December 24, 2009

Internal Security: YEAR-END REVIEW

Security apparatus further strengthened

NIA BECOMES OPERATIONAL


SECURITY APPARATUS FURTHER STRENGTHENED



NIA BECOMES OPERATIONAL



COORDINATED ACTION AGAINST NAXAL VIOLENCE



SECURITY SITUATION IN J&K IMPROVES





The year 2009 witnessed several new measures taken by the Government to strengthen the security apparatus of the country to equip it to meet the grave challenge posed by global terrorism. These include operationalization of the National Investigation Agency (NIA), establishment of four NSG Hubs to ensure quick and effective response to any possible terror attack, augmentation of the strength of Intelligence Bureau (IB), strengthening of the Multi-Agency Centre in the IB to enable it to function on 24X7 basis and strengthening of coastal security. The measures especially aimed at improving the overall internal security situation after the ghastly terrorist attack in Mumbai in November last year.



The overall internal security and law & order situation in the country remained largely under control during 2009. No major incident of terrorist violence was reported from the hinterland. The communal situation remained under control. The year also witnessed significant improvement in the security situation in Jammu & Kashmir and some progress in the North East, but the Naxal violence continued to be a cause of concern. The Centre took some major initiatives to deal with the menace of Naxalism and, after wide-ranging consultations with the Naxal-affected States, approved a joint action plan to kick off coordinated and combined action, especially at the bi-junctions and tri-junctions of the affected States.



In 2009, steps were taken to significantly expand Central Para-military Forces (CPMFs). The report of the Liberhan Commission along with the Action Taken Report was presented in Parliament.



Some of the key initiatives and achievements of the Ministry of Home Affairs during 2009 are listed below:



NIA Operationalized


The National Investigation Agency (NIA), set up as per the NIA Act enacted in the previous year, started functioning in 2009 with cases assigned to it for investigation and prosecution. Headquartered in Delhi and notified as a police station, NIA is mandated to investigate and prosecute offences under the Acts mentioned in the Schedule, including offences under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, that have inter-state and international linkages and assigned to it by the Government. The agency would function under the superintendence of the Central Government.



Four NSG Hubs Established


To ensure quick and effective response to any possible terror attack, the Government has established four National Security Guards (NSG) hubs at Hyderabad, Kolkata, Mumbai and Chennai. Each NSG hub is equipped with the operational strength of around 250 personnel. Additionally, two regional centres of NSG are also being set up at Hyderabad and Kolkata to enable instant response to any situation arising out of possible acts of violence by terrorists.



Designated officers of the Central Government and the Director General of NSG have been empowered to requisition aircraft from registered operators in the interest of public safety. Voluntary agreements have been signed by eight private airlines operators to provide aircraft to NSG during emergency.



Intelligence Gathering Mechanism Strengthened



In order to strengthen the intelligence gathering and sharing machinery, strength of IB has been substantially augmented. The functioning of the Multi-Agency Centre (MAC) in the Intelligence Bureau has also been strengthened and revamped. The Multi-Agency Centre, now functioning on 24X7 basis, has been advised to share intelligence with all other agencies including those from the States and similarly, all other agencies have been asked to share intelligence with the MAC.



During the year, action was initiated to establish an online, dedicated and fully secure connectivity between all the designated members of the MAC, between MAC and the Subsidiary Multi-Agency Centres (SMACs) in 30 important identified locations spread across the country and between the SMACs and the State Special Branches to make sure that the flow of vital information is maintained at the optimum level at every stage. A scheme for providing technical and financial support by the Intelligence Bureau to the States for strengthening State Special Branches has been approved to help implement this plan in an efficient manner.



As a result of coordination between the Central intelligence agencies and the State Police, a large number of terrorist modules of Pak-based terrorist outfits were busted in various parts of the country.



Coastal Security Strengthened


Following the 26/11 incidents, coastal security of the country has been reviewed comprehensively at various levels. Under the ongoing Coastal Security Scheme, 64 out of the 73 coastal police stations have been operationalised. 56 interceptor boats have been supplied to the coastal States and Union Territories during the year so far.



Coast Guard, in consultation with the maritime States, has been carrying out vulnerability and gap analysis to assess additional requirements in respect of police stations, check-posts, outposts, vehicles, boats etc. Based on this assessment, a comprehensive proposal, to be named as Phase-II of the Coastal Security Scheme, has been processed and is in the final stages of consultations.



Various other measures to strengthen coastal security are under consideration or implementation which include establishment of vessel tracking and monitoring systems, issue of identity cards to fishermen and intensified patrolling on the seas.



Measures Taken for Police Reforms, Augmentation and Training


In 2009, the Government approved a proposal for the raising of 38 additional Battalions including two Mahila Battalions in the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF). Out of these 38 Battalions, three Bns including one Mahila Bn are to be raised during the current fiscal year. Similarly, 29 new battalions, to be raised over a period of five years starting from this fiscal year, were approved in early 2009 for the Border Security Force (BSF). In addition, the ceiling with regard to the strength of CISF has been enhanced to 1,45,000 from 93,521. Eleven IR Battalions including 2 commando companies in each battalion were sanctioned to the State Governments of Assam, Chhattisgarh, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya and Orissa and UT of Chandigarh.



Three ALH Dhruv helicopters have been inducted into BSF. These are based at Ranchi and Raipur.



A revised recruitment scheme for recruitment of Constables in CPMFs was approved.


CISF security was extended to the private sector after due amendment in the CISF Act in January this year.



For the first time, risk/hardship allowances were approved in April’09 for personnel of the CPMFs deployed in high risk and difficult areas such as high altitude areas, Left Wing Extremism affected areas, areas with uncongenial climate and other such areas.



A CPMF Housing Project for construction of about 1,00,000 housing units on Public-Private-Partnership basis has been approved. Consultants have been appointed for preparation of the Project Feasibility Report.



A large number of companies of the CPMFs were mobilized for the conduct of general elections to the Lok Sabha, for assembly elections and for bye-elections.


As per the directives of the Supreme Court (Prakash Singh & Others vs Union Of India; 22nd September, 2006) on police reforms, MHA decided to (i) set up a State Security Commission for all UTs which would lay down broad policies and evaluate performance of the police in each UT (ii) set up two Police Establishment Boards (PEB) in each UT, one for the the ranks of Inspectors and above and the other for Sub-Inspectors and below. The PEBs would decide all transfers, postings, promotions and other service-related matters (iii) set up a Police Complaints Authority in each UT (iv) accord two-year tenures in UTs to key police functionaries, except under exceptional circumstances/administrative exigencies which would be recorded in writing and (v) separate police personnel into law & order and investigative wings in UTs.



A copy of the draft Model Police Act was sent to the States for consideration and appropriate action. The Model Police Act provides for well-defined duties of the Police towards the public and accountability to the rule of law. A number of States have either framed New Police Acts or amended the existing Acts.



Under the National Police Mission, six Micro-Missions namely Human Resource Development, Community Policing, Communication and Technology, Infrastructure, New Processes and Proactive Policing & Visualizing future Challenges have been set up. The projects on Community Counselling Centres and Transparent Recruitment Process, submitted by the Micro-Missions have been approved for implementation.



Allocation of land and construction activities began during the year for setting up of 20 Counter-Insurgency and Anti-Terrorist Schools in the States of Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and Orissa to provide training to police personnel in counter-insurgency and anti-terrorism tactics.



It has been decided to establish a Central Academy for Police Training at Bhopal as a centre of excellence for training of State police officers. 400 acres of land has been allotted by the Madhya Pradesh Government for the purpose.



During 2009, 22 new Police Stations and 9 Sub-Divisions of Delhi Police were notified and sanction for creation of 6478 posts for these new Police Stations and Sub-Divisions issued.



Approval was accorded to a Plan Scheme relating to Modernisation of Traffic and Communications Network of the Delhi Police at a cost of Rs.200 crore for implementation in the Eleventh Five-Year Plan.



To minimize the shortage of IPS officers at SP level, a decision has been taken to increase the batch-size of the Indian Police Service from 130 to 150 from the Civil Services Examination, 2009 onwards.



The Bureau of Police Research & Development has been strengthened and restructured by the sanctioning of 72 additional posts.



Situation in J&K Improves



The security situation in J&K has vastly improved in the last few years and this trend continued during the current year also. In the current year (till November), the number of incidents was down by 27% and those of killing of civilians by 17% and of security force personnel by 19% over the corresponding period of previous year. During the current year, 473 infiltration bids were attempted out of which 367 were foiled.



Out of the 67 projects/ schemes under the Prime Minister’s Reconstruction Plan for J&K, action in respect of 30 projects/schemes has been completed and the remaining 37 projects/schemes are at various stages of implementation.



Steps Taken to Fight Naxal Menace



Naxal violence poses one of the gravest internal security threats before the country. In the current year (till 30th November), the number of incidents of Naxal violence have been 2016 compared to 1452 incidents in the corresponding period of 2008. 514 civilians and 304 personnel of security forces have been killed compared to 444 civilians and 217 security forces killed in the corresponding period last year.



To deal with the menace in an effective and decisive manner, the Union Home Ministry has devised and approved a plan to take joint and co-ordinated action against Naxalites. The action plan was prepared after wide-ranging consultations with the States including two conferences attended by the Chief Ministers of the Naxal-affected States.



58 Battalions of CRPF have been provided to the States for anti-Naxal duties.



In June this year, CPI (Maoist) was included in the Schedule of terrorist organisations under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967.



Nizamabad district of Andhra Pradesh; Deogarh, Jaipur, Kondhamal, Dhenkanal and Nayagarh districts of Orissa and Kunti and Ramgarh districts of Jharkhand brought under the ambit of Security Related Expenditure Scheme.





In August this year, revised guidelines and package for surrender and rehabilitation of Naxalites were issued. The Central Scheme for Assistance to Victims/Family of Victims of Terrorist and Communal Violence was extended to victims of Naxal violence.



Assistance of CPMFs was provided to West Bengal to help restore the State writ in Lalgarh.



Situation in North-East Improves



There has been significant improvement in the security situation in the North Eastern States. The number of causalities of civilians and security forces personnel has decreased. The number of militants killed/surrendered/arrested in the current year (up to 30th November, 2009) is 3580. However, the security situation in Manipur and Assam continues to cause concern.



Owing to counter-insurgency operations, ULFA in Assam has come under tremendous pressure. Key ULFA leaders are in prison. Due to sustained pressure by security forces and also due to the Union Home Minister’s call to the extremist groups in the North East to lay down arms, abjure violence and come forward for talks, 416 cadres of DHD(J) have laid down their arms.



Measures Taken for Disaster Management


The National Policy on Disaster Management has been prepared in tune with the Disaster Management Act, 2005 with a vision to build a safe and disaster-resilient India by developing a holistic, proactive and technology-driven strategy through a culture of prevention, mitigation, preparedness and response.



A Scheme for strengthening fire and emergency services to be implemented at an estimated cost of Rs.200 crore during the Eleventh Plan Period has been approved.



A Scheme to revamp civil defence has been approved with an outlay of Rs.100 crore to be implemented during XI Five Year Plan.



Steps Initiated in Other Areas


A programme of modernization, computerization and networking of 33 Immigration Check Posts (ICPs) which regulate more than 98.5% of the passenger traffic, has been completed.



Construction of 11 strategic roads along the Indo-China border has started.



During the year, 270 kms of fencing and 253 kms of border roads have been constructed along the Indo-Bangladesh border.



The work of direct data collection of all usual residents for creation of the National Population Register in the coastal villages of 9 maritime States and 4 UTs ,viz., Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Kerala, Orissa, Puducherry, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Goa, Daman & Diu, Lakshadweep and Andaman & Nicobar Islands is under progress. The biographical details of around 50 lakh persons and biometric details of about 10 lakh have been collected so far. The Government has approved a proposal to issue identity (smart) cards to all ‘usual residents’ of age 18 years and above in these areas.



A proposal for establishing a Crime and Criminal Tracking Network System(CCTNS) was approved for networking of all crime-related data amongst all police stations, States and the Centre. Rs.89 crore has been allocated to the States and UTs for the purpose. The Centre-State MoU for the CCTNS project has been signed by all the 35 States/UTs.



Approval of the Cabinet was obtained for extension of the rehabilitation package to the victims of the anti-Sikh riots in 1984 to West Bengal, Tamil Nadu and Chandigarh.



Notifications for delegation of powers to the Govt. of NCT of Delhi under the Delhi Municipal Corporation Act, 1957 was issued.





Two rounds of tripartite talks on Gorkhaland were held during the year.



A Conference of Chief Ministers on Internal Security was held on January 6, 2009 and on 17th August, 2009





A high level Indian delegation led by the Union Home Minister visited USA in September 2009 and held discussions on issues of mutual interest including the challenge of combating terrorism.



With a view to improving punctuality among officers and staff, a biometric-based attendance monitoring system has been introduced in the Ministry of Home Affairs.



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OK/KS



NB: Monthly report cards of MHA are available on “pib.nic.in”.

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