May 21, 2005

It is Gujarat NOT Modi the target of all Anti-National and Foreign Intelligence operatives

Tavleen Singh is right when she alleges that Teesta Setalvad has thrived on maligning India for being a country as fundamentalist as our Islamic neighbors. As a matter of fact Teesta Setalvad has left no stone unturned.

The degree with which Teesta Setalvad scorns upon Gujaratis knows no bounds. The year was 2000 when neither Godhra nor its aftermath had occurred - Islamic terrorists had just butchered some 100 pilgrims to Amarnath.

This letter should be an eye opener for those bitten by the “Teesta the activist” humbug. Read it, only Teesta can conjure this bizarre correlation where Islamic terrorists kill Hindu pilgrims and the complain is that Muslims are targets of Hindu militancy!

I’d like to point to another piece of interest as well. A conference if you will. In 2003 Teesta and her cohorts were invited to speak on a seminar in Washington DC. The topic of discussion was Hindu Nationalism vs. Islamic Jihad: Religious Militancy in South Asia. Remember this discussion is about religious militancy in all of South Asia. Only the lord can be witness that religious militancy in India is not even a speck of what it is with our Islamic neighbors. Anyway the moderator Tim Shah before handing off the mike to Teesta, John Prabhudoss and Kamal Chenoy Mitra, started off with a two liner - the condition of Christians in Pakistan and then the entire jury went ballistic on Hindu militancy in India - specifically Gujarat! Needless to say the discussion could have been only on India and Hindu militancy.

The proceedings of this conference can be read at: Click

A note on the sponsors of this meeting is essential. One of the co-sponsors was Ethics and Public Policy Center, Washington DC. The other co-sponsor was INFEMIT. While INFEMIT is unambiguously the international network of evangelical mission theologians and practitioners - The Ethics and Public Policy Center was established in 1976 purportedly to clarify and reinforce the bond between the Judeo-Christian moral tradition and domestic and foreign policy issues. EPPC then became instrumental in the passage of Freedom from Religious Persecution Act, which set up the US Commission for Int’l Religious Freedom/USCIRF. The annual reports of the USCIRF and its censure of India are well known.

So, what motivates one to audit fellow Indians with the intention of inviting the admonishment of a foreign nation? Why does one depose with so much prejudice to a foreign decision maker, knowing fully well that it is Indians - all of them - that will be censured and sanctioned as a result? Who benefits - if India gets sanctioned?

Charging Teesta Setalvad with maligning India, Tavleen Singh asks exactly these questions.

And if one hears Teesta’s spiel from the linked forum – the above is precisely what Teesta was doing. Click

In all her appearances abroad, it is Teesta Setalvad’s zeal to attack Gujaratis, Gujaratis only and no one else that is apparent. There is as much evidence that Teesta has taken up causes for Muslims outside of Gujarat or Muslims in other BJP ruled states as there is for her spirit for non-Muslim victims of injustice. For example Teesta has hardly much to show for Muslims in UP even when the BJP ruled there or the BJP governed Madhya Pradesh. Apparently there are no Hindutva laboratories in these states waiting to be hatched. Yeah, she had a good run with the Mumbai blasts of 1992 which brought her into limelight, but come on she has single-handedly taken Gujarat to just another level.

So, why this extraordinary attachment with Gujarat?

Of all bordering states with Pakistan or Bangladesh - Gujarat and Rajasthan are the only ones that have not been largely affected by the machinations of Pakistan. Islamic population in Rajasthan is not significant. But that is not the case in Gujarat, where there is a critical mass. In comparison, Gujarat is extremely prosperous as well. As practiced and perfected in Punjab, Pakistan just needs to fire the pot of dissatisfaction and lo there is a nice unstable border state. Even one carefully chosen representative - one person with a nice high profile working relentlessly for the right money - can keep that pot stirring once the fire is lit.

Teesta's pressure against the strong Hindu ethos of Gujaratis has been systematic and sustained for over ten years now. This is only against Gujarat and Gujarat alone. Go thru older issues of Communalism Combat. The magazine has been targeting Gujarat since its inaugural issue that is available online. Even prior to Godhra or its aftermath the stories were just as horrendous, the propaganda just as fervent. Sometimes I wonder if Teesta herself had a role in the incineration of the train in Godhra. Her reaction just hours after the carnage published in several international dailies already point to a sinister motive. Despite her best efforts to destabilize Gujarat – a bulwark of a state against Pakistan - none of her innumerable efforts prior to Feb 2002 bore any fruit. But setting a train full of hindutvawadis on fire brought to fore the alchemy of this Hindutva laboratory - a laboratory she had repeatedly constructed in her messages but one that had shown no signs of existence at all. It was that proverbial “I told ya so” moment.

So the carnage set the required fire. Only what remained now was that one kept the pot continuously stirred. Take it up with International organizations of various hues - have the US body on religious freedom castigate Gujarat - run ad campaigns - speak courageously as a guest lecturer all around the world - write letters to world leaders. Teesta already had a head start in the propaganda. Only reinforcement was needed. The construct that Muslims in Gujarat are simply unsafe had to be real. The world needed to believe it fully. The Muslims themselves in Gujarat needed to believe it.

This is what I call setting the stage for discontent. For, tomorrow when we hear of the ad nauseam "indigenous struggle for the aspirations of the Gujarati Muslims" – with man, material and moral support from Pakistan – the world should gulp it hook, line and sinker.

Teesta Setalvad has worked tirelessly to bring this to fruition.

China's Defense Spending Lower Than Previous Estimates

China's defense spending is estimated to be between 2.3 and 2.8 percent of the nation's GDP. This is 40 to 70 percent higher than official Chinese government figures, but substantially lower than previous outside estimates of the share of GDP devoted to defense. Projects future growth in Chinese government expenditures as a whole and on defense in particular, evaluates the current and likely future capabilities of China’s defense industries, and compares likely future expenditure levels with recent defense expenditures by the United States and the U.S. Air Force. The authors forecast that Chinese military spending is likely to rise from an estimated $69 billion in 2003 to $185 billion by 2025-approximately 61 percent of what the Department of Defense spent in 2003.

For complete RAND report Visit :China's Defense Spending Lower Than Previous Estimates

US Millitary owns 520,000 facilities worldwide

There are more than 520,000 DoD-owned facilities worldwide. Some are small plots of land with radio or radar towers. Others are huge ranges and bases. All are being looked at to determine how each property fits into the new force-structure plan.

Source :


Polished diamonds imports to Japan during March 2005, at 258,318 carats worth US$108 million, increased by 17.1 percent in terms of value and by 9.5 percent in terms of carats from such imports during March 2004. During the January to March 2005 quarter, 706,839 carats were imported to the value of US$304 million.

India accounts for a 69.5 percent share of the imports to Japan in terms of carats and a 45.9 percent share in monetary terms. Imports to Japan from India in March 2005 showed a 3.4 percent increase in terms of carats and an 18.6 percent increase in monetary terms.

SOURCE : Tacy Ltd. Diamond Industry Consultants

Afghanistan still has terrorist training camps -- Security Service director Nikolai Patrushev

The events in Uzbekistan are not connected only with internal problems of this country, Russian Federal Security Service director Nikolai Patrushev said at a press conference in Astana on Friday. Kazakhstan's capital hosted the 18th session of the council of heads of security bodies and special services of the Commonwealth of Independent States. "To understand the events in Uzbekistan we should consider the current developments in Afghanistan," Patrushev said. "In spite of the measures taken by the international community, the situation in Afghanistan is far from stable," he noted.

"Afghanistan still has terrorist training camps and producers of [illicit] drugs, including heroin," the FSB director stressed.

"The fact that it [Afghanistan] still has terrorist training camps affect the CIS, therefore the recent events in Uzbekistan were caused not only by its domestic problems but also by the facts which I have just mentioned," Patrushev added

Report on Pakistan by Swiss group FAST

Pakistan is monitored by Swiss group FAST "an independent early warning program covering 20 countries/regions in Africa, Europe and Asia" ,since spring 1999 . It's objective is the early recognition of impending or potential crisis situations in order to prevent violent conflict . With an aim to enhancing political decision makers` and their staff's ability to identify critical developments in a timely manner so that coherent political strategies can be formulated to either prevent or limit destructive effects of violent conflicts or identify windows of opportunity for peacebuilding.

Analytical framework

Complete report

Country Expert Dr. Christophe Jaffrelot is Director of CERI (Centre d’Etudes et de Recherches Internationales) at Sciences Po (Paris), Research director at the CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique) and Editor in chief of Critique internationale. He teaches South Asian politics to doctoral students at Sciences Po.
Dr. Jaffrelot has widely published on India and Pakistan focusing, amongst various other issues, on Democratic Processes and on Nationalism.

His most recent publications are: Le Pakistan, carrefour de tensions rĂ©gionales, Bruxelles 2002, and Pakistan, Nationalism without a Nation?, Delhi 2002. His forthcoming book is entitled, India’s Silent Revolution – The Rise of the Low Castes in North India, New York/London/Delhi 2002.

May 20, 2005

Kargil war the JNU students Union

In 1999, right in the middle of the Kargil war the JNU students Union arranged an Indo-Pak Mushaira. Three brothers Major K.K.Sharma, Major L.K.Sharma -- and Dr Sharad Sharma asked and received admission to the event so that they may witness the perspectives of the "honored" Pakistani guests.

As the event proceeded at 10 PM, the three were at first shocked and then grew increasingly outraged at the outright India-bashing that was taking place in their presence, but even though they were seething at all the anti-national rhetoric, these gentlemen kept a tight leash on their tempers in the interests of free speech. About an hour later, it was the turn of poetess Fahmida Riyaz, from Pakistan who began her recital with an insulting barrage of verses about how India's decision to go nuclear was the result of a "fundamentalist and self-destructive" policy .

This was a little too much to stomach for the Sharma brothers, who had seen plenty of their brave and courageous friends and relatives being butchered to smithereens in Kargil by the barbarous Jihad brigades of Islamic Pakistan. Ms. Riyaz had not a word to say about the culpability of her own beloved Pakistan in this regard. To hear Ms. Riaz characterizing India as "Fundamentalist and evil" by a woman from the very country which repeatedly thrusts brutal aggression on India in the name of Allah, was just too much to bear for these patriotic fellows. They began booing and chanting "Bharat Mata Ki Jai"

What happened next however is a shocking testament to the depravity and anti-nationalism which is being bred in the JNU environment. Instead of joining in and taking offense at this insult to India, the JNU students instead turned upon the Sharma brothers and began beating up the very Army men who have sacrificed their all to defend India and the freedom that Indian democracy represents. In a desperate attempt to defend themselves, one of the Majors took out his pistol and fired a warning shot into the air. Some of the onlookers later admitted that the Pakistani poets on stage were cursing and insulting the three brave brothers in the most derogatory and obscene language. Some even mocked them saying that they were "Hindu Hijras". The Sharma brothers even as they were being attacked by the mob, had the guts to answer back and remind the Pakistanis about exactly which side acted like Hijras during Kargil.

Using Political Psychology to Understand al-Qaida Recruitment


. Dr. Elena Mastors was recently hired as a senior policy analyst at Mantech. Before that she was a senior intelligence analyst at the Defense Intelligence Agency.

Rick Kozak / Defense News Media Group staff

Dr. Elena Mastors was recently hired as a senior policy analyst at Mantech. Before that she was a senior intelligence analyst at the Defense Intelligence Agency.

There are several ways to address the growing number of al-Qaida recruits fueling the threat of terrorism in the United States. Unfortunately, each option is exceedingly complex and none comes with guarantees, said Elena Mastors, senior policy analyst at Mantech.

“There is no silver bullet and each option is controversial,” Mastors told military and intelligence officials May 18 at the Defense News Media Group’s C4ISR Integration 2005 Conference in Arlington, Va.

The first option is to change U.S. policies — for example, its policy toward Israel or the presence of troops in the Arabian Peninsula, Mastors said. While she doesn’t personally recommend one option over another, Mastors noted that al-Qaida is very vocal about these two particular policies and uses both as reasons to recruit membership.

The second option would entail internal regime change in the Arab/Muslim world. Most al-Qaida recruits come from countries with serious economic problems and political unrest, she said. “We can’t deal with everyone’s personal problems, but we can address political and economic situations,” said Mastors, an expert in political psychology.

Third, is to tackle the information war, which Mastors concludes, “We’re losing.” Al-Qaida has grown sophisticated in its recruitment tactics, moving beyond fatwahs and sermons to using rap music and Internet poetry to capture their desired audience.

In fact, the main motivations for joining al-Qaida are personal, social, economic and political; religious motivation is noticeably absent, Mastors said.

“Al-Qaida uses religion to justify its actions, but it’s not a motivation,” she said. More likely reasons for joining include lack of purpose in life, drug or alcohol abuse, unemployment, imperial support for an enemy and cultural alienation.

“Motivation is the reason why people are looking for alternatives to their present life situation,” which is “the push,” to join, Mastors said. “But there has to be ‘a pull,’ too. That’s where al-Qaida enters. The network satisfies the need to belong, provides an identity for them and an outlet to address their problems.”

While she doesn’t see an end to al-Qaida’s hostility toward the United States any time soon, Mastors said “the IR (intelligence reconnaissance) community is motivated to act. More power to them.”

May 17, 2005

Conference Coverage : Military intelligence-collection systems

Military intelligence-collection systems continue to be used in ways to benefit the joint war fighter. Yet even better means must be found for leveraging the vast amounts of collected data. Recent conflicts have underscored the need for improving intelligence collection at the tactical level while bolstering intelligence support for those in the fight. Learn how can the flow of intelligence can be improved to enhance situational awareness for the war fighter.

Complete Coverage

Iran Eyes Geothermal Energy, Daily, May. 13rd, 2005
Word Count : 630

Iran lies on the geothermal belt of the world and it is readying to use it.
The country is planning to build its first geothermal powerhouse to use underground hot water for electricity production on the slopes of once volcanic Sabalan mountains in the country's northwest.
The plant is built in the city of Meshkinshahr in the Ardebil province for the production of 100 megawatts of electricity.
The project will enable Iran to join the six world countries, namely US, Italy, Iceland, Japan, New Zealand and Turkey, which are currently making use of the geothermal technology .

Geothermal technology uses the natural warmth of the earth to produce electricity, as well as heat and cool homes and businesses.
A "geo" power plant works by tapping into steam or hot water reservoirs underground. The heat is used to drive an electrical generator.
The Islamic Republic was represented at a conference on geothermal energy in Turkey. Ahmad Kahrobaian, director of Office for Modern Energies, attended the conference. He has given an interview to the Petroenergy Information Network to this effect.

Q: Can you tell us about the geothermal conference hosted by Turkey?
A: That was the first time we were present at the event which is held every five years. Around 70 countries were represented. Some countries like US, Italy, Iceland, Japan, New Zealand and Romania widely use geothermal energy. So it was useful for us to be present.

Q: What issues were discussed in the conference?
A: We presented eight articles to the conference and we were warmly welcomed.

Q: Did you speak about the economic aspects of using geothermal energy for generation of electricity?
A: According to the articles presented to the conference, producing electricity from wells whose depths measure 3,000 meters is cost-effective. Depths of more than this figure are not economical.

Q: Is it the same for Iran?
A: Twenty two countries are using this energy in their power plants and 55 others in other fields. However, electricity production from geothermal energy reaches the same figure in the world.
Geothermal energy is a proven resource for direct heat and power generation. In over 30 countries geothermal resources provide directly used heat capacity of 12,000 MW and electric power generation capacity of over 8,000 MW. It meets a significant portion of the electrical power demand in several developing countries. For example, in the Philippines geothermal provides 27% of that country's total electrical generation, from power plant complexes as large as 700 MW.
Individual geothermal power plants can be as small as 100 kW or as large as 100 MW depending on the energy resource and power demand. The technology is suitable for rural electrification and mini-grid applications in addition to national grid applications. Direct use of geothermal heat can boost agricultural and aqua-culture production in colder climates and supply heat for industrial processes that can add value to local primary products. Geothermal resources may be especially important and significant in developing nations where no indigeneous fossil fuel resources exist such as oil, coal or natural gas. For example in Tibet, where no readily available fossil fuels exist, the Nagqu geothermal field (Tibet Autonomous Region, PRC) provides a useful energy source for the local population. With the help of the UN, a 1 MWe binary plant was built in 1993.
Costs of geothermal electric power are very dependent on the character of the resource and project size. The unit costs of power currently range from 2.5 to over 10 US cents per kilowatt-hour while steams costs may be as low as US$3.5 per ton. Major factors affecting cost are the depth and temperature of the resource, well productivity, environmental compliance, project infrastructure and economic factors such as the scale of development, and project financing costs.

Hayateno-e-eqtesadi, Daily Newspaper, May. 14th, 2005
Word Count : 745

Acting manager of the state-run National Iranian Oil Company Mehdi Hosseini says Iran has agreed to export liquefied natural gas (LNG) from Yadavaran Oil Field to India.
In addition, Iran plans to acquire six liquefied natural gas carriers by 2010 to deliver gas to Asia.It agreed last year to sell China 250mn metric tons of LNG over a 30-year period. At least four phases of the 20-phase South Pars development will be devoted to LNG, producing the equivalent of some 100mn cu m of gas.

LNG is natural gas that is cooled to a liquid so it can be carried by tankers rather than pipelines.
Iran’s state-owned gas company will spend $15bn – or $3bn a year – through 2010 to lay new pipes and build gas compressor plants. The length of the gas pipeline grid will grow 50% to 30,000km.
Indian foreign minister has said his country will not be deterred by US opposition to a multi-billion dollar gas pipeline from Iran through Pakistan as it is imperative to meet the country's energy growing needs.
Negotiations to build 4.5 billion-dollar gas pipeline from Iran to India via Pakistan began in 1994 but little headway was made because of tensions between Pakistan and India.
But against a backdrop of easing tensions between the nuclear-armed neighbors, Indian Oil Minister Mani Shankar Aiyer said in February he had won cabinet approval for resuming talks on the 2,600-kilometer (1,612 miles) overland pipeline. Aiyer also said he would visit Islamabad this month to discuss the logistics of the pipeline linking Iran's South Pars gas field to India via south-west Pakistan.
New Delhi would proceed with the project despite Washington's reservations made known by US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice during a visit here in March. Rice offered talks on energy co-operation with India, which a State Department official later said would encompass civilian nuclear power as well.
Iran, the site of the world’s second-largest natural-gas reserves, will double gas production over the next five years, shift its domestic economy to gas, and save oil for exports, a gas official said.
Gas will provide 72% of the nation’s energy, up from 55% now, Azizollah Ramezani, the planning director at the National Iranian Gas Company (NIGC), told Bloomberg in an interview.
Iran’s gas output should reach 700mn cu m a day in 2010, compared with 375mn cu m today, he said.
“We’ve got plans to cover all the country’s energy needs with natural gas,’’ Ramezani said in an interview on the 15th floor of NIGC’s headquarters in central Tehran. Out of these 700mn cu m of gas, 50mn will be for exports and “all the rest’’ for domestic use, he said.
Switching to gas could help Iran export more crude oil, as it struggles to meet quotas set by the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries.
Gas is the fastest-growing energy source in the world, with consumption projected to double to 176tn cu ft by 2025, according to the US Department of Energy.
For the past four months, Iran, OPEC’s second-largest producer, has failed to reach its OPEC quota. The country’s crude oil production has declined since January, reaching 3.88mn bpd in April, according to Bloomberg estimates. Its OPEC quota stands at 4.04mn bpd.
Production from the Iranian field, about 100km (62 miles) off Iran’s southern coast, already accounts for more than a third of Iran’s gas output.
The South Pars deposit was discovered in 1966 by the Royal Dutch/Shell Group. Little was done to develop the field until the 1990s. It contains 600tn cu ft of gas, or about a tenth of the world’s gas reserves.
Iran imports about 26mn cu m of gas a day from neighboring Turkmenistan and exports “up to 25mn cu m’’ a day to Turkey, Ramezani said. “We’ll become a net exporter next year,’’ the planning director said, counting on an increase in gas exports to Turkey to 30mn cu m. In addition, Iran has plans to sell gas to Armenia and Kuwait.
Managing-Director of the National Iranian Gas Exports Company Roknoddin Javadi has said Iran would export 700 million dollars of gas to Turkey.
“According to the deal, Iran exports five billion cubic meters to Turkey a year. Turkey is the biggest purchaser of Iran’s gas,” he said.
Iran and Turkey signed the deal in 2001 and the Islamic Republic has so far pumped four billion cubic meters a year to its neighbor.

IRAN : 1,014 people apply to run for president

Source: Netiran, May. 17th, 2005,
Word Count : 391

As many as 1,014 people have signed-up as candidates for the 9th presidential election, said Interior Ministry spokesman Jahanbakhsh Khanjani on Tuesday, May 17,.
Khanjani told a weekly press briefing that 30 out of the 1,014 applicants are aged below 20, 236 ones are between 20-30 years age group, 314 are between 30 and 40 years old, 202 are between the ages of 40 and 50, 148 are between 50 and 60 years old, 52 are between 60 and 70 years old, 27 ones are aged between 70 and 80, and five others are above 80 years old.

The Interior Ministry spokesman said 286 of the candidates are civil servants, 126 are unemployed, 84 are retired and 34 are university instructors.

He said there are 22 physicians, 22 clerics, eight university students, eight lawyers, two lawmakers, and a student among the applicants.

The profession of three of those applying to run for president is not clear because they have not specified it in the registration form, added the official.

Elsewhere in the interview, Khanjani said 72 of the candidates hold PH.D., 86 MA or MS and 358 BA or BS, 152 are postgraduates, 148 ones hold diplomas, 111 ones have finished secondary school, five are students, 53 have completed the guidance school, 23 are primary chool graduates, four have finished theological courses, one is Mujtahid and one has completed seminary courses.

Some 503 of the group have completed military services, he said.

Also Majlis Speaker Gholam Ali Haddad Adel announced on Tuesday that campaigning for presidential candidates from the Majlis tribune is forbidden.
Haddad Adel made the remark following a speech by Mohammad Qomi, an MP from Pakdasht, who had announced support for the candidacy of former Majlis speaker Mahdi Karrubi.

“We have asked all MPs to avoid speaking in favor or against any presidential candidate in the parliament.

“Naming candidates (in parliament) before or after their qualifications are confirmed implies using government facilities for campaigns. MPs should only talk about the criteria and avoid referring to personal preferences,” the Majlis speaker said.

May 15, 2005

Composites Emerge as Popular Choice for Designing Aircrafts

Composites Emerge as Popular Choice for Designing Aircrafts; Micro-displays to Soon Enter the Cockpit

Date Published: 10 May 2005

Palo Alto, Calif. — May 10, 2005 — The growing sophistication of aircrafts in both military and civilian segments is compelling researchers worldwide to innovate novel materials that reduce weight, maximize fuel efficiency and maintain aerodynamic balance for aircrafts.

“Composites are the answer for stronger aircraft materials because they are lightweight, flexible and resistant to high temperatures: all key characteristics aircraft design-engineers look for while selecting materials,” observes Frost & Sullivan Research Analyst Vijay Shankar Murthy.

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Once composites offer a more favorable cost-to-benefit ratio, they are likely to emerge as strong candidates for retrofitting heavier aluminum or steel structural components in existing civilian and military aircrafts.

Researchers are also focusing on incorporating carbon nanotubes to make stronger and stiffer composites. While this technology has yet to leave laboratories, carbon nanotubes could find their way into A380s or a Boeing 747s by 2020.

Innovative efforts from the DuPont Electronic Technologies of the United States are popularizing the use of composites in space exploration aircrafts. The company uses Pyralux laminates and composites to replace conventional bulky round wires and cables in spacecrafts.

These materials can provide savings in large volumes while making the spacecraft light, durable, with high environmental resistance and with better bend and twist flexibility.

Major companies are also focusing on developing more multi-functional primary flight displays that not only increase flight safety but also improve overall navigational capabilities.

“Micro-displays satisfy the need to display large amounts of information in small areas with high resolution and are competing vigorously with conventional cathode ray tube panels for cockpit displays,” says Murthy.

Audios with visual displays are also an emerging trend in aerospace technologies. Honeywell International’s low-cost Enhanced Ground Proximity Warning System (EGPWS), provides pilots with different color codes according to the terrain’s elevation and gives audible and visual alerts in case of an imminent collision.

NASA researchers are studying advanced concepts that will allow pilots to fly and land safely in extremely low-visibility conditions. This will increase the number of flights in poor weather, reduce terminal delays and cut costs for the airline industry.

Apart from innovative displays, researchers need to work toward reducing noise and pollution from aircraft engines, especially after the signing of the Kyoto Protocol.

“While the trend in the aerospace industry seems to be to move to greener blends of aviation fuel, the aircraft engine itself must be kept in mind while attempting to reduce green-house gas emissions,” points out Murthy.

Engines also need to resist the fluctuating temperature during a flight and offer higher thrust (produced by the compression of the incoming air).

While many research programs focus on turbojets, ramjets, turboprops and engines for supersonic aircraft, turbojets prove to provide higher compression ratios (about 25 percent higher than other types) and therefore greater thrust.

In the future, the aerospace industry will have to keep a close watch on developments in unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). Remote controlled UAVs are already popular and with advances in airframe materials and guidance & propulsion systems, UAVs might just be ‘next big thing’ for reconnaissance operations, mine exploration, weather mapping and artificial intelligence.

Global Advances in Aerospace Technologies is part of the Technical Insights vertical subscription service, and evaluates the latest and upcoming trends in aerospace technologies. In addition to discussing the various technology drivers and restraints, the study covers research and development efforts at various universities, leading companies, and other research institutions across the globe. Executive summaries and interviews are available to the press.

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Russia : Anti-West Rhetoric Exposes Jitters, Experts Say

By Nabi Abdullaev
Staff Writer
Source: The Moscow Times

A recent outburst of anti-Western -- and particularly anti-American -- sentiment from some senior officials appears to be the result of jitters that the West will try to intervene in Kremlin plans to transfer power from President Vladimir Putin to a loyal successor in 2008, political analysts said.

While U.S. President George W. Bush returned to Washington filled with praise for Russia after a visit last week, many Russian officials and even state television have adopted a distinctly anti-U.S. and anti-EU slant.

The latest volley was shot by Federal Security Service director Nikolai Patrushev, who accused Western nongovernmental organizations last week of spying on Russia and bankrolling regime change in Belarus. NGOs were a major channel for Western involvement in the political upheavals that replaced pro-Moscow presidents with Western-friendly leaders in Georgia in 2003 and in Ukraine last year.

Senior officials in recent days have also lashed out at the United States for demanding the extradition of former Nuclear Energy Minister Yevgeny Adamov to face fraud charges, at the Baltic states for demanding that Moscow acknowledge the Soviet occupation of their territory as illegal, and at Georgia for stepping up pressure on Moscow to withdraw Soviet-era military bases. To top things off, Bush sandwiched his Moscow visit with stops in Latvia and Georgia.

Those developments have stoked Kremlin fears that a concerted Western campaign is under way to encircle Russia by facilitating regime changes in its former Soviet neighbors, analysts said. The Kremlin is worried that the West will then use those perfected regime-change methods to change the Russian government, they said.

Putin has said he considers it his duty to pick a successor to fill his shoes in 2008, and the Kremlin is drafting plans to make sure the transfer of power goes smoothly, said Boris Makarenko, an analyst with the Center for Political Technologies. "The Kremlin is facing quite a sophisticated transfer-of-power operation and, apparently harboring doubts about how easy it will be to pull off, is being quick on the trigger," he said.

Fears about a change of government in Russia are well-founded, said Yury Korgunyuk, a political analyst with the Indem think tank. The Kremlin is increasingly becoming a prime target for public discontent after it robbed all other branches of power and democratic institutions of their influence and responsibility through controversial reforms led by Putin, he said.

Nikolai Petrov, an analyst with the Carnegie Moscow Center, said the problem was that the political leadership lacked a clear, long-term policy. "The biggest trouble of Russian politics is that it has lost a strategic direction, and [the leadership] has therefore reduced itself to snarling at immediate irritants," he said.

That has caused Moscow to sometimes adopt rhetoric that is counterproductive to the image it wants to project abroad, Petrov said. "Although it feels little sympathy toward Belarussian President Alexander Lukashenko, Moscow is jumping to his defense just because the Kremlin is projecting hostile comments from the U.S. officials on itself," he said.

Bush recently called Belarus the "last remaining dictatorship in Europe," and U.S. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice said the country's 2006 presidential election would be "a time for change" there.

ISI, Iran funded NDF

ISI, Iran funded NDF: Rawat

Staff Reporter

KOZHIKODE: Neera Rawat, Senior Superintendent of Police, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, has said that the Kozhikode Special Branch during her tenure as Kozhikode City Police Commissioner from March 22, 1997 to May 16 1999, had gathered information and prepared a report about the National Development Front's (NDF) links with the Pakistan's Inter Services Intelligence (ISI).

Ms. Rawat was deposing before the Marad Judicial Inquiry Commission, Thomas P. Joseph, through the video conferencing facility at the Reliance Web World here on Friday. While the Commission conducted its sitting at the Reliance Web World at East Nadakkavu, Ms. Rawat deposed as a witness at the Reliance Web World at Bareilly. Her deposition lasted less than an hour.

During her examination Ms. Rawat said that she had also constituted a special squad to assist the Special Branch to collect information about the activities of the NDF. The police had then prepared reports that the ISI and Iran were the fund sponsors of the NDF. The Special Branch had collected reports using its sources and methods. Its reports were confidential and authentic, she said.

She also told the Commission that the police in connection with an investigation into a case registered against NDF activists had come to know that the NDF had drawn up plans to send a person for ISI training. However, he was unable to attend the training due to some reasons. The police had also arrested another person, `Ooma Babu,' an accused in the Coimbatore serial blast case from Kozhikode, during her tenure.

Ms. Rawat also stated that the Special Branch had also given reports regarding the transportation of arms in ambulance vans. The Medical College police had also arrested some persons for conducting arms training.

After getting the reports the police had prepared a history sheet of NDF activists and kept a close surveillance on their activities.

The police conducted routine investigations into the activities of various organisations. Information on organisations was being collected when they were active and their activities become suspicious in nature. Not all reports would be discussed with the District Collector.

Only matters such as the case dealing with Coimbatore blast case that needed joint operations would be discussed, she said.

Counsel for the Commission, P.V. Hari, Hindu Aikya Vedi counsel, E.K. Santosh Kumar, NDF counsel, Mohammed Sheriff, and Indian Union Muslim League counsel P. Mohammed Hanif examined Ms. Rawat.

Later addressing newspersons, the Kozhikode District Session Judge, said that the videoconferencing helped the Commission to ``save a lot of time, energy and money.''

The State Government also benefited out of the system. The whole exercise was conducted in an hour.

``Let us see,'' he said in reply to a query whether the Commission planned to do more videoconferencing.

Around Rs.2,000 would be charged for services at one centre.

The proceedings were also recorded at the Reliance office in Mumbai. The compact disc containing the proceedings will be submitted to the Commission in a couple of days.

Meanwhile, the Commission also issued orders to examine the former Chief Minister, A.K. Antony, on June 10 and the Deputy Superintendent of Police, Vigilance and Anti Corruption Bureau, C.M. Pradeep Kumar, and the Assistant Commissioner of Police, (State Special Branch), V. Mohanan, on May 25.

NGOs a Cover for Spying , Russian security Chief

By Simon Saradzhyan and Carl Schreck
Staff Writers ( Moscow Times)

U.S., British and other foreign nongovermental organizations are providing cover for professional spies in Russia, while Western organizations are bankrolling plans to stage peaceful revolutions in Belarus and other former Soviet republics bordering Russia, Federal Security Service director Nikolai Patrushev told the State Duma on Thursday.

Patrushev said the FSB has monitored and exposed intelligence gathering activities carried out by the U.S. Peace Corps, the British-based Merlin medical relief charity, Kuwait's Society of Social Reforms and the Saudi Red Crescent Society.

He said foreign secret services rely on NGOs to collect information and promote the interests of their countries.

"The imperfectness of the legislation and lack of efficient mechanisms for state oversight creates a fertile ground for conducting intelligence operations under the guise of charity and other activities," Patrushev said in televised remarks.

He said a bill to regulate the activities of foreign NGOs will be submitted "soon" to the Duma. He said the bill would change registration procedures for foreign NGOs, but did not elaborate.

The unusually harsh rhetoric caps a year of growing concern among NGOs about a government crackdown on their activities. The worries were sparked by President Vladimir Putin in his state of the nation address last May when he questioned whether NGOs were really pursuing their stated missions and sharply accused them of advancing their sponsors' interests.

A U.S. Embassy official, speaking on behalf of the government-funded Peace Corps, dismissed Patrushev's claims as "completely baseless."

"We deny them utterly," the official said.

The Peace Corps began sending volunteers to Russia in 1992, but the program was abruptly canceled in 2003 after Russian authorities refused to issue visas to volunteers, saying Russia was as developed as West European countries and those countries did not receive Peace Corps volunteers.

Patrushev, however, offered a new explanation in December for why the Peace Corps had been shut out, hinting that its volunteers in Russia had been surreptitiously gathering intelligence. The program's leadership denied the accusation at the time.

In the Duma, Patrushev also said the FSB has uncovered a "regime change" plan for Belarus that involves Western organizations and the Ukrainian activists who played a key role in that country's Orange Revolution last year.

He said directors of the U.S. International Republican Institute's CIS offices recently met in Bratislava, Slovakia, to discuss ways of supporting the Belarussian opposition. "At the meeting, they discussed the possibility of continuing orange revolutions" in former Soviet republics, Patrushev said. He said the directors decided to allocate $5 million for projects to support the opposition and to study the feasibility of recruiting Ukrainians to train the opposition.

Lisa Gates, a spokeswoman for the International Republican Institute's headquarters in Washington, did not return a telephone call seeking comment.

Patrushev said the threat of uprisings looms in other former Soviet republics as well, and that representatives of the secret services of those republics met in April to discuss it. While he did not say what countries apart from Belarus might see uprisings like those in Ukraine, in Georgia in 2003 and in Kyrgyzstan this year, he said those three uprisings show that "certain forces in the West are trying to weaken Russia's influence" with its neighbors. He would not identify the Western countries.

Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov, who addressed the Duma after Patrushev, used more diplomatic language to express Kremlin concerns about the West's growing influence in the former Soviet Union. While conceding that influence from "third countries" was growing, Lavrov insisted that "we are not putting a claim on monopolizing [the influence] in this region, but we won't tolerate any one else having a monopoly either."

Calls to the Saudi Red Crescent office in Riyadh went unanswered Thursday evening, and Marie-Francoise Borel, spokeswoman for the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, declined to comment when reached by telephone in Geneva.

Merlin representatives in London could not be reached for comment.

Social Reform Society officials in Kuwait City also could not be reached for comment. The organization's Moscow branch was registered in 1993 as a charity organization aimed at Russian-Kuwaiti cooperation. In February 2003, however, it was included on a government list of 15 international terrorist groups accused of presenting a national threat, and its operations were subsequently banned from Russian soil.

FSB officials have previously asserted that foreign NGOs collect sensitive information on Russia and are used as a cover by career spies. However, Thursday was the first time that Patrushev publicly pointed the finger at educational exchange programs as a means to advance foreign interests.

Patrushev's assessment of Western activities was echoed by a nationwide poll released by the state-controlled VTsIOM polling agency earlier Thursday. The poll of 1,600 people in early April found that "every second Russian" is very suspicious about U.S. and EU activities in the former Soviet Union.

Nikolai Petrov, a political analyst with the Carnegie Moscow Center, said Patrushev's worries were "natural for the leader of a secret service." What is alarming, however, is that the political leadership has begun to share his fears, he said, referring to Putin's criticism of NGOs in his state of the nation speech last year.

Petrov also said he believed Patrushev overestimated the role that Western organizations are playing in former Soviet republics. "If it indeed takes only $5 million to overthrow a regime, that means public discontent is so overwhelming that the regime is already hanging on by a hair."

Meanwhile, Patrushev said Thursday that the FSB staged a successful operation that captured key members of a terrorist group responsible for at least nine attacks, including a series of explosions in Voronezh in 2004 and this year and suicide bombings outside Moscow's Rizhskaya metro station and on a train heading to the Avtozavodskaya metro station last year. Some 70 people died in the two bombings.

Patrushev said FSB officers have detained three people suspected of organizing the attacks. He identified them by their last names, Khubiyev, Panarin and Shavorin. Another suspected member of the group was arrested in Voronezh.