July 29, 2006

ARYAN INVASION BITES THE DUST --N.S. Rajaram

July 29, 2006

Report from the U.S.

N.S. Rajaram

In the rewriting of Indian history that is currently underway, the Seminar on Aryan/Non-Aryan Contributions held on June 23 – 25 at the Center of Indic Studies, University of Massachusetts, Dartmouth is likely to prove seminal. At the Seminar, now becoming known as the Dartmouth Conference, advocates of the Aryan theories, including the Aryan invasion, were forced to confront data from a wide range of sources including historical, astronomical, genetic and archaeological that simply could not be brushed away by appealing to linguistics.



Most telling of all was the genetic evidence pointing to the fact that Indians have lived where they are today for the better part of 50,000 years and no Aryan invasion took place. The genetic data was presented by two leading workers in the field— Dr. Peter Underhill of Stanford University and Dr. V.K. Kashyap of the National Institute of Biologicals of New Delhi. Their findings overwhelmingly contradict the notion of any Aryan invasion and/or migration for the origin of Indian civilization.



These findings had been anticipated and summarized (based or earlier data) in the just released book Sarasvati River and the Vedic Civilization by N.S. Rajaram (Aditya Prakashan). The book was circulated at the Conference and attracted wide attention. Its author actively participated in the Conference.



Dr. B.B. Lal, India’s seniormost archaeologist, made a masterly presentation summarizing the whole gamut of archaeological discoveries from the Sarasvati river to the various Harappan sites pointing out how they bear the stamp of Vedic ideas and thoroughly contradict the Aryan invasion. Rajaram highlighted the fact that the Rigveda came before the Harappan civilization, and Harappan archaeology belongs to later phase of the Vedic civilization, the period that produced the Brahmanas, Upanishads and the Sutras.



All this means that Harappan archaeology records the material remains of the Vedic civilization, especial of the later phase, when the ideas found the Veda Samhitas saw exposition, consolidation and codification in the Vedantic literature. This is clear from the Vedic symbols like the svastika, om, ashvattha leaves and others found on Harappan artifacts especially the seals.



Rajaram pointed out that it had long been known that the Aryan invasion theory was a political creation. This had later been embraced by academics, especially in the West, who now feel threatened by new discoveries. In particular, he showed that the British themselves acknowledged that it was used to make their rule acceptable to Indians. In support Rajaram cited the British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin’s statement in the House of Commons in 1929:



“Now, after ages, …the two branches of the great Aryan ancestry have again been brought together by Providence… By establishing British rule in India, God said to the British, “I have brought you and the Indians together after a long separation, …it is your duty to raise them to their own level as quickly as possible …brothers as you are…”



This highlighted the preposterous claims of the Aryan theories and brought much laughter. The audience agreed that after this disclosure no one could take these Aryan theories seriously. It was also agreed that after the fall of the Aryan invasion theory, a major topic on the research agenda should be to dispel the dogma that tries to make the Harappan civilization non-Vedic, by studying Harappan archaeology alongside the Vedic and Vedantic literature.



An interesting aspect of the Dartmouth Conference was the joint presence of the Harvard linguist Michael Witzel, a strong proponent of the Aryan theories, and its opponents, notably scientist and historian N.S. Rajaram and archaeologist B.B. Lal. The evidence against the Aryan theories presented by these two (and other participants) was so strong that Witzel for the first time stated in public that he and his colleagues no longer subscribed to the Aryan invasion theory.



At the same time he (and his supporters) are not prepared to give up the idea of the foreign origin of the Indian civilization. This position, as just noted, is easily refuted by a closer study of Harappan artifacts combined with scientific data from natural history, genetics and astronomy.



The date of 1500 B.C. for the Rigveda has also been demolished by astronomical studies using the latest planetary software and celestial-mechanical models. Dr. Narahari Achar, an astrophysicist from The University of Memphis clearly showed with astronomical analysis that the Mahabharata war in 3,067 BC that refutes the idea of an outside Aryan origin of Vedic people dating to 1500 BC. Since Bharata, mentioned in Rigveda was the ancestor of the heroes of the Mahabharata, the Vedas must be much older.



A sour note was introduced by the somewhat abrasive conduct of Michael Witzel who was present but did not present his findings though invited to do so by the organizers. His public behavior, which went to the extent of passing nasty personal comments on speakers, including on some young people who had traveled from different parts of the country left a bad taste in the mouth of the participants. In his press statement (see Appendix below) Dr. Balram Singh was moved to comment:

“Witzel while refusing to present his own data and evidence for his theories despite being invited to do so was nevertheless present for part of the conference, and raised many questions. Some of his personal commentaries questioning the credibility of scholars evoked sharp responses from other participants.” Dr. Singh further stated that he was “appalled at the level of visceral feelings Witzel holds against some of the scholars in the field, but felt satisfied with the overall outcome of the conference.”

Speaking personally, as a veteran of many conferences in both science and technology areas and in the humanities like history and literature, I found Witzel’s public behavior, especially towards young people, to be unbecoming of a scholar of his seniority and standing. I could not help contrasting his behavior with that of my late colleague, the great Vedic scholar and paleographer Dr. Natwar Jha, who never said an unkind word about anyone, and always prefaced any criticism with a statement about a similar error that he himself had committed.

It is of course absurd to compare a true scholar and gentleman like Jha with Witzel, but it struck me since the memory of my eminent colleague who passed away in May was still fresh. In truth it is as absurd as comparing St. Francis of Assissi and Attila the Hun.


APPENDIX: Press release

University of Massachusetts Dartmouth, Center for Indic Studies


Press Release, July 3, 2006

Scientists Collide with Linguists to Assert Indigenous origin of Indian Civilization



Comprehensive population genetics data along with archeological and astronomical evidence presented at June 23-25, 2006 conference in Dartmouth, MA, overwhelmingly concluded that Indian civilization and its human population is indigenous.

In fact, the original people and culture within the Indian Subcontinent may even be a likely pool for the genetic, linguistic, and cultural origin of the most rest of the world, particularly Europe and Asia.

Leading evidences come from population genetics, which were presented by two leading researchers in the field, Dr. V. K. Kashyap, National Institute of Biologicals, India, and Dr. Peter Underhill of Stanford University in California. Their results generally contradict the notion of Aryan invasion/migration theory for the origin of Indian civilization.

Underhill concluded: “…the spatial frequency distributions of both L1 frequency and variance levels show a spreading pattern emanating from India, referring to a Y chromosome marker.” He, however, put several caveats before interpreting genetic data, including Y-ancestry may not always reflect the ancestry of the rest of the genome.

Dr. Kashyap, on the other hand, with the most comprehensive set of genetic data (of both mtDNA and Y-chromosome) was quite emphatic in his assertion that there is “no clear genetic evidence for an intrusion of Indo-Aryan people into India, [and] establishment of caste system and gene flow.”

Michael Witzel, a Harvard linguist, who is known to lead the idea of Aryan invasion/migration/influx theory in more recent times, continued to question genetic evidence on the basis that it does not provide the time resolution to explain events that may have been involved in Aryan presence in India.

Dr. Kashyap’s reply was that even though the time resolution needs further work, the fact that there are clear and distinct differences in the gene pools of Indian population and those of Central Asian and European groups, the evidence nevertheless negates any Aryan invasion or migration into Indian Subcontinent.

Witzel while refusing to present his own data and evidence for his theories despite being invited to do so was nevertheless present for part of the conference, and raised many questions. Some of his personal commentaries questioning the credibility of scholars evoked sharp responses from other participants.

Rig Veda has been dated to 1,500 BC by those who use linguistics to claim its origin Aryans coming out of Central Asia and Europe. Archaeologist B.B. Lal, and scientist and historian N.S. Rajaram disagreed with the position of linguists, in particular of Witzel, who claimed literary and linguistic evidence for the non-Indian origin of the Vedic civilization. Lal and Rajaram disputed this on scientific, literary and historical grounds.

Dr. Narahari Achar, a physicist from The University of Memphis clearly showed with astronomical analysis that the Mahabharata war in 3,067 BC, thus poking a major hole in the outside Aryan origin of Vedic people dating to 1500 BC.

Interestingly, Witzel stated, for the first time to many in the audience, that he and his colleagues no longer subscribe to Aryan invasion theory, though he continues to hold to a foreign origin for the people and civilization of India. As noted previously, he presented no data in support of his position though invited to do so by the organizers.

Dr. Bal Ram Singh, Director, Center for Indic Studies at UMass Dartmouth, which organized the conference was appalled at the level of visceral feelings Witzel holds against some of the scholars in the field, but felt satisfied with the overall outcome of the conference.

“I am glad to see people who have been scholarly shooting at each other for about a decade are finally in one room, and this should be counted as progress,” said Singh in conclusion.

The conference brought together in one room for the first time experts from genetics, archeology, physics, linguistics, anthropology, history, and philosophy. A proceedings of the conference is expected to come out soon, detailing various arguments on the origin of Indian civilization.

Operation Roshaniya : Baloch Nationalists launched psywar against Pakistan

IntelliBriefs received this confidential note from Baloch Sources which gives new insight into the working of Baloch nationalists and their longterm psychological warfare plans . Baloch Nationalists are using all means to make a dent in the international diplomacy and attention . One particular Operation called " OPERATION ROSHANIYA" a military-psychological operation is been waged by Baloch millitants and Intellectuals has come to our attention . Though we didn't received the whole document , we were given some excerpts as forwarded to us by European Baloch groups . In the excerpt it said " In military actions, attacking minds is the primary mission; attacking fortifications, that is a secondary mission. Psychological war is the main thing. Combat is secondary." — Third Century Chinese Military Theoretician . Hence to fight and conquer in all your battles is not supreme excellence; supreme excellence consists in breaking the enemy's resistance without fighting "


The "Operation Roshaniya's main goal is to target Think Tanks ,Political Parties and Universities around the world by raising awarness about Balochistan and its geo-strategic and geo-economic significance , seek support to liberate Balochistan . This include taking initiatives to ensure that information about the human rights situation of Balochis is regularly disseminated to the widest possible audience."


One of the key word used (MAO) meaning Must Accomplish Objective says "MAO8) Form a working group under an unbrella organization comprising Kurdish , Azeri , Baloch , Sindh , Pakhtoon for collective lobbying for Independence ."

Another MAO is for forming a formal Government of Balochistan in exile with a parliament representing all sections of the balochistan "MAO3) Organize World Baloch COnference and form a parliament in exile [Ref 13.4.5]"


The Operation also refers to train baloch members in PR skills and maintain good relations with media , the excerpt says "We must raise a cadre of diplomats who can present our case in the international platforms, and target student communities in Universities . Therefore development of inhouse talent and equipping them with right skills is critical to our ongoing mission . This will provide us with ideal opportunities to generate interest and concern about the human rights situation in the Balochistan regions as they offer us public platforms from which we can call attention to human rights violations for a larger audience."

"We must develop working relationships with the media which include dialogues with international journalists and news broadcasters as well as independent media producers and documentary filmmakers interested in the Balochistan regions( Pakistan and Iran) . Operation Roshaniya's media strategy should include the timely issuing of press releases and news updates as well as the regular publication and dissimination of Monthly / quarterly newsletters to thinktanks and Universities ."

IntelliBriefs requested a copy of document about the operation from a source close to Baloch groups . However Baloch Intellectuals and leaders are neither confirming nor denying such " OPERATION " .

All these developments indicate that Baloch groups are aiming for an all out war with Pakistan with all resources . Pakistan on its part is trying to blackmail leading baloch leaders by threats and kidnapping their kin . Baloch groups are in a better position to deal with any situation , the main reason being their association with Sindhi and Hindu groups abroad . If the above operation goes well , Pakistan will end up in a tight spot .

July 28, 2006

7/11 : Quote of the day

If our own Prime Minister fights shy of calling a spade a spade, how can we expect the international community to do so. At some international seminars attended by me since September,2004, when I raised the issue of continued Pakistani sponsorship of terrorism, many in the audience remarked:" Your own Prime Minister is no longer talking of it. Why do you keep harping on it?" The policy of "See No Evil, Hear No Evil and Speak No Evil", which the Prime Minister seems to be following in respect of Pakistan and the US could prove counter-productive.
Source

July 27, 2006

Four-fold menace - A nexus of enveloping evil - I

V SUNDARAM
In an era of 'Publishing abundance' unfortunately ushered in by our perverted democracy and technological explosion, looking for needles in hay stacks has become the full-time occupation of a conservative reader who still clings to the old-fashioned belief that quality is all, I don't feel ashamed to confess that I am a conservative in regard to my reading habits and I am immensely happy now that I have found 'a needle'.
An explosively revolutionary book entitled 'NGOs, ACTIVISTS AND FOREIGN FUNDS: Anti-Nation Industry' jointly edited by two fearless journalists and writers Radha Rajan and Krishen Kak has recently been published by Vigil Public Opinion Forum (VPOF) in Chennai. This forum came into being in Chennai in 1982, as a result of Shri Shivramji Jogelakar's visionary and persistent efforts to unite persons who wrote regularly 'Letters to the Editor' columns in the English and vernacular Press on various public issues from time to time. His whole life was committed to looking for and then bringing together people who are committed to public cause and who dedicated their time to serve a social cause. During the last 25 years, Vigil has emerged as a vibrant and courageous public opinion forum committed to the principle of establishment of truth at any cost.

This revolutionary book exposes the evil anti-national designs of some NGOs and activists operating in India.
They are all committed to their supreme objective of De-Hinduising the Indian State which means rendering the Hindu identity to any aspect of our national life illegitimate and irrelevant in public life and public discourse, with the subterranean objective of eroding the 'Hindu Consciousness' in the Hindus and finally wiping out the Hindu face of the nation. Against this dangerous background, Radha Rajan superbly summarises the consequential position: 'Thus arises the demand for a ban on cow slaughter, the demand of Hindu bakthas that government withdraw from temple administration and stop usurping temple money and temple revenue, the demand for the right to administer their temples and utilise temple money in the interest of Hindu Dharma, the demand that governments take cognizance of growing religious demographic imbalance, the demand that governments acknowledge the consequences of foreign, State-powered and funded religious conversions, demands for an accurate and honest writing of Indian History and the stubborn 'secularist' refusal to admit that all terrorism leading to secession is either Christian or Islamic terrorism, only attests to Hindu powerlessness in the face of political conduct which derives from a twisted definition of secularism.'
Nehruvian secularism is committed to the cause of de-nationalising and de-Hinduising Indian polity. De-nationalising involves the processes of devaluing both nation and nationality. De-nationalising the Indian State, Radha Rajan asserts, has resulted in deadening our consciousness to the ignominy of the rise of a foreigner in Indian polity who aspires to become our Prime Minister.
What emerges from this book can be summarised in the following equation: Mohammedanism + Missionaryism + Marxism + Macaulayism + Nehruvian Secularism = Promotion of Terrorism in India.
In the light of this axiomatic equation, several NGOs and their activities have been analysed with facts and figures which is a wake up call for all the nationalist Hindus of India who subscribe to the philosophy and ideals of Swami Vivekananda, Sri Aurobindo and Bal Gangadar Tilak. It is a veritable mine of information on many anti-national and anti-Hindu NGOs. And certain high-profile individuals who are found to be in the forefront of anti-India and anti-Hindu propaganda on various issues. Based on a careful analysis of the activities of many NGOs, this landmark book establishes a tangible relationship between the anti-India and the anti-Hindu dimensions of these sinister organisations. In the view of Radha Rajan and Krishen Kak, there can never be any Indian nationalism that is contrary to or separate from Hindu nationalism. It is a natural corollary that the continuing attempts to de-Hinduise our polity by these NGOs and their activists have implications for the national security and the relationship of so-called religious minorities in India with Hindus and the Indian State.
The focus of this book is on the following issues:
a) How these NGOs are de-nationalising the Hindu consciousness in a cold and calculated manner with the covert and overt help from the government of India?
b) A scrutiny of the loose coalition of opportunistic (only in respect of India) anti-Hindu Christians, Muslims, Communists and Nehruvian secularists who are guilty of advocacy of secular sedition when they dismiss Indian nationalism with contempt and hatefully deny the concept of Hindu India's territorial integrity.
c) Politically and socially criminal attempts to use history and social science to indoctrinate the young and impressionable minds with the agenda to de-root the Hindu community from its cultural enclave of geographical nationalism. Islam-embracing, Christianity-coveting, and Hindu-baiting UPA government has carefully planted all the activists belonging to the anti-Hindu category as Members in the Central Advisory Board on Education (CABE) and National Integration Council (NIC). This also includes the Archbishop of Delhi! Many of the activists under the scanner in this book under review find place in both CABE and NIC. This fact is not incidental but fundamental. The dastardly aspect in this context is that there is not a single member in CABE or NIC to represent Hindu interests while Muslims, Christians, Marxists and Nehruvian Secularists and page boys of Sonia Gandhi have been nominated exclusively to represent all these interests in general and the overriding sovereign anti-Hindu secular interests.
Radha Rajan observes with biting sarcasm: 'The activists profiled in this book share Edgar Williams' colonial contempt for the sanctity of the concept of nation and national border and his pathetic ignorance about pre-colonial history and geography of nations, and so they treat the territorial integrity and inviolability of nations and States with the same contempt. Edgar Williams' opinions in his article are self-illustrative of American arrogance and the country's relentless pursuit to fulfil its white Christian neo-colonial and neo-imperialist delusions. The anti-nation, anti-Hindu 'peace' and 'human rights' activists have the same contempt for all Hindu organic and traditional social structures and group identities as they have for the nation and national borders; so they denounce family, varna, jathi and kula, religion and nation as 'upper caste' and 'patriarchal' constructs. 'The ultimate intent of their activism is to damage the Hindu social fibre and weaken social cohesion by de-Hinduising large segments of Hindu society.'
What is most amazing is that Radha Rajan and her colleagues are also incisive Chartered Social Accountants! The following table gives details of the payment and receipt relating to Indo-Pak Peace March Expense Account of Sandeep Pandey on page 251:


I know only about the Dandi March in Indian History. Perhaps Indo-Pak Peace March might be world famous in global pseudo-secular history! An amount of nearly Rs.34,900 has been incurred on petrol and diesel and conveyance. Passport expenses account for Rs.75,000.
Mahatma Gandhi, to the best of my knowledge, did not incur such expenses. At any rate, he did not go on Dandi March in order to collect money from funding agencies abroad. The nation owes a deep debt of gratitude to Radha Rajan and Krishen Kak for bringing out several dimensions and aspects of the truth about several anti-Hindu and anti-India activists and NGOs plotting with gay abandon against the territorial and spiritual integrity of India.
Magicians through the ages have never been able to control their angels or their demons until they discovered their names. The origin of all literature lies here. We have the literature of knowledge; we have the literature of interpretation and the literature of escape; we also have the literature of power. Radha Rajan and Krishen Kak have edited a book of 'power' called 'NGOs, ACTIVISTS AND FOREIGN FUNDS: Anti-Nation Industry'. I pay my tribute to this great book in the following words of Mathew Arnold: 'Books are man's rational protest against the irrational, man's pitiful protest against the implacable, man's ideal against the world's real, man's word against the cosmic dumbness, man's life against the planetary death, man's revelation of the God within him, man's repartee to the God without him. Whoever touches a book touches not only a 'man' but 'MAN.' Karl Marx and Engels produced the 'Communist Manifesto' in 1848. Radha Rajan and Krishen Kak have produced this great book which I call 'Save Hindu Manifesto.' Their clarion call to us all Hindus is: HINDUS OF THE WORLD UNITE! You have nothing to lose but your chains - chains of Mohammedanism, Missionaryism, Macaulayism, Nehruvian Secularism, Marxism and Global Terrorism.
(To be continued...)
(The writer is a retired IAS officer)
e-mail the writer at vsundaram@newstodaynet.com

July 26, 2006

INDIA’S FOREIGN POLICY (2006) STANDS COMMUNISED AND COMMUNALISED: An Analysis

INDIA’S FOREIGN POLICY (2006) STANDS COMMUNISED AND COMMUNALISED: An Analysis

By Dr. Subhash Kapila

Introductory Background

On the emergence of the Congress Government in 2004 with its survivability resting on the Indian Communist Parties grouping, this author in a paper: “India’s New Government and its Foreign Policy Options” (SAAG Paper No. 1049 dated 07.06.2004 had made the following observations:
“India’s foreign policies cannot be made captive to the delusional non alignment gladiators or India’s Communist Parties who have never been known for their objectivity or to India’s minority Indian Muslim vote banks where every issue is viewed in a Pan-Islamic context.”
“Regrettably, the new Indian Government led by the Congress Party and through its flip flop and ill-considered statements has given indications that it is all set to undo the foreign policy gains of India in the last eight years.”

In November 2005, sensing that India’s major Communist Party, the CPI (M) was trying to steer away India’s foreign policy from the traditional moorings of national security and economic security determinants, this author penned an analysis entitled: “India: Foreign Policy Under Leftists Siege” (SAAG Paper No. 1603 dated 08.11.2005).

This paper highlighted that India’s Leftist Parties view India’s foreign policy through the “Chinese Prism” and not through the “Indian Prism” of our national interests. It was also illustrated as to how the Communist Parties had started besieging India’s foreign policies towards USA, West Asia, Nepal, Bangladesh and Pakistan besides opposing FDI and FII in vital sectors of the Indian economy.

Two years down the line from the inception of the Congress Government in power with an over reliance on the Communist Parties support for survival, India's foreign policy in 2006 stands “Communised” and also “Communalised”.

India’s Foreign Policy (2006) Stands Communised

Nepal: India’s most significant strategic loss in 2006 as a result of India’s communised foreign policy will be the likely loss of Nepal to the Maoists. India’s institutionalised foreign policy processes were set aside and Comrade Sitaram Yechuri emerged as the pointsman of India’s Nepal policy.

The result is that the Nepalese Maoists, to suit the Indian Communists political interests, have secured a back-door entry into Nepal’s political dynamics. Short of the revaluation of India’s Nepal policy or a military coup in Nepal it looks like that the Maoists regime will emerge in Kathmandu shortly.

India’s communised foreign policy has resulted in the likelihood of loss of Nepal as a “buffer state” between India and China. The Maoist regime will bring China on India’s doorstep, sitting astride the Gangetic Plains of the Indian heartland for more than 1800 km.

West Asia: The Communist Parties pressed for a re-evaluation of India’s policy towards the region. The PLO was revalued and the strategic partnership with Israel stood de-valued.

A spin-off this change in India’s de-valuation of Israel in its West Asia foreign policy was that Israel moved ahead to examine a relationship with Pakistan, which stands analysed in yet another foreign policy paper by this author.

USA: The Communist Parties have been vociferous and loud in criticizing India’s evolving strategic partnership with USA. They have been demanding the scrapping of the Indo-US nuclear deal and also the Defence Cooperation Agreement.

The most disturbing development of India’s communised foreign policy was that during President Bush’s visit, India’s Communist Parties mobilized Indian Muslim masses in thousands for anti-USA demonstrations.

Equally disturbing was the use of India’s Communist Parties by Iran for raising a chorus against India’s stand on Iran’s referral to the UN on the nuclear issue.

India’s Foreign Policy 2006 Stands Communalised

The hallmark of India’s foreign policies under all Congress Governments (with the exception of late PM Narasimha Rao) was a communalised approach with reference to Indian Muslim sensitivities and Pan-Islamic linkages. India’s foreign policies towards West Asia reflected this communalised approach. The late Congress PM Narasimha Rao and the BJP’s eight years in power brought a balance in this warped communalised approach. Corrections were made to bring Israel as the focal point in India’s West Asia policies and this was at a time when the Indo-US strategic partnership had not taken off. It was determined by India's strategic interests

A balanced West Asian approach brought the dividend of forging a strong strategic partnership with Israel. It was significantly visible when within twenty four hours Israel provided India’s critical military requirements for the Kargil War.

In 2006, we find the Indian Government becoming highly critical of Israel over its counter-terrorism operations in Gaza and Lebanon under way. Have any of the Islamic West Asian countries ever condemned Pakistan for the use of religious terrorism against India? Israel has the right to strike at the roots of terrorism wherever they may be and which inflict terrible human losses on a tiny nation. India could learn counter-terrorism responses from Israel.

Further, the Indian Muslims intense hatred of the United States conditioned by Pan-Islamic determinations cannot and should not determine Indian foreign policy approaches to West Asia. The United States has done no wrong to the Indian Muslims. On what ground do they oppose USA? And if the grounds are basically Pan-Islamic in nature, is the Indian Government correct in reflecting the Pan-Islamic sentiments of Indian Muslims in its foreign policies?

Concluding Observations

Concluding, this author would like to revert to his first quoted paper above (SAAG Paper No. 1049 dated 06.07.2004) and highlight some vital ingredients of any successful foreign policy:
“Foreign policies of nations do not function in a vacuum insulated by delusional moral and ideological obsessions.”
“Foreign policies, perforce, have to take into account the prevailing regional and international strategic realities with which a nation has to strike workable equations based on one’s own existing power attributes and strategic utility to the key global powers.”
“Foreign policies of a nation need bi-partisan support, as the country’s national interests do not change with a change of political power”.

The global strategic reality is that the United States is the world’s predominant power. India has no choice but to strike workable equations with it in the strategic, political, economic and energy fields. There are also growing strategic convergences between India and the United States arising out of a mutuality of national interests. The same is not found elsewhere.

However, India’s Communist Parties and Indian Muslims have adopted visible anti-United States attitudes. The former, for reasons determined by its China linkages and the latter by its Pan-Islamic linkages.

The critical question is that can the present Indian Government and India be led once again into the international wilderness by a communised and communalised Indian foreign policy?

(The author is an International Relations and Strategic Affairs analyst. He is the Consultant, Strategic Affairs with South Asia Analysis Group. Email:drsubhashkapila@yahoo.com)

Bangladesh grabs India land in a daring move

www.dailypioneer.com/


Dhaka grabs 2 sq km of India's land

Syed Zarir Hussain | Guwahati


In a sudden and daring move, Bangladeshis, backed by their country's Army, have uprooted pillars demarcating the Indo-Bangla border along Dhubri and Karimganj districts of Assam, and forcibly grabbed at least 500 acres (2.02 sq km) of Indian territory. The land grab has taken place under the very nose of the Border Security Force.

By the time Assam Government or its police could respond to the situation, swarms of Bangladeshis had taken possession of the land, ferociously pushing back Indians who dared to go beyond the surreptitiously shifted border posts.






The land grab came to light recently when tea pickers at Pallatal and Pramodnagar plantations in southern Assam's Karimganj district found a portion of the gardens being zealously guarded by Bangladeshis. When the workers tried to enter those areas of the gardens, they were shoved back.



The shocked workers informed the managers of the tea gardens and they, in turn, informed the local police. When policemen visited the two gardens, they found a sizeable area, which till the previous day was Indian territory, illegally occupied by Bangladeshis. The intruders were backed by Bangladesh Rifles soldiers.



Later, it was discovered that the Bangladeshis had uprooted the concrete border pillars, separating the two countries, which once stood a short distance from the two tea gardens.



Faced with hostile Bangladeshis and armed Bangladesh Rifles personnel, the policemen could do nothing to evict the intruders who had grabbed 299.04 acres of Pallatal Tea Estate and 11.73 acres of Pramodnagar Tea Estate in an overnight land-grabbing mission launched by Dhaka.



Meanwhile, another incident of border posts being shifted by intruders was reported from Mancachar revenue circle in western Assam's Dhubri district. There, too, the BSF had failed to prevent the intrusion. Police investigations revealed that Bangladeshis had usurped 189.06 acres in Mancachar.



These details have now been confirmed by Assam Government, which helplessly admitted on the floor of the State Assembly late Tuesday that "Bangladesh has occupied more than 2 sq km of Indian land by uprooting border pillars".



Speaking on the issue, State Revenue Minister Bhumidhar Barman told stunned legislators, "A total of about 499.83 acres of our territory has been encroached upon and occupied by Bangladesh after removing boundary pillars."



He confirmed that Bangladeshis have taken over 299.04 acres of Pallatal Tea Estate and 11.73 acres of Pramodnagar Tea Estate in Karimganj district. "In Dhubri district, 189.06 acres under Mancachar revenue circle has been encroached," Barman said, adding, "Even though the administrative power of these areas lies with the Assam Government, they are under the control of Bangladesh."



The Assam Government has alerted the Centre about the land grab by Bangladesh. "We have asked the Union Government to resolve the issue with Dhaka. The matter was also discussed at the Indo-Bangla Joint Border Commission meeting held recently," the Minister said. He was replying to a question by an Independent legislator.



Assam shares a 272-km long border with Bangladesh of which about 70 per cent has been fenced with barbed wire.



The remaining stretch of the border is merely separated by concrete pillars.



Illegal immigration by Bangladeshis is a major problem across the North-East, resulting in frequent clashes between the BSF and the Bangladesh Rifles. While the Assam Government has refused to provide official estimates of illegal immigration, there could be as many as one crore Bangladeshis living in this State.



Indigenous Assamese fear they will be reduced to a minority if unabated infiltration continues. This fear will be further heightened by Bangladeshis brazenly uprooting border posts, grabbing land and colonising Indian territory.

July 25, 2006

How non-violent were Hindus historically?

How non-violent were Hindus historically?

Sandeep Sharma

The image of the mild, non-violent, vegetarian Hindu animates many
history books as well as the self-image of many Hindus. The image of
a barefoot Mahatma Gandhi taking on the might of the world's largest
empire has been etched into the history of mankind. But how accurate
is this image for Hindus as a whole?

The striking aspect of the development of the Hindu ethos has been
its ability to adapt with the tides of history, while always
maintaining continuity with the past. The reason why spiritual and
ethical teachings transmitted by enlightened sages thousands of
years ago are still capable of inspiring and shaping the lives of
millions of Hindus is because the philosophical and spiritual
teachings of the ancient Vedic sages were universal in a way that
could be adapted to different circumstances at different points in
history.

The history of Hindu civilisation is spread over ten thousand years.
During this huge span of time, there have been many ups and downs.
Some periods were prosperous; others less so. Some were peaceful;
others were periods of war and struggle.

The ancient Hindu texts refer to many epic struggles and battles.
Shri Rama wages war with the despicable Ravana in order to preserve
dharma. The Bhagavad Geeta, the greatest treatise on the nature of
the universe and man's place within it was given by Krishna to Arjun
on the epic battlefield of Kurukshetra.

Interestingly, these texts also praise non-violence (ahimsa) and
gentleness as a great virtue. The concept of ahimsa did not rule out
the use of force to maintain a lawful society, and to punish who
that tried to harm others.

In later history, there were repeated attempts to invade India by
ambitious rulers of other nations. Some of these, such as the
Greeks, Huns and Sakas made significant inroads into India. However
their gains were only temporary. Hindus rose to fight off the yoke
of these invaders. For example, Chandragupta Maurya, under the
inspiration of Chanakya, united most of India before proceeding to
drive out the remnants of Greek rule from the North-West India.
Skandagupta of the Gupta dynasty routed the Huns, the tribe who were
responsible for the destruction of the Roman Empire.

Some believe that the influence of Buddhism and Jainism in medieval
India accentuated the spread of the Vedic concept of ahimsa - or non-
aggression. This term was interpreted by some as non-violence to the
point of not harming insects and other animals let alone fellow
human beings

The eruption of the Arab and Turk Islamic invaders into India
however changed the geopolitical landscape of the sub continent.
Buddhism as an all Indian religion was almost wiped out under the
feet of the Turks. After conquering Central Asia and the Middle East
and defeating the combined forces of Western Europe in the Crusades,
a branch of the Turks turned towards India. After liquidating all
cultures and religions in their path, the resistance they faced from
the Hindu kingdoms was radically different. A long saga of almost
unparalleled brutality then began which was sickeningly repeated
generation after generation.

Numerous Hindu clans fought and contested the supremacy of the
Islamic Turk invaders, but were unable to unite and effectively
present a united front against the massed heavy cavalry that had
marched from Western Europe to Asia. Many Hindus continued the fight
from the hills and forests taking advantage of each opportunity to
dispute the tenuous Islamic hold.

It was a great many years before the Hindus managed to adapt their
tactics of warfare to score lasting victories against the Islamic
armies. It was in the 1600's in which certain groups of Hindus, of
which the Marathas were the greatest example, employed a radically
overhauled and less scrupulous system of warfare. This led to the
fall of the Mughal Empire and the rise of a rejuvenated Hindu
warrior class.

In those medieval centuries, while civilisations clashed and
atrocities abounded in the Indian subcontinent, Hindu spirituality
adapted giving rise to what is known as the 'Bhakti movement'. Saint
after Saint arose who emphasised love and devotion to God as the
sole means of salvation. Examples of such saints are Ramananda,
Meerabai, Ravidas, Kabir and Nanak.

The Bhakti movement placed more importance on internal spirituality
rather than outside circumstances. The influence of these medieval
saints spread rapidly throughout Hindu society. This re-inspired a
sense of cultural pride and confidence in the fatigued Hindu society
of that era. It also allowed Hinduism to weather the storm, by
contracting inwards and placing less emphasis on external aspects of
religion. However, a disregard for politics, economy and worldly
prowess was often a feature of the teachings of these saints. This
began to dominate the Hindu psyche, giving rise to the image of
India as a land immersed in spirituality with little regard for the
external world.

During the British colonial era, a time when India was politically
and economically weak, many Hindus began to embrace the idea that
the meek, mild, metaphysically orientated and non-violent nature of
Hinduism is what is responsible for this, but also that far from
being a bad thing, it reflected true spirituality. This romanticised
view of India was also projected to the outside world, so that it
became the image that many people from all around the world hold of
India. Mahatma Gandhi's non-violent leadership of India's freedom
struggle has been an important aspect of this image.

The ground reality of India however does not reflect this view.
Violent aggression on the streets of most Indian cities reflects the
complex realities of modern India and the sometimes brutal and
casual violence in the countryside hardly lends to the image of the
non-violent Hindu.

Some Hindus have opined that most Indians are generally very
peaceful but can react violently if they see a threat to the social
order. Others postulate that the image of the mild non-violent Hindu
comes from the elite sections of Indian society, which hardly
reflects the lives and aspirations of the average man.

The truth is that Hindus are on the whole much like any other people
with the same lapses of character and vice. The Hindu ethos has an
important place for the concept of ahimsa, but also for the use of
force to uphold self-respect and dharma. Hindu society has thrown up
people who have excelled in the religious, political, scientific and
military spheres each of whom have an equal space of honour in the
Hindu world.


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July 23, 2006

BALAWARISTAN : OPEN LETTER TO THE WORLD COMMUNITY

OPEN LETTER TO THE WORLD COMMUNITY.

General Musharraf and Terror Source

There is no check and balance of Pakistan forces and it's ISI in this
region and beyond. In the Month of Sep last year, Pakistani ISI
kidnapped a local teacher Bilal Hussain from Gilgit city and took him to
Rawalpindi. Instead of all the concrete proofs, ISI denied of this in front
of Lahore High Court bench. Schools have been turned in to Jails and
religious and political Opponents were put behind the wall of Schools
instead of education. More than 200 nationalists leaders and workers are
facing sedition charges in Gilgit, Ghezer and Skardu kangaroo courts,
where no right of appeal in any high court or Supreme Court is allowed. In
previous, sedition charges were used against it's opponents by Paki
imposed authorities, after the so-called war of TERROR, Paki authorities
impose TEROR ACT against their political and religious opponents. Though
the terrorists are fully allowed to run their camps and to carry small
and heavy weapons in the dark glass pickups of ISI across the borders
as well as within the boundaries of Balawaristan (Pakistan Occupied
Gilgit Baltistan). No single terrorist has been caught for keeping illegal
weapons on the borders, where Paki forces facilitate them to cross in
to other part of J&K. Mushrraf's recent offer to the Indian government
for curbing terror, if sufficient evidences are provided. How it's
funny, Musharraf had also offer UK Govt. when Paki hand was seen in the
terror attack on UK. Talibaan had also condemned World Trade Center attack
of 9/11, but no one recognized this condemnation as genuine. The
compulsion of Musharraf to oppose Talibaan and Al-Qaida after 9/11 was not
voluntarily, it was the compulsion of Pakistan because the hands of Paki
were seen on 9/11.

Musharraf's condemnation of Bombay bombing, is also a trick to fool the
world, just like Talibaan, who did condemn World Trade Center attack of
9/11. Pakistan Army have been using it's terror network by one name or
the other to knee down India for dialogue and handover the whole J&K to
Pakistan. Mr. Kusuri, Foreign Minister of Pakistan's recent statement
with the connection of Bombay blast, is nothing but a clear confession.
It's a hard proof itself, which indicates, that Pakistan uses its
terrorist network to defeat India on Jammu & Kashmir front, on one side on
the other it tries to weaken the economy of India.

Musharraf says Pakistan is the country, which supported the war against
terror more than other countries, because Pakistan has arrested and
eliminated more Al-Qaida men than other countries of the world. The world
knows this claim of Pakistan, because Pakistan has arrested and
eliminated only 1 % of Al-Qaida by giving safe heaven to the other 99 percent
of it's cadre, including Osama Bin Laden and Al-Zawahiri. How other
country can catch or eliminate Al-Qaida, where no such organization is
allowed like Pakistan.

Why Afghan government, especially Karzai blames Pakistan for helping
terrorists? This was the man whose property is still in Pakistan, who is
considered a best friend of Pakistan. If Karzai was wrong, how Talibaan
manage to get arms, ammunition and ration and who is sponsoring them
against Afghanistan. Why Talibaan are active in the provinces adjacent to
the borders of Pakistan. Why Iran, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan borders are
not used by Talibaan or other terrorists to cross in to Afghanistan. If,
India blaming Pakistan, as a part of it's blame game, what Pakistan say
usually after it's terror attack, then go through the records of
Pakistani newspapers, you will find hundreds names of Pakistani national with
full names and addresses, who were killed (martyred) by Indian Forces.
Pakistan officially gives honor to them by terming them as Mujahideen
(holy worriers) If it was wrong, why Pakistani government did not deny
of the newspapers reports? Collect the Records from the Indian media,
how many Pakistan terrorists, were killed in Indian Part of J&K and other
part of India with full documents and proofs and how many terrorists
are still in the Jails of India. Why Pakistani national OR Pakistani
trained terrorists hand are seen everywhere in the world, If Pakistan is
not responsible, if Musharraf is not allowing them for terrorism. Why
Musharraf allows them to cross in to J&K with full arms and ammunition.
Instead of all these proofs, General Musharraf asking proofs from Indian
Government, it's nothing but to divert the World attention from its
terror face. If, we believe, terrorists are doing on their own and without
the knowledge of Musharraf, what Musharraf and Paki leaders claim, then
why no single person has been caught on the borders of Indian J&K and
Afghanistan with arms and ammunition so far. Why Pakistan Army and its
ISI Provide training facilities, weapons and ammunitions? Pakistan is
fooling world community and Particularly USA in its war against
terrorism, by sending more troops to Afghan borders and has been acquiring more
weapons from USA . The actual duty of these Paki forces is to
facilitate and equip Talibaan and to give them safe passage by keeping eyes on
USA and coalition forces.

I am the son of soil, our land is used for terrorist activities and who
knows better than we the people of Balawaristan, because we are the
victim of Pakistani forces and their terrorism. Once Osama was shifted to
our motherland for some time Then he was shifted to other SAFE HOUSE OF
ISI, when USA shared it's intelligence with ISI.

ISI is capable to get more information from CIA rather to give it. That
is why Osama and Zawahiri are out of the reach of USA for the long.
World should remember, once General Musharraf had delivered his statement,
that Osama had been killed and not alive. This was the tact of ISI to
protect Osama from USA. Latter the same Musharraf admitted and said that
Osama is alive. Instead of all these Bush administration has been
Praising for each and every word of Musharraf, which is out of logic.
World Community and particularly the USA, should keep one thing in
their records for the future. Pakistanis are not the only reason of TERROR.
The first country, which propagate its ideology through the fanatics
and export the ideas to the world through Pakistan is SAUDI ARABIA, a
best Friend of USA, like its' past best friend of Osama and its Al-Qaida,
who did well against USSR. This is the TRUTH, an evil cannot be
eliminated by another evil. An evil can only be eliminated by truth, by pious
and by wisdom, by justice and not by evil, what did USA against USSR by
promoting fundamentalism, which turned the ugly shape of terrorism,
when it took U turn against USA and other world community. Pakistan Army
was a professional Army before General Zia. Zia recruited
fundamentalists and promoted fundamentalism throughout Military and civil society
during the USA and West War with USSR in Afghanistan. Zia encouraged
fundamentalists all over Pakistan and allowed hundreds and hundreds
fundamentalists from all over the world to settle down in Pakistan and it's
occupied parts of J&K and Balawaristan. That strategically mistake to
eliminate one evil by another, has turned in to CANCER for the civilized
society after the Afghan war has over. Saudi Arab, exports it's ideology
to the world via Pakistan even today. Pakistan is the transit route of
the world terrorism. Saudi Arab gives huge sum to Pakistan along with
it's Fundamentalist ideology. Pakistan keeps more than 60% Dollars from
Saudia and spends less than 40% to promote fundamentalist institutions
by preaching hatred and Terrorism, by issuing edicts (Fatwa) to kill al
the Kafirs (infidels) including Christians, Jews and Hindus to pave the
way for the implementation of fundamentalist ideology throughout the
world. Pakistan's first phase is to select poor back ground students from
Madrasas, then preach them of fundamentalist thoughts, then train them
and use them anywhere in the world. If both Saudi Arabia and Pakistan
Army (ISI) are not reined, Terrorism cannot be defeated by capturing or
killing Osama or other such people only. Unless the source (STEM) is
cut the evil of terrorism cannot be eliminated by just cutting it's
branches.

Abdul Hamid Khan
Chairman
Balawaristan National Front (BNF)
Head Off:
Majini Mahla, Gilgit, Balawaristan
(Pakistan occupied Gilgit Baltistan)
WEBSITE (Urdu & English)
Urdu & Eng:
Urdu website:

EMAIL: