September 09, 2005

New Dutch satellite station opens for gathering intelligence

by RN Security and Defence editor Hans de Vreij, 7 September 2005

The Netherlands this week marked the beginning of a quantum leap in its intelligence-gathering capability. On Tuesday, representatives of both the Defence Intelligence and Security Service (MIVD) and its civilian counterpart, the General Intelligence and Security Service (AIVD) inaugurated a new satellite ground station near the village of Burum in the north of the country.

This station will be the most visible part of a new Dutch intelligence organisation called the NSO (‘National Signals Intelligence Organisation’), which will provide the AIVD and MIVD with raw intelligence.

Intercepting communications

Initially, the NSO will concentrate on intercepting satellite communications. To this end, the present number of only two interception dishes will be increased to some 13 by the middle of next year. Eventually, that number is set to rise to twenty, which, according to experts, will make the Netherlands a much more important player in the intelligence field.

In the initial phase, the NSO will concentrate on intercepting satellite traffic; at a later stage shortwave (HF) and other frequency ranges will also be integrated into the new service.

Click to listen to Hans de Vreij's interview with Colonel Ton van Nassau

Colonel Ton van Nassau of the MIVD told Radio Netherlands that the NSO should not be seen as a separate, new intelligence agency:
“The NSO is part of the Ministry of Defence but will support the AIVD and MIVD. Both services will receive all information that is intercepted by the [NSO] station.”

The amount of raw intelligence gathered through satellite intercepts will vastly increase as the number of dishes grows. According to Colonel van Nassau the AIVD and MIVD have both recently taken the necessary steps in order to be able to process the increased flow of intelligence. Presumably, this refers both to code breaking capabilities and translation capacities.

Variety of purposes

The founding of the new NSO satellite ground station not only means that the Netherlands itself will get more intelligence products which can be used for a wide variety of purposes - ranging from counter-terrorism to monitoring the situation in countries and regions that are of interest to the Dutch authorities – it also means that signal-gathering will provide information that can be exchanged with the intelligence services of allied countries. Says Colonel van Nassau:

“In the world of intelligence, it is obvious that when you have more, you can also ask for more. The position of the Netherlands will improve.”

Shadowy group's terrorist warning to the Netherlands

by RN Security and Defence editor Hans de Vreij

Should the Netherlands be extra alert to the possibility of terrorist attacks in the coming days and weeks? If one is to believe the text of the ultimatum issued on 16 July by the 'Abu Hafs al-Masri brigades', then the answer is 'yes'. However, there are also sufficient reasons to take the threat from this shadowy organisation with a pinch of salt. At the moment, the Dutch authorities believe there is no reason for additional concern on top of that engendered by the already present threat of terrorism.

The Netherlands must withdraw its troops from Iraq by 15 August, otherwise there "will be a bloody war in the service of God", this is the essence of the message which the 'Abu Hafs al-Masri brigades' posted on the Internet on 16 July. The Netherlands was actually the first of the four nations mentioned by name in the text, the others being Denmark, Italy and the United Kingdom. The message also mentioned 'other countries', but did not name them. If the message is to be believed, the terrorist threat to the Netherlands will therefore increase considerably as from 16 August.

Click to listen to an interview with Rita Katz of the SITE insititute

However, this threat is also puzzling inasmuch as it calls on the Netherlands to withdraw from Iraq. The deployment of Dutch troops in Iraq's southern province of al-Muthanna actually came to an end as long ago as March this year. Could it be that the 'Abu Hafs brigades' are simply not aware of this, or are they perhaps offended by the presence of the 14 Dutch military personnel still in Iraq, most of whom are assisting with the NATO training programme for the new Iraqi armed forces?

It would appear that most terrorism experts do not lend particular weight to statements emanating from the 'Abu Hafs al-Masri brigades'. The person or persons who operate under this name has or have claimed time and again that this group has carried out attacks on behalf of al-Qaeda.

Extract from the ultimatum posted by the 'Abu Hafs al-Masri brigades'
'We grant you a one month respite for the exit of your armies from the Land of the Two Rivers. After that, there will be no more messages, but rather deeds and words that will be engraved in Europe's heart."

"After that, there will be a bloody war in the name of God [be He] exalted. We direct this message to the crusaders who are still in Iraq. They are from Holland, Britain, Italy Denmark and elsewhere."

However, US terrorism expert Rita Katz says most of these claims have proved implausible. As she sees it, even the way in which this group publishes its statements and warnings suggests that it is not a true al-Qaeda affiliate. "The Abu Hafs brigades usually put their communiqués on public internet platforms, while the really serious statements are usually distributed via a set website or through a trusted intermediary." These doubts are also shared by American terrorism expert Glenn Schoen of Ernst & Young.

Threat to Amsterdam

However, Robert Pape, another expert from the US, believes this communiqué from the 'Abu Hafs al-Masri' brigades does indeed contain a serious threat. In an interview with Dutch public television he indicated that the Netherlands was taking the threat too casually. He also said the Dutch capital, Amsterdam, was at particular risk of a possible attack sometime between mid-August and mid-September.

When asked, however, the Dutch AIVD intelligence service said it had no information at this time about a specific threat of an attack in the Netherlands. A general threat to the country has already applied for a prolonged period, but the state of alert has not been modified or raised as a result of this particular internet statement. Similar words were used by a spokesperson for Tjibbe Joustra, the country's National Coordinator for Combating Terrorism. In a recent interview with the Algemeen Dagblad newspaper, Mr Joustra said a terrorist attack cannot be ruled out at all and spoke of a 'substantial threat' to the country. However, he said there are no indications as to when or how such a threat might materialise.

Fear - a goal in itself

With respect to the threat of terrorist attacks, it is worth noting that all the major attacks in recent years have taken place unexpectedly and without being announced in advance. Nonetheless, while there would appear to be good reason to regard communiqués such as that posted by the 'Abu Hafs al-Masri brigades' as unreliable, they do contribute towards creating a certain atmosphere of fear, which is in itself one of the fixed aims of those who engage in terrorism

Mr.Advani has made peace with Sonia Gandhi ,willing to work with her


Someone who claims to have insider information told IntelliBriefs that Mr.Advani has made peace with Sonia Gandhi and may be willing to work with her on a quid pro quo basis. One possibility is for him to become the next prime minister with a new third front, with Congress support. Outlandish, but the numbers work .

Note that the older BJP group is now dominated by personalities, not ideologies. Strange things can happen when "old men in a hurry" are at the helm. Remember what happened when Sitaram Kesri was Congress President. He brought down the Deve Gowda Government for no reason at all, and pretty soon he was kicked out without any dignity.

Deve Gowda has recently stated that what made Kesri commit this folly was the promise of some people that he could become the next PM.

At a time when hindu forces should be united for a cause larger than all of us put together. Even senility has its limits when it concerns an institution. No one can be larger than the institution. Something is rotten in the BJP. Is there a move to break the party, Indira Congress style?

Modi is in tune with the public while Advani et. al. are out of touch with the public sentiment. No wonder the old guard and washed up politicians like Khurana and Keshubhai Patel want Modi out. They are being sidelined by a new generation of which Modi is the best known. Modi's geography may be a bit questionable, but he understands the public.

Modi to webcast Narmada Saraswati Mahasangam function

Gandhinagar: The Gujarat Government has arranged for webcasting of the 'Narmada-Saraswati Mahasangam' function, which is being held in the historic town of Sidhpur today. Chief Minister Narendra Modi will dedicate to the people the project, which involves diverting surplus water from the perennial Narmada in South Gujarat to revive now dried-up Saraswati through a network of 245-km long gravity canal and 95-km long lift irrigation pipeline and 19.20 km long link canal project, said an official spokesman. The event will be broadcast live on three websites -- , and , a government statement said.

This shows how Modi is in tune with the public while Advani et. al. are out of touch with the public sentiment. No wonder the old guard and washed up politicians like Khurana and Keshubhai Patel want Modi out. They are being sidelined by a new generation of which Modi is the best known. Modi's geography may be a bit questionable, but he understands the public.

September 08, 2005

Communists hijack foreign policy

South Block's nonchalant attitude towards Israel's withdrawal from the Gaza strip betrays Leftist influence. The same influence is seemingly not lost on the PMO and the Ministry of External Affairs, both of which exhort the Nepalese monarchy to buy peace with the Maoists of Nepal. Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon's courageous disengagement in Gaza won him plaudits from the international community.

Even Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf has chipped in by calling Mr Sharon a "courageous soldier of peace". At his behest Pakistani Foreign Minister Khurshid Mohammed Kasuri met his Israeli counterpart Silvan Shalom at Istanbul under the aegis of Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan. This was not the first time that Mr Musharraf was exploring the possibility of forging diplomatic relationship with Israel, a country that Pakistan does not recognise.

The lack of viability of Israel-Pakistan relations is another matter. Islam takes a certain theological view of Judaism and Jews, which is by no means flattering. For instance, the Quran says, "O you who believe! Do not take Jews and Christians as friends! They are friends to one another; and whoever amongst you takes them for a friend, then verily he is one of them; surely Allah does not guide unjust people" (5: 51).

No Pakistani government can afford to override the sentiments of the country's Muslims. Already in Islamabad's Red mosque the cleric has declared in Friday prayers, "General Musharraf is an agent of Jews. His agenda is to sell Pakistan and Pakistani Muslims to the Jews and their ally." Unlike India, for Pakistan, building ties with Israel is simply not a matter of diplomacy but also theology.

Moreover, the Government of Pakistan admitted last March that its infamous nuclear scientist AQ Khan had provided nuclear centrifuge technology to Iran. Iran's much talked about nuclear programme is one of the greatest threats to Israeli security. Yet we cannot help but appreciate President Musharraf's courage and prudence in trying to seize this opportunity for the sake of his country.

Understandably, it was deviously aimed at neutralising the advantage enjoyed by India due to its privileged relationship with Israel. Pakistan's national interest must have been the uppermost in his mind.

Now compare this attitude with that of our Marxist friends who want a discontinuation in India's ties with Israel. They are least interested in the security concerns of India. The CPI(M) in its 18th party congress at Chandigarh in April, adopted a resolution condemning Israel's occupation of Palestinian territory. Within a day it demanded from the Government to break all military ties with Israel.

Their demand embarrassed even the Palestinian observers at the party congress. Their spokesman Ahmed Soboh, Deputy Minister of Information of the Palestinian Authority, found this demand of the CPI(M) unwarranted. Strangely, they are mum when a part of that brutal occupation has been lifted! Similarly, they raised a hue and cry after Prime Minister Manmohan Singh's visit to the US in July when Washington tacitly acknowledged India's nuclear-enabled status and pledged nuclear cooperation for peaceful purposes. They said it was an American ploy to contain China in Asia.

Their obsequious concern for China is evident. One wishes they showed the same concern for India when China supplied missile and nuclear technology to Pakistan in order to contain India. The bottom line is clear: With friends like the Marxists, who needs enemies?

Nepal and India, the only two Hindu dominated countries of the world, are in the grip of severe threat from Maoism. It is another matter that our Islamic neighbours like Pakistan and Bangladesh, although more impoverished than India, are not in the clutches of Maoist insurgency. Why do Marx and Mao seem impervious to the followers of Mohammed? Why does not the Maoist mindset remotely register jihad, which stalks the world? And why is the Ministry of External Affairs and Cabinet Secretariat encouraging Comrade Pushpa Kamal Dahal, aka Prachanda, the kingpin of the bloodbath in Nepal's countryside? The Home Ministry, which is feeling the heat of Naxalite insurgency in India, was right in recommending a tougher stand against the Maoists of Nepal.

There is a close network between the Maoists of Nepal and India, who aim to install their governments in Kathmandu and New Delhi. YSR Reddy's Congress Government in Andhra Pradesh that showed leniency towards the rebels, and held talks with Peoples War Group (now Communist Party of India-Maoist), has now reverted to the TDP's policy of completely banning the Naxalite groups. The Congress-JD(S) Government of Karnataka, too, taking a leaf out of Andhra Pradesh Government's book has outlawed the Maoist groups. So, whose influence is at work in the UPA Government forcing it to soften its stand on the Maoists of Nepal?

Baburam Bhattarai, the second in command of the Communist Party of Nepal(Maoist), informed that he learnt the ABC of Marxism at JNU (The Statesman, April 4, 2003). He carries an Interpol red corner notice. Yet Mr Prakash Karat, the CPI(M) general secretary, held a secret meeting with him in Nepal on May 11. First, Mr Karat tried to deny the fact that he had met the latter, but subsequently could not stand up to the media exposure.

The CPI(M) general secretary declared prophetically that King Gyanendra would be the last monarch of Nepal (such a statement constitutes interference in another country's internal matter, especially since the CPI(M) finds this trait so reprehensible in Mr George Bush). He has requested the Centre to stop the arms supply to Nepal although that country is fighting a grim battle against Maoist insurgency. To label Nepalese monarchy as anti-democratic is not wholly wrong; however, to project the Maoists as upholders of democracy is a terrible fraud. But is it not a dichotomy that the CPI(M), which claims that the Nepalese monarchy is an anachronistic institution has no compunction in allying with the RJD for the forthcoming Assembly elections in Bihar? What could be worse for Bihar than Mr Lalu Prasad Yadav?

Or is it because Mr Yadav has given a practical demonstration of how a state must wither away, something that Communists since the days of Karl Marx have always been saying? Bihar finishes at the bottom of almost all human development indices. According to an estimate over 25 million people have migrated out of Bihar in the last 15 years. Whereas its neighbour West Bengal, which was once a leader in industries before the Communists took over in 1977, has slid down to the 13th position. Both the States have thus witnessed a similar downfall.

The Marxists were at the forefront of anti-Sharon demonstration when the Israeli Prime Minister visited India in September 2003. It was during the tenure of the Vajpayee Government that one was witness to a remarkable growth in Indo-Israeli cooperation in the fields of commerce, culture and strategy. Mr Sharon hurriedly left India when, on September 9, Hamas conducted two suicide bombings in a single day in Israel, which killed 15 people and left 80 injured. Of course, one did not expect sympathy from the otherwise internationalist Marxists. They had refrained from offering sympathy even after 9/11.

However, Mr Sitaram Yechuri was seen with Mr Ghulam Nabi Azad and Mr Lalu Prasad Yadav at the funeral of Yasser Arafat, who made suicide bombings popular. With the peace process moving ahead in Palestine after the death of Arafat, it is clear that for 35 years of his political life, the man was more a problem than a solution. The Israelis are ever ready to conclude peace with Palestine as they had with Egypt and Jordan. However, the Indian Marxists are reluctant to give them credit for the same

The Marxists of India, who care so much about the Palestinians, pretend to have never heard of the Tibetans. The Tibetan lands under Chinese occupation are several times larger and more populated than Israel-occupied West Bank. However, this does not merit their attention. Similarly, (except for Mr Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee who is feeling the heat) they continue to deny the existence of Bangladeshi infiltrators although they are stealing away daily bread from the mouth of the Indian poor. Is this what is called communist internationalism?

(The writer, a Rajya Sabha MP and convener of the BJP's think-tank, can be contacted at

Ukraine government falls to pieces ,Prime Minister dismissed

Timoshenko dismissed, Ukraine government falls to pieces
09/08/2005 15:44

Today's political crisis was programmed the very day when Viktor Yuschenko became the president Ukraine's political crisis has reached its peak. As it has been reported today, Ukraine President Viktor Yuschenko dismissed Prime Minister Julia Timoshenko. And the whole of the government as well. Several hours before that it was reported that Secretary of the National Security Council Pyotr Poroshenko, the key opponent to the president in the Ukraine Government, also lost the position.

The sequence of resignations began September 3 when Ukraine State Secretary Alexander Zinchenko was the first to hand in his resignation. President Yuschenko immediately signed the resignation. Alexander Zinchenko organized a press-conference to explain the reasons of his resignation and openly blamed Pyotr Poroshenko of abuse of power for his personal ends. And the National Security Council chairman in his turn warned he would file a lawsuit against Zinchenko.

Poroshenko's resignation may be interpreted as an obvious triumph of Ukraine's prime minister who always conflicted with the Security Council chairman on various issues including petrol prices and foreign policy of Ukraine. Within several months, President Yuschenko has managed to pretend there were no problems among the "professional team" of the government. He did his best to stifle the conflict which seriously damaged the image of the "orange revolutionists" at home and on the international scene. But at some moment he realized that cabinet reshuffling was inevitable. Otherwise, Viktor Yuschenko once again risked to be called irresolute. Former Vice-premier overseeing humanitarian problems Nikolay Tomenko openly declared that the president of Ukraine did not control the situation in the country.

Head of the Dnepropetrovsk Regional Administration Yury Yekhanurov will now be responsible for forming a new government of Ukraine. Before the appointment, Yekhanurov was not that popular as Timoshenko or Poroshenko. At that, the man is an important figure in Ukraine's political life: he was at head of a workgroup at the committee reforming Our Ukraine block into the pro-presidential party Our Ukraine National Union.

Formally, Julia Timoshenko's resignation may be also explained with unhappy talks on a merger between Timoshenko's party and Yuschenko's Union. Such a coalition would have seriously helped the authority win the parliamentary majority at the coming parliamentary election in March 2006. According to Ukraine's political reform, now the parliament will have the majority of authority in the country. So, the present-day authority quite naturally wants to win the election unless no other political reform occurs in Ukraine.

To sum up, one can say that today's political crisis was programmed the very day when Viktor Yuschenko became the president. All people of his team pursued quite different ends and had different interests. Although the Ukraine president spoke about the government as about accomplices, these people were not accomplices at all. And the problem was obvious for everyone and even for the president himself. That is why conflicts in the presidential team were so heated and obvious.

Vasily Bubnov

Read the original in Russian:
(Translated by: Maria Gousseva)

Fake democracy and genuine (!) affidavits


'To no one will we sell, to no one will we refuse or delay,
right or justice' Magna Carta, 1215.

H G Rickover in an article called The World of the Uneducated,
wrote hilariously in 1959: 'The truly educated man can admit his
mistakes without feeling that his personal worth has been diminished;
the uneducated man clings to his mistakes with all the more
determination when others point them out. To him the critic is an
enemy who attacks him by 'showing him up'. In public debates, the
uneducated man rises in anger to defend national cliches, slogans and
illusions against anyone who urges that these unsupported beliefs be
abandoned and truth be faced. The uneducated man has made these
fancies his own, and they support him'.

The above words are appropriately applicable to Sonia Gandhi
in the controversial case raised by Janata Party President Dr
Subramanian Swamy in the writ petition in the Lucknow Bench of the
Allahabad High Court. As reported in the press, this case relates to
Sonia Gandhi's affidavit ahead of the Parliamentary election in 2004
that she was educated in the prestigious University of Cambridge in
the United Kingdom. Dr Swamy has recently stated that he had received
a letter from the registrar of Cambridge University and that there was
no student by that name. After hearing Dr Subramanian Swamy, Justice
Pradeep Kant and Justice K S Rorka of the Allahabad High Court have
posted the petition for a full hearing on 18 October, 2005.

As the matter is before the Court and is subjudice, I don't
want to discuss the legal aspects of the case. But l am trying to
bring out the moral dimensions and other public aspects of the case as
it stands out today. These non-legal aspects have a fundamental
bearing on national public interest. I feel every citizen in India
ought to know about some simple facts relating to this issue.

It is a public tragedy that the Election Commission today is
functioning as an executive handmaid of the UPA government even as
Sonia Gandhi is functioning as a political handmaid of the UPA
government. UPA for the Election Commission means 'Utterly Partial
Assistant /Accomplice / Adjutant'. UPA for Sonia Gandhi means
'Unquestioningly Private Affair'. I am not, therefore, surprised that
the Election Commission has chosen to ignore the fundamental point
raised by Dr Subramanian Swamy. The verification of a fact relating to
Sonia Gandhi's academic credentials, which seems to have been done by
a private citizen of some national significance like Dr Subramanian
Swamy, might as well have been done independently as a matter of
public duty by the Election Commission of India. The fact that it has
chosen to remain silent or neutral only shows that all the moribund
public institutions in India are worried only about the carcass of law
and not the spirit of law. Most of the public institutions in India
today have conveniently forgotten the fact that laws are not made for
particular cases, but for men in general.

India is slowly moving towards a land of fascist tyrants. The
laws of a free society have to be distinguished from the edicts of a
tyrant or the regulations of a totalitarian State. Laws protect
liberty as long as certain inalienable individual rights are secure,
as long as the lawmakers represent the community, as long as the
courts are free to interpret the laws without coercion, and as long as
there are political means available to revise laws that are repressive
or unjust. These thoughts come to my mind because a handful of
selected V V I Ps belonging to some political parties or certain
selected political families in India are more protected than the King
of England. Here the words of Honourable Justice Learned Hand of
America become relevant: 'If we are to keep our democracy, there must
be one Commandment: Thou shalt not ration justice'.

When I see some of the Indian politicians parading their
doubtful academic degrees, I cannot help referring to the cardinal
example of Sir Winston Churchill. Sir Winston Churchill never went to
a college or University, nor did he ever claim to have done so.
Nevertheless he won Nobel Prize for literature. His public record as a
wartime Prime Minister who saved Western Europe and Western
civilization from Nazi tyranny is now an imperishable part of world
heritage. Several universities in the world vied with one another in
trying to honour him with Honorary Doctorates. At a Convocation
function in one of the famous American universities, Sir Winston
Churchill observed: 'I have received more number of degrees than I
have passed exams'. But then he derived his inner strength from within
himself and not from external trappings. I am compelled to state this
in spite of the fact that examples of this kind are totally irrelevant
in the murky context of Indian politics today.

After surveying what is going on in India today at the highest
levels of governance, I would like to recall the following words of
Abraham Lincoln:

'Let reverence for the Laws be breathed by every American
mother to the lisping babe that prattles on her lap; let it be taught
in schools, in seminaries, and in colleges; let it be written in
printers, spelling books and in almanacs; let it be preached from the
pulpit, proclaimed in legislative halls, and enforced in Courts of
Justice. And, in short, let it become the political religion of the
nation; and let the old and the young, the rich and the poor, the
grave and the gay of all sexes and tongues and colours and conditions,
sacrifice unceasingly upon its altars'.

The UPA government today seems to have substituted the words
'unabashed lawlessness' for the word 'Law' in the above quotation.
Lawlessness of MPs, Cabinet Ministers, Governors, State Ministers,

MLAs and public servants at all levels has been created,
promoted and institutionalised by the UPA government not in the
'communal' interest of 'Sanathana Dharma' but in the 'secular'
interest of 'Coalition Adharma'. There is no doubt about this fact
that for the UPA government, survival of the nation means survival of
the coalition.


(The writer is a retired IAS officer)


The NATO-led International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) has completed the deployment of additional forces in northern and western Afghanistan to support the holding of elections to the National Assembly and Provincial Councils. ISAF units are tasked to act as Election Support Forces in the run-up to the September 18 elections, during the balloting, and in the initial post-election period. Beyond that role and that period, NATO is now planning to expand ISAF's operations from northern and western provinces into the south and east of the country, so as to support and -- to some extent -- relieve U.S. forces there.

The Election Support Forces (ESF) include land and air components allocated to the northern and western provinces. ESF's mission is to assist Afghanistan's fledgling police and army units in providing area security for the elections and to be ready to assist the central government's forces in responding to local contingencies. ESF are authorized to conduct operations ranging from routine peace-support to quick-reaction combat missions. The units are typically deployed with ISAF's Provincial Reconstruction Teams (PRTs) in the north and west.

As during the presidential election of October 2004, ISAF is tasked -- this time through the ESF -- to contribute to the security of balloting and vote-counting procedures. The political responsibility for those procedures rests again with the Joint Election Management Body (JEMB), staffed by the Afghan government and the U.N.

The 2,000-strong troop increments just deployed have brought the total number of ISAF troops to more than 11,000 (more than compensating for the slight drop in ISAF numbers recorded earlier this year). While the ESF troops are deployed within Afghanistan, most of ESF's air assets are being maintained in reserve at coalition bases in Central Asia.

ISAF and ESF are NATO operations with some contributions from non-NATO countries. ESF's units are allocated as follows:

An Austrian infantry company is augmenting the German-led PRT in the northern town of Kunduz;

A battalion of Dutch Marines consisting of three infantry companies, engineers and support troops is reinforcing the northern area command based in Mazar-e-Sharif;

Two Italian infantry companies have been assigned, respectively, to the Italian PRT in Herat province and to the Lithuanian-led PRT in Ghor province, and three Italian helicopters added in Herat;

A Spanish battalion is committed to ISAF's western area command based in Herat, where Spanish troops already form part of the PRT in that province;

Romania's "Red Scorpions" rapid-deployment battalion, including three infantry companies, engineers, and support troops, is assigned to Kabul as a high-readiness reserve, to be deployed in emergencies at any location in ISAF's area of operations. The Romanian battalion has its own airlift capability and is one of the very few allied units to have operated alongside U.S. forces in southern Afghanistan. The U.S. Army contributes one company to the Kabul-based ESF reserve force.

ESF's air component consists of assets temporarily dedicated to it by individual countries within ISAF. Apart from helicopters, most of those assets are based in Central Asian countries due to insufficient airfield capacities in Afghanistan. Thus, France is making available its six Mirage fighter jets based in Dushanbe, two refueling aircraft based in Manas, and air operations staff in Kabul for ESF missions as needed. Germany and Sweden have committed their air transport assets based in Termez for ISAF in-theater airlift support.

The new ISAF commander since August, Italy's Lt.-General Mauro del Vecchio, has taken over an operation expanded from northern into western Afghanistan. After the elections, ISAF is expected to begin preparations for expanding its mission into southern Afghanistan, where U.S. forces have conducted Operation Enduring Freedom since late 2001 in a national capacity, outside NATO's framework. Planning work now underway envisages a U.S. transfer of responsibility to NATO via ISAF in the southern part of Afghanistan in 2006. As part of that transfer, the United States would hand over its PRTs (as it did in western Afghanistan) to the NATO-led ISAF.

The United States currently deploys some 19,000 troops (slightly augmented for the election period) in southern and eastern Afghanistan, where armed Taliban holdouts are combat-active. In discussions at NATO, the Germans and French are said to oppose the involvement of ISAF in combat missions alongside the United States, insisting that NATO's role should remain confined to peacekeeping as distinct from combat. At the moment, therefore, plans envisage assigning German and French troops to lead roles in the north and in Kabul, respectively, and the Italians to a lead role in the west of Afghanistan -- i.e., in relatively peaceful areas.

The American and British are said to be slated for the lead role in the volatile south and east, respectively, under NATO command. This would entail merging the ISAF and Enduring Freedom operations, which have until now been run separately. The reconfiguration would signify a political boost for NATO, as well as bringing a degree of relief to an overextended U.S. military.

(NATO releases, August 25, 31, September 7; AP, September 2; BNS, September 5)

--Vladimir Socor

September 07, 2005

Clinton attends UP Development Council meeting

Former US President Bill Clinton, on a day-long visit to the Uttar Pradesh capital, participated in an hour-long meeting of the state Development Council and attended a dinner hosted by CM Mulayam Singh Yadav.

His other engagements in the city were kept secret owing to security reasons.

Clinton attended a meeting at a five-star hotel of the Uttar Pradesh Development Council which discussed issues pertaining to development of the state, a senior government official said.

Those who attended the meeting on behalf of the Development Council were its chairman Amar Singh, Anil Ambani of the Reliance Group, K V Kamath of ICICI Bank, film star and state's brand Ambassador Amitabh Bachchan and some leading industrialists.

Uttar Pradesh Chief Secretary Neera Yadav represented the government side, the official said.

Though there was no official communication, the meeting believed to have discussed avenues of capital investment in the state.

At the dinner hosted in his honour by the Chief Minister at his residence in Lucknow, Clinton was warmly greeted by some of the country's well-known industrialists and Bollywood stars besides politicians and bureaucrats.

Clinton along with his five-member delegation reached the official residence of the Chief Minister at 5, Kalidas Marg in a cavalcade.

India, China MoU on intelligence cooperation to boost ties

India and China will sign a key MoU on intelligence sharing today as part of their campaign against terrorism, a move that will further bolster their bilateral ties.

Home Minister Shivraj Patil, who arrived in Beijing on Wednesday on a five-day official visit to China, will hold talks with the Chinese State Councillor and Minister for Public Security, Zhou Yongkang, today and discuss security issues and how to forge closer cooperation on combating terrorism.

Besides terrorism, closer cooperation between the police of the two countries to tackle border crimes and holding regular exchanges to share expertise on law and order will be discussed between Patil and the Chinese leaders, the Chinese media reported.

The highlight of Patil's visit will be the signing of a bilateral MoU on intelligence sharing and exchange of security-related information, official sources said.

The visit of the Home Minister is part of the process of continuing high-level bilateral exchanges and will contribute to the further development and diversification of bilateral relations in accordance with the declaration of June 2003 and the joint statement of April 2005, the sources said.

Patil is also scheduled to call on Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao during his stay.

Baloch Politics: A New Game of Opportunism and Hypocrisy

Dr. Naseer Dashti

The terms ethics and morality are closely related. We now often refer to ethical judgments or ethical principles where it once would have been more common to speak of moral judgments or moral principles. These applications are an extension of the meaning of ethics. Ethical subject consists of the fundamental issues of practical decision making, and its major concerns include the nature of ultimate value and the standards by which human actions can be judged right or wrong. On the contrary, Opportunism is the art, policy, or practice of taking advantage of opportunities or circumstances often with little regard for values or principles and any consequences. Egoism is an ethical theory holding that the good is based on the pursuit of self-interest. In contrast ethics is governed more by man's social aspects, which stresses the importance of the community rather than that of the individual. Under this approach head appear such theories as nationalism, socialism, tribal solidarity, and utilitarianism, which are all forms of altruism.

In today’s politics, truthfulness and objectivity seem to be the exception in Balochistan, not the rule. The people of Balochistan are suffering oppression, depredation, and exploitation since long but the power elite and their mentors in the province are least concerned about dispossession, cultural and economic exploitation of Baloch masses. The various political parties and pressure groups within and outside those parties under various nomenclatures professing to be friendly with the people and declaring a constant struggle to achieve their basic human rights are by implications pursuing a policy of open hypocrisy and self aggrandizement. They are least bothered about the finer points of social values or principles of political and social ethics.

Occasional irrelevancies between policy objectives and the means used to achieve them are to be expected in human affairs, but a consistent divergence between ends and observed means raises serious questions. In the context of Baloch nationalist politics, the possibility exists that the divergence is not between means and ends, but between the stated and actual ends of the so-called nationalist politicians. Many believe that the Baloch politics is presently being dominated by opportunists, egoists and hypocrites and the kind of political developments which are going on in this region are bound to affect the social and political character of Baloch society in the long run.

In spite of their long history of struggle, Baloch nationalism has not succeeded in achieving its goal. The dynamics of assimilation, repression, economic backwardness and internal complexions of Baloch society have affected the direction and outcome of the Baloch political struggle. Although many historical events and injustices retarded the consolidation of the Baloch as a nation, the destruction and suffering stimulated a political consciousness that was unprecedented in the region. Although the ideas of emancipation were constantly repeated in poetry and folk-lore, social forces capable of translating them into political parties and platforms did not enter the scene until the 1930s. The first Baloch national conference in Jacobabad in 1932 was among the basic elements that continued to shape the nationalist struggle until the end of 20th century. In spite the diversity of struggle in the 20th century, the struggle was for a purely nationalist agenda and for keeping Baloch traditional characters intact.

Broadly speaking, the objective and historical role of the national movement was to secure the cultural identity and economic salvation of the nation. For Baloch nationalist leadership and intellectuals Pakistan came as a unique phenomenon in modern history. Its top leadership and bureaucracy came from northern India, having no cultural and social roots in the country. It was also unique that the language of a few hundred thousands emigrants was declared as the national and official language of a sovereign state. It was not only the ruling elite but the very ‘ideology of Pakistan’ was alien to the present nationalities comprising Pakistan. Proponent of Pakistan ideology, the Muslim league, a political party that was formed and groomed by British rulers from early 1900s, had no popular support within the present geographical boundaries of country.

The idea of self determination attracted and influenced the Baloch political struggle. From 1948, with the accession of Balochistan into Pakistan there was a clear demarcating line separating those siding with oppressors, collaborators of establishment and supporters of Pakistan ideology in one hand and those voicing and struggling for genuine rights and fulfillment of Baloch national aspirations on the other hand. The opposing groups were led by Muslim league and National Awami Party. It was quite simple and easy for the people to decide which side they choose to ally themselves. There was no ambiguity and difficulty in recognizing the political and personal parameters of political personalities in the politics of Balochistan. This was in accordance with centuries old Baloch traditions of straight forwardness in social and political matters.

This situation began to change in late 1960’s when Pakistani establishment realized that the Baloch national struggle can not be defeated solely by use of force. It began to formulate strategies for infiltration in the ranks and file of nationalist political workers and parties. It started with the formation of a parallel student organization and by launching a vituperative campaign against Baloch national leaders as being Sardars and branding them anti people. From here a phenomenon of hypocrisy and opportunism appeared in Baloch nationalist politics and later penetrated in every sphere of Baloch social life. Hypocrisy is a feigning of what one is not. A hypocrite is a person who pretends to have virtues, moral or religious beliefs, principles, etc., that he or she does not actually possess especially a person whose actions belie his stated beliefs.

In Baloch nationalist politics, hypocrisy and opportunism began with the active support of establishment by successful attempt of separating Baloch youth and middle class from main stream nationalist politics and by alienating them from genuine political leaders. A smear campaign was initiated in late 1960s and 1970s to portray Baloch leadership as serving their self-interest and tribal hold on the society and that parliamentary form of struggle can not solve the problem of smaller nationalities. In those days their popular slogan was blood not ballot. Many observers of the events were astonished to note that while Baloch leadership was facing immense victimization by voicing provincial autonomy and minimum rights for the people of smaller nationalities, the open advocates of the right of self determination including the right of secession were given free hand in their political activities during the harsh days of 1970s and 1980s. Hypocrisy and opportunism of those became apparent when overnight the champions of right of self determination including the right of secession and proponent of armed struggle entered into election game without a trace of any shame on their face. Now the burning slogan was development of Balochistan by sharing power with establishment.

In 1998 the Baloch masses observed with shocked eyes another game of opportunism when a group of nationalists conspired not only against their own Chief Minister but also tried to split the party which was inspiring new hopes of a united and consolidated struggle for national rights after a long period of desperation. The hypo-critic slogan of the day was to secure maximum development funds for the province under a Muslim league Chief Minister.

The establishment presently is engaged in frantic efforts to forestall a union of genuine nationalist forces by urging pro-establishment nationalists to forge a new political front acting as the B team of the establishment but having a façade of nationalist party. For many analysts the establishment has been succeeded to some extent for supporting directly or indirectly the efforts of alienating Baloch students from mainstream nationalist politics. This time the establishment is uniting and organizing their puppets with the objective of countering the genuine Baloch nationalist parties whom the establishment is portraying as opposing the development of Balochistan. The talks of an alliance of Balochistan National Movement, the Balochistan National Democratic Party and the breakaway faction of Balochistan National Party with the ultimate objective of merging it with Quid Azam Muslim League as a Grand alliance of pro-establishment forces seems to be no more shocking for the people of Balochistan.

The objectives of the military regime in this recent game are many folded. First is to confuse the people of Balochistan and second, to divide the Baloch nationalist elements in any future parliamentary election in the country. The country’s present ruling junta is desperately seeking the support of a variety of turn-coat politicians and a new breed of opportunists and hypocrites all around the country in order to give a façade of legitimization to its rule. In the context of recent international events it was necessary for the regime to encourage and unite existing and newly grown opportunists in Balochistan in order to counter the moves by nationalist leadership and parties. Frustrated with the news of nationalist leaders like Nawab Akbar Bugti, Nawab Khair Bux Mari and Sardar Attaullah uniting under the banner of a Baloch National Salvation Front, the establishment reportedly has given the leaders of BNM and the renamed faction of BNDP and also yet another breakaway group of BNP renamed as BNP Awami a three months deadline to form a united party with apparent nationalistic slogan. In the second phase of this unification process of pro-establishment groups, the Balochistan National Conference, Baloch section of National Awami Party in the province, and perhaps the Baloch section of Millat Party will be merged in this new sacred alliance.

The aims of these efforts of establishment in uniting its allied parties in to one have many dimensions. It is widely believed that a military crackdown is on the cards to crush the voices opposing the exploitation of natural resources of Balochistan and the concerted efforts of establishment to change the demographic picture of coastal Balochistan. The signal emanating from various recent meetings in the GHQ shows deep concern of the establishment on the persistent nationalistic policies of the Baloch nationalist leaders. The new party with the slogan of development for Balochistan will be portrayed by official media as the sole national voice and its support will be a moral and political victory of establishment over the genuine voices of Baloch people. For the success of so-called devolution plan of the establishment in order to undermine the meager degree of provincial autonomy, the support of these hypocrite politicians were successfully utilized. The office holders of pro-establishment “nationalist parties” were selected by agencies as Nazims and Naib Nazims of at least 8 districts in the province. The persons or politicians who collaborated with the establishment in the dismantling of a united Baloch party in 1998 were encouraged and given wide government controlled media coverage as true nationalists. A blind eye is being kept on the past and present monetary corruptions of the leadership of these parties. It is also believed that after the dust of LFO is settled in the satisfaction of establishment; a new “free and fair election” will be called in the country in a not distant future, perhaps in a year or two and in this election the alliance of the new “nationalist party” and PML Q will be “elected” by the masses of this province.

The recent activities of the establishment on the political front are creating much alarm among the nationalist forces in the province. But many believe that merging of these opportunists and hypocrite in a single party and exposing and allying themselves with establishment will be a positive development in a different context because a clear picture will emerge in the political and social spheres. The scale of discontent among Baloch masses and completely ignoring the appeals of the opportunists to support the exploitative regime during the famous referendum has completely exposed the level of support they enjoy among the masses. This also created a panicky situation among these and the process of allying themselves with establishment by merging with Muslim league or forging an alliance is being stepped up by these leaders of middle classes. The tumultuous events of the last several years have already created a chasm between those who have responded by adapting themselves to hypocrisy, opportunism and egoism and those who are struggling to assimilate the harsh lessons of the past in order to prepare for coming struggles for the salvation of Baloch masses.

According to famous sociologist, Hannah Arendt; “As witnesses not of our intentions but of our conduct, we can be true or false, and the hypocrite's crime is that he bears false witness against himself. What makes it so plausible to assume that hypocrisy is the vice of vices is that integrity can indeed exist under the cover of all other vices except this one. Only crime and the criminal, it is true, confront us with the perplexity of radical evil; but only the hypocrite is really rotten to the core”. The Baloch masses, which had been repeatedly, demonstrated its power of resistance and confrontation for the achievement of their national rights has been repeatedly and bitterly betrayed throughout the tortuous history of their national life. It is to be seen weather they are capable enough to understand these maneuvers and thwart such treacherous efforts aimed at further damaging their national political atmosphere.

The Triple A-Team: Antonia-Advani-Adventists


05 Sept, 2003

TN Govt Issues instructions to carry out the Ministry of Home Affair’s Leave the Country Notice, to the District Collector, Dharmapuri

(From 2 July to 05 Sept: It takes 2 months before TN Govt reacts to such a crucial order)

24 Sept, 2003

Dist Collector, Dharmapuri instructs the SP, Dharmapuri to carry out the notice of Ministry of Home Affairs and the State Government of Tamil Nadu.

20 Oct, 2003

SP to Inspector of Police, Mathigiri, Hosur to carry out the instructions and inform him the date and flight numbers, once the two people are deported.

(Did the SP do anything to retract the earlier recommendation made by him on 01 Sept on the extension of Ron and Dorothy Watt’s stay? Did the Inspector notify the details of flight, date etc to the SP?– None)

It becomes clear that before the order is served on Ron and Dorothy Watts, they are “well informed of one such order from one of these official sources” and they "escape" to USA and get new visas from the Indian Embassy, Washington dated 30/09/2003 and 22/10/2003, visas valid upto 2008.

Is the Indian Embassy at Washington aware of the deportation order issued by the Ministry of Home Affairs, Govt of India on Ron and Dorothy Watts?

Did the Ministry of External Affairs inform our Embassies abroad on this Leave the Country notice on these two people, with their travel document details etc?

Are not our Embassies supposed to be our extension of Government offices located in foreign lands?

It is stated in Adventist circles that Ron Watts met with Lalit Mansingh, our Ambassador to USA.

(The Adventists have been courting him since 2001. He has been the special guest to the General Conference of the Seventh Day Adventists on 11 Oct, 2001, where he was felicitated).

Lalit Mansingh visits Seventh Day Adventists World HQ at Silversprings, Maryland, USA on Oct 11, 2001

This is what the Indian Ambassador to USA, Lalit Mansingh told the Adventists in their HQ:

"This is not to say that there are never instances of religious intolerance in India," he added, referring to a 1999 incident where a Baptist missionary and his two sons were killed by militant Hindus in the state of Orissa.

"There will always be the lunatic fringe that is intolerant. But the redeeming aspect to this is that these actions [in Orissa] were widely and strongly condemned by mainstream Indian society. And not just by Christians, but by members of many different religions who are continuing India's long tradition of tolerance and respect for all religions."

Did Lalit Mansingh help Ron and Dorothy get their new Visas? Was he aware of the deportation orders on these two or was the information not sent to our embassies? Or did he go ahead with issuance of Visas just like that? Or did he act on orders received from higher ups from Delhi? Like the instance of Rahul and his girl friend helped by a friendly Brajesh Mishra to get away from detention in the Logan Airport, Boston, USA?

30 Sept 2003

Ron Watts obtains Business Visa from our Embassy in Washington, USA.

22 Oct 2003

Dorothy Watts obtains Visa from our Embassy in Washington, USA.

(They return to India with their new Visas. It is alleged that Ron Watts even got a "new passport" from the Canadian embassy in India for this purpose).

It is widely talked in the SDA circles that Lalit Mansingh was one of the key persons for fecilitating the meeting between Ron Watts and Advani during early Nov, 2003. Other facilitators of this meeting are Kim Gangte, the first Adventist MP in Lok Sabha representing outer Manipur constituency and it is whispered in the Adventists circles of "funds" routed to BJP leaders through a high profile MP known as the key fixer in BJP political circles.

30 Oct 2003

The Inspector of Police, Mathigiri, Hosur serves the notice on Ron and Dorothy Watts on 30 Oct 2003, when they have already returned to India with new Visas valid upto 2008

(Please note that the Visas have been obtained from the Indian Embassy in Washington, before the Leave the Country notice was officially served on them)

31 Oct, 2003

Ron and Dorothy Watts file two independent petitions before the HC Madras to quash the Notices served on them by the SP and the State of Tamil Nadu.

Early Nov, 2003

Kim Gangte, MP, Lok Sabha from Imphal (Manipur) the first Adventist to be elected to Parliament leads a delegation of Adventists which includes Ron Watts and meets with Deputy PM and Minister of Home Affairs, L K Advani at New Delhi.

Dorothy Watts is the interviewer. Kim Gangte meets LK Advani along with a delegation of Church leaders. There is no reference to the presence of Ron Watts in the delegation that met L K Advani in this interview. But some Adventists swear that he was also in the delegation, which is proved by a photo of this meeting with L.K.Advani in the subsequent issue of their internal magazine. This photo features Gangte, Ron Watts and L.K.Advani. Copy of the photo will be uploaded.

Late Nov, 2003

Ron Watts and Kim Gangte attend the Executive Committee meeting of the South Asia Division of the Seventh Day Adventists. During the meeting both proclaim openly: "All the problems with the Govt of India are sorted out". A member of the Executive Committee who attended the meeting confirmed this to me.

21 Jan, 2004

Madras High Court disposes Ron Watts petition against the order of the T.N.State Govt and SP of Dharmapuri on grounds that he has valid visa till 2008. Gladys Daniel, Jr of Nalini Chidambaram, appears on behalf of Ron Watts and gets away with what the petitioner alleges "as false representation to the Court".

09 Feb, 2004

T.N.Government Bifurcates Dharmapuri District and a new Krishnagiri District is created. Hosur, where the H.Q. of the Seventh Day Adventists is situated (this is where Ron Watts works from) is brought under the new Krishnagiri District.

(Is there any connection in the timing of the bifurcation of the district and the problems facing Ron Watts?)

05 July 2004

Nalini Chidambaram appears on behalf of Ron Watts. This is a different CBDT. Christian Board for Dubious Trade! Vellayani Sundararaju made to withdraw petition before Justice Sirpurkar who grants Velayani Sundararaju, the petitioner, with "liberty to approach proper forum in a proper manner".

17 Feb 2005

Ron Watts's makes a hand written deposition before Additional District Magistrate, Pattanamthitta that he would leave the country in 24 Hours.

18 Feb 2005

He shoots fax notices to Govt officials in Kerala that he was made to depose under "Pressure". Matter goes to Kerala High Court.

23 Feb 2005

Ron Watts opens the 1000th Maranatha funded church in India (this one in Iyyanakota, Pamarru, AP).

01 April 2005

HC, Kerala strikes down Ron Watt's petition as withdrawn.

End May 2005

Ron Watts meets Sonia Gandhi in Delhi before his departure to USA. The photo of this meeting is featured on the cover of the May-June issue of The New Southern Asian Tidings magazine of the SDA. Meeting facilitated by Mavalikara MLA, Murali and Oomen Chandy, CM of Kerala. Murali and family allegedly get free tickets to USA and a standing ovation at the General Conferance of the Seventh Day Adevntists in the USA.

06 July 2005

Ron Watts gets re-elected as Vice President of the South Asia Division of the SDA in their General Conference in St Louis, USA.

06 July 2005

Justice P.D.Dinakaran of Madras High Court, who was earlier a Junior to P C Chidambaram, orders seizure of the travel documents of Ron and Dorothy Watts and instructs the SP, Krishnagiri to carry out the order.

18 July 2005

Ron is amongst the 60 Adventists on the White House Lawn reception to PM Manmohan Singh.

16 Aug 2005

M.Ashok Kumar, SP of Krishnagiri District files affidavit in Madras HC. Denies all averments of the petitioner and says that Watts and Dorothy have valid Visas till 2008. Tells the court that they are not involved in any conversions in districts of Dharmapuri and Krishnagiri. And they have not received any information or complaints from the Govts of Kerala or AP where the incidents are alleged to have taken place. Also states that the leave the country order was withdrawn (???).

(To the best knowledge of the Petitioner it has NOT been revoked by the MHA).

How does the SP of Krishnagiri District expect reports from the Government of Kerala and Government of Andhra Pradesh on Ron Watts' activities? Did he ask them, specifically related to this case?

R.John, Secretary of the South Asia Division of the Seventh Day Adventists impleads in the case as the 10th respondent. M.Habibullah Basha appears as his counsel for impleadment.

19 Aug 2005

Based on the affidavit filed by the SP, Krishnagiri, the Additional Advocate General of the State of Tamil Nadu appears before the HC and says that both Ron and Dorothy had already left the country hence the order of the leave the country has been worked out. They have obtained new Visas and have come into India and have travelled to and from India on two occasions after the said order was issued by MHA.
This is a wonderful example of putting The Cart before the horse.

Justice P.D.Dinakaran (interestingly, he was earlier a Junior to P C Chidambaram), vacates his interim order dated 06/07/2005 to seize the travel documents of Ron and Dorothy Watts. However the main deportation case has not been vacated.

The petitioner, Velayani Sundararaju plans to appeal to the Bench at Madras High Court shortly on this interim vacation granted by Justice P.D.Dinakaran.

Maybe, he should also make a new cause - writ of mandaramus against the Ministry of External Affairs, Ministry of Home Affairs and with Ron and Dorothy as responding parties as to how the Ministry could issue a Visa to persons who have been given the Leave the Country Notice just a few months ago? Since the original notice was given after detailed study based on various complaints, what are the changed circumstances obtained in order to give Visas to such individuals?

Questions that remain unanswered:

1 Why did Advani meet with someone on whom his ministry had given the Leave the Country Notice just four months ago?

2. Did the Ministry of External Affairs inform all our Embassies on the details of the Leave the CountryNotice on Ron and Dorothy Watts?

3. How could the Indian Embassy in Washington give them Visas when they had a Leave the Country notice on them?

4. When the original order was issued by the Ministry of Home Affairs on 02 July 2003, the final order was served by the Inspector Matigiri police station only on 30 Oct 2003. Was the delay in the process deliberate to facilitate them to ‘escape’ to USA and procure extension of Visas and re-entry into India to continue with their proselytizing activities?

(This convenient leaving the country and returning with a new Visa is now being used in the High Court as Ron and Dorothy Watts having abided by the order and it has been worked out accordingly. The fact is that the Leave the Country Notice was officially served on Ron and Dorothy Watts by the Inspector of Police, Mathigiri only on 30 Oct, 2003 which is AFTER they have returned to India with valid visa extensions upto 2008. So how can it be taken that the leave the country notice has been worked out or complied with?

Did the inspector of police, Mathigiri inform his SP of the date of his departure, flight number details as required of him as per the order? There was NO effort from the entire District Administration to carry out the deportation order. This is the fact. And now they shamelessly claim that the order has been worked out, in order to protect a known proselytizer. Where is Bharatam heading for?)

5. Are there more than administrative reasons for the bifurcation of the Dharmapuri District on 09 February, 2004? Hosur conveniently went to the newly formed Krishnagiri District while all the Ron Watts matter was seized with the District officials of Dharmapuri.

6. How could Sonia meet with Ron Watts during End May, 2004? Refer to the questions that I had for her in my article number 6 – Congress-I or Cong-Cross I?

Antonia and Advani seem to share one thing in common. Their common fondness for proselytizers like Ron and Dorothy Watts. If Antonia met Ron Watts during end Oct, 2005, Advani takes the cake and the whole of the "Best Bakery in India" for meeting with the same Ron Watts during November, 2003 when it was his very ministry that handed out the Leave the Country Notice on him on 07 July, 2003. Now, just recall what Dr Togadia called Advani on his famous Jinnah Statement?

If Advani thinks that we need to have christists on our side to fight the islamists, this is perverse logic. They are together in India when they fight the Hindus. And we Hindus are left to fight our own battles. This is simple fact that one cannot not wish away.

Antonia, Advani, Jayalalithaa, Dharam Singh, Samuel Rajasekhar, Oomen Chandy.They are all look to me like dangerous birds of same feather, though operating from different cages. Did not Jaya bring the anti-conversion law only after the Adventists went beserk in Madurai with their conversions? Did she not retract once there was pressure from the Christian cabal aided by the US State Department?

Ron Watts is back in Hosur. And these leaders will roll out a red carpet for his continuous conversion activities. And they will surely facilitate more conversions. From 1999-2000 to 2005 he has managed to convert 800,000 people (his own admission of baptisms during his reign as the President of South Asian Division of the Seventh Day Adventists). How many more will he convert, with the entire ruling and the opposition leaders laying out the red carpet for him?

Unless the Hindu Organizations plan and seriously agitate against the atrocious Adventists, the white proselytizers like Ron and Dorothy Watts, I foresee nothing but accelerated erosion of our cultural values through conversions in this Dharmabhoomi. A strong signal should be sent to the US Adventist leaders who are sending this couple to India. The Hindu Organizations should go on consistent stirs and street protests in Hosur and in front of all the Adventist churches, schools and other medical institutions, the Spicer Memorial college in Pune etc., A strong signal that the entire Seventh Day movement will no longer be taken lying down by the Hindus, if people like Ron and Dorothy Watts are encouraged by them. This will put these proselytizers in their right place. This is the only option to drive this serious threat to Hinduism out of this Dharmabhoomi.

I have one final question, this one to the Hindu Organizations:

Will the Hindu organizations wake up to the task?

Additional Notes:

On Kim Gangte: 1998: 1. Elected from the Outer Manipur constituency on a CPI ticket (what a great comraderie between the commies and the christists).

2. Was absent from the Lok Sabha on the Vote of confidence motion against Vajpayee Government.

3. By “George”, Contested on the Samata Party ticket in the next election.

Kim Gangte election news from the Adventists site:

Adventists News Network - India

First Adventist Woman Elected to Indian Parliament

Manipur, India … [ANN] Kim Gangte, an Adventist woman, was elected to the Lok Sabha from Manipur, the first woman member of the lower house from the state.

A graduate of Spicer Memorial College, Gangte completed an M.A. degree from Pune University. She has been extremely active in connection with human rights problems in Manipur and has served as a general secretary of the human rights society in Manipur. Gangte also worked as a teacher at the Adventist Training School in Jowai, Meghalaya state. At the time of the elections, she was employed as a lecturer in a college in Manipur.

Gangte attends church at New Delhi, and is keenly interested in religious liberty and human rights issues. She is not only the first woman to be elected to parliament from her home state, she is also the first known Seventh-day Adventist to be elected to the Indian parliament. [Adventist News Network-India]

XII LOK SABHA DEBATES, Session II, (Monsoon) Wednesday, July 22, 1998 /Asadha 31, 1920 (Saka)

Just look at what she says on the floor of the Parliament:

Kim Gangte in Lok Sabha: If we are really a part of this great country, India ; if we are really Indians etc.,


This one is long afer her meeting LKA with the Adventist delegation:
Feb 03, 2005

The Manipur Government should immediately call an all party meet along with different community leaders to discuss lifting of the curfew in the State, former MP and human rights activists Kim Gangte has said:

"Deputy Prime Minister LK Advani should visit the State if he is so concerned about insurgency in the North-east," she said adding the Centre should not compare Manipur with either Chatishgarh or Uttaranchal.”

Talking to reporters here she said continued curfew would only increase the anger of the people. The Centre should understand that solving the NSCN(IM)’s problems alone could not bring peace to the North-east as there were numerous underground outfits operating in the region, she said.

"The territorial integrity issue is sentimental and the Centre should first try to understand the sentiments of the Manipuris,” she added.

The Manipur Cabinet had decided to release the arrested cadres of the underground outfit unconditionally to meet the demand of various Naga organizations that objected the arrest.

Note: Source:


Lalit Mansingh visits Seventh Day Adventists World HQ at Silversprings, Maryland, USA on Oct 11, 2001

This is what he said to the Adventists in their HQ:

"This is not to say that there are never instances of religious intolerance in India," he added, referring to a 1999 incident where a Baptist missionary and his two sons were killed by militant Hindus in the state of Orissa.

"There will always be the lunatic fringe that is intolerant. But the redeeming aspect to this is that these actions [in Orissa] were widely and strongly condemned by mainstream Indian society. And not just by Christians, but by members of many different religions who are continuing India's long tradition of tolerance and respect for all religions."

September 06, 2005

PM's main assignments

The PM, Manmohan Singh seems to have two major assignments given to him by the Madam.

1. Romancing the Hurriyat and other Islamic leaders so they stay away from harassing the Madam.

2. Baby-sitting Rahul by taking him to Afghanistan and other places so he becomes a leader capable of replacing Manmohan as PM in due course.

Incidentally, Rahul was to invited Washington along with Sonia by Bill Clinton. But Rahul knows better than to set foot in the U.S. after the misadventure in the Boston Logan Airport.

Seers: Sethu will destroy Rama's bridge

- By R. Bhagwan Singh

Chennai, July 4: The All-India Hindu Dharmacharya Sabha, an apex body
of Hindu spiritual heads across the country, has expressed concern
that the Sethusamudram project would disturb the bridge, now
undersea, that Lord Rama had built to reach Lanka to redeem Sita from

The Hindu epic Ramayana had described in poetic detail the Sethu
bridge built by Lord Rama with help from his "vaanara (monkey)"
friends, including Lord Hanuman, to reach Lanka and kill Ravana in
battle. "The presence of this bridge submerged in the sea has been
confirmed by Nasa satellite images, refurbishing Hindu sentiments and
faith about the Sethu bridge in Rama's history," Swami Dayananda
Saraswati, convenor, Acharya Sabha, said. He is now worried that Lord
Rama's bridge would be swept away by the Sethu project.

The acharya has held discussions on the ship channel project, among
other things, with the Acharya Sabha president, Perur Adheenam
Shantalinga Ramaswamy Adigala, and Chiravai Adheenam Kumaragurupara
Adigalar last week, when the concerns were shared about the Rs 2,427-
crore project to dredge the sea bed in the Palk Bay to facilitate
ships sailing between the east and west coasts of India. Prime
Minister Manmohan Singh had inaugurated the project at Madurai on

"We met Swami Dayananda Saraswati at his Arsha Vidhyapeet at Ankatti
in Coimbatore a couple of days ago along with some other members of
the core committee of the Acharya Sabha. While expressing happiness
that the Sethu project could bring economic growth in and around
Rameswaram, the swamiji was worried about its impact on the
religiosity of the pilgrim centre," Hari Venkataraman, core committee
member of the Tamil Nadu unit of the Acharya Sabha, told this

Recalling the meeting with the swamis, Mr Venkataraman said there
were apprehensions about the 17 bathing ghats at the Rameswaram
temple and the nearby Dhanushkodi, which, too, was connected with
Lord Rama and was an important place for performing Hindu rituals.

"Archaeologically, it has been found that there is an undersea bridge
believed to have been constructed by Sri Rama and the Vaanara Sena.
This is proved by Nasa satellite images. So now the concern of the
Hindus is that the spiritual importance of Rameswaram and the Sethu
bridge that Lord Rama had built should not be vitiated due to the
ship project," Mr Venkataraman said.

He said Rameswaram was "most revered" by not only pilgrims from the
southern region, but also by Hindus in the north, including Bengalis,
Gujaratis and Marathis. "It is a place of national integration on the
basis of religion. The government has to take care to retain the
religiosity of the place," he said, adding that the acharyas would be
meeting soon to discuss future action aimed at taking their concern
to appropriate official forums.

The Sethu Ship Channel Project has already attracted much ire from
marine ecologists and fishermen groups, besides Tamil Nadu chief
minister Jayalalithaa accusing the Union government of rushing the
project without taking into account critical environment issues.

Swami Dayananda voices concern over Sethu Samudram
NT Bureau
Chennai, July 4:

The Acharya Sabha, the apex body of Hindu spiritual heads, has
expressed concern over the Sethu Samudram Project, which, it says,
cannot be accomplished without disturbing a bridge submerged in the
ocean, connecting the mainland to the island of Sri Lanka.

The discovery of the bridge by NASA satellite images has
created a religious sentiment in that it connects the Hindus to the
Ramayana-famed bridge from the town of Rameshwaram to Sri Lanka, Swami
Dayananda Saraswathi, convenor, Acharya Sabha, said

In a statement here, the Swami said this was an archeological
issue concerning the entire humanity. It needed further research, on
the basis of which data human history may have to be rewritten, he

Modi to ride high on Saraswati wave

September 6, 2005

The revival of the dried Saraswati River by chief minister Narendra
Modi, who will dedicate it to the people on Thursday, by diverting the
Narmada canal waters, is being heralded as the resurgence of the Hindu
Hriday Samrat.

Mr. Modi had earlier set off on a Gaurav Yatra from Phagvel to restore
the pride of Hindus after the Godhra incident thereby becoming a Hindu
Hriday Samrat. The yatra had won him a thumping majority in the state
Assembly. Lately, his Hindutva credentials were being questioned by
his political rivals and several of his staunch supporters had
criticised the moderate overtones in his style of functioning.

The Saraswati Mahasangam planned by the chief minister is being seen
here as the second coming of the Hindu Hriday Samrat. Chief minister
Narendra Modi, whose image had received a beating after he supported
Mr. Advani on the Jinnah issue, is reaffirming his credentials as the
Hindu leader, according to sources close to the chief minister.

Mr. Modi had lost his shine, as a Hindu leader and VHP leader Pravin
Togadia had been up in arms against Mr. Modi for supporting Mr.
Advani. The Saraswati River has great religious significance for the
Hindus and its revival followed by a major publicity blitz will only
resurrect his image as Hindu leader, informed sources close to the
chief minister.


Jyoti Basu's Son Imported SUV at half price

Imported SUV at half price for Chandan Basu

DRI Busts Duty-Evasion Racket

By Pradeep Thakur/TNN

(Times of India. 06.09.05. FRONTPAGE.)

New Delhi: The Directorate of Revenue Intelligence (DRI) on Monday seized a Toyota Land Cruiser from businessman Chandan Basu, son of former West Bengal chief minister Jyoti Basu, during an ongoing nationwide operation to unearth a huge duty-evasion racket in imported cars.
Eight more high-end foreign cars being used by influential businessmen from different parts of the country were also seized. Authorities are now trying to trace two other cars belonging to powerful politicians, one from Uttar Pradesh and the other from Haryana.
The racketeers’ modus operandi was ingenious. The main accused, Sanjay Bhandari, had shown himself to be the owner of two non-existent hotels in Rajasthan. He obtained a licence from the Directorate General of Foreign Trade (DGFT), under commerce ministry, for importing luxury cars to serve his ‘foreign clients’ and earn foreign exchange. Under the Export Promotion Capital Goods Scheme (EPCG), Bhandari availed of 100% duty exemption on all imported cars.
These vehicles were passed on directly to highprofile customers who, in effect, were buying foreign cars without paying the 105% customs duty that such imports attract. Chandan Basu, for instance, got his Land Cruiser for Rs 40 lakh. Through the legal route, the SUV would have cost him over Rs 80 lakh.
Bhandari has been arrested and sent to judicial custody. The seizures include four from Delhi and one each from Kolkata, Pune, Mumbai, Jaipur and Bangalore. The DRI has so far unearthed import of 23 cars involving a duty evasion of Rs 6 crore.

Our World: Our Pakistani pals

Caroline Glick, THE JERUSALEM POST Sep. 5, 2005


Last Thursday's "historic" meeting between Foreign Minister Silvan Shalom and Pakistani Foreign Minister Khurshid Kasuri in Istanbul was immediately extolled by the local media as the "first fruits" of the disengagement from Gaza.

In his statement following the meeting Shalom said, "I wish to particularly thank President Musharraf for his courage in promoting peace and moderation in our region and in general."

In the midst of the hullabaloo about the the first public meeting between Israeli and Pakistani officials, it was hard to remember that Pakistan is the operational epicenter of the global jihad and a major proliferator of nuclear weapons technology and know-how to Iran.

Only recently, CIA director Porter Goss effectively said that US intelligence is certain that Osama bin Laden is in Pakistan. Goss explained that the US is unable to apprehend the arch-terrorist due to "sovereignty issues," – that is, Pakistan isn't cooperating.

It is unclear how Pakistan is "promoting peace and moderation" when terror training camps are operating openly in several provinces of the country. The suicide bombers who struck in Bali, in London and at Mike's Place in Tel Aviv, like the terror cell members apprehended in New York state and Virginia, underwent either indoctrination or training, or both, at al-Qaida camps in Pakistan.

In recent months, Taliban fighters have reentered Afghanistan from the Pakistan border areas. They arrived refreshed, retrained and well-armed and have been responsible for the killing of dozens of US troops and hundreds of Afghans in recent months. Pakistan's refusal to make any concerted efforts against the vast terror infrastructure openly and conspicuously operating on its territory led even The New York Times to publish a scathing editorial last month attacking Pakistan and its dictator "President" Musharraf, for refusing to take action against the Taliban. As the Times noted, "Musharraf seems to invest far more energy in explaining his government's tolerance of Taliban activities than he does in trying to shut them down."

Last March, Pakistan's information minister, Sheikh Rashid Ahmed, acknowledged that Pakistan, through its nuclear witch-doctor A.Q. Khan's nuclear Walmart, had provided centrifuges to Iran. At the same time, Ahmed reiterated Pakistan's abject refusal to allow any foreign government to interrogate Khan stating, "We are not going to hand over Dr. Qadeer to anyone. We will not."

EXPERTS ON Pakistan readily acknowledge that on most levels, Pakistan is a failed state. It has one of the lowest literacy rates in the world. Most children who do go to school receive an average of five years of education. As of last year, the Pakistani government invested a paltry two percent of its GDP in education and has taken no effective action against the large network of madrassas in the country responsible for jihad indoctrination of hundreds of thousands of Pakistani youngsters.

Aside from this Pakistan exercises no effective sovereign control over large swathes of its territory. The high-profile arrests and renditions of senior al-Qaida terrorists like the mastermind of the September 11 attacks, Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, and assaults on terror-ridden provinces seem to occur, as Timothy Hoyt of the US Naval War College noted in an online symposium on Pakistan, "at very convenient times for US-Pakistan relations," such as before or after the visits of senior US officials to the country.

Given this dismal state of affairs, the question should be raised: What does Israel have to gain from bestowing undeserved praise on Pakistan's rulers? There are two apparent answers to this question. One is constructive but unlikely, while the more probable alternative raises serious concerns about the priorities of Prime Minister Ariel Sharon's government and those of the Bush administration today.

ACCORDING TO a report by Asia Times, the Iranian regime was distraught over the meeting. The paper quoted a source close to the government of President Mahmud Ahmadinejad, who referred to the Iranian leaders as being "shocked to the point of being choked off."

If embracing Pakistan is part of a larger plan to internationally isolate Iran, then there is a strategic logic to holding the meeting.

At the same time, the fact is that Britain's Foreign Minister Jack Straw told journalists last Friday: "Nobody is proposing military action in regard of Iran. This is an issue that needs to be resolved and can only be resolved, by diplomatic means."

Taken together with the dubious American assertion that there is no need to worry about the Iranian nuclear program for the next decade, it is reasonable to rule out the optimistic view that the international community is working to encircle Iran. In light of Pakistan's refusal to allow US intelligence officials access to Khan, it is impossible to believe that Israel would receive any valuable intelligence cooperation from Islamabad as a result of its embrace of Musharraf.

The second explanation of the meeting is more worrisome. News reports of it claimed that the Bush administration was the primary architect of the summit which the Israeli press effusively praised as the result of the expulsion of the Jews of Gaza and northern Samaria.

On Sunday, The New York Times reported that the Bush administration is going to great lengths to buttress Sharon to help him avert the calls for early primaries for the head of the Likud, which polls indicate he will likely lose. While Sharon ally Deputy Prime Minister Ehud Olmert acknowledges that the government's refusal to strengthen Jerusalem's eastern borders is the result of US pressure, a senior Bush administration official explained to the Times that at next week's UN General Assembly meeting the administration will "be saying to anyone who asks us, that if your goal is Israeli-Palestinian progress, you're not going to get there by misunderstanding the Israeli political situation."

As with the bizarre 1996 summit of "peacemakers" in Sharm e-Sheikh choreographed by then president Bill Clinton in an attempt to shore up domestic support for then prime minister Shimon Peres in the lead-up to his failed election bid against Binyamin Netanyahu in the same year, the Shalom-Kashuri meeting can be seen as a return of Clinton's policy of heavy-handed interference in Israel's domestic politics, undertaken with the express aim of strengthening the forces of appeasement in Israel's body politic.

Today, the Bush administration seeks to bolster Sharon's standing among Likud voters. This it does by both delaying public pressure for further expulsions, and by exploiting the Israeli media's love of summitry and Sharon's weakness to confer legitimacy on one of the most active enablers of global jihad in the world.

DURING HIS visit to the US for the General Assembly meeting next week, Musharraf is scheduled to speak with the American Jewish Congress. For the Pakistani dictator this is a major breakthrough. In recent years more level-headed Jewish groups, like the Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs and the American Jewish Committee, have been actively engaging both the Indian government and Indian-American organizations in order to lobby the US Congress and the Bush administration to embrace the Indo-Israel alliance for the inestimable contribution it makes to the global war against terrorism.

By providing Musharraf's jihad-supporting government with a cheap photo-op, Israel is undercutting this work by conferring legitimacy on a regime that poses a danger to it through its nuclear proliferation activities, and a strategic threat to our Indian allies. At the same time Israel is helping the administration to convince a skeptical Congress of the value of the dubious benefits of the Bush administration's stubborn embrace of Musharraf, despite his refusal to act effectively to either stem his country's nuclear proliferation or combat and destroy the vast terror infrastructure that operates openly throughout his country and is used against US forces in Afghanistan.

In light of all of this, perhaps the local media was correct in proclaiming the Shalom-Kasuri meeting "the first fruits" of disengagement. We reap what we sow. When we sow defeat and surrender, we reap its bitter fruits. In this case, we have built upon our gift of Gaza to the Fatah-Hamas alliance by strengthening al-Qaida's best friend.


Unique conditions at the end of the Ice Age gave rise to agriculture in
Southeast Asia. Its spread to India made the Vedic civilization possible.

Navaratna Rajaram

Gift from Southeast Asia

Seven hundred years ago, Zhou Daguan, the envoy of the Chinese
Emperor Khubilai Khan stationed at the court of Indravarman III (1295 -
1307) at Angkor, noted an unusual natural phenomenon. During the months from
July to November, when the Mekong is in full spate, the Tonle Sap, its major
tributary in Cambodia, reverses direction and flows back into a natural
reservoir also called Tonle Sap ('Great Lake').

The reason for this is the impact of the mighty Mekong. The floodwater flow
resulting from the combination of the summer monsoon and melting glaciers is
so great that the Mekong overflows into the Tonle Sap channel, pushing it
backwards into the lake. The lake more than doubles in size, making Tonle
Sap the largest freshwater lake in Asia. When the hot season ends, the river
reverses direction again and resumes its normal southward flow. The lake
level also falls.

Zhou Daguan recorded that this seasonal rise and fall in the water level
allowed local farmers and fishermen to harvest a variety of 'floating rice'
that grew in the lake. It is a fast growing variety that germinates in deep
water and grows as much 4 inches in a single day, eventually reaching a
length of 20 feet. The rice always stays on the surface because its rate of
growth parallels the rate at which the lake rises. In effect, nature
performs 'transplanting,' a crucial step in rice cultivation. It is an
example of natural selection at work- of a species adapting to fill a
special niche in the environment.

It is also of great historical importance. It gives a clue as to how rice
cultivation began, launching the agricultural revolution. Genetic studies
show that the oldest rice species are found in the monsoon belt from the
Brahmaputra to the Mekong, which includes the Tonle Sap. Wet rice
cultivation was the result of humans copying this extraordinary phenomenon,
in which irrigation and transplanting occurred naturally.

This forces us to revise the long held view that the
agricultural revolution began in the so-called 'Fertile Crescent' in West
Asia some 8000 years ago. R.E and E.H Huke of the International Rice
Research Institute observe that recent archaeological evidence in North
Thailand "when viewed in conjunction with plant remains from 10,000 B.C.
discovered in Spirit Cave on the Thailand-Myanmar border, suggests that
agriculture itself may be older than was previously thought."

The Mekong-Tonle Sap system where agriculture may have been born.

Climatic conditions at northern latitudes were unsuitable for
agriculture: they were cold and arid and could not support large
populations. This rules out the Fertile Crescent as the birthplace of
agriculture. Natural history and archaeology both indicate that the
agricultural revolution began 12,000 years ago in tropical Asia. The Tonle
Sap region in Cambodia is the likeliest location.

Out of the Ice Age

Agricultural revolution was what made civilization possible. To
arrive at a reasonable date for the rise of civilization, we need to know
when climatic conditions turned favorable for the growth and harvesting of
wild species, especially rice- the first crop to be cultivated. This
happened when humans learnt to simulate under artificial conditions, as near
lakes and river deltas, the natural phenomenon occurring at Tonle Sap. Post
Ice Age natural history helps shed light on it.

Great Lake (Tonle Sap)

The Ice Age ended nearly 15,000 years ago, not in one fell swoop but in fits
and starts with at least two mini ice ages known as the Older Dryas and the
Younger Dryas. Present conditions were reached about 10,000 years ago. Since
then, the world climate has been stable. There have been fluctuations of
course, but nothing like the changes that engulfed the world from 18,000 to
11,000 years ago. During the Ice Age, most of the freshwater was locked in
the Himalayan glaciers. This had to end before nature could create condition
so that species like the Tonle Sap 'floating rice' could blossom forth.

During the Ice Age, the great Himalayan rivers from the Indus to the Mekong
either did not exist or were minor seasonal flows that could at best support
small populations that subsisted by hunting, fishing and food gathering. The
monsoon was also weak because low temperatures meant less evaporation.
Population centers were mainly in the tropics, in tropical Asia and Africa.
These were concentrated in the Savannahs in Africa and by lakes and coastal
regions in India and Southeast Asia.

Communication between India and Southeast Asia was mainly by sea. Maritime
activity was facilitated by the fact that during the Ice Age sea levels were
nearly 400 feet lower than they are today. South Indian and Southeast Asian
land mass was greater in extent and easier to navigate. A vast subcontinent,
known as Sunda Land, larger than India, was submerged when sea levels rose
as the Ice Age ended. These tropical lands, and not the temperate regions at
higher latitudes like the Fertile Crescent were where agriculture began. Thi
s is a scientific fact.


The fabled towers of Angkor Wat, the world's largest Vishnu Temple near the
Great Lake, built by Suryavarman II (1113 - 50). Angkor Wat is derived from
the Sanskrit Nagaravati. Angkor Thom is Nagara-dhaama. (Photo: N.S.

The Vedic Age

The Vedic civilization was sustained by agriculture. What triggered the
agricultural revolution was the release of the frozen waters- an event that
transformed not only India but also East Asia. Temperatures rose as much as
5 degrees Celsius, melting the Himalayan glaciers in which enormous
quantities of fresh water had been locked up as ice and snow. Higher
temperatures also meant increased evaporation and a more vigorous monsoon.
Lakes and rivers had two new sources of freshwater- melting glaciers and the
abundant monsoon. Great perennial rivers burst forth from the Himalayas-
Indus, Sutlej, Sarasvati (now dry), Yamuna and Ganga in North India, and
Brahmaputra, Irrawady and Mekong to the east.

Of these the Sarasvati was the greatest- as the Rigveda
describes, and as science now confirms. It was flowing in all its majesty
from 8,000 B.C. to 4,000 B.C. It began to decline about 3500 B.C. and dried
up completely in the 2200 B.C. to 1900 B.C period. Considering that
agriculture had been mastered in Southeast Asia no later than 10,000 B.C.-in
Thailand and the Mekong region- the Sarasvati dates give a reasonable
approximation for the Vedic period. It means that in the post Ice Age
period, it took some 2000 years for agriculture to make its way from its
place of origin to the Sarasvati river area. This is probably an

This scenario is receiving increasing scientific support. River delta
cultivation of rice is known both in India and further east in Asia. This
means the skills needed for growing food grain were already in place 10,000
years ago, even as newer crops like wheat and barley came to be cultivated
later. Genetic analysis has shown that Indian livestock-the humped bull and
the water buffalo-are of East Asian origin. Indian and Southeast Asian human
populations also are genetically close.

We may note here that the claim that Indians, especially the upper castes,
carry European genes is unfounded. The M17 genetic marker, which is supposed
to be a 'Caucasian' trait, occurs with the highest frequency and diversity
in India. This means that among M17 carriers, the Indian population is the
oldest. The proponents of the now discredited Aryan invasion have got both
the origin and the direction of movement wrong. It is different, however,
with Southeast Asian markers: their frequency in both South Indian and North
Indian populations is surprisingly high. This shows extensive gene exchange
between Indians and Southeast Asians.

So, on the basis of ecology, agriculture, livestock, and human populations,
we may safely conclude that the resources needed for the growth of
agriculture and animal husbandry that made the Vedic civilization possible
existed by 10,000 B.C. The long-standing maritime connections between India
and Southeast Asia, going back to the Ice Age, facilitated the transfer,
once humans mastered the art of reproducing the phenomenon that occurred
naturally at places like Tonle Sap. It began in river deltas.

Space, time and civilization

To understand the origins of Vedic civilization, we need to recognize that
India and East Asia-the monsoon belt between the Indus and the Mekong
rivers-form a single ecological and cultural zone. It is dominated by two
natural forces- Himalayan glaciers and the summer monsoon. The easiest means
of communication has always been by sea. A second line of transit was a more
difficult land route running north through Thailand, Burma and Assam.
Expansion along this route was driven by the practice of 'slash and burn'
agriculture, in which large tracts of forest are burnt down for cultivation.
This forced people to be on the move in search of new forest, because it
takes several decades for the burnt forest to regenerate. This was probably
how agriculture and livestock spread to parts of India from its origin in
the east. It accounts also for the close biological connections between the
species inhabiting the two regions.

Civilization, of which the Vedic is the oldest recorded, is a post Ice Age
phenomenon. It was made possible by the forces of nature that the calamitous
ending of the Ice Age unleashed. This has been evolving not for centuries
but over more than 10,000 years- from the birth of agriculture in a peculiar
ecological niche to the present day. It shows that no civilization evolves
in isolation. Our genes came from Africa, agriculture from Southeast Asia,
and modern technology mostly from the West. India too contributed many
important things- from mathematics to metallurgy.

Ultimately it is nature that makes everything possible. She is her own
mistress and chooses her own place and time to unleash the forces that bring
about momentous change. History is only an extension of natural history.


Navaratna Rajaram is a scientist and historian. He is currently
working on the book Mekong to Indus: A natural history of Vedic India.

N.S. Rajaram
Telephone: 2657 9985

F2, "Rajatha Manor"
Mobile: 98867 11315
42 (Old No. 30) Patalamma Temple Road
Southend Circle, Basavanagudi
BANGALORE - 560 004