Gandhi's assassination prompted genocide. Two decades on justice
still hasn't been done

By Syed Haider Abbas Rizvi

"Fifteen years old. Round chubby face. Aching black eyes. She stumbled
out of the first rescue bus. The torment she had endured for 36 hours
surged out when she saw us, 'Meri izzat loot li' (they raped me), she
cried out, she pulled away the loose crumpled kurta from her shoulders to
reveal a gash from her left collarbone to right breast, covered with
dried blood, ' Dekho, dekho kya kiya unhone mere saath ' (see, see what
they did to me?)". So wrote Sheela Barse after witnessing the plight of
Sikh victims of the 1984 Delhi massacre. Within thirty six hours of Oct
31, 1984, when India's Prime Minister Indira Gandhi was shot dead, 3000
Sikhs were killed. There was also widespread rape, arson and looting
during the proverbial first genocide of independent India.

"Mrs. Gandhi was assassinated by the forces of Sikh extremism," writes
Shashi Tharoor, Indian representative at UN High Commission for
Refugees in the book, India from Midnight to Millennium . He writes further,
".forces she had herself primed. In 1977 the Congress party, had been
ousted in Punjab by the Sikh Akali Dal Party, an ally of Janta Party; Mrs
Gandhi typically decided to undermine them by opponents more Sikh than
Akalis. So she encouraged (and reportedly even financed) the extremist
fundamentalism of Sikh preacher, Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale.

Bhindranwale soon tired of assassinating clean-shaven Sikhs for their
apostasy and instead took up the cause of independent Sikh State,
Khalistan. As the murders mounted Mrs Gandhi had little choice but to destroy
the monster she had herself spawned and she finally violated a basic
tenet of the Indian state by sending armed troops into a place of
worship, the historic Golden Temple in Amritsar to flush out the terrorists
holed up there. Bhindranwale and his immediate cohorts of gunmen were
killed in operation Bluestar, but so were a member of unarmed civilians
trapped in what was after all, the Sikhs most important place of worship;
great damage, not all of it repairable, was done to the temple itself,
by the time she acted, Mrs Gandhi probably had no choice."

The assault on the Golden Temple deeply alienated many Sikhs whose
patriotism had been unquestionable. The Gandhi family's staunchest ally in
the independent press, the Sikh editor Kushwant Singh, returned his
national honours to the government, and a battalion of Sikhs, the backbone
of the army, mutinied. Mrs Gandhi could not understand the extent to
which so many Sikhs saw Bluestar as a betrayal. She refused to draw the
conclusions her security advisers did, and to her credit, and
misfortune, turned down their recommendations to remove Sikhs from her personal
guards. Two of them, sworn to protect her with their lives, turned their
guns on her.

Indira Gandhi was shot at 9.15 am on Oct 31, 1984. As the news spread
throughout the day on radio and newspapers, crowds gathered outside All
India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) waiting for news. Sikhs,
many of whom were Congress supporters were "as shocked as anyone else"
(Rao, Report to the Nation ). They had little idea of the turmoil to
come.

Meanwhile on the same day, two truckloads of men from nearby villages
assembled at the site. According to Madhu Kishwar, they were armed with
iron rods and lathis and seemed to be organised. Soon the gathering,
including a Congress member who was later implicated for organising riots
in the trans-Yamuna area, was brought to boiling point through speeches
and sloganeering. " Khun Ka Badla, Khun Se Lenge" (blood for blood) was
one of the cries heard. The mob began to attack Sikhs, pulling them out
of vehicles, beating them and setting their turbans on fire. The crowds
began to disperse in various directions, stoning Sikh vehicles as they
went and starting to loot or burn Sikh shops. Even the motorcade of
India's President, Giani Zial Singh, who was a Sikh, was stoned by an
angry mob while he was on his way to AIIMS.

At 5:30pm, "Rajiv Gandhi (son of Indira Gandhi) came out. after having
seen his mother's body," followed by the Minister of State for
Information and Broadcasting, HKL Bhagat. The latter, who has since been
accused by some of playing a part in organising the riots, addressed the
crowds, "what is the point of assembling here?" Virginia Van Dyke wrote, in
Riots and Pogroms , "This reported statement could obviously have
alternate meanings, suggesting either that the crowd had no purpose in
assembling there or that it might have a more useful purpose elsewhere."
On Nov 1, simultaneous riots broke all over Delhi. Mobs were armed with
iron rods, bamboo sticks and litres of kerosene oil mixed with
phosphorous. The rioters were reportedly directed by officials carryings voter
lists, ration cards and school registers, who pointed out Sikh shops
and houses or marked them in some fashion.
Tirlokipuri saw some of the worst atrocities. Around 40-50 Sikh women
were kidnapped and taken to a nearby village. Sikh men pleaded with the
police to rescue the girls but there were inadequate forces and the day
passed. A Sub-Inspector pursued the case, but his senior officers
declined to provide him with vehicles, for fear that they would be burnt!
Indeed the police seemed to be content to look the other way as the riots
continued, and were even accused of being complicit in the violence.

The police were reported to have said to the mob, "We gave you 36
hours. Had we given the Sikhs that much time they would have killed every
Hindu."

Perpetrators of the crimes were rewarded, according to Who are the
guilty? a report published in the journals Peoples Union for Democratic
Rights (PUDR) and Peoples Union for Civil Liberties ( PUCL
http://www.pucl.org). The report openly identifies a current Congress
MP, and a former Congress Trade Union leader, stating that they paid men
involved with Rs 100 and a bottle of liquor.

The communal orgy of violence continued into November 2. Report of the
Citizens Commission gives details regarding the stopping of trains by
crowds in order to murder Sikh passengers. The army was finally called
into the area, only to attest to the countless human bodies squandered
on streets, burnt remains of taxis and trucks with the corpses of their
drivers at their wheels. Nov 3 showed some signs of the violence
abating, particularly in the more central areas. By Nov 4, although violence
continued in some areas, a return to normality was evident.

Rajiv Gandhi, who was sworn in as Prime Minister at 6:50pm on Oct 31,
evaded the question of initiating any inquiry into the massacre. He
callously declared that any inquiry further damage Sikhs, and that the
issues were already dead. However, the government ultimately designated the
Justice Ranganath Mishra Commission on April 26, 1985. The inquiry was
roundly criticized and it was accused of being a cover up exercise.

Manmohan Singh, as leader of opposition in Rajya Sabha, extended his
support to the proposal of a fresh inquiry into the Delhi massacre. The
Justice Nanavati Commission was finally installed. This inquiry is still
under way to determine the veracity of 200 First Information Reports
and investigate 3000 Sikh murders. Out of a total of 300 cases in court,
200 are for murder and there have been just nine murder convictions in
19 years.

The wounds of the 1984 massacre are still ripe and many draw parallels
between that episode and the 2002 riots in Gujrat. Many have accused
the governments (Congress in 1984, BJP in 2002) of at the very least not
doing their utmost to protect minorities during these riots. As those
investigating 1984's events continue to prevaricate after two decades,
there seems little hope that justice will ultimately be done.

-Courtesy : The Friday Times

Islamic party criticises Mush for telephoning Rice

Islamic party criticises Mush for telephoning Rice

PTI[ FRIDAY, JANUARY 28, 2005 09:40:33 PM ]

Sign into earnIndiatimes points

ISLAMABAD: Taking strong exception to President Pervez Musharraf calling new US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice over phone to congratulate her, Pakistan's main opposition party on Friday said he has not only violated international protocol but also disgraced the country.


"Our rulers have assumed such proportion of flatterers that they do not care for the country's dignity," deputy chief of hardline Jamaat-e-Islami Senator Khurshid Ahmed said, reacting to Musharraf's telephone conversation with Rice.

By calling the Secretary of state, he said, "President Musharraf has also violated international standard of protocol."

"The foreign minister should have called his American counterpart instead of President Musharraf," the Jamaat leader said.

"It is very surprising that the President receives any low-level American guests when he or she visits Pakistan," he said.

During the telephone conversation last night, Musharraf congratulated Rice on her appointment and discussed Pakistan-US relations as well as regional and international issues of mutual interest, media reports said.

----------------------------

BELOW IS FROM PAKISTANI URDU PRESS

------------------------------

Jasarat, November 18, 2004

Rice—a ‘snake’ that will keep on biting the Muslims

Shahnawaz Farooqi

‘Condy Rice is a ‘snake’ that believes in
engulfing the enemy. Her name resembles
with a specie of snakes i.e. anaconda. She
thinks that the US is such a big power that it
should stop intimidating the smaller power
and simply erase them from the map of the
earth. She is the mother of the doctrine of
aggression that the US is currently following.
Following this doctrine, the US has eaten up
Afghanistan and Iraq like an anaconda—
Rice’s brother.’

‘Colin Powell was also a ‘snake’. His poison
was touching its last limits that is why he
was discarded and Rice was brought on
board. Rice is suffering from inferiority
complex. She is a black and she wants to
prove her a ‘white’ through her hard work.
That hard work is in the form of enmity with
the Muslims. She is far ahead than Bush in
enmity with Islam.’

‘Rice is a natural extremist. She is
unmarried and that is one evidence of her
extremism. Some people think that Bush will
learn from his mistakes during his second
term. But he has domesticated a ‘snake’ in
the form of Rice that will keep on biting the
Muslims.’

Nuggets from the Pakistan Urdu press



Al Zawahiri in Pakistan?

According to daily Insaf, Aiman al Zawahiri the mastermind of Al Qaeda and number two after Osama bin Laden could be located in Pakistan, either in Sindh or Balochistan in the protection of some sardar. Other members of Al Qaeda who have made their way into Pakistan have come down from North Waziristan and have been hiding in Dera Ghazi Khan and Dera Ismail Khan. These members of Al Qaeda are as follows: Ali bin Muhammad Askar (Sudan), Matlab al Sabah (Saudi) Basir Tankati (Egypt), Muhammad Aziz (Kuwait), Muhammad Saleh bin Musa (Yemen), Muhammad Aniq al Basit (Egypt), Abu Talha (Egypt), Abdul Sabhan Asiri (Saudi), Abdul Ali bin Hisham (Saudi), Abu Salman Musa (Syria), Abdur Rehman Didan (Yemen), Muhammad Abdul Basit (Egypt), and Ahmad Abdul Alim Jafari (Egypt). The paper quoted Arab sources.

Altaf Hussain and MMA
According to daily Insaf MQM chief Altaf Hussain spoke on the phone to an audience at the Lahore Press Club and said he was not ghaddar (traitor) and that if the MMA wanted to agitate against Musharraf it should first leave the government in Balochistan and the NWFP. He kept pronouncing MMA as mamma (breast). Daily Nawa-e-Waqt reported Altaf Hussain as saying that 60 percent of the government was military. He said generals became feudal landlords after retirement. He said in 1965 India did not attack but Pak army did and was defeated. At Kargil it suffered another defeat and was too scared to collect its own dead bodies.

Bangladesh hates India

Writing in Khabrain, Kuldip Nayar said that anti-India feeling was high in Bangladesh and it started when founder Sheikh Mujib was still in power. When he talked to him Mujib said that Bangladeshis were grateful but the anti-India feeling was being created by spiteful rumours. In Bangladesh most people thought that rice was being smuggled to Calcutta. Later BNP of Khaleda Zia decided to join up with Jamaat Islami in order to gain street power. Now there is violence in the name of religion and religion is used to make people anti-Hindu and anti-India. One person who has written a book on why the Hindus were running away was now under threat from terrorists who had returned from Afghanistan and were spearheading the BNP’s new policy.

‘We want to destroy Aga Khan Foundation’
According to Nawa-e-Waqt the men who destroyed the Aga Khan Service Centre in Chitral were caught. They turned out to be members of the banned Lashkar-e-Jhangvi (earlier reported as members of Harkatul Mujahideen whose leader Fazlur Rehman Khaleel had just been released from prison). The two arrested terrorists said they wanted to end the work of Aga Khan Foundation in Chitral. Photos of Osama bin Laden and Afghan Jihad were found in their custody.

Where charity ends up

Daily Jang reported that charity funds disbursed for calamity stricken areas usually went into the wrong pockets. After the 1973 floods, Swedish matches, cooking oil and blankets were sold in the market. Similarly calamity funds after floods in Mekran were disbursed to local government supporters and voters of the government in Mekran. After the tsunami, charity funds going to the area will see new luxury houses coming up in countries from Indonesia to Somalia.

No friendship with Hindus and Jews

Former teacher of journalism Mr AR Khalid stated in Nawa-e-Waqt that in Islam the only enlightenment and roshan khayali was the way Allah had shown under which there was no good in befriending Jews and Hindus. No other madadgar (helper) and raziq (giver of food) was to be accepted save Allah. And the world would have to be considered a temporary abode.

PIA completely bans uplift of only Sindhi newspapers

PIA completely bans uplift of only Sindhi newspapers due to so-called "economy"; purchase of Urdu & English papers continue

KARACHI: [Sindh Today Report] PIA - the national airlines of Pakistan which was purchasing Sindhi newspapers for uplift for more than last 35 years, has discontinued only Sindhi newspapers in the name of so-called "economy measures" from Jan 15, 2005

Pakistanis 'buy' citizenship in J&K

http://www.hindustantimes.com/news/181_1217945,001300430001.htm
Indo-Asian News Service

Jammu, January 28, 2005|13:38 IST

At least half a dozen cases of Pakistanis surreptitiously acquiring Indian
citizenship in Jammu and Kashmir have come to light in the border district
of Poonch, officials said in Jammu.
These people entered India via the Wagah border post in Punjab using
Pakistani passports and then travelled to Kashmir, where they obtained fake
Permanent Resident Certificates and purchased land to establish themselves
as permanent residents of the state.
The cases detected so far are all in Mendhar town of Poonch district, the
officials said.
Mendhar is a strategic town close to the Line of Control (LoC) and one of
the major routes used by terrorists sneaking across the ceasefire line from
Pakistan-administered Kashmir.
The efforts of the Pakistanis to blend with the local population were
highlighted by a man named Lal Din, who wrote a letter to the external
affairs ministry. Subsequent inquiries by revenue officials in Kashmir
unearthed the truth.
Lal Din acted after Zulfikar, son of Faker Din, who had crossed over to
India and settled in Salwa village of Poonch, entered the fray in the
parliamentary elections last year.
Acting on the basis of a probe by the field staff of the sub- divisional
magistrate of Mendhar and the deputy commissioner of Poonch, Jammu's
Divisional Commissioner BR Sharma ordered the cancellation of the Permanent
Resident Certificates of Zulfikar and his family members in December.
Officials now believe there might be more such cases that are not known to
the local administration.

January 27, 2005

A case for strengthening Union Govt.

Constitutional challenges of federalism

Let us transform our institutions of governance before the Republic’s 60th anniversary

JAYAPRAKASH NARAYAN
Posted online: Friday, January 28, 2005 at 0000 hours IST

We have completed 55 years as a republic and this is a good time to introspect. With great expectation, the members of the Constituent Assembly adopted the Constitution on November 26, 1949, and the new republic came into existence on January 26, 1950. It was an extraordinary occasion.

The United States was the first republic in the modern world. With the Declaration of Independence in 1776, the American colonies rejected British rule. In the ensuing War of Independence, the American forces won. But the task of uniting the 13 independent states remained unfinished. In 1787, the Continental Congress met to deliberate on the future Constitution. Two viewpoints prevailed. The Republicans favoured popular sovereignty and supremacy of the states. The Federalists favoured a strong federal government. A compromise was made and the Constitution approved in 1789. The American Constitution was the first written one.

The early years of the republic were turbulent. For nearly a decade, the Republican group, led by Jefferson and Madison, and the Federalist faction, led by Hamilton and Adams, were at loggerheads, and the issue of slavery was deliberately kept aside to win the support of the southern states.

Finally, the Republicans vanquished the Federalists in the 1800 elections in which Jefferson was elected President. The Republicans embraced the Federalist ideology in part, even as the states’ rights were protected. The issue of slavery was not resolved until the civil war in the 1860s. But the promise of true liberty was denied to women and Blacks for many more decades. Women obtained the right to vote in the 1920s. While Black males got the right to vote after the civil war, it became real for the Afro-Americans in the south only in the 1960s, after the civil rights movement. The promise took over 180 years to be fulfilled.

The Indian Constitution is radical and revolutionary in comparison. At one stroke, all citizens got the right to vote. In a display of idealism, and faith in our people, our freedom fighters embarked on universal adult franchise, and embraced the republican principle. The new Constitution was not approved by the Governor General, the notional head of state. By deliberate decision, it was signed by the members of the Constituent Assembly. As the preamble declares, “We, the People,” have given unto ourselves the Constitution.

The Constituent Assembly, and the drafting committee under Babasaheb Ambedkar’s visionary chairmanship, gave a remarkable document of self-governance. And the indomitable Sardar Patel integrated over 500 princely states into the Indian Union. With the exception of Hyderabad, not a bullet was fired. Given our history, there was no serious debate about the rights of states. The Congress had visualised a decentralised, state-centred republic. But in the partition’s aftermath, fears of fragmentation compelled the creation of a strong Union in a quasi-federal state.


• The promise of American Declaration of Independence was fulfilled slowly
• The Indian Constitution is radical and revolutionary in comparison
• Our democratic system is resilient and capable of addressing our crisis

Our quasi-federal democracy has evolved over time into a federal system. It took decades of debate and struggle. And it happened through a combination of three factors. Article 356 is almost a dead letter after the Supreme Court verdict in Bommai case. The Union’s discretion to extend patronage through public sector investment has all but disappeared, thanks to liberalisation. And the compulsions of coalition governments made it impossible to ride roughshod over the states.

Moreover, fair fiscal devolution has put our federalism on sound footing. The practice of treating Union tax revenues as a divisible pool and earmarking a share to states has strengthened them. The Union transfers over 42% of all tax resources to states through the Finance Commission, Planning Commission, and centrally sponsored schemes. With recent initiatives in employment, health and education, it is likely that these transfers will touch 50% —a remarkable accomplishment.

However, the Union’s ability to influence events in states has been reduced excessively. It has no automatic jurisdiction over criminal offences that affect public order or national security. Inter-state trade faces several barriers. The Union armed forces could not intervene to eliminate Veerappan, and the menace continued over two decades. States like Bihar are practically in the medieval era, with organised crime as a growing industry. Politics, violence and crime are inextricably intertwined in many states. Leftwing extremism has taken hold of large regions. In these cases, the Union is helpless. It is paradoxical that the Union has greater influence on events in Nepal, Maldives or Sri Lanka!

We must re-examine these challenges and find viable constitutional mechanisms to address them. Or else, growing regional disparities and lawlessness will pose huge dangers to our economy and national security. Much is wrong with our democracy and politics. Even the working of the Constitution needs to be altered in parts. The fact that we have a hundred amendments shows that we adopted the document in excessive detail. We must also recognise that we have a noble and humane Constitution, which has, mostly, worked satisfactorily. And we have a democratic system, which is resilient and capable of addressing our crisis.

We need to recognise that true transformation is possible only through our efforts. Meanwhile, let us celebrate our Constitution and democracy, which give us the sovereignty, space and opportunity to rejuvenate our republic. If we work sensibly, we can transform our institutions of state, politics and governance before celebrating the republic’s 60th anniversary. A great opportunity beckons us.

The writer is the coordinator of Lok Satta movement, and Janadesh, the National Campaign for Political Reforms

PROBE INTO BENNY HINN'S PROGRAMME AT BANGALORE

PROBE INTO BENNY HINN'S PROGRAMME AT BANGALORE



Sadhu Prof. V. Rangarajan

Bharatamata Gurukula Ashram &

Yogi Ramsuratkumar Indological Research Centre

Sister Nivedita Academy

'Sri Bharati Mandir', Srinivasanagar, Krishnarajapuram

Bangalore 560 036, INDIA

(Phone: 091-80-5610935 / 5613716; Cell: 9448275315;

e-mail: sadhurangarajan@vsnl.com)



January 25, 2005



On the eve of the three day "Pray for India" gimmick of the American evangelist, Benny Hinn at Jakkur Air Port, when we sadhus and sannyasins representing the Hindu society marched to Vidhan Soudha to record our protest against the State Government allowing such open deception of the public in the name of religion, Mr. M.P. Prakash, the Revenue Minister of Karnataka, assured us that there would not be any quackery, miracle healing or conversion by the evangelist and that he would only perform a prayer.

However, actually thousands of really physically handicapped, crippled and seriously ill people from various parts of Karnataka and even outside were attracted by the leaflets distributed and publicity made by the organizers assuring miraculous cure by the "messenger of Jesus". The newspapers and television media who have covered the three day show have exposed the deception of the organizers by deliberately and forcefully preventing the genuinely crippled and deceased persons from coming anywhere near the stage and presenting on the stage some specially trained volunteers posing themselves as people "miraculously cured" by Benny Hinn's prayer to Jesus.

Heartrending pictures of the deceived and disappointed cripples and diseased people, some of them in wheel chairs, who have come all the way from distant places believing in the propaganda of the organizers and also the credibility given to the show by the Union and State Ministers and high officials in the Government supporting it. The abetment of the cheating by the State Government and the Congress Ministers under the influence of powerful political leadership in the Centre obviously for political purposes and appeasing the minority vote bank has cost very heavily the poor and downtrodden people who are sick and suffering.

The Karnataka High Court and the Supreme Court should take cognizance of this trickery and cheating of innocent and gullible people by the evangelist's men and the State Government which has supported this show with the participation of the Chief Minister, many other ministers and high officials giving credence to the Missionary in spite of the fact that even many Christian organizations and the media in America and Europe have denounced the deceptive tricks of the evangelist. Justice demands that those poor and innocent people who came from distant places spending a lot of money and got deceived must be compensated.



Though the evangelist has proclaimed that not a single penny out of the money that the he has collected by this show will go out of the country, it has been handed over not to the State Government or Central Government for relief activities, but to a Christian Missionary organization obviously for proselytization work.



Apart from this, among the thousands who have accompanied the evangelist are the armed American bodyguards who were allowed to move about with their guns in the venue of the prayer function. How could the Government allow such a thing, especially when more than ten thousand police men were dumped at the Jakkur Air Port for the protection of the evangelist and his group? Did the Government make any effort to find out how many among those accompanied the evangelist were genuine bodyguards and how many were CIA agents...

Also, is it legal for foreign nationals to go about armed with firearms?

Another Commie trick to derail IDRF

Watch out guys http://www.idrf.ca/

It's "International Development & Relief Foundation" Seems more like a 'South Asian' outfit. And who do they quote on Kashmir? Arindathi Roy herself http://www.idrf.ca/Where-We-Work/Kashmir-Ehiopia.html !! And don't miss the
reference to 'Azad' Kashmir



Deterioration of India-Pakistan relations, is it a cause for concern?

LISTEN TO 59 min discussion at Voice of America
________________________________________________


Deterioration of India-Pakistan relations, is it a cause for concern?

27 Jan 2005, 16:29 UTC

59 Min discussion , involving many analysts
1. Sushant Sareen
2. Anupam Srivatsva

and pakis

www1.voanews.com/mediastore/urdu_4_27JAN05.ram

Deterioration of India-Pakistan relations, is it a cause for concern?

Maqbool Bhat, an enigma? Nah, he was just another selfish guy.

Maqbool Bhat, an enigma? Nah, he was just another selfish guy.

By Samvit Rawal (A Kashmiri Pandit writer in exile)

Maqbool was not a freedom fighter as is being made out by his followers. He was a simple selfish man. He neither had the intellect nor the foresight. The fact of the matter is that Maqbool Bhat was an ordinary man who made his money by spying on two different nations. If Yaseer Latif Hamdani had opened history books of the ISI he would have found that Maqbool Bhat was an Indian spy. He was on the rolls of the Indian intelligence services. His main job was to gather information about the troop movement in the Tangdhar, Kishenganga, Kupwara and other sectors.
It was during this time that he was caught by the Pakistani intelligence agencies. They would have crucified him. But Maqbool Bhat was smart, he garnered a deal with the Pakistani agency by working for them. This is where Maqbool Bhat's fate took a turn.

Although he still continued to be on the rolls of the Indian agencies he started working for both, the Indian as well as the Pakistani agencies.
Somehow after a period of time, the counter intelligence department of the Government of India came to know that Maqbool Bhat had double-crossed them. This was discovered by the counter intelligence agent called Amar Chand. One day in the jungles of Baramullah, Amar Chand caught Maqbool Bhat red handed trying to pass on some secret information to the Pakistanis by using sign language. A fight ensued in which Maqbool Bhat shot Amar Chand dead.

Now there was no option left for Maqbool Bhat. By now the Indian intelligence had confirmed evidence that Bhat had double-crossed them. Maqbool Bhat escaped to Pakistan Occupied Kashmir. There he came in touch with Amanullah Khan. Both of them made money bigtime among themselves.


After a few years Amanullah Khan left for England where his group JKLF kidnapped the Indian diplomat, Ravinder Mhatre. The plan was that they would kidnap the Indian High Commissioner Ravinder Mhatre and then make the Indian government bend backwards. Unfortunately they did not realise that they were committing the crime on the British soil. The British government did not relent to the demand of JKLF. Mhatre was murdered and the police found evidence leading to Amanullah Khan and Maqbool Bhat. This led to the capital punishment of Bhat. Maqbool Bhat was a product of the Jamiat-i-Islamia. He and his group taught hatred. Initially they were the darlings of the Pakistani ISI but when they talked about an independent Kashmir (which was not in the interest of Pakistan), the ISI started promoting groups like Hizb-ul-Mujahideen, Lashker-i-Toiba, Allah Tigers, Zarb-e-Momin and the like. Some of the Afgan mercenaries were also diverted towards Kashmir. This was a hilarious thing since these Afghan "Mujahideens" could not do anything in their own country. Unfortunately for the Kashmiri Muslims who had invited the mercenary guests to fight their war, the Afghans indulged in rapes and molestation of the local women. The Afghans also bought the deadly disease AIDS with them. Now Kashmir valley boasts of a sizeable number of AIDS patients, thanks to the Afghans.


Maqbool Bhat and his cronies in the JKLF were dead against the Kashmiri Pandits just because they did not share their religious beliefs. They murdered the Pandits in cold blood. It is ironical that the Kashmiri Pandits are the original inhabitants of Kashmir Valley. The Moslems of the valley are all converts. The main reason of the terrorism started by Maqbool Bhat was that they wanted to Islamise the whole valley. The process was initiated under General Zia-ul-Haq and was called Operation Topac.


There can only be two solution of the Kashmir problem. One is that it goes back to the 1989 position where the Kashmiri Pandits and the Muslims were living in peace. The second option is that the Indian Kashmir is divided into two parts (both remain with India) but one part will be given to the Pandits where the gun loving Moslems will not be allowed. The second option seems more viable because Kashmiri Moslems have too much Pandit blood on their hands and the Pandits are not willing to forgive.

The war for Kashmir has just started but it will take ages for it to subside. Either the Mulsims will have to learn to live in peace with the pandits or they will have to carve a separate niche for themselves because post 9/11 no one trusts the moslems.

Time to rethink on internal security : L K Advani

Intelligence agencies fear that discontinuation of the peace process with naxalites may be followed by an escalation in violence as the extremists may have utilised the ceasefire period to regroup and rearm themselves.

"Threat to internal security has increased manifold in the past few months with Naxalite activities on the rise in Andhra Pradesh and neighbouring States , Time has come for the government to have a rethink on the issue of internal security,” said Mr Advani.

“Apart from inspiring fear and terror, recent surge in Naxal attacks has also given rise to a feeling of respect for Naxalites among people, since they seem to be gaining attention with their activities,” the former deputy PM pointed out.

It may be recalled that the Centre had not only hailed the Andhra Pradesh government’s earlier decision to enter into a ceasefire with the PWG but also asked the other states to emulate the peace initiative.

However, with the Andhra-Naxalites ceasefire now falling through, the Centre has opted to stick by the YSR government.

“The Centre’s policy is to leave it to state regime to decide whether to talk of act against the extremists...the Centre will support the states in whatever way they wish to tackle the Naxalite problem,” explained Union home minister Shivraj Patil in a recent interaction with newspersons. (Source : TOI)

Gulbuddin Hekmatyar: The Rise and Fall of an Afghan Warlord

Gulbuddin Hekmatyar: The Rise and Fall of an Afghan Warlord

By A. Jamali

Hezb-e-Islami Afghanistan (The Islamic Party of Afghanistan or HIA), which once ranked as the most powerful resistance party in the country, is increasingly sidelined and under pressure from various quarters, including coalition forces and the new Afghan government. Moreover, HIA is having to contend with mass desertions from its rank and file. While some Afghan analysts are often tempted to predict the revival of the old warring elites, as far as Gulbuddin Hekmatyar and his party are concerned, this is a most unlikely prospect. Nonetheless, given his charisma, renowned organizational skills and consistent activism over the past three volatile decades, Hekmatyar can not be expected to disappear altogether from the Afghan scene in the foreseeable future.

From the 1980s through the early 1990s, Gulbuddin Hekmatyar's HIA received the lion's share of arms and funds that came into Afghanistan from Arab and Western countries. The favorite party of Pakistan's Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) among the seven Peshawar-based militant organizations, Hekmatyar became the first Prime Minister after the Peshawar accord because of his Pakistani backing. However, in a long and bitter dispute with his archrival Ahmad Shah Masoud, Hekmatyar's forces targeted the capital with heavy artillery deployed from their bases in southern Afghanistan, thus practically ruining Kabul and killing an estimated 25,000 people, mostly civilians. [1]

Hekmatyar: A Natural Leader in the Making

Born to a Kharuti Pashtun immigrant family in the northern province of Kunduz, Hekmatyar started his political career as a leftist and later became a disciple of Sayyed Qutb and the Ikhwan ul-Muslimeen (Muslim Brotherhood) movement, originally established by Hassan al-Bana in Egypt in the 1920s. Although called ‘the Engineer', he never finished his studies in the faculty of engineering. After a violent clash with a pro-Chinese communist group in 1972, he was charged with the death of one of its leaders and imprisoned with two other Islamists.

Following the coup that brought Mohammad Daud to power in 1973, Hekmatyar was released from prison and left the country for Pakistan. President Daud, a champion of Great Pashtunistan, comprising the two contiguous provinces bordering Afghanistan, naturally alarmed the Pakistani ruling elites. With Daud's ascendance to power, the late Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, then prime minister of Pakistan, moved to counter his moves. Among the measures the Bhutto government implemented was helping Hekmatyar establish an Islamist movement. Pakistan's notorious spy agency, the ISI, seized the opportunity and recruited Hekmatyar, initially using him against the Pashtun irredentist leader Daud and later against the Soviets. It was during the reign of General Zia ul-Haq that the HIA was firmly established as the most organized, powerful and at times the most ruthless of the seven party alliance created and supported by Pakistan.

HIA split in 1979 with the defection of ultra-conservative Maulawi M. Younus Khalis. Although, the septuagenarian mullah took some of the best commanders with him, the HIA wing under Hekmatyar continued to dominate the Afghan resistance, in large measure because of Pakistan's instinctive preference for the charismatic Pashtun leader. In fact the split merely formalized a perennial dichotomy within the HIA; the conservative and traditional clerical wing of the party sided with Khalis and the young and ideologically minded activists remained loyal to Hekmatyar.

Although the HIA faction under Hekmatyar was the most heavily armed, funded and publicized organization of the resistance, it did little of the real fighting against the Soviets. Instead, it was responsible for most of the assassinations, purges and infighting with rival groups and personalities. It ruled and dominated the Afghan scene with intimidation, fear and sheer terror.

Nonetheless, after the withdrawal of the Soviets and the collapse of Dr. Najibullah's regime, Hekmatyar's HIA remained the most powerful and best equipped organization. Hekmatyar and his Pakistani sponsors erroneously anticipated a quick seizure of power by the HIA. However, based on the Jabalurseraj Agreement, thrashed out among Ahmad Shah Masoud of the Tajiks, Abdul Ali Mazari of the Hazaras and Abdur Rashid Dostum of the Uzbeks, the strategic center and garrisons in Kabul were taken over by these three groups. Hekmatyar's forces were left out of the city, and in a futile attempt to reverse this misfortune, HIA forces shelled the city indiscriminately. Hekmatyar never assumed the premiership offered to him as a concession. Instead he delegated it to Ustad Farid, a hitherto little known party apparatchik. Hekmatyar later joined a coordination council (Shora-e-Hamahangi) with Dostum and Mazari against President Burhanuddin Rabbani and his defense minister Masoud.

With Hekmatyar's dream of securing dominance in Afghanistan in tatters, and with the country embroiled in a seemingly intractable fratricidal conflict, Pakistan started to play the Taliban card.

The Rise of the Taliban and Mullah Omar

The Taliban movement was effectively created under the direct supervision of retired general Naseerullah Baber, Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto's interior minister. The Taliban, under the leadership of the notoriously reclusive Mullah Mohammad Omar, at first tried to secure control over Kandahar. Ironically, the first casualty of their onslaught was a well known Hekmatyar commander named Sarkateb. President Rabbani and Commander Masoud, who were involved in bitter factional war in Kabul with numerous enemies, initially welcomed the Taliban.

The Taliban's advance to the north, east and west of the country seemed unstoppable and one by one the commanders and leaders who had dominated the country for so long fled before them. Ismael Khan, the powerful Emir of the western provinces abandoned his power base in the face of the relentless Taliban advance and fled to Iran; Haji Qadeer, the chairman of the eastern council, likewise fled his base to Peshawar; as the Taliban approached Kabul, Hekmatyar fled his base south of the city, effectively abandoning everything he had built over the years; the Hazara Shia leader Abdul Ali Mazari was captured and tortured to death and President Rabbani and Masoud fled the city to the safety of the north.

Of the two main fighting factions, namely the Iran-backed Shia Hezb-e-Wahdat (Unity Party) of Mazari and Hekmatyar's HIA, the latter suffered the heaviest blows. After the fall of Kabul in September 1996, Wahdat still maintained some forces and bases in the central and northern regions of Afghanistan, but Hekmatyar's once powerful bases in the eastern and southern provinces were completely overrun by the Taliban, their arms and ammunitions confiscated, thus forcing the rank and file to either join the Taliban or desert altogether.

Disheartened by this cataclysmic defeat and disgusted by the betrayal of his erstwhile Pakistani sponsors, Hekmatyar moved to Iran. He remained there until early 2002, when the Iranian government, under pressure from the U.S., was forced to show him the door. Following his expulsion from Iran, there has not been any credible information pointing to his exact whereabouts. According to most sources, Hekmatyar initially went to Pakistan and subsequently moved to eastern and perhaps southern Afghanistan, from where he was allegedly organizing attacks against the U.S. led coalition forces. No major operation has been attributed to him in the region, except an attack in mid 2004 in the northern city of Kunduz in which 11 Chinese workers were killed. [2] However, even that attack was attributed to rivalry between various groups in the north and Hekmatyar himself has vehemently denied his party's involvement in the incident. All the same, he has been declared a wanted terrorist by the U.S.-led coalition forces. Hekmatyar has become a fugitive, like Mullah Omar and Osama bin Laden whose cause he has ostensibly embraced.

Nonetheless, in an increasingly desperate and opportunistic gesture, Hekmatyar recently tried to change course and join the American backed Afghan government of President Karzai. Although a delegation of HIA that met with Hamid Karzai in early May in Kabul claimed to have acted on their own initiative, it is very unlikely that they did not receive a green light from the once all-powerful leader. In fact, according to some reports Hekmatyar "provisionally" agreed to a rapprochement with the Karzai government. [3] As yet, nothing has come out of a nine point agreement drawn up last May. In another ominous development, the Iranian government announced recently that it had frozen the accounts of HIA in four Iranian cities. [4]

Conclusion

The status and fortunes of Hekmatyar and his party look increasingly bleak for three reasons. Firstly, HIA no longer has the military muscle to affect events in Afghanistan. Hekmatyar's commanders and fighters have long joined the Taliban or disbanded, save a few hardcore loyalists that cannot regroup due to lack of funds or enthusiasm. Secondly, HIA is politically out of tune with the new trends in Afghanistan. Afghans are tired of war and disillusioned by the hardcore Islamists such as Hekmatyar, Sayyaf, Rabbani and the likes. Thirdly, from a social and cultural perspective, Hekmatyar and his party are notorious for their brutality, extreme Pashtun nationalism and religious zealotry. For most people there is little that separates them from the Taliban. Both promote a brutal and mono-ethnic theocracy that is, broadly speaking, both disliked by native Pashtuns and an anathema to non-Pashtuns. These factors, combined with the presence of U.S. forces in the country, render the possible revival of Hekmatyar and the HIA most unlikely.

Mr. Jamali is a private sector analyst and expert on South Asian political and security issues.

Notes:
1. Pepe Escobar, "The Last Battle, Part I: Exit Osama, Enter Hekmatyar", Asia Times on Line, September 11, 2002.
2. "Mystery Shrouds Killing of 11 Chinese in Afghanistan", Xinhua, June 21, 2004.
3. "Syed Saleem Shahzad, Afghanistan: Hekmatyar Changes Color Again", Asia Times on Line, April 3, 2004.
4. "Iran Freezes Afghan Warlord Hekmatyar Assets", Pakistan Times, December 18, 2004.