November 19, 2005

Leaders say Cope India 'great success'

11/18/2005 - KALAIKUNDA AIR STATION, India (AFPN) -- Exercise Cope India ‘06 ends Nov. 20, but U.S. and Indian air force leaders have already said the training has been a resounding success.

The exercise, which began Nov. 7, involves Indian Airmen and about 250 U.S. Airmen from Pacific Air Forces bases.

“Such exercises not only help in promoting mutual understanding and learning from each others’ experience, but also enhance interoperability and help refine joint operational procedures,” said Air Marshal F. H. Major, air officer commanding-in-chief of the Indian Air Force’s Eastern Air Command.

The exercise marked the first time F-16 Fighting Falcons have flown against Indian fighters -- including their newest Su-30MKI variant -- in dissimilar air combat training. E-Sentry airborne warning and control system aircraft also participated.

At times, Indian and American fighters mixed it up in the air.

“We’ve learned firsthand about the capabilities of their aircraft and the skills of their pilots,” Lt. Col. Pete Bastien said. He commands the detachment of E-3 Sentry airborne warning and control system aircraft here from the 961st Airborne Air Control Squadron at Kadena Air Base, Japan.

This is the third Cope Thunder. Vice commander of Pacific Air Forces Lt. Gen. David Deptula said the command “is succeeding in its objectives of building greater partnerships and relationships with key countries throughout the region.”

Achieving the exercise goals is “a testimony to our men and women from both countries’ air forces in doing a lot of hard work to be able to execute this kind of exercise with the degree of success they did,” the general said.

In addition to learning from their Indian counterparts, the exercise served as a chance for U.S. Airmen to practice their expeditionary skills, said Col. Rusty Cabot, commander of the deployed U.S. forces.

“Getting to a deployed location in an expeditionary fashion -- and bringing together folks from different units who never worked together before -- was a challenge,” the colonel said.

But it was a challenge the Airmen met successfully, the colonel said.

“We pulled together as a cohesive team throughout this exercise,” he said. “It’s as if we’d been working together for years. We’ve done an outstanding amount of work.”

The F-16’s came from the 13th Fighter Squadron at Misawa Air Base, Japan. Airmen from Yokota AB, Japan, Andersen Air Force Base, Guam, and Hickam AFB, Hawaii, rounded out the American contingent.

Exercise scenarios began with basic fighter maneuvers before building to large force employments of mixed aircraft packages flying against one another.

In one scenario, Indian Su-30’s escorted AWACS -- and clashed with F-16 attackers.

“That’s 180 degrees from what I’ve always trained to do and thought about,” AWACS detachment commander Lt. Col. Pete Bastien said. “We think of the Su-30 as our adversary.

Through the exercise, General Deptula said participants gained “the trust of each other’s air forces so that in the future -- for any possible contingency that pops up -- we’ll be able to hit the ground running and work together.

“What that ultimately does is improve peace and stability in the region,” the general said.

November 18, 2005

Disinformation: 22 Media Myths that Undermine the War on Terror



Date: November 1, 2005
Time: 1:00 p.m.
Speaker(s): Richard Miniter



Click to Listen

Location: The Heritage Foundation's Lehrman Auditorium

In Disinformation, veteran investigative reporter and bestselling author Richard Miniter debunks the myths of the left (and the right) with hard evidence, high-level interviews and on-the-ground reporting in more than a dozen countries. If truth is the first casualty of war, urban legends are the first product of America’s War on Terror. In his new book, Miniter punctures twenty-two myths about terrorism, al Qaeda, and the war in Iraq. He has sifted the written record, met with countless high-level sources, and traveled the globe, from Sudan to the Philippines, Egypt to Iraq, to track down and refute some of the most widely believed – and often pernicious – legends of the War on Terror. Miniter provides evidence to shoot down disinformation and refute those who mindlessly repeat it.

Richard Miniter is the author of the New York Times bestsellers Losing bin Laden: How Bill Clinton’s Failures Unleashed Global Terror and Shadow War: The Untold Story of How America Is Winning the War on Terror. A veteran investigative journalist, he was a member of the award-winning Sunday Times (of London) investigative team. Formerly an editorial page writer at the Wall Street Journal Europe and a columnist for the Journal’s OpinionJournal.com, he appears regularly on television and radio to discuss al Qaeda and global terrorism. An award-winning journalist, whose articles have appeared in the Wall Street Journal, the New York Times, the Washington Post, the Christian Science Monitor, the Atlantic Monthly, the New Republic, National Review, and Reader’s Digest, Miniter divides his time between Brussels, Belgium, and Washington, D.C.

Al Qaeda terrorists are likely to cross the Mexican border

Suitcase nuclear weapons are a real threat

There was no link between al Qaeda and Saddam Hussein (and no WMD in Iraq)

That Halliburton made a fortune off Iraq ..then you’ve accepted some of the most prevalent myths about the War on Terror—myths that are demonstrably untrue. If truth is the first casualty of war, urban legends are the first product of America’s War on Terror. In Disinformation, investigative reporter and terrorism expert Richard Miniter punctures twenty-two myths about terrorism, al Qaeda, and the war in Iraq.

He has sifted the written record, met with countless high-level sources, and traveled the globe, from Sudan to the Philippines, Egypt to Iraq, to track down and refute some of the most widely believed—and often pernicious—legends of the War on Terror. Provocative but irrefutable, with startling new reporting, Miniter reveals:

Why racial profiling of terrorists won’t work

Why Iraq is not "another Vietnam"

Why Osama bin Laden is not a massively wealthy criminal mastermind, was not funded or trained by the CIA, and is not on dialysis

Why poverty doesn’t cause terrorism Miniter gives you all the evidence to shoot down disinformation and refute those who mindlessly repeat it. If you want the truth about the War on Terror, start here

Click to Listen

November 17, 2005

Secrets of 1999 F-117 Shootdown Revealed

by Zord Gabor Laszlo
Nov. 9, 2005



With his early retirement last year from the former Yugoslav (now Serbia and Montenegro) military, one of the most successful surface-to-air-missile (SAM) battery comanders of recent times can finally tell his story on how he and his men shot down two US Air Force (USAF) tactical aircraft – an F-117 and an F-16 – during Operation Allied Force in 1999. Minor modifications to existing obsolete air-defense missile systems, survivability through mobility, and radio-frequency (RF) discipline led to those kills, he said.




The 3rd battery of the Yugoslav 250th Missile Brigade was responsible for the air defense of the Beograd area, together with other batteries of the same brigade. The 3rd battery employed the S-125 (SA-3) SAM system to shoot down a US Air Force F-117 and F-16.

Photo by Zord Gabor Laszlo

Although the name of Col. Dani Zoltan emerged earlier in some interviews with local media since 1999, it wasn't until October of this year that he was revealed to be the commander of the unit responsible for both manned aircraft kills by the former Yugoslav air-defense force during the NATO bombing campaign in 1999. The Serbian alias Gvozden Djukic had been used, instead, to describe the ethnic Hungarian commander in some propaganda articles, apparently in an effort to hide his ethnicity. With his retirement, however, he chose to reveal his true identity and the role he played in 1999 to the public.

His unit, the 3rd battery of the 250th Missile Brigade, was responsible for the air defense of the Beograd area, together with other batteries of the same brigade. Equipped with the S-125M Neva (NATO: SA-3 Goa) command-guided SAM system (for more information on the Neva and other Soviet-made SAM systems, see "Castles in the Sky"), Dani's battery, however, had some key advantages over its sister units. According to Dani, this advantage was based on their previous research into the field of the detection, acquisition, and destruction of targets with low radar cross-sections (RCSs) or those employing low-observable technologies. He said he and his subordinate officers followed articles written about the F-117 since its emergence from secrecy, calculating at the same time how systems in service with the Yugoslav air-defense forces could possibly cope with such a threat. Finally, during the NATO power demonstrations in 1998 (held to ward off Serbia from its actions in Kosovo), he proposed minor, in-field technical modifications to the SAM system: one to the UNV antenna unit and the UNK-M control cabin responsible for missile control (NATO: Low Blow), with another modification to the P-18 (NATO: Dry Rack or Spoon Rest D) radar that provides target acquisition for each battery. His superiors declied to approved the modifications, though, saying instead that "this system simply cannot handle the stealth."

Tough challenges to the Yugoslavian integrated air-defense system were on the horizon, but individiual initiatives were still not encouraged, even though they promised a chance to improve inferior systems. Just a few weeks before the air war started, Dani tried once more, but to no avail. At this time, however, he finally went ahead and implemented his proposed modifications within his own unit without higher approval, taking full responsibility. Altough he still declines to discuss particulars, it seems the alterations required little materiel, and the maintenance and servicing capabilities attached to his battery were up to the task of the "quick fix." The only specific Col. Dani would provide was that the modifications did not involve the use of the auxilliary Karat TV target-tracking system.

In addition to technical modifications to increase the probability of successful engagement of low-RCS targets, Col. Dani also trained his unit to fight against the NATO air armada. Engagements using the shortest possible radiation of the fire-control radar were practiced over and over, and Col. Dani indicated that they focused on engaging targets well within the possible launch zone to reduce the time of flight of the missiles and, therefore, the reaction time available to the target aircraft. Dani's unit also received reservists who boosted his unit's manpower to approximately 200 personnel – in accordance with the standard wartime employment plan of a Neva battery. They also received two extra quad (4) missile launchers beyond the original four, and their stocks of V-601P missiles were boosted as well, in anticipation of a low kill probability and high missile consumption.




Col. Dani Zoltan suggested that his battery used primarily its own resources – mostly the P-18 radar (like the one seen here) and visual observation – to build a faint picture of situational awareness and to understand NATO operations for later use.

Photo by Zord Gabor Laszlo

On the first night of Operation Allied Force, March 24, 1999, the task of stopping the attackers fell to Yugoslav interceptors, and SAM activity was held back. Later on, however, when the clear beyond-visual-range (BVR) superiority of the NATO fighters became evident, the Yugoslav SAM and anti-aircraft artillery (AAA) units took on sole responsibility for air defense. With a low kill probability projected, due to their admittedly inferior technology, the realistic aim of the Yugoslav SAM and AAA units was to stay alive as long as possible to distract the NATO strike packages from their objective. Forcing the NATO aircraft into evasive maneuvers that required them to jettison stores and tanks seemed more likely than actually shooting down aircraft. However, on day four, the 3rd battery of the 250th brigade succeeded in downing an F-117 – an act that clearly helped the Serbs in escalating the propaganda war to win public support, while at the same time, dealing a blow to the West. Dani said his unit shot two missiles with the target flying head-on at the battery at an altitude of 8 km at a range of 13 km. The whole engagement took only 18 seconds. Following standard operating procedure, he was sitting in the UNK-M cabin in front of the remote display of the P-18 radar, supervising his crew's combat work.

Although Dani acknowledged that they received information updates from the central command and control (always through landlines – no radio and no cellular communications), he said they wandered almost randomly around the sector they were assigned to protect. While on the move, Col. Dani's unit had to avoid detection by NATO forces and the attacks that would be sure to follow, then find places from which they had the highest probability of disrupting enemy air operations. Most of the time the actual firing unit, held closely together by Dani, included only those elements required for a short engagement: the missile-guidance radar, two (instead of four) quad launchers, acquisition radar, and generators. Setting up in just 60 minutes from transport configuration to firing position (preferably near vegetation offering natural concealment), this "core" of the battery usually stayed in one place no longer than a few hours. According to Dani, his battery covered approximately 100,000 km during the 78 days of the war, mostly at night in blackout conditions and without a single road accident.

Beyond frequent relocation, RF discipline contributed to the 3rd battery's eventual survival, and the unit suffered no human or materiel losses at all. Radiation time of the fire-control radar was kept to a minimum, although with the P-18 they could be more liberal, as this VHF radar – according to their experiences – could not be targeted by NATO's High-Speed Anti-Radiation Missiles (HARMs). Even with this precaution, though, they were forced to cease radiation and/or missile control 23 times when it became evident from the target-return fluctuations or other indications that a HARM had been launched at them. False transmitters in the vicinity of the battery's location were also used to spoof the anti-radiation missiles. Dani added that the survivability of the VHF P-18 is the single biggest reason for the command-guided Neva system's success compared to the semi-active Kub (SA-6) system. The Kub's radar complex, the SURN (NATO: Straight Flush), which operates on a different wavelength from the P-18, was more vulnerable to NATO HARMs. While the Neva battery was not vulnerable to HARMs during the detection/acquisition phase of the engagement, the Kub exposed itself from the beginning of its search for targets. (For more on the SAM threat faced by NATO during Operation Allied Force, see "The Evolving SAM Threat: Kosovo and Beyond.")

The retired colonel also suggested that his battery used primarily its own resources (mostly the P-18 radar and visual observation) to build a faint picture of situational awareness and to understand NATO operations for later use. However, this is not entirely true, as it is now known that the US didn't vary the flight paths of its F-117s, so their locations could be predicted to a certain extent. Serb forces also often received phone calls from just outside Aviano Air Base in Italy, alerting them when a NATO aircraft had taken off. Combining these two pieces of intelligence, it would not be too difficult to determine where an F-117 was at any given time (see "Shrewd Tactics May Have Downed Stealth Fighter").

Dani declined to say how many missiles they launched during the war beyond the four fired at the F-117 and the F-16, although he did confirm that "several" missiles fired by his unit missed their targets.

Indian Air Force Plans Fleet-Wide Overhaul

Source: eDefense.com
by Pulkit Singh
Nov. 16, 2005




Concerned about delays to its Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) program and the procurement of other aircraft, the Indian Air Force has decided to upgrade a large number of the aging aircraft in its fleet.




The Indian Air Force is embarking on a massive overhaul of its fleet of combat aircraft, including its Jaguars (background) and some MiG-21 fighters (foreground). A conservative estimate puts the total cost of upgrading some 300 of the service's existing aircraft at more than $3.5 billion over the next five to seven years.

Indian Air Force

The upgrades to these aircraft, along with purchases of additional aircraft, will be conducted as soon as possible in order to maintain the combat worthiness of the force through 2012, an Indian Air Force official said.

In addition to the upgrades, the Indian Air Force has also decided to acquire six Il-78 air-to-air refueling aircraft and other medium-category transports, such as C-130s, along with 12 Mirage 2000-V aircraft to be purchased from Qatar under a plan announced earlier this year (see "India Announces Aircraft Orders").

The Indian Air Force official said the service is entering a crucial period starting in 2007, when it will begin losing combat aircraft at a much faster rate than it is able to replace them. Fielding of all 140 Su-30MKIs, which are being produced under license by Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd. (HAL) (Bangalore, India), will take at least 10 years, the official said (see "Indian AF Su-30MKIs Nearly Ready"), while the procurement of 126 Multirole Medium-Range Combat Aircraft (MMRCA), at an estimated cost of some $7 billion, will take at least seven to 10 years (see "Buying in Bangalore").

Moreover, all of the MMRCAs will not be inducted at once, and it will take some time to get them all into operational service. In addition, the service plans to phase out its MiG-21 aircraft, but as the Indian Air Force official pointed out, the addition of the 126 MMRCAs will not be enough to maintain the required minimum fleet strength of around 40 squadrons, each with 16 to 20 aircraft. Indeed, as it stands now, the service has already been operating at about four squadrons below that level.




With deliveries of 140 Su-30MKIs not scheduled for completion for at least another decade, the Indian Air Force is concerned that its fighter fleet is in danger of block obsolescence in the 2007-2012 timeframe.

Photo by Piotr Butowski

The LCA, meanwhile, is behind schedule by more than 10 years, and it is not prudent to rely on the LCA, the official said, because even the next planned induction date of around 2010 could be delayed, given the track record of Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) programs (for more on the LCA, see "Indian MoD Reviews LCA Program"). "Every single aircraft in over 32 existing squadrons will need to be upgraded," confirmed a senior Indian Ministry of Defense (MoD) official, who also claimed that funding for the ambitious overhaul would not be a problem. A conservative estimate puts the total cost of upgrading some 300 existing aircraft at more than $3.5 billion over the next five to seven years.

The main problem for the Indian Air Force is that, in the immediate future, large numbers of aircraft are due for retirement. The Type 66, Type 77, and Type 96 MiG-21s are now well past their prime, and these planes were in fact supposed to be withdrawn over a decade ago. Some 125 MiG-21 aircraft, though, are currently being upgraded to the MiG-21-93 Bison configuration (a derivative of the MiG-21bis with enhanced radar, avionics, and self-protection systems) and are expected to serve until 2015, but these are the only MiG-21s plans to modernize. The service's MiG-23s are also beginning to get long in the tooth, noted the Indian Air Force official.

HAL has already begun work on the upgrade of 135 MiG-27 fighter aircraft for the Indian Air Force, with the $800-million program scheduled for completion by 2009. With the recent addition of an engine change to the aircraft under this program, though, this will be delayed. All of the service's 140 Jaguar aircraft, meanwhile, will also be upgraded to improve navigation and targeting capabilities. These upgrades will be conducted in phases, all of which to be completed over the next five to seven years. Even the service's Mirage 2000-H aircraft will be upgraded, said the Indian Air Force official, though he declined to provide further details.

Along with these fighter upgrades, the Indian Air Force's fleet of Russian-made Mi-17 transport helicopters and An-32 medium transport aircraft will also be upgraded with improved avionics and sensors. In addition, the service will refurbish its An-32 transport planes and all of its helicopters to make them capable of midair refueling, added the Indian Air Force official.

The Indian MoD official claimed that, by 2020, the Indian Air Force will have one of the most advanced arsenals in the world, with three Phalcon Airborne Warning and Control System (AWACS) aircraft arriving in 2007-08, 140 Su-30MKI fighters by 2016, and a huge fleet of light quick-reaction fighters, including the LCA. He admitted, however, that there is concern that the service's fighter fleet is in danger of block obsolescence in the 2007-2012 timeframe, hence the decision to embark upon this massive overhaul of existing aircraft.

Soldier Pilots : UAVs in the US Army's New Modular Combat Brigade

Soldier Pilots
UAVs in the US Army's New Modular Combat Brigade


by Dodge Billingsley
Nov. 11, 2005




When the 3rd Brigade of the 101st Air Assault Division deployed to Iraq in late October 2005, it contained more unmanned-aerial-vehicle (UAV) assets than any combat brigade in US Army history. Among the many warfighting tools at his disposal, brigade commander Colonel Michael Steele has both the Shadow and Raven UAV platforms to give him a bird's-eye view of the battlefield with near-real-time imagery. His brigade is not unique, but the 101st is the first division with Shadow platoons in all four brigades and Ravens in every company.




A Shadow UAV prepares to launch. The US Army's Shadow platoon falls under the recently renamed Special Troops Battalion (STB), part of the newly transformed modular 3rd Brigade of the 101st Air Assault Division.

Photo by Dodge Billingsley

Shadow 200 designates the entire tactical UAV system, including four RQ-7A unmanned aircraft and the accompanying ground-control components (see also "US Army TUAV Development Proceeds to Test Series 300"). The Block 1B is the current version being flown and came off the line last year. It is powered by a gas-burning Motto Guzzi engine and is launched off a 30-ft. rail at 130 mph. It has a flight ceiling of 15,000 ft., although the Shadow platoon expects to operate it between 5,000 and 7,000 ft. Its detection and surveillance capability includes an electro-optic (EO) system supplemented by thermal/infrared (IR) imagery for night- and low-light-vision via the Plug-in Optronic Payload (POP 200), basically combining daylight color TV with a forward-looking infrared (FLIR) sensor. The Shadow delivers imagery intelligence (IMINT) providing a 10-digit grid of the battlefield below.

While the Shadow platoon is charged to fly and monitor the UAV in flight, control of the Shadow can be turned over to operators at the brigade's tactical operations center (TOC) or any other location at any time during the mission, assuming the other location has a remote terminal (see "US Army Airborne C2 System to Control UAVs"). Currently, no weaponized versions of the Shadow exist, likely due to its limited payload. However, there has been work to integrate a target designator to guide ordnance from other platforms to their targets.

It takes five Humvees to carry the Shadow package, although the entire system is designed to be transportable in a single C-130. There is basic redundancy of systems – two of everything. There are five birds in total: three operational, a spare, and then a spare for the spare, which the platoon refers to as the "hanger queen."

The Shadow platoon falls under the recently renamed Special Troops Battalion (STB), part of the newly transformed modular brigade. The STB was created last year and includes, among other units, military police (MPs), intel assets, and a UAV platoon. Each UAV platoon is supposed to have 22 soldiers when fully operational – a warrant officer, platoon leader, platoon sergeant, 13 qualified air-vehicle operators (AVOs) or pilots, mission-payload operators (MPOs), and maintenance personnel – although CPT Gourley, the 3rd brigade's UAV platoon leader, admits he will deploy to Iraq two pilots short of a full platoon.




The Shadow UAV system includes a total of five birds: three operational, a spare, and then a spare for the spare, which the platoon refers to as the "hanger queen."

Photo by Dodge Billingsley

Members of the Shadow platoon come from various Military Occupation Specialists (MOSs) – field artillery, communications, and infantry. SGT Brenner used to be a 31-Charlie, or radio operator, "about as basic como as you can get, and I wasn't satisfied with that job, so when it came time for reenlistment, I reclassed and came in as a 96-Uniform [Tactical Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Operator] to Fort Huachuca."

SFC Baker is a former infantryman who was looking at an early discharge because of a medical condition, went before a medical board, reclassed to a different MOS, and found his way into the Shadow platoon. He now considers himself fortunate to be in the UAV platoon and is looking forward to his specific mission in Iraq. None of the pilots/operators expected to fly or work with UAVs, since the position didn't exist when they entered the Army.

SGTs Brenner and Baker received their Advanced Individual Training (AIT) for 26 weeks at Black Tower, the location of the UAV schoolhouse at Ft. Huachuca, AZ, where training with the Shadow and Hunter UAV takes place. They also received two months of additional training at the Redstone Arsenal facility near Huntsville, AL, with other platoon members.

SGT Brenner is the standards pilot for the platoon. "The standardization pilot is pretty much in charge of all training areas that our platoon is involved in, making sure that all of our pilots are current and they're up to all the different 1000-, 2000-, 3000-level tasks designated by the commander," he explained.




Because of the need to reserve the airspace, the Shadow is not a quick-reaction-force asset. The real benefit of the Shadow is the ability the UAV gives the brigade commander to get his own "eyes on target" without having to fight for airtime on other platforms like the Predator.

Photo by Dodge Billingsley

It is his job to evaluate all the pilots in the platoon. The Army requires that he and the other pilots operate the Shadow at least once every 90 days or they fall "out of currency" and have to re-qualify. Regulations and procedures allow each pilot to make one flight simulation count as a flight, but they must fly the actual Shadow within the second 90-day period. "If a pilot is outside of 90 days flying a Shadow, he's considered non-current and goes down to what is called RL-3, which is the readiness level of 3. That means you have to take evaluative flights, and you have three months in order to achieve RL-2, at which point you have another three months to achieve RL-1. An RL-1 is a pilot who is ready to fly with no one else in the back seat evaluating them," said SGT Brenner.

CPT Gourley and his pilots expect some growing pains operating a new system in a hostile environment. The platoon has had limited ability to integrate the Shadow system into their brigade training operations. The UAVs were sent directly from Redstone Arsenal to the brigade's staging area in Kuwait, instead of returning to Ft. Campbell, KY, with the Shadow platoon, so they did not train a single day with the brigade prior to deployment.

The primary means of communication with the Shadow is line-of-sight (LOS) communications. Being able to operate at a higher altitude means the Shadow will not fall victim to the obstruction of signal from which lower-flying UAVs might suffer in an urban environment of tall buildings and telecommunications towers, but potential loss of LOS will be a factor.

The sound of the Shadow's Motto Guzzi engine is another concern. According to the Army, more than 20 UAVs were shot down in Kosovo in 1999 and more, including Shadows, have been downed in Iraq and Afghanistan by alert enemy ground forces (see "US Army UAV Programs in Flux"). Despite these considerations, CPT Gourley is not overly concerned: "In open terrain, in the countryside, people below would hear it, but in the cities, the urban landscape, with lots of city traffic, it is unlikely that people would notice it overhead." In any case, labels posting a reward for the return of the UAVs to coalition forces are plastered on the sides of the Shadow and the Raven in an effort to minimize aircraft loss in the event one does go down due to hostile fire or mechanical issues.




Unlike the Raven UAV, which is intended to sustain a hard landing (basically a crash) by breaking into seven shock-absorbing pieces that can be re-assembled in about five minutes, the Shadow lands just like a normal airplane.

Photo by Dodge Billingsley

However, some units within the brigade are benefiting from the noise factor. According to Shadow platoon members, psychological-operations (PSYOPS) units have recorded the sound of the Shadow and broadcast it in an effort to make the enemy think one is overhead, in an effort to deter insurgent strikes.

Flying in a crowded skies environment is perhaps the greatest challenge to the Shadow. Without any form of aircraft-avoidance system, word among the platoon is that there has been at least one case where a UAV struck the tail of a Blackhawk helicopter in Iraq, nearly causing the helo to crash. Standard operating procedure for the Shadow is to schedule a flight 72 hours in advance, reserve a slot, and then push out. Traditionally, an operations officer at the brigade level will work out the air-tasking order.

According to SGT Brenner, they are treated "just like a manned aviation plane. We have to coordinate airspace through air-traffic control, and we have officers that pretty much do that for us. But when we're flying, we're still in constant contact with air-traffic control."

Because of the need to reserve the airspace, the Shadow is not a quick-reaction-force (QRF) asset. Conceding that the Predator and other UAV assets will be tasked for theater-wide targets at a higher echelon of command, the real benefit, according the Shadow platoon, is the ability the UAV gives the brigade commander to get his own "eyes on target" without having to fight for airtime on other platforms like the Predator. (For more on UAV usage, see "US Plans Expanded Role for UAVs.")

The inability to quickly adjust the flight path in a fluid battlefield environment is compounded by the fact that UAVs are still under Air Force flight-plan constraints and requirements. Coordination with the Air Force is a time-consuming process, thus negating the potential benefit of having a tactical UAV at the brigade level. To overcome this obstacle, CPT Gourley hopes – in a best-case scenario, at least – "to have the Shadow more or less tasked to be in the air as much as possible in support of ongoing operations. The Shadow can then be re-tasked in the air to cover any contingency that might be necessary." He envisions at least one mission to "track vehicles to do area searches and road searches looking for IEDs [improvised explosive devices] and things of that sort. We're really good at route recons and smaller-level things like that."

The Raven

The Raven, much smaller and more agile than the Shadow, and referred to as a man-portable UAV, is deployed at the company level for company- and battalion-level operations. Soldiers selected to be Raven pilots did not attend the UAV course at Ft. Huachuca. Their training began at Redstone Arsenal. Unlike the Shadow, the Raven is hand launched and intended to sustain a hard-landing – basically a crash – by breaking into seven shock-absorbing pieces that can be re-assembled in about five minutes, according to trained operators from both Charlie and Delta infantry companies (1/187).

Each Raven system comes with two birds, a tough notebook computer, and a small video recorder. Although small, it requires multiple rucksacks, and SGT Singleton from Delta Company anticipates the Raven will be staged from a Humvee or other vehicle. Each system is designed to be operated by two soldiers, one a trained Raven pilot and the other trained by the Raven pilot. "We can't be in two places at once, so when we are launching, he [the second soldier] might make sure all the computers are tracking, as well as other additional duties." (For more on UAV command and control, see "Control to Go.")

The Raven operator is not a specialist but rather whomever the unit can use. Like many of the Raven operators in his class at Redstone Arsenal, SGT Singleton was a forward observer prior to this assignment. He isn't certain, but he thinks there may have been only one 11-Bravo, or infantry soldier, in his class. The rest were all forward observers like him. He believes his previous MOS – to call in fire for mortars, close-air support (CAS) and close-combat attack (CCA) – is advantageous to his new assignment and perhaps the reason he was picked to operate the Raven. Utilizing forward observers also helps the Army adjust its needs to the situation on the ground in Iraq. Soldiers from all MOSs have been asked to pull basic infantry duties, and there is little need for artillery soldiers in Iraq.

Unlike the Shadow, which is launched by rail, the Raven is simply thrown into the air. It might seem easy enough, but according to another operator, SGT Singleton is the only one in his class that never crashed one during training launches. "If you throw it too low, it's not going to get enough air to fly. You throw it too high, [and] it's going to get too much air and just fall straight down," SGT Singleton explained.

Another Raven operator confirmed this: "It looks easy when they show you – but as soon as you flip your wrist, that thing's just going to go straight into the ground."

To teach Raven pilots to throw the bird, instructors at Redstone Arsenal made all of the soldiers practice with baseball bats. "If you are having a hard time throwing, they'll take you to throw the bats for an hour. The concept is to hold the bat at the point where the shaft starts to narrow and throw it so the bat has no spin on it at all," said SGT Singleton.

One month prior to deployment in Iraq, the Ravens were brought out to the 101st's home base at Ft. Campbell for a one-day refresher course and to demonstrate the UAV's capabilities to the brigade command staff. However, there has been no additional training with any brigade assets regarding how the Ravens will be used in the area of operations.

The Raven is not a panacea for eliminating the fog of war. Like the Shadow, it is controlled by a line-of-sight signal. It isn't possible to fly it around a corner, view what is on the other side, and then act accordingly. "If you got a building in the way, if you can't see it, then it's not going to get signal, and you might lose link," SGT Singleton warned. The Raven is equipped with an onboard internal navigation system or GPS and can be programmed to go back to a designated grid once the link is lost until line of sight is restored and signal can be regained.

Altitude and distance are also factors. It is supposed to have a range of up to 10 km, but SGT Singleton claims that, in his limited experience, the actual operational range is more like 5 km before the link becomes compromised. "Power lines and all that stuff interfere with it," he said. Another pilot noted they get about one hour of flight time before they must retrieve the bird.

The Raven also operates with a directional antenna, "so you have to actually point the antenna in the direction of the aircraft & or it is going to lose signal," according to SGT Singleton. The versions Charlie and Delta companies will field are limited to only four frequencies, "so they can be jammed if a certain frequency is used, [and the lack of frequencies] can interfere with you so you can lose link even when you're not out of range." Other pilots acknowledge that, for whatever reason, during their training, flying over water caused them to lose link with the bird.

There are two camera positions on the Raven – one mounted in the nose and another on the side. The Raven can handle both EO and IR cameras, but the IR camera is heavier, so the pilot must choose which view he wants to operate from and then insert the camera into either the side or front viewing position before flight. SGT Singleton prefers to use the front-mounted camera, but another operator from Delta Company prefers the side-mounted image, because it allows him to circle the target area and keep eyes on target without having to overfly the area, turn around, and overfly it again. SGT Singleton concedes that lack of experience is the real issue: "In real life, we'll have to see how it turns out – if I like the side look better or if I like the front look. I've never really done a real mission on it."

The Raven's camera generates an eight-digit grid, yet the accuracy of its imagery has been questioned, and as a result, a secondary grid has to be generated from another observation platform. According to a Delta Company operator: "It's not cleared to fire off the grid you get from a Raven, so they send somebody else out there just to verify that was actually the grid to the target, and then they could fire &. They said sometimes it was accurate, sometimes it was off, but I think that will be the next generation – being able to actually get target location on something from the camera itself."

Like the Shadow, the Raven's feed can be sent right to the company or battalion commander. "You can also get a remote viewing terminal, so we're flying it, and our commander wants to see it. He can have a remote terminal set up either at his truck or where he is, and you just face it in the direction we're supposed to be flying. He can pick up our signal and see what we see," according to one Delta Company pilot.

SGT Singleton envisions brigade use as well. "If you have the remote set up in the TOC, which is something they were talking about, and hook it up to a TV or whatever inside the TOC so that the colonel or whoever wanted to watch, there's potentially three people watching the same video," he said.

SGT Singleton acknowledges that Raven doctrine is very much in flux and that uses for the Raven haven't been clearly identified yet. "I can't tell you much about what we're going to do with it," he said. "I know they plan on using it. I know each company is supposed to be getting one, but as far as plans for the Raven once we get over there, we haven't discussed anything like that."

Taking cues from previous Raven operations in Iraq, SGT Singleton sees the Raven as the perfect way to overfly and see a designated patrol route before a patrol leaves the forward operating base (FOB). It is also an anti-IED asset that can patrol the roadways from the safety of the FOB or another secure position, looking for physical changes in the landscape or road that might indicate the placement of an IED intended for US patrols.

The Raven isn't as noisy as the Shadow, but according to Charlie and Delta Company operators, they intend to fly it between 2,000 and a few hundred feet off the deck. To do so, without detection, they have practiced turning the engine off and letting the bird glide over the target, take the image, and then turn power back on. As SGT Singleton explained: "Let's say, from a distance, you see somebody out there. Then you can just let it glide through the air. Then once it gets past whatever you're trying to look at, slowly turn the power back up for it to gain altitude again."

But one operator from Delta Company is cautious. "It just takes a lot of altitude," he said. "You've got to get real high, and then you turn off your engine, but you've got to be really close to get really good video. The lower you get, the better picture you get, the more you risk. It can only go so low before you have to turn the engines back on."

Just as with the Shadow, the biggest obstacle to using the Raven in tactical operations will potentially be its priority position in a crowded skies environment. SGT Singleton and other pilots anticipate incorporating a third soldier as a radio operator to monitor the airspace issue, because, SGT Singleton said, "every time you fly it, there is going to be restriction with the air-traffic control."

Standard operating procedure mandates that Raven operators submit a flight plan 24 hours prior to desired departure, which is two days less than the Shadow requirement. Still, the necessary protocol robs the Raven of any quick-launch capability. According to one Delta Company operator: "It is kind of the same thing we faced as forward observers. We've got to sit and wait before we can actually do something."

SGT Singleton said he thinks that "the chain of command is going to get pretty fed up, because if something happens, they're going to want [to] get the bird over there, and I think they're going to get frustrated by just how long it takes for us to get airspace coordination unless there's a way that we find out we can get airspace coordination really quick by the end. That's going to be the biggest drawback for our commanders who want something quick, and we have to actually go through all these steps to get it accomplished."

There is at least one additional perk to being a Raven or Shadow operator. Just before deploying, back at Ft. Campbell, one of SGT Singleton's fellow operators used his Raven Pilot ID card to get the aviators' discount at McDonalds.

The Shadow TUAV System

• 4 Air Vehicles (AV)
• 2 Ground Control Stations (GCSs)
• 2 Ground Data Terminal (GDTs)
• 1 Portable Ground Control Station (PGCS)
• 1 AV Transporter (AVT)
• 1 AV Launcher (LAU)
• 2 Tactical Automated Landing Systems (TALSs)
• 4 Remote Video Terminals (RVTs)


Shadow Air Vehicle Specifications

• Length: 11 ft., 4 in.
• Width: 14 ft.
• Height: 3 ft., 2 in.
• Payload weight: 40 lbs.
• Takeoff weight: 375 lbs.
• Endurance: 5.1 hrs.
• Airspeed: 70-110 knots
• Altitude: 15,000 ft. (mean sea level)
• Fuel: 44 L
• Range: 50 km


Raven Air Vehicle Specifications

• Length: 3 ft., 7 in.
• Wingspan: 4 ft., 3 in.
• Weight: 4.2 lbs.
• Speed: 60 mph
• Ceiling: 15,000 ft.
• Endurance: 80 min.
• Range: 10 km
• Propulsion: Aveox 27/26/7-AV electric motor

Re-Orientation of Kashmiri Extremism

The Re-Orientation of Kashmiri Extremism: A Threat to Regional and International Security

By Peter Chalk, Christine Fair
Since the onset of Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF), the activities of foreign jihadists in Pakistan have been a major source of concern for both Washington and Islamabad. However, an equally if not more serious problem that has emerged over the last four years has been the progressive reorientation of Kashmiri Islamist tanzeems (organizations) toward an increasingly explicit anti-Musharraf agenda. These developments not only directly threaten the stability of a key U.S. ally in South Asia, but also appear to raise serious concerns about wider regional and even global security.

Catalysts for Kashmiri Reorientation

Historically, jihadist tanzeems operating in Indian-administered Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) have fallen into two categories: (a) those that are comprised of primarily Kashmiri cadres, for example Al Badr and Hizbol Mujahadeen (HM); and (b) those that are predominantly non-Kashmiri in composition, including, the Ahle-e-Hadith tanzeem Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT), and the prominent Deobandi groups such as Jaish-e-Mohammad (JeM), Harkat-ul-Mujahadeen (HuM), and Harakat-ul-Jihad-e-Islami (HUJI). While most of the indigenous groups have retained their focus on Indian-administered Kashmir, many of the Deobandi outfits are now targeting Musharraf and other elements of the Pakistani state. This recent reorientation of prominent jihadist tanzeems constitutes a serious threat to Islamabad and is a phenomenon that stems from two main factors.

First was the Government of Pakistan (GOP)’s decision to ally itself with the United States in the Global War on Terror (GWOT). JeM was one of the earliest Kashmiri outfits to bridle at this relationship and, in fact, specific elements within the group wanted to immediately attack American interests in Pakistan after the launch of OEF in Afghanistan. This internal demand was initially denied by Jaish’s then-chief Masood Azhar, who favored compliance with the GOP’s new policy direction as politically expedient. Other group leaders such as Maulana Abdul Jabbar (alias Umar Farooq) vociferously disagreed, however, and have since managed to seize the reins of power within the organization. These militants are currently at the forefront of many of the anti-government attacks [1].

Second is what Pakistan-based analysts describe as the GOP’s adoption of a “moderated jihad” strategy, which has involved the imposition of tighter limits upon Islamists seeking to operate in J&K and the Indian hinterland. In large part, pursuit of this calibrated approach stems from external compulsions that became increasingly prominent in the wake of the JeM- (and possibly LeT-) backed assault on the Indian National Parliament (Lok Sabba) in December 2001. Prompting a yearlong standoff with Delhi, this attack brought Pakistan’s policy of proxy warfare under renewed scrutiny, not least because it raised the potential to spark a full nuclear exchange in South Asia. Reflecting western concerns, then-Deputy Secretary of State Richard Armitage went to Islamabad in June 2002, during which he managed to extract a promise from the GOP to both abandon its reliance on Kashmiri militants and cease their infiltration across the Line of Control (LoC).

According to commentators in Islamabad, the strategy of a moderated jihad approach has acted as a double-edged sword for Pakistan. On the positive side, it has significantly reduced international pressure on the GOP as well as allowed Musharraf to continue the peace process with Delhi while simultaneously giving him the option of resuming militant activities should negotiations collapse or fail to produce tangible results. On the negative side, however, moves to limit jihadist attacks have clearly been interpreted by groups such as JeM and HuJI as a sell-out of the Kashmiri cause and confirmation that Islamabad, under the present government, is no more than a puppet of Washington. Certain analysts also believe that the strategy has prompted renegade factions within the armed forces and intelligence services—whose raison d’etre for most of their existence has been wresting control of J&K from India—to side with and actively support organizations seeking to redirect their ideological fervor against the Pakistani state.

Target Musharraf

The reorientation of Kashmiri groups toward an internal agenda has been particularly apparent with JeM and HuJI. As noted, Jaish was one of the first tanzeems to advocate the targeting of American interests in Pakistan and over the last four years has systematically moved to expand this focus to an explicit anti-GOP footing. This evolutionary tract has been mirrored by HuJI, which now routinely defines its operational priorities in terms of overthrowing the incumbent Musharraf regime. Both organizations have been directly implicated in high-level attacks on institutional pillars of the Pakistani establishment, including assassination attempts against the President (December 14 and December 25, 2003), Prime Minister Shaukat Aziz and the Karachi Corps Commander General Ahsan Hayat [2].

Somewhat more worrying are indications that JeM and HuJI are acting in concert with enlisted cadres as well as junior and non-commissioned officers in the armed forces. The December 2003 attack on Musharraf, for instance, is widely thought to have involved lower ranking members of the military in addition to at least one commando drawn from the Special Services Group (SSG). Moreover, one of the key persons who infiltrated the army and trained the hit-men for the earlier attempt on the President’s life was Amjad Hussain Farooqui, a former member of JeM who is known to have sheltered Khalid Sheikh Mohammad until his capture in March 2003 [3].

A Globalized LeT?

Besides JeM and HuJI, U.S. officials have further suggested the possibility that “globalized” elements within LeT have taken on explicit non-Kashmiri designs and are moving to extend their operations beyond this theater and India proper. If confirmed, this would represent an especially dangerous development given that Lashkar has traditionally been one of the strongest and disciplined groups operating in J&K.

American concerns are predicated upon, inter alia, recent Pakistani reports of the group’s annual three-day ijtimah (convention), during which speakers are described as making virulently anti-Western proclamations as well as the “internationalist” content of LeT web-based materials. U.S. commentators fear these rhetorical signposts may be indicative of Lashkar leaning toward a more explicit global jihadist outlook, which, at least certain analysts assert, has been reflected in the establishment of residual logistical contacts with al-Qaeda, facilitation with Islamic recruitment drives for the Iraqi insurgency and readiness to provide military training for foreigners wishing to carry out attacks well beyond the Kashmiri theater (for example, Jack Roche, who has been linked to alleged terror strikes in Australia, and Shehzad Tanweer, one of the British Muslims involved in the July 7 bombings in London).

Long-time observers of the LeT, however, believe U.S. concerns are misplaced, arguing that Washington’s current perception of the group is based on a fallacious understanding of its historical lineage and reflects more post-9/11 biases than any genuine reorientation of the organization’s intentions. Analysts within Pakistan similarly reject the notion of a globalized LeT, noting that Lashkar is one of the more ideologically unified groups that has fought in J&K, and is therefore not as prone to the type of wider, non-Kashmiri metastasization that JeM and HuJI have undergone. They also point out that there is currently no evidence to substantiate claims about LeT’s supposed internationalist activities, further arguing that anti-Western rhetoric is nothing new and certainly not something that has translated into assaults outside J&K and India [4].

Yet it is important to stress that LeT does not have to be global to be of great significance for South Asia and beyond. The group is known to have been behind the attack on India’s Red Fort in December 2000 and it may have been deeply involved in the strike against India’s parliament in December 2001—an event that nearly precipitated all-out war between India and Pakistan. The potential to initiate such conflict, with the attendant specter of nuclear escalation, readily underscores the latent threat LeT poses to regional and international security that is irrespective of the actual bounds of its physical presence. Most recently, Indian officials believe that LeT may have been involved with the October 2005 serial blasts in New Delhi. The Islamic Inquilabi Mahaz (Islamic Revolutionary Movement) claimed responsibility for the blast, but some Indian analysts speculate that the Mahaz is tied to LeT.

Conclusion

The reorientation of Kashmiri Islamist terrorism has had a decisive impact on Pakistan’s internal stability. As noted, President Musharraf has already been the target of two concerted assassination attempts. Moreover, many Pakistanis believe entities such as JeM and HuJI are directly contributing to a noticeable expansion of radical Islamist sentiment across the country and that, unless constrained, will result in a highly polarized state that lacks any effective middle ground of political compromise. The 2002 elections that brought the Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal (MMA) to prominence in the Northwest Frontier Province (NWFP) and Baluchistan are often singled out as a salient case in point. This multi-party religious alliance, which is vigorously opposed to the GWOT and the modernist leanings of the Musharraf regime, has caused Islamabad a number of problems, not least by undermining efforts aimed at reforming madrassas and curtailing the activities of militants on the ground.

Beyond these national considerations, the various machinations of JeM, HuJI and LeT have significantly complicated Islamabad’s external relations. This is particularly the case in relation to India, which has repeatedly portrayed Pakistan as a bastion of Islamist extremism that poses a fundamental threat to the stability of South Asia and even the world. More seriously, attacks such as Lok Sabba in December 2001 clearly underscore the potential of these groups to trigger a wider inter-state conflict on the sub-continent. That a situation of this sort should arise is especially unnerving given that both countries possess nuclear weapons and that India has pursued an explicit war doctrine since 1999 and a “cold start” doctrine since 2002.

Peter Chalk is a Policy Analyst with the RAND Corporation in Santa Monica, California, U.S. Christine Fair is the coordinator for South Asia research programs at the United States Institute for Peace (USIP). This article draws from their ongoing work for USIP Research and Studies Program.

Notes
1. Fair interviews with analysts of Pakistani militant organizations in Lahore, January 2005 and June 2005.
2. Massoud Ansari, “Divine Mission,” Newsline (Pakistan), June 2004; Zahid Hussain, “Al-Qaeda’s New Face,” Newsline (Pakitan), August 2004, Abbas, Zaffar . “The Pakistani Al-Qaeda,” The Herald, August 2004.
3. Zaffar Abbas. “What Happened,” The Herald, June 2005, p. 71; “Pearl murder plotter orchestrated bid to assassinate Musharraf,” The Daily Times, May 24, 2004; Amir Mir, “Uniform Subversion,” South Asia Intelligence Review, October 19, 2005; Zahid Hussain, “Al-Qaeda’s New Face,” Newsline, August 2004.
4. This judgment of LeT’s anti-western rhetorical orientation is based upon Fair’s collection of LeT materials since the mid-1990s. For more information about connections to the London bombings and Pakistan, see Massoud Ansari, “The Pakistan Connection,” Newsline (Pakistan), August 2005.

Slander against RSS removed from Tamilnadu School Text-Book.

x
A Heartening Precedence
Vishwa Samvad Kendra, Chennai

It is a case of a history text-book making history of sorts. Tamilnadu
state government did what no authority has done so far in free Bharat.
Its education secretary has ordered removal of an offending reference
to RSS obviously bowing to representations from Sangh.

In lesson 19 in the 12th Standard History text book (published by the
Directorate of School Education, Tamilnadu) under the heading 'India
After Independence', it was mentioned that 'The most important event
after Independence was the murder of Gandhi by a Hindu fanatic and a
member of Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, Nathuram Vinayak Godse'.

The R.S.S held protest demonstrations throughout Tamilnadu demanding the
removal of the blatant falsehood that Gandhi's assassin Nathuram Godse
was a member of that organisation. Petitions were sent to various
authorities including the Prime Minister. A team comprising of Sri. U.
Sundar, the Prant Pracharak of RSS Uttar Tamilnadu, Sri.K.N.Lakshmanan,
BJP MLA, and Sri. S. Srinivasan, advocate of the Madras High Court, met
the Director of School Education, Tamilnadu, and presented a petition
demanding removal of the offending portion from the text-book. Sri.
H.Raja, BJP MLA from Karaikudi, filed a case against Professor Mangala
Murugesan who was instrumental in the preparation of this text-book.

A petition was also filed by Sri. R.V.S.Marimuthu, Sanghachalak of
Samyuktha Tamilnadu in the Madras High Court. The Honourable Court
issued notices to the Director of School Education and the Tamilnadu
Government.

Meanwhile Smt.Girija Vaidyanathan, Secretary in the Department of School
Education has issued an order (Letter (MS) no 187, School Education
dated 3.10.05) directing the Director of School Education to remove the
offending portion immediately. As per the order it has been directed to
remove the offending portion as above and in its place include only that
'The most important event after the Independence was the murder of
Gandhi by Nathuram Vinayak Godse'.

It has become a practice for vested interests to spread false and
malicious propaganda against the RSS. But it is heartening to note that
RSS has been confronting them by democratic protests and achieving
victory in every instance.

A statement welcoming the action of the Tamilnadu government in removing
the offending portion was issued by Sri R.V.S. Marimuthu, Tamilnadu
Sanghachalak. He has also demanded that relevant order has to be
properly implemented by the concerned Government officials.

Similar action as in the case of the RSS has to be taken in respect of
the portions in the same text-book describing Freedom Fighters and
Patriots like Veerapandia Kattabomman, Mahkavi Subramania Bharathi, Bala
Gangadhar Tilak and Bhagat Singh as terrorists. These portions have also
to be removed forthwith. The Government has to take action against
persons like Mangala Murugesan who are bent upon injecting poison in the
minds of young and impressionable minds. Then only the future generation
can be saved from such mischief-mongers.

Dhimmitude- from Paris to Paharganj

Tarun Vijay
Vijay Times Bangalore, Monday 14th November, 2005

Quite understandable that poverty, unemployment and alienation create fertile grounds for any kind of revolt and breeds criminal tendencies much more than an affluent society comfortably living in posh areas. But wrong to believe more you provide financial help and opportunities to climb up the social ladder, lesser would be the chances of being assaulted.

Nine eleven was not done by unemployed and alienated people and neither the mercenaries killing Indians from Doda to Delhi are people who claim to be victims of isolation and denial of windows to join unhindered mainstream of development. In fact they are overfed and over pampered by the Indian state, to the extent that money got diverted to Kashmir keeping other under developed states stand half fed in the queue before planning commission to get enough funds for infrastructural build up. All this was done in the name of secularism, to help integrate brother Kashmiris, to say we care for you more than we care for anyone else. So is the case with likes of Abu Salem, listed one of the wealthiest 50 Indians who masterminded Mumbai blasts.

If poverty, unemployment and alienation can be the only reason for what we are witnessing in Europe today, as our home grown seculars are trying hard to explain, what can be the reason of treason and breeding of barbarians amongst the 'brother Kashmiris' who now demand secession from India and yet complain 'not enough is being done for them' by Indians?

Its not poverty that breeds terrorism but the ideological beliefs and a fossilised mindset refusing to accept other view point that drives people to stay alienated in ghettoised localities by their own choice and thwart any effort by the state or the social organisations to bring them in the socio-cultural milieu of the land they adopted to enjoy the freedom and prosperity. And their usual reason for being so remains universally same-we want to protect our cultural identity, our religious roots and our traditions. In fact no body asks them to forgo these, nowhere.

They are free to build mosques, continue to propagate their religion, live the way they feel comfortable. But they fight on school uniforms, disrespect the demands of etiquette and social behaviour and national sentiments, hurt the sensitivities of the majority community that struggles hard to ensure their exclusive rights even at the cost of its own ethos and civilisational contours.

Sir Vidia has described it straight- 'Islam, had both enslaved and attempted to wipe out other cultures." It has had a calamitous effect on converted peoples. To be converted you have to destroy your past, destroy your history. You have to stamp on it, you have to say 'my ancestral culture does not exist, it doesn't matter'."

And this is done through strategically positioning to look civil in the mainstream intellectual debates retaining their self-imposed alienation while conveniently blaming state and majority overtly for it. But the civil, liberal and inclusivist discussants take them really seriously and in any disruptive situation get introspective and ask sheepishly themselves, what went wrong on their side? To list the 'wrongs' is easy as they can quote an article cautioning against such eruptions written in sixties and seventies and proudly proclaim an intellectual foresightedness ignored by state leaders. Hence it's natural, they would underline, that such eruptions happened. Exactly this is what the Economist has done this week in its leader putting blame on poverty and alienation sourced to the lackadaisical approach of the French for the riots.

But if this was the truth Europe wont be been in jitters like it is today. Mark Steyn writes in the New York Sun, 'for half a decade, French Arabs have been carrying on a low-level intifada against synagogues, kosher butchers, Jewish schools, etc.' Reminding of a crucial battle with the forces of Moorish invader Abd al-Rahman, he says, 'Poitiers was the high-water point of the Muslim tide in Western Europe. It was an opportunistic raid by the Moors, but, if they'd won, they'd have found it hard to resist pushing on to Paris, to the Rhine and beyond.

"Perhaps," wrote Edward Gibbon in The Decline And Fall Of The Roman Empire, "the interpretation of the Koran would now be taught in the schools of Oxford, and her pulpits might demonstrate to a circumcised people the sanctity and truth of the revelation of Mahomet." There would be no Christian Europe…Today; a fearless Muslim advance has penetrated far deeper into Europe than Abd al-Rahman. They're in Brussels, where Belgian police officers are advised not to be seen drinking coffee in public during Ramadan, and in Malmo, where Swedish ambulance drivers will not go without police escort.'

And this is happening when since 1975, thirty years before Clichy-sous-Bois happened in Paris and Paharganj in Delhi, Europe tried to engage Arab Muslim countries through a much hyped dialogue which resulted in Arabs putting these conditions for its success-1. Evolve a European policy opposed to that of the United States; 2) recognise "Palestinian people," and help create a "Palestinian" state; 3) support the PLO; 4) accept Arafat as the sole representative of "Palestinian people"; 5) de-legitimise the State of Israel.

Exactly what we have been doing with Pakistan and receiving its conditions for an elusive peace success, Europe buckled and didn't address the real issue directly, an attitude described as Dhiimmitude, coined by Bat Ye'or. She says , ' the spirit of dhimmitude is not merely that of submission without fighting, not even a surrender. It is also the denial of one's own humiliation through this process of integrating values that lead to our own destruction.. in order to obtain a false security; it is the betrayal of one's own people.'

Has this not been happening in India much before the European scholars identified it? From Paris to Delhi's blasts in Paharganj this attitude is quite visible in our so-called liberal and secular centres. Sadder still, we don't even seem to recognise this on our civil platforms. This attitude led to India's partition and again we are fast losing Kashmir through a zig zag route in the name of a false peace which simply overwrites India's concerns, struggles, martyrdoms and resolves as if they never existed. We think, once Kashmir is settled Pakistan way, there will be springtime forever.

Needless to say, the votaries of such a plan are condemning themselves and the nation to repeat history in a bloodier manner. Famous American writer Alan Caruba writes about such hopes in the American Daily, 'many Americans still want to believe that Islamists, the extreme Muslims characterized by the Taliban and al Qaeda, are just a minority of greater Islam. The wish that, once isolated and destroyed, we will be embraced by those to whom we have brought freedom and democracy, ignores the long history of Islam's quest for world domination. Recent history bears witness to the fact that Arab Muslims kill each other and anyone else with impunity to insure Jihad succeeds. Why would we ever think they would not want to continue to kill us as well?'

This is the real question we should be asking ourselves too.

The writer can be contacted at tarunvijay@vsnl.com

November 16, 2005

MISPLACED PRIORITIES : Sonia , Congress and Iraq Oil Stains

Novemebr 17, 2005

MISPLACED PRIORITIES

In politics, national interest must take precedence over abstract moral principle

N.S. Rajaram

I am disturbed by the focus of the column below, its substitution of personal bias for national interest, and ultimately futile attempt to discredit Paul Volcker under the thesis of Saddam Hussein as a humanist trying to save Iraqi lives, when in fact he has killed more Iraqis than the anyone else. And more Iranians to boot during the eight-year Iran-Iraq War.

Volcker and his report are far from discredited. It is his moral authority that has forced Manmohan Singh (who knows Paul Volcker from their U.N. days) to take such drastic steps. Natwar Singh's removal owes more to concerns over what he may have to say about Congress and Sonia involvement in the Iraqi oil slick than national interest-- much less humanitarian concerns.

The issue is corruption and compromising India's foreign policy. Note that Natwar singh's only supporters are Communists-- not even the Congress, which has made him a scapegoat.

To go with it, Sonia Gandhi's record from Bofors to KGB money is far from lily white. She is certainly not less "discredited" than Paul Volcker. So it is strange that the Italian madam should be saved from "embarrassment" by discrediting "White American" Volcker. Is it not a case of the pot calling the kettle white? Not that race and color have anything to do with this case, which is concerned with India's national interest being sacrificed to save the Congress and the not too black Sonia Gandhi, by invoking one's own Gandhian beliefs.

Let us look at the facts. The Communist sponsored Naxalites are cutting a bloody swathe -- hardly Gandhian -- from Nepal to Andhra Pradesh, while the Jihadis are engaged in terrorism and ethnic cleansing from Kashmir to Delhi to Mau in Uttar Pradesh. Yet it is these are the very forces that Sonia and the Congress appeasing because without their support Sonia and her government cannot survive.

What is Sonia's greatest need? Government protection for herself and her family. From whom? The Jihadis. By whom? Hindus of course. Would she ever trust Muslims as security guards? Never.

What is her plan? Appease the Muslims, reward Christians and use Hindus to protect herself and her family.

Should she be allowed to have her way-- destroy the nation piecemeal to protect herself and her family? I am not a Gandhian, but enough of a Hindu to believe that Hindu interests should not be sacrificed to protect a corrupt politician and her party.

This would be to commit a blunder that dwarfs many times Gandhi's 'Himalyan blunder' of sponsoring the Khilafat. Just as the Khilafat led to the Moplah Rebellion and the Partition, Sonia's current frenzy of appeasement will lead to ethnic cleansing and a second partition in Eastern India-- far bloodier than the 1947 Partition. Bangaldesh will become an empire that will include West Benga, eastern states from Assam to the Burmese border, parts of Bihar and U.P.

Also, I see no high principle involved here-- but shielding the Congress and Sonia from corruption charges. Natwar Singh has been sacrificed, and being discredited before he could spill the beans and embarrass Sonia.

A cynic might see all this talk about saving Saddam Hussian, which I don't believe is Sonia's motive, as a diversionary tactic aimed at coopting Hindu support for the beleagured Congress with its losing vote banks.

In any event, it is not our job to save Saddam much less Sonia's Congress. Giving this sordid episode a humanitarian twist is hardly credible.




Pioneer-Wednesday 16November2005

Volcker: pirates as prosecutors



Sandhya Jain



Having salivated over the sauce in the Volcker report and thrown Mr. Natwar Singh out of the Foreign Ministry, may we ask where the beef is? I ask because I am sufficiently Gandhian to believe there must be a moral relationship between ends and means, and while the goal of embarrassing Congress supremo Sonia Gandhi is seductive, the discredited report of a questionable officer is probably not the best way to achieve this.



The Iraq crisis is deeper than Volcker’s selective scandals. While American lust for Iraqi oil goes back over three decades, a convenient reference point is the 1990 Kuwait war, when a 34-nation Allied coalition (not including India) took on Saddam Hussein. The US Department of Defense estimated war costs at $61 billion; others said $71 billion. About $53 billion was contributed by various countries, and if we accept the estimate of $ 71 billion, we get a deficit of $ 18 billion, and a motive for the theft of Iraqi funds under the Oil for Food Programme (OFFP).



The real scandal is revealed

in the pie-chart of expenditure under OFFP, shown on the UN website (http://www.oilforfoodfacts.org/history.aspx), but not in Volcker’s report. Volcker covered up this multi-billion dollar scam by planting red herrings, sending Indian media and politicians running after cents; neither paused to rethink even after Volcker admitted he diluted his report to save Secretary General Kofi Annan.

According to the UN website, the OFFP legally yielded $69.4 billion, which was meant exclusively for food, medicines and other necessities. But only $38.6 billion was actually spent on so-called “humanitarian purposes.” A whopping $18 billion was looted as Reparations for the Kuwait war – though this was not sanctioned by any UNSC Resolution, despite valiant claims by some honourable Indians. It may be relevant to ask who is going to pay reparations to the Iraqi people for the illegal invasion of their land and devastation of their grand cities, and for US-sponsored loot of Iraq’s oil wealth by way of “reconstruction” contracts to favourite firms linked to leading politicians.

To return to OFFP, about $1.3 billion was spent on oil transportation, $1.1 billion on operational costs, $0.6 billion on repayment to unidentified member states, and $0.5 billion on UN Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission (the weapons inspection teams whose composition remains secret). I saw the UN pie-chart at the instance of the gutsy Ms. Radha Rajan of Vigil Public Opinion Forum (http://www.vigilonline.com), who pointed out that UN snatched $30 million from the mouths of dying Iraqi men, women and babies as a gift to Volcker for this gutter inspector’s report. I say this because the Volcker Commission’s $30 million salary came from the $38.6 billion, supposedly already spent on humanitarian work.

Now UN claims that the OFFP was wound up three months prior to the US invasion of Iraq in 2003, and the remaining sum of $9.3 billion transferred to a Development Fund for Iraq (which no one knows who is running, how, and for what). So Mr. Kofi Annan must explain how Volcker and his boys (some of whom quit, abusing him of fudging matters) received $30 million from money already spent on humanitarian work! There is obviously a massive fudging of figures here, and the Security Council must scrutinize the humanitarian work budget, and clarify if the cost of the so-called Independent Inquiry was also the responsibility of the enslaved Iraqi people! I somehow don’t think so, and after Volcker’s confession, Mr. Annan should be asked to put in his papers.

Volcker has named friends and firms that paid Saddam an extra 30 cents per barrel for Iraqi oil in defiance of a UNSC ruling. The sad truth is that UN deliberately fixed the price of Iraqi oil below the international rate, to facilitate the rape of its oil wealth. This is what made the 30-cent premium to the Saddam regime financially worthwhile. It may be kept in mind that UN failed to provide for even transport costs of the oil, and later had to approve transport costs amounting to $1.3 billion when it vetted individual contracts.

Clearly, at least half of $69.4 billion ‘legal’ funds from OFFP was misappropriated. Iraqis died at the rate of 300 a day, 1.8 billion in ten years, for lack of life-saving drugs, under the sanctions regime. And under oil-for-food, the White Man made money. Iraq’s untold scandal is that we do not know, thanks to embedded journalists, how many Iraqis are dying of starvation and privation because of the Occupation and lack of accountability about Iraqi oil funds. Yet Volcker attempts a shameless witch-hunt against former UN Secretary General Boutros Boutros-Ghali because he resisted American manipulation of the Security Council to serve its oil greed. When Saddam Hussein came to power, the foreign oil companies gave Iraq a measly $400 million per annum; Saddam made Iraq a prosperous nation.

American rapacity to grab Iraqi oil forced Saddam Hussein’s hand. The Iraqi people were being denied life-saving drugs and chemicals for water treatment on the pretext that these were ‘dual-use’ chemicals. Saddam tried to avert the slow genocide of his people by raising a minor premium on oil sales. American cynicism can be gauged from the fact that in the 1970s there was a major scandal in which White American doctors were found indulging in forced abortions of Native American women visiting hospitals for check-ups (it may be interesting to study how this nation of immigrants keeps its non-White population in check).

Saddam did not funnel his premium into a secret Swiss Bank account, but brought it back to the Central Bank of Iraq, to give his people life-saving drugs. America is angry, not because corrupt officials misused a good scheme, but because a “rogue” regime manipulated a corrupt system for a good cause! The Volcker Committee is discredited by the fact that it was headed by a White American; UN emerges as a shameless stooge of America, the sooner it goes the way of the League of Nations, the better.

What is more, Saddam’s sleight-of-hand probably generated only $1.8 billion over seven-years (1996–2002), whereas $18 billion was misappropriated as reparations for the 1990 Gulf War alone. Volcker’s team, which merely collected papers from the Iraqi oil ministry after the Occupation, creamed $30 million as salary. Truly, White American sense of proportion is unparalleled.


White Settler justice is a sore point even with decent Americans. Bert Sacks of Voices in the Wilderness, which was fined $20,000 for violating sanctions to distribute medicines, said: “The real scandal with Oil-for-Food is that $64 billion of Iraq's own wealth was all that was permitted by the US through the UN Security Council. After war reparations and other deductions were made, this came to less than a dollar a day for each of 20 million Iraqis in the South-Central regions for all their needs -- food, water, electricity, medicine, everything. Hundreds of thousands of Iraqi children died because the limit of a dollar a day was ‘woefully inadequate’ to meet their needs -- and the US and the UN Security Council knew that.” Yet an American judge ruled that it was lawful for Washington to deny necessary drugs and medical supplies to Iraq, despite the evidence that lakhs of children were dying because of brutal economic sanctions.



EOM

Sonia Gandhi , Manmohan patrons of terrorists: Dr Swamy


11/15/2005 3:19:42 AM


NEW DELHI: Janata Party President Dr Subramainan Swamy has charged that UPA Chairperson Sonia Gandhi and Prime Minister Manmohan Singh were the defacto patrons of the expanding terrorist activites in India. In a statement released to the press on Tuesday morning, Dr Swamy blamed the Manmohan Singh government for the audacity of the CPI (Maoist) to siege Jehanabad district in Bihar on Sunday night.

The Maoists on Sunday night had struck at the Jehanabad Jail and butchered nine undertrails belonging to the Ranvir Sena . They also freed more than 300 Maoist prisoners from the jail.



Dr Swamy said the siege of Jehanabad by CPI (Maoist) militants was one more indication that the UPA government's soft approach to terrorism was threatening India's national integrity. Dr Swamy charged the UPA government led by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh for compromising the national security since day one.

"The UPA government from day one has been legitimizing all anti-national forces from Kashmir to Kanyakumari, from LeT to LTTE, through ill-advised moves such as negotiating with terrorist groups, providing amnesty to known killers, abolishing anti-terrorist laws, and even in talking about abolishing capital punishment to help the killers of Rajiv Gandhi escape the death penalty. Hence terrorists have become more and more callous and daring," Dr Swamy ,a former Union Law Minister, said in the statement.



The Janata Party president pointed out that Sonia Gandhi shocked the Indians by aligning with parties like DMK,PMK and MDMK who actively advocate the murderous activities of the LTTE, the killers of her husband. "Her past association with PLFP led by terrorist George Habash, the KGB, and Saddam Hussein make it impossible now for her not to patronize the terrorists," Dr Swami said.



Describing Manmohan Singh as weak and wobbly, Dr Swamy said Singh himself has proved time and again that he is incapable to lead a country like India. "His spinelessness has evoked international pity, and his white washing of his colleagues' corruption has exposed him as a dissolute person who would sacrifice anything for serving his benefactor, Ms.Sonia Gandhi. Never has India's international standing fallen so low as now," said Dr Swami in one of the most hard hitting statements on the UPA government.



He also said that this was the apt time to form a national patriotic alternative to topple the UPA government.

November 15, 2005

Cope India 06 : US-India Joint exercise


SAUL AIR STATION, India -- Senior director Capt. Michael Thomas (lower center), lead weapons director Tech. Sgt. Steven Harshman (lower left) and Indian Air Force Squadron Leader Rajesh monitor and direct aircraft from their "E-3 Sentry" during Cope India 06. Watching the war games are (back left) Lt. Col. Peter Bastien, 961st Airborne Air Control Squadron detachment commander, Indian air force wing Commander Singh (back center) and Master Sgt. Belinda Magilligan (back right), a weapons director. This is the third Cope India exercise since 2002. (U.S. Air Force photo by Tech. Sgt. Martin Jackson)

NOTE : Cope India 2005 had 10 dissimilar combat exercises , in which India scored 9 out 10 . If this time too India takes a lead , then we can ask for state of the art F-22's rather than F-16 , hope you know US is planning to sell them with co production in India .


U.S., Indian controllers on scope



11/14/2005 - SALUA AIR STATION, India (AFPN) -- Looking at the radar, the four F-16 Fighting Falcons were clearly outnumbered as 12 opposition aircraft closed in to fire their weapons.

An E-3 Sentry airborne warning and control systems aircraft started relaying coordinates, preparing the Falcons for their impending battle.

However, this time something was different. The AWACS crew was not soaring high overhead in their Sentry.

Instead, they were on the ground using Indian air force radar and tracking systems as part of exercise Cope India 06.

U.S. controllers have been operating out of the Indian radar facility at Salua Air Station since Nov. 8, as they await the return of their aircraft, which returned to Kadena Air Base, Japan, for maintenance.

"The biggest challenge is getting use to the systems and overcoming the limitations," said Tech. Sgt. Steven Harshman, a lead weapons director from Kadena's 961st Airborne Air Control Squadron. "Fortunately most of us have qualified on some sort of ground control station before."

As Cope India 06 neared the midpoint, fight scenarios intensified with several aircraft participating. Ratcheting up the tempo put added importance on the command and control operators.

"Of course it can be challenging when you have to switch to a system you are not use to using," said Capt. Michael Thomas, a squadron senior director. "However, with help from our Indian air force counterparts, we have been able to seamlessly transition our operations, keeping our pilots informed and in the game."

For both the U.S. and Indian controllers operating together has provided many learning opportunities.

"There is a lot of educating for both sides," Captain Thomas said. "It is always a good opportunity to see how another country's command and control operations is carried out."

Though this exercise pits U.S. and Indian aircraft -- battling daily overhead -- the exercise ultimately is about crafting understandings and constructing a working relationship between the two air forces.

"Having Americans control out of here has been a very diplomatic process," said Lt. Col. Peter Bastien, the squadron's detachment commander. "The Indian Air Force has been very gracious in working with us so we can continue our work, keeping this exercise flowing."

November 14, 2005

Chinese National Security: Decisionmaking Under Stress

Edited by: Dr. Andrew Scobell, Dr. Larry M. Wortzel
Publication Date: October 2005
Type: Book
Length: 253 pages
ISBN: 1-5-8487-206-3
Free Download:
File Size & Time: 942KB, 4 Minutes+ on dial-up



This volume represents the fruits of a conference held at the U.S. Army War College in September 2005 on the theme of "Chinese Crisis Management." One of the major debates that emerged among participants was whether all the case studies under examination constituted crises in the eyes of China’s leaders. The consensus was that not all of those incidents were perceived as crises. As a result the rubric of "decision making under stress" was adopted as presenters revised their papers for publication.


DOWNLOAD COMPLETE MONOGRAM

November 13, 2005

Pak Hindu girls forced to convert to Islam

web.mid-day.com/

By: Hasan Mansoor
November 13, 2005
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------


When a Hindu girl is converted to Islam, hundreds of extremists belonging to religious parties such as Maulana Fazlur Rehman’s Jamiat-e-Ulema Islam (JUI), take to the streets and chant religious slogans

Karachi: An alarming trend — that of Muslims kidnapping Pakistani Hindu girls and forcing them to convert to Islam — in Pakistan’s Sindh province is forcing the worried resident Hindu community to marry off their daughters as soon as they are of marriageable age or to migrate to India, Canada or other nations.

Recently, at least 19 such abduction cases have occurred in Karachi alone, while several others have been reported in the media.

Sanao Menghwar, a Hindu resident of Karachi’s Punjab Colony, is a traumatised man; all three of his daughters —Aishwarya, Reena and Reema — have been kidnapped and forced to convert to Islam.

In the police complaint that he filed at the behest of the Panchayat after two days of futile searching for his daughters, he stated that when he and his wife returned home from work, they discovered their daughters had gone missing.

The police arrested three Muslim youths in connection with the crime, who were later granted bail by a court because they’re minors. Menghwar’s daughters continue to remain missing.

“Kidnapping Hindu girls like this has become a normal practice. The girls are then forced to sign stamp papers stating that they’ve become Muslims,” says Laljee Menghwar, a member of the Hindu Panchayat in Karachi.

According to him, the Pakistani government needs to examine and put a stop to the social oppression of religious minorities in the country. “Hindus here are too frightened to vent their anger — they fear victimisation. But we have now decided to go public with these cases and demand justice,” Laljee says. Their cause has found support in the Pakistani Christian community, who carried out a demonstration with them in Karachi, protesting against this crime.

Similarly startling incidents have occurred in several districts of Sindh and evoked identical responses. At least six Hindu girls met this fate a few months ago in Jacobabad (a tribal area heavily inhabited by Hindus) and Larkana districts.

Sapna, the daughter of one Seth Giyanchand, was recently taken to a shrine (Amrote in Shikarpur district) by Shamsuddin Dasti. Dasti, a Muslim friend of Sapna’s brother, is a married man and father of two.

Nevertheless, the custodian of the shrine, Maulvi Abdul Aziz lost no time in converting Sapna to Islam (her names was changed to ‘Mehek’) and marrying her to Dasti. The case came to light only when Sapna’s parents stated that their daughter hadn’t eloped but been abducted.

Human rights activists, such as Nuzhat Shirin who belongs to the Aurat Foundation, says that religious extremism is rapidly increasing in Jacobabad and other Sindh districts.

Extremists in turn encourage shrines, which are involved with forced conversions. When a Hindu girl is converted to Islam, hundreds of extremists belonging to religious parties such as Maulana Fazlur Rehman’s Jamiat-e-Ulema Islam (JUI), take to the streets and chant religious slogans.

In Sapna’s case, when she was presented in court with Dasti, extremists showered rose petals on them and loudly chanted religious slogans. The fanaticism was so daunting that Sapna was too frightened to even speak with her own parents who were also present in the courtroom. At that, Maulvi Aziz, who was also standing in the courtroom, was said to have remarked, “How can a Muslim girl live and maintain contact with kafirs (infidels)?”
Sapna’s story sparked widespread demonstrations by the Hindu community. Presidents and mukhis of Panchayats from various towns and districts met in Jacobabad to discuss this serious issue. Activists and leaders from educated segments of society strongly criticised the role of religious leaders, like Maulvi Aziz, in these forced conversion cases.

Still, the threat of victimisation by Muslims is palpable; Shirin says when forced conversion cases make it to court, lawyers themselves avoid taking them up, fearing a backlash from maulvis.

Giyanchand meanwhile has said that he has no other option but to migrate to India — it will be difficult for him to find grooms for his other daughters because of Sapna’s controversial conversion.

And forced conversions are not the only problem that the Hindu minority (there are 2.7 million Hindus in Pakistan; Pakistan’s total population is 140 million) is facing in the country.

A powerful syndicate of bandits and patrons in the northern districts of Sindh regularly kidnap rich Hindus for ransom. They not kill hostages if the ransom doesn’t arrive on time, they even kill some despite their ransom being paid.

Sadham Chand Chawla, the former president of the Hindu Panchayat, Jacobabad, was abducted and murdered. His killers remain at large despite enormous protests. Following his murder, his family had received several threats until they secretly migrated to India.

Terror groups train PoK orphans for militancy in J&K: Report



Children orphaned by the earthquake in PoK, handed over to Pak-based terror outfits by the sympathetic government officials, were being recruited for carrying out militant activities in Jammu and Kashmir.


'The Sunday Times' said that Pakistan-based militant groups active in Jammu and Kashmir were getting hold of orphans and putting them in training camps.



The daily quoted Pakistan's leading human rights organisation, the 'Ansar Burney Welfare Trust', that held that it had evidence that sympathetic government officials were passing children on to the 'jihadis' to be looked after.



The paper noted that the popularity of the Islamic militants has risen sharply since the earthquake struck on 8th October, as they were among the first to arrive with aid at some of the worst affected villages.



However, according to human rights campaigners they are using their new popularity to smuggle weapons and recruit the young and vulnerable.



Fahad Burney, of the trust said that they had witnessed and also heard from very reliable sources that orphaned and lost children are being taken by 'jihadi' organisations in northern Pakistan to be trained.



Jamaat-ud Dawa, a 'jihadi' group in Pakistan, has called for orphans to be handed over for an "Islamic education."

FIFTH COLUM LEFT DECLARES WAR ON AMRITA UNIVERSITY

THE FIFTH COLUM LEFT DECLARES WAR ON AMRITA UNIVERSITY



The Marxist Party controlled Students Federation of India has filed a
law
suit against Amrita University demanding investigation and to withdraw
DeemedUniversity status awarded by government of India.



Amrita University was established at a time we are faced with sweeping
changes in education, lifestyle, crumbling value systems and excessive
consumerism in our society. Amma has established schools, colleges, and
professional institutions based an educational system encompassing
values of
truth, love, righteousness, conduct, peace and spirituality. With these
core
elements for a holistic education, Amrita University has imparted
excellent
education and Samskaras, which provides a balanced and harmonious
growth of
the human mind, thoughts, behavior and attitudes. Amrita University is
acclaimed as one of the best institutions for higher education and
several
foreign universities have collaborated with Amrita University in
several
projects. Some of the best brains are serving Amma’s institutions of
higher
learning.



Today, Amma is the highest form of a teacher-a Jagat Guru, imparting
true
knowledge to the world. She is imparting education for life and
living-creating the best professionals in all fields with professional
expertise, the mental strength and the heart to serve the world. From
Taiwan
to Togo, from Peru to Philippines, Nepal to Netherlands, Amma is
leading
people from ignorance to wisdom with value-based education.



Now enemies of our value based education are working around the clock
to
discredit, create obstacles, and destroy Amrita University. The
Communist
party and its subservient organization SFI working as fifth column in
India
has filed a lawsuit in an attempt to move into action to defeat Amrita
University in its attempt to provide excellent value based education.
While
professionals around the world are praising Amrita University, the
Fifth
Column leftist in India is preparing to begin its own war against the
esteemed university. The plan is to cause major disruptions-illegal in
nature, misinform the public, and manipulate students, and discredit
Amrita
University. These nefarious actions will tie up educational
institutions in
courts and create a golden opportunity for domestic forces aligned with
anti
national foreign agents to subvert Amrita colleges and professional
institutions.. The Fifth Column left is also planning student agitation
against Amrita University.

The Marxist anarchists have established a nexus with fundamentalist
organizations financed from abroad. They have been posing challenges
ever
since Amma has established value based educational system.



The attempt to sabotage Amrita University is not an exercise in freedom
but
to take away our freedom to impart value based education. It should be
a
wake-up call to all Hindus around the world to protect our educational,
cultural and spiritual institutions. Since these saboteurs and Fifth
Column
left have not been deterred from their deadly ambitions, Hindus should
join
together and act decisively to protect our sacred institutions from the
perpetrators. The anarchist ideology the Fifth Column leftist promote
is
dogmatism, immorality and radical fundamentalism, which, will tear
apart our
society, destroy our education and obscure our nation’s greatness. What
the
communist bosses are doing now is to bring Hindus to its knees. They
are
masters of deceit. Every citizen has a duty to learn about the menace
that
threaten our future, our scared tradition and the future of our
children. It
is a wake up call for Hindus to unite, expose these paradigm
conspirators
andwork together for system transformation.

Israel spy satellite on Isro vehicle

PTI AND OUR BUREAU

New Delhi, Nov. 12: Israel has decided to launch its next spy satellite aboard India’s Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) rather than on its own indigenous Shavit rocket, according to a report in , the Washington-based weekly on global space business.

The report quoting Israeli officials in Tel Aviv said Israel’s defence ministry and the state-owned satellite producer, Israel Aircraft Industries (IAI), are finalising with Indian officials contractual agreements for the planned October 2006 launch of TECSAR, Israel’s first synthetic aperture radar imaging satellite.

“On the government-to-government level, a pre-existing bilateral accord on strategic co-operation (between India and Israel) already covers most aspects of the mission,” the report said. The estimated 260-kg TECSAR is slated as the exclusive payload on the PSLV, which will be launched from the Indian Space Research Organisation’s Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota, the report said.

Since 1999, India has launched four foreign satellites — a Belgian, a Korean, and two German — aboard the PSLV, which has emerged as Isro’s commercial workhorse launcher. All four satellites were less than 100 kg in weight and flew as “piggyback passengers” with India’s own remote sensing satellites as the main payloads.

India has also signed contracts for the launch of individual satellites for Indonesia, Italy and Singapore in the coming years.