July 21, 2012
Vishal Krishna & Priyanka Pani
According to analysts at Crisil, Third Eyesight, Jones Lang LaSalle (JLL) India, and Ernst & Young, 80 percent of India's 255 malls are failing, and half of them are in dire straits. Look at Mumbai, Delhi or any other big city and you will find plenty of malls which are half empty. In Mumbai alone, the list is long - the Centre One Mall in Vashi, is 30 percent vacant, the Kohinoor Mall in Kurla is 70 percent vacant, and the Dreams Mall in Bhandup is 75 percent vacant - to name some of the prominent malls. This is not to say that the mall culture itself is failing - there are many successful malls in Delhi, Mumbai and the other metros. But the issue is that the greater majority of the malls built are either pulling in indifferent business, or, worse, just fading away into oblivion. In some cases, out of desperation, malls are turning empty shop spaces into banquet halls in order to survive.
Posted by Naxal Watch at 1:06 AM
The cult of tourism In 1999 the Chinese were given three seven-day national holidays a year. Since then, the domestic tourism market can reach over 300 million trips during peak periods by Pál Nyíri http://mondediplo.com/2012/07/13chinaholiday It is common for students or personal assistants in China to go on holiday several times a year. The growing and diversifying urban middle classes enjoy window shopping in Hong Kong, visiting the casinos of Southeast Asia, backpacking, skiing in Manchuria, and package tours to see China’s “greatest mountains and rivers”. Even in rural areas, a growing number of people can now afford the occasional day trip to a temple or a hot spring resort: many take a holiday at the New Year — some are even prepared to sacrifice the traditional family gathering. Workers do not explicitly demand holidays (the dates and length of leave are usually set by employers), but these days find it easier to say they would like a change of scenery several times a year. Small businesses (which cannot afford to take a break if they are to remain competitive) and poorer people seem to be excluded from this new leisure society and have to make do with New Year family gatherings. Fifteen years ago the very idea of a holiday seemed outlandish to most people in China; today the Chinese are the main customers of their national tourist industry. Unlike the Soviet Union, Communist China did nothing to promote tourism for the first 50 years of its existence. Only after the economic reforms launched in 1978 did the government approve the creation of 12 holiday zones, designed to attract foreign currency from Hong Kong Chinese and expatriates. Chinese domestic tourism really began when the standard of living rose in the late 1980s and early 1990s. At first, it took the form of package tours for members of the civil service. For many years, a lack of spare time (except for Sundays and the New Year) and government reticence was an obstacle to independent travel (some senior officials were concerned over a rise in prostitution and gambling linked to tourism). In the 1990s, between 2,000 and 2,500 amusement parks, most of them with traditional or folk culture themes, were created in China with the full support of the authorities, which saw them as a way to strengthen patriotic sentiment. In 1998 a decision to promote tourism to stimulate consumption confirmed the trend. In 1999 three “Golden Weeks” of annual leave were introduced nationwide, centring on the public holidays of National Day (1), Labour Day (2) and the New Year (usually in February). The urban middle classes quickly made travel a part of their way of life — during the October Golden Week in 2011 the tourism ministry recorded 302 million trips. This figure (the most recent available) is hard to interpret, but is double that recorded for the same week in 2008. Young city-dwellers enjoy backpacking, but most Chinese still go on package holidays organised by their employer, an agency or a group of friends. Package tours are likely to dominate for many years as they appeal to first-time travellers, who make up most of the market. The most popular destinations are temples, mountains and historic sites. There is currently a strong revival in Buddhism, and tourism allows the Chinese once more to practice the ritual of going to burn incense at famous temples. Although China has no system for classifying its heritage, recently developed natural sites, destinations linked with ethnic tourism (largely to southwest China, to see the Tibetan, Dai, Dong or Miao peoples) and ancient cities, destroyed during the Cultural Revolution and since rebuilt, are hugely popular. Especially popular are sites on Unesco’s World Heritage List, whose numbers are increasing yearly thanks to Chinese government pressure. China has made tourism a central element of its development strategy, and it’s no surprise that the majority of its Unesco sites are in the west, which is the poorest and least accessible part of the country. In many parts of the southwest, including Tibet, the leisure economy has become the chief source of income, prompting the authorities to show a new interest in the environment, sustainable development and heritage conservation. The Jiuzhaigou Valley in Sichuan Province, a Unesco World Heritage site, has a population of only a few thousand Tibetans, but attracts over three million tourists a year and has 44 large hotels, including ones run by Sheraton, InterContinental and Marriott. These tourist destinations, ancient or modern, are often within clearly defined zones, sometimes including several villages, with illuminated signage and extensive infrastructure. After paying an entrance fee, groups led by guides can admire the scenery or enjoy shows featuring traditional dances. Authenticity, so important to many Western tourists, is only valued by the ramblers and a small number of rich people with sophisticated tastes (the kind who have luxury holiday homes in the mountains, designed by famous architects). Seaside holidays are also starting to be popular, though, given the traditional aversion to suntans in China, they do not include long periods on the beach. Overseas travel is growing. Foreign budget airlines have appeared on the scene, and China’s Southeast Asian neighbours have recently decided to make it easier for its nationals to visit by granting them visas on arrival. Sixty-five million Chinese crossed a national border last year, 13 times more than in 1997. But although travel to Europe, Africa and other parts of the world is growing rapidly, young city dwellers prefer weekends in Hong Kong or backpacking in Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam and Thailand.
Posted by Naxal Watch at 12:56 AM
Where your Ipad is made by Jordan Pouille http://mondediplo.com/2012/07/08empire Foxconn has around 20 factories of various sizes in mainland China — in Wuhan, Chengdu, Zhengzhou, Chongqing, Shanghai, Ningbo and Tianjin. From games consoles to 4G smartphones, Foxconn makes 40% of the world’s consumer electronics in China, where it employs over a million workers with an average age of 27, who work 56-60 hours a week and earn up to $500 a month (1). But it also assembles Sony TV sets in Slovakia and is starting up production in India, Malaysia and Brazil. Founder Terry Gou, 61, holds 30% of the company’s shares and is 184th on Forbes magazine’s list of the world’s richest people in 2012. Because Foxconn simply assembles components purchased by its clients and checks the quality of the end product, labour, rather than materials, is its largest cost. Hence the importance of vertical integration, in which the employer takes care of the workers’ needs. But the recent announcement that large numbers of robots are to be introduced suggests a change of tactics, at least in Shenzhen. Company spokesman Louis Woo said: “We can’t leave Shenzhen, even if wages here are higher than elsewhere in China, because the city has become a talent magnet, thanks above all to its universities. That could allow us to focus on leading brands, innovative products and our own R&D, but it would require sophisticated equipment.”
Posted by Naxal Watch at 12:53 AM
The Arab Revolts and South East Asia: What Impact and What Influence?
Teresita Cruz-del Rosario et James M. Dorsey
Southeast Asia experienced its own political upheavals well before the Arab revolts. Nevertheless, the wave of popular uprisings that shook the Middle-East and North Africa region goes far beyond the region’s boundaries, and Southeast Asia is no exception to the global crisis of confidence towards governments. 2011 was a year of massive demonstration of widespread and deeply felt discontent that was willing and able to assert itself in powerful and often new ways. Although contexts and political cultures differ, the impact of the Arab revolts on Southeast Asia is already palpable. The consequences of the wave of Arab protests on Southeast Asian countries carry their load of opportunities and risks for governments, in political, social and economic terms. But the impact is not one way, and Southeast Asian experiences could represent a source of inspiration. READ MORE
Posted by Naxal Watch at 12:39 AM
http://www.indianexpress.com/news/us-to-supply-6-more-c130j-planes-to-india/977166/ The US has accepted India's request for supplying six more C-130J special operations transport aircraft to the IAF and a communication in this regard was given to the Defence Ministry recently. India had sent a Letter of Request (LoR) to the US government in September last year for procuring six additional C-130J aircraft. The US government submitted a Letter of Acceptance on April 10 to the Indian Defence Ministry for clearance. Like the first six aircraft, the additional six were also being acquired through foreign military sales (FMS) route, Lockheed Martin officials said. India had signed a deal worth USD one billion with the US in 2007 for six aircraft which are deployed at the Hindon air base near here. The deal for the additional six aircraft is also expected to be around USD one billion. Commenting on the development, Lockheed Martin's India head Roger Rose said, "The C-130Js, which were delivered ahead of schedule and within budget, have performed well for the Indian Air Force (IAF)." "Lockheed Martin looks forward to continuing our disciplined programme performance by supporting the first six and any additional aircraft the Government of India may order," he added. The IAF has decided to deploy the additional six aircraft at its base in Panagarh in West Bengal to take care of the requirements of formations deployed in the northeast and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. The aircraft will also be used by the Special Forces to carry out operations or rapid deployment in case of incidents such as the 26/11 Mumbai terror attacks.
By MK Bhadrakumar http://atimes.com/atimes/South_Asia/NG20Df03.html The United States' "de-hyphenated" relationship with the two South Asian rivals, Pakistan and India, is taking a curious turn. In a dramatic shift of fortunes, Pakistan is regaining its status as a key ally of the US in regional security. At the same time, Washington is assuring India that it is the "lynchpin" of the US' Asia-Pacific strategy directed against China. In sum, the US has assigned to Pakistan and India their respective roles to play in its grand strategy of "pivot to Asia". The US-Pakistan deal reached three weeks ago to reopen the North Atlantic Treaty Organization's transit routes to Afghanistan was widely regarded as "a thaw without the promise of an impending spring" - to quote former Pakistani foreign secretary Tanvir Ahmed Khan. But even keen observers of the corridors of power in Islamabad could go wrong, as the latest developments suggest. To be sure, the US-Pakistan security cooperation, which faced a virtual shutdown following the killing of over two dozen Pakistani soldiers in a US military operation in the Afghan-Pakistan border region of Salala last November, is reviving. Washington rendered an "apology" to Islamabad over the incident, which in turn provided the Pakistani leadership with the fig leaf needed to move on. Extra league At the invitation of Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) director David Petraeus, the Pakistani intelligence chief, Lieutenant General Zaheerul Islam, has scheduled his first visit to the US after taking over the post in Islamabad in March. Islam's visit is expected to take place as early as next week. The visit signifies a mutual willingness on the part of both Washington and Islamabad to revive security cooperation. Most important, it also means that the Pakistani military leadership is putting its weight behind the process. Furthermore, Islamabad is now inclined to allow the return of some US military personnel to man intelligence centers on Pakistani soil after expelling them following the Salala incident. This is a dramatic breakthrough for the US. An exclusive report in the Washington Post citing senior US and Pakistani security officials anticipates that spy chief Islam will also present to Petraeus a list of requests, including the transfer of drone technology and the upgrade of Pakistan's F-16 fleet with equipment that will boost the aircraft's accuracy, amongst others. The US has already agreed to release US$1.1 billion for the Pakistani military. The two countries have also proposed to reconvene their Strategic Dialogue, which was last held in October 2010. The upcoming session in Washington is expected to provide the occasion for a visit by Pakistani army chief Parvez Kayani to the US. On a parallel track, the two countries have negotiated a formal agreement regulating the operation of transit routes for North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) trucks from the port of Karachi to the Afghan border. Under the terms of the agreement, Pakistan will continue to provide transit facilities on a gratis basis but the US would give Pakistan the money to maintain the highways used by NATO convoys. Interestingly, the proposed agreement allows the transit of lethal equipment, which the NATO forces propose to withdraw from Afghanistan following the drawdown of troops through 2013-14. This will come as a huge relief for the Pentagon and NATO, since the Northern Distribution Network (NDN) through Russia expressly forbids the transfer of lethal equipment. In qualitative terms, Pakistan is extending a friendly partnership whereas the NDA is based on commercial considerations. The preferred option for the US and NATO has always been the Pakistan routes, for reasons both of economy as well as of geopolitics. US dependence on the NDN will now significantly diminish. Thus, on the whole, the Pakistani leadership is going the extra league to give new verve to the relationship with the US and the Western alliance, notwithstanding domestic opposition among sections of Pakistani opinion. This bold, politically risky push to revive Pakistan's ties with the US is possible only with the backing of the military leadership in Rawalpindi. US commentators estimate that the negotiations over this swift turnaround were actually negotiated there in secrecy. Princely promise The US factors in that the situation in Afghanistan is dynamic and Pakistan's cooperation becomes vital. For its part, Pakistan realizes that the continued US military presence in Afghanistan would make any takeover by the Taliban in the post-2014 a remote possibility. There is also a real danger of the US forces in Afghanistan confronting Pakistan sooner or later. The generals in Rawalpindi see that without an immediate course correction, the emergent matrix is fraught with the grave danger of pitting Pakistan against the Western alliance, which would work to India's advantage. They could sense that under US prodding, New Delhi lately hardened its stance on Pakistani support for terrorism. In overall terms, Washington's "pivot to Asia" strategy provides the backdrop for the restoration of the US' security and military ties with Pakistan. Getting Pakistan on board is an imperative need for the US if its efforts to outflank China in the west are to gain traction. Looking ahead, Pakistan is also the key to the US' New Silk Road initiative. Meanwhile, Washington sees the tactical advantages in keeping Pakistan on its side at a time of spiraling tensions in the Persian Gulf and the Strait of Hormuz. Unsurprisingly, Saudi Arabia has also come into the picture, proposing that it will help Pakistan to meet its energy crisis provided Islamabad cuts back on ties with Tehran. This offer has been held out at the level of the Saudi King Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz, who will himself meet the visiting new Pakistani Prime Minister Raja Pervaiz Ashraf in Jeddah on Monday. The new Crown Prince Salman bin Abdul Aziz is also expected to visit Pakistan. Abdullah is virtually dusting up a US-Saudi-Pakistan trilateral security matrix that dates back to the Cold War era. Prior to meeting Ashraf, he received had another visitor on Monday - US National Security Advisor Tom Donilon. The looming crisis in Syria and the rising tensions with Iran make it a pressing necessity for Saudi Arabia to revive security and military ties with Pakistan. Significantly, in his meeting with King Abdullah, Ashraf was quoted as saying, "[The] security of the two countries is synonymous and they will keep on enhancing their cooperation in all fields. The road map for furthering strategic relations of the two countries will be completed on faster pace." With the Saudis coming in, expectations begin to rise in Islamabad. Against the backdrop of the gathering storms in the Middle East and the Persian Gulf (and the US' intensifying its rivalry with China), Islamabad will expect more than a mere transactional relationship with Washington and Riyadh. Curry goes sour Enter India. From the Pakistani viewpoint, the ultimate litmus test of the US' goodwill lies in its willingness to curb the US-India strategic partnership, especially over Afghanistan. As retired Pakistani general and respected columnist Talat Masood wrote recently, the US-India strategic partnership and the "deep converging interests" of Washington and New Delhi in Afghanistan and the region "generate insecurities" within Pakistan. "The India factor looms large in Pakistan's strategic calculus." The US and Saudi Arabia will find it hard to reconcile this contradiction. The India-Pakistan differences are far too deep-rooted to be resolved in the near future, even with the combined US-Saudi muscle. But that will not stop Washington and Riyadh from trying. It makes sense for Washington to seek King Abdullah's good offices. The Saudi-Pakistani ties are traditional and very close. To quote an analyst at the Washington-based Middle East Institute, "The Pakistan-Saudi Arabia partnership is the closest between any two countries that don't have a formal treaty agreement, says former Saudi intelligence chief Turki bin Faisal. It's a deeply rooted security partnership whose importance has grown as Riyadh-Tehran tensions rise and sectarian uncertainty increases in eastern Saudi Arabia and Bahrain." On the other hand, India is also keen on developing a robust relationship with Saudi Arabia, and Riyadh made a friendly gesture recently (with Washington's encouragement) by deporting to New Delhi a terrorist who was allegedly involved in the Mumbai attacks in November 2008. Having said that, New Delhi will remain averse to any Saudi mediation as such in settling its differences with Pakistan. There is a sense of disquiet already in New Delhi at the curious turn of the tide in the US-Pakistan standoff. Of course, what is happening today between the US and Pakistan against the backdrop of the "new cold war " happened before too during the other Cold War in history books and, therefore, it can only bring a sense of deja vu to the Indian mind. At the same time, the qualitative difference today will be that while Pakistan is a basket case for Washington, India happens to be the US' latest milch cow. The US has already sold weapons worth over $8 billion to India. The US ambassador in New Delhi, Nancy Powell, has been quoted as saying, "We [US] are poised to sign an additional $8 billion in direct commercial and foreign military sales." Last week, in an unprecedented statement, President Barack Obama demanded the opening up of the Indian market for the benefit of the US industry and business. He singled out India's $430 billion retail trade sector. Clearly, the "de-hyphenated" relationship with Pakistan and India is working brilliantly for the US. The growing US-India understanding on regional security unnerves Pakistan and in turn strengthens the US' negotiating hand vis-a-vis generals in Rawalpindi. On the other hand, the US lavishes much rhetoric on India, and encourages it to keep its eyes riveted on the horizons beyond the South China Sea in the east, while at the same time striking lucrative arms deals with New Delhi. During a visit to New Delhi recently, Defence Secretary Leon Panetta openly described India as the "lynchpin" of the US' Asia-Pacific strategy. Meanwhile, to add to the sense of insecurity of the Pakistani generals, a prominent Washington think tank, the Center for Strategic and International Studies, just brought out a 72-page report exhorting New Delhi to press the pedal to accelerate "defense trade". All this is great "public diplomacy". But are Indians such duffers as not to begin to seriously wonder what is the meaning of the deep rumblings at their side facing the West where the US-Pakistan security and military tie-up is getting restored? The unkindest cut of all for the Indians will be that Washington also has been instigating New Delhi on the quiet in recent weeks to raise the ante on Pakistan's support for terrorism as part of a "psy-war" to herd the generals in Rawalpindi toward the negotiating table. No one likes to stand out like a lemon. The Indian policymaker is getting that sickening feeling when the coriander curry has gone sour. Ambassador M K Bhadrakumar was a career diplomat in the Indian Foreign Service. His assignments included the Soviet Union, South Korea, Sri Lanka, Germany, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Uzbekistan, Kuwait and Turkey.
July 20, 2012
Here are some key passages from The Art of Being Free:
Posted by Naxal Watch at 11:36 PM
“Fanaticism and self-righteousness are rooted in self-hatred, self-doubt, and insecurity,” wrote the longshoreman philosopher, Eric Hoffer in 1951. In The True Believer, the book he’s most renowned for having written, Hoffer asserts that "a passionate obsession with the outside world - or the private lives of others - is an attempt to compensate for a lack of meaning in one’s own life." Hoffer was seeking to explain why people follow lunatics like Adolph Hitler... but his words explain why people follow the obvious falsehoods in today’s political climate, too. Hoffer died in 1983 having spent much of his life observing the working class from among its ranks. We founded the Laissez Faire Club so the ideas of great writers like Eric Hoffer don’t go missing in the ash heap of history; that the passion for living as free people doesn’t succumb to the will of the political class. It’s a struggle every generation faces... ours is no different. Today’s offering from the club is a new work. And is equally full of aphoristic wisdom as any writing Eric Hoffer did. As you’ll discover below today’s author was revered as “royalty” only a week ago in Las Vegas. I bring up her work in the context of Mr. Hoffer because in many ways she’s his contemporary equivalent, from the details of her private life to the authority from which she dispenses her wisdom. Cheers, Addison Wiggin President, Laissez Faire Books P.S. Please enjoy Doug French’s review of Wendy McElroy’s new book The Art of Being Free... then discover how you can get today’s most cutting edge ideas on the economy, finance and freedom - economic or otherwise - FREE every Friday. Freedom as Art by Douglas French There were plenty of big names speaking at FreedomFest in Las Vegas last week. There were TV talking heads like Steve Forbes and Andrew Napolitano. Famous entrepreneurs like John Mackay came. Tea Party star Rand Paul attracted vast attention. But it was an unassuming woman, a brilliant author who rarely leaves her rural home in Canada, who stole the show. Wendy McElroy has been part of the freedom movement for decades. She is -- quite simply -- libertarian royalty. Many recognized her and her status, including event organizer Mark Skousen. At the final ball, to which she humbly thought she was not invited, she was swept up, put at the head table and given rounds of applause. Ms. McElroy spends her time thinking and writing, leaving the yakking to others. But as she delivered her speech as part of Laissez Faire Club Day at FreedomFest, you could have heard a pin drop. The audience could feel her passion and sincerity. Liberty for Wendy McElroy is not theory, but real life. It is a state of mind and heart. For McElroy, everything in life begins with the individual. If a person has control of his or her person and property, that’s freedom; if not, it’s slavery. Hers is a clear and sophisticated voice for liberty that will thrill you in her outstanding new book, The Art of Being Free: Politics Versus the Everyman and Woman. Laissez Faire Club members will receive McElroy’s great book today. It can be yours, too, if you sign up right now for $10 a month or just $75 a year. Don’t miss out. You can also purchase in hardcopy. This is not a book about stirring up the Tea Party or political strategy. As the title denotes, politics is the enemy of the people. Real liberty lovers don’t play political games. The games will imprison you. “I am not into electoral politics as a way to change society, so I don’t think in terms of competing with Republicans or Democrats,” McElroy told an interviewer. “I believe that lasting change comes from transforming the hearts and minds of people -- freedom comes one person at a time -- and the pulling of a lever every four years doesn’t have much to do with that process. I believe in grass-roots activism to improve the daily realities of people, not in electing politicians to positions of power. A politician has never improved my life, has never made me freer.” After reading Ayn Rand’s We the Living at age 15, a year later McElroy escaped to the relative safety of the streets and was immediately confronted with a harsh Canadian winter. She was able to secure a low wage job and began building a life for herself. This book is not the musings of a sheltered, out-of-touch academic. McElory’s clear and sparkling pose pushes the reader along at a furious pace -- from theory, to everyday issues, to a discussion of the people who embody freedom and finally to a discussion about moving from an unfree world to a freer one -- always with an eye for the rights of the individual. While government seeks to protect children from exploitation with child labor laws, McElroy explains that these laws relegate some children to lives of homelessness and crime. Those on the “left” and the “right” claim that public schools are required to educate the masses. It does no such thing. At best, children receive training that leaves them unmotivated and unquestioning. At worst, they are impoverished by the lies and hypocrisies they are told. As government wages a destructive war on the drugs it deems illegal, it partners with the American Medical Association to form the therapeutic state. Some view a passport a symbol of freedom; McElroy sees these documents as total government control. The author is likely the only feminist speaking out for the rights of fathers and ex-husbands. She considers the payment of alimony slavery. She makes the trenchant point that fathers owing child support payments are denied due process and are essentially relegated to debtors’ prison. What America has come to is that the average American is likely breaking three federal laws a day, leading the “land of the free and home of the brave” to resemble a police state. What McElroy’s heroes have in common is their bravery in standing up to the state. Thoreau chose jail over war taxes. La Boetie said “no” to the state. Voltaire’s words created a backlash. Garrison fought slavery to the end, and R.C. Hoiles never abandoned his principles, while still owning and operating a successful newspaper empire. For example, the heroic Orange County Register owner was one of the rare few who championed the cause of Japanese-Americans who were oppressed during World War II. Ms. McElroy challenges the reader to examine when and how he or she will withdraw consent to the state. For example, “Would you steal from or harm an innocent person if a state agent commanded you?” she asks. We know how Thoreau would answer, as well as McElroy’s other freedom fighters. What would you do? Ms. McElroy believes we all should search our souls and determine where we will draw the line. She urges us to plan for a further heightening of the police state. Think through your limits, so you can act accordingly when confronted face to face with state terror, and “you should pay a price as soon as possible because it costs less overall,” McElroy writes. “It will never be easier for you to consider this question than right now, in privacy and comfort.” We must plan not just for our safety, but also for our self-respect. At what point do we allow the state to strip us of our consciences so that we will willingly do the state’s bidding and aggress against our neighbors? Will we all be institutionalized by state power and bureaucracy? Our learned behavior being to obey and conform, with the end result a deadening of the human soul. Can you say “no”? Will you say “no”? Let Wendy McElroy show you how. Sincerely, Douglas E. French Senior editor The Laissez Faire Club Douglas.E.French@gmail.com Facebook @ doug.french.9 Twitter @ DouglasFrench1 P.S. Here are some key passages from The Art of Being Free: Freedom I do not believe freedom or justice are august concepts to be immortalized in awe-inspiring statutes. Freedom and justice belong on the streets and in the gutters, because that is where real people live as they rush from home to work, from work to pick up their children. I want a theory and reality of freedom that is based upon and within the average working person. Since childhood, one of my favorite quotations has been a passage from Louisa May Alcott’s novel Little Women. The character Jo reads aloud from a short story she has written: “And the good fairy said, ‘I won’t leave you money or pretty dresses, but I will leave you the spirit to seek your fortune from your own efforts.’” If La Boetie is right: If freedom is a natural human urge, then nature herself argues the logic of not cooperating with tyranny. There is something within both man and beast that resists the tension of a leash. Rather than break the tension by attacking whomever holds the reins, La Boetie told people to just let the tension go slack. Refuse both violence or submission. Simply say no. In that word, freedom lives. Rights Civil and economic rights are not separable. Both are human rights and dependent upon each other. It makes no sense to tell a free man that he has freedom of speech, but no similarly unrestricted right to use his own labor to make goods that he can freely sell. Both acts are peaceful expressions of his own body. Being able to use his tongue to speak out is no more sacrosanct than being able to use his hands to contract labor on his own terms. Slavery Chattel slavery was driven from North American soil almost 150 years ago. A more subtle form of slavery has arisen. Politicians declare themselves to be protectors of individual rights, but governments at all levels -- local, state and federal -- claim an ever-increasing percentage of society’s money and liberty. The government is assuming the role of thief and slaveholder. Your property and the exercise of your faculties and time are not mere societal niceties; they are your life. Social Change The main advantage of a decentralized system of decision-making may well be its ability to adjust constantly and quickly to shifting circumstances. Where social engineering demands a stable future and a godlike knowledge of the present, spontaneous order recognizes and embodies the inevitability of change and the inadequacy of human knowledge. Thinking We should yank theory out of academia and throw it back into the streets, where it belongs. It belongs there, alongside truth, because that is where injustice happens, it is where the marketplace feeds people, it is where those who struggle are seeking answers to why the world is falling apart. Theory and principles were never meant to be the playthings of an elite class who tell the masses that they are too ignorant to understand sophisticated concepts like justice, economics or even their own self-interest. Justice, economics and the public good must be fed through their own elite understanding and regurgitated in understandable form. Yet the elites do not even know what the price of bread is. The more clearly you think, the freer and richer life will be. Standing up for yourself can be frustrating and unpleasant. The world can brutalize people intellectually as surely as it does physically. For friendship and solace, for knowledge and companionship, it is not possible to say enough about the benevolence of books. Politics We are lied to as a matter of policy by politicians who vow on Bibles and the Constitution to protect our interests. It is in their interest to have us believe the economy is going through a little burble, but otherwise, it is just peachy. And for them, I am sure it is. I am sure their children don’t lack for medical care, the best food, new shoes... These people tell the lumpenconsumeriat, “Pay no attention to that printing press behind the curtain, so that you don’t understand that the inflated U.S. currency has rendered every dollar you possess worth only a fraction compared with a few years ago.” Medical Reform Monopoly, legal privileges, the rise of PPPs, the use of tax dollars to create disease and eliminate competition, the peddling of pharmaceuticals through government agencies... these issues must be prominent in any productive discussion of the medicalization of everyday life. If the discussion focuses on corporate greed, then the therapeutic state will have merely entered a new phase... Passports The passport has grown into what is arguably the single most powerful tool of totalitarian America, second only to law enforcement itself. It no longer pretends to protect individuals; not a single terrorist has been apprehended as a result of passport checks. But it does cement the totalitarian state. The mandatory passport should be reviled and rejected as an abuse of human rights and common decency. A nation that requires one cannot be free. Police The goal of a police state is not the free flow of civil society, but the polar opposite: social control. The goal of a police state is to preserve and augment its own political power. Because civil society considers government to be its servant, rather than its master, civil society constitutes a direct threat to the police state. Thus, the two are at war with each other and cannot coexist. This characteristic distinguishes the police state from limited government: It wages war upon civil society, upon peaceful expression and behavior. In doing so, it wages war on individuals. Elitism One of the political beauties of libertarianism is that it is a populist ideology. It deals with fundamental rights that are possessed by all human beings; it defends everyone’s life, liberty and property equally. It says to the poorest, most-disadvantaged person in society, “You have the same due process rights as a billionaire.” Libertarianism is a profoundly nonelitist. It is profoundly the politics of the everyman. The State The state can still disappear. For many people, the state disappears in the conduct of their private lives with family and friends, in which the bonds of affection and trust have nothing whatsoever to do with government law. When they read bedtime stories to their children, plan a birthday party for a relative or simply have a cup of coffee with a friend... here the state is nowhere to be seen. P.S. This is a book that will change the way you view the world. It will challenge you and inspire you. Don’t delay, enroll in the Laissez Faire Club and absorb McElory’s great insights today. However, receiving this great book for FREE just scratches the surface of what you’ll receive when you become a member of the Club. All the benefits are laid out for you right here. Of course we sell this book. A book you can’t buy from Amazon. But instead of purchasing the book, for today only, you can claim a copy of the e-book absolutely free. In return, all I ask is that you agree to try membership to the Laissez Faire Club. The free e-book of The Art of Being Free is just the first of many benefits you’ll claim when you become a member to the club. Before you click, however, it’s important to note that this trial won’t set you back the normal membership fee. For today only, we are offering you a steep discount. Why? Laissez Faire Books is very proud to release this beautiful e-book version of The Art of Being Free and we want you to not only enjoy McElory’s wonderful book for free, but enjoy all the benefits of the Lassiez-Faire Club for an additional 25% off. Act today. Tomorrow, you’ll have to join the dozens of readers who’ll have to pay for their own copy. But today... you can join the Laissez Faire Club... save a bunch of money... and claim a free e-book. That’s why I urge you to click here to claim your free copy.
Posted by Naxal Watch at 11:32 PM
Russia and China have vetoed the resolution on Syria sponsored by the United States, France, Germany and Portugal at the United Nations Security Council. This is not surprising, as Moscow and Beijing have been consistent in their opposition to any form of UNSC mandate being deliberately misused or misinterpreted by the Western powers to justify an eventual military intervention in Syria — as had happened over Libya an year ago.
The Russian and Chinese stance has strongly projected that the Syrian crisis can be resolved only by the people of that country and the role of the international community should be confined to facilitating a national dialogue between and amongst the Syrian groups and the government.
The latest Russian and Chinese veto has been prompted by the western draft resolution invoking Chapter 7 of the UN Charter which allows the Council to authorize actions ranging from economic and diplomatic sanctions to military intervention. Evidently, the resolution, if passed, could have opened the door for a Libya-style western intervention in Syria.
What comes as an absolute stunner is that India voted in favor of the resolution. Equally, India has taken a rather dubious stance to justify its vote — namely, that the Indian vote in favor of the resolution was "to facilitate a united action by the Security Council in support of the efforts of the Joint Special Envoy [Kofi Annan]." This is a specious plea ridden with sophistry.
India's Statement in Explanation of the Vote read out by Ambassador Hardeep Puri a few hours ago at the Security Council plainly ignores that the western resolution invoked Chapter 7 of the UN Charter. In short, India fudged the core issue by ignoring it and sidestepping it in order to vote in favor of the resolution anyway.
This is a vote which is not consistent with India's opposition to foreign military intervention to settle internal conflicts. Until recently, India would have opposed tooth and nail such a move on J&K. The Indian vote is particularly controversial since the LIbya analogy is in full view and what happened in Libya following the NATO intervention was a bloodbath.
Also, India cannot be unaware that like in Libya, the West's agenda is "regime change" in Syria and the civil war conditions in that country have been orchestrated through covert intervention by various countries.
Why has India taken such a patently dishonest, unprincipled and highly opportunistic stance? The answer is clear: India wants to be on the "right side of history", as US secretary fo state Hillary Clinton would have exhorted. Plainly put, India has decided to take an open stance on the side of the US-Israel-Saudi-Qatari axis in the geopolitics of the Middle East.
What explains this Faustian deal may never be fully known — unless, perhaps, there is a change of government after the general elections in 2014 — given the abysmal levels of corruption prevalent today in public life under Prime Minister Manmohan Singh's watch. Suffice to say, the Indian stance is certainly not borne out of ideology. Ironically, this is all happening at a time when the establishment pundits are proclaiming India's (re)discovery of "Non-Alignment.2″.
A footnote is also in order. The two countries which abstained during today's voting were South Africa and Pakistan. That is to say, out of the 4 BRICS countries currently represented in the Security Council, India has been the lone exception in identifying with the western resolution on Syria. Pakistan's abstention is a principled position; it cannot condone something that it wouldn't like being done to it. India should have followed Pakistan's footsteps.
If a western intervention indeed takes place in Syria, which seems increasingly likely, India will have blood on its hands — and on what remains of its conscience as an ancient civlisation that has experienced the horrors of colonial rule.
Posted in Diplomacy, Military, Politics.
Tagged with Kofi Annan, Syria.
By M K Bhadrakumar – July 19, 2012
Posted by Naxal Watch at 3:33 AM
PTI | Jul 20, 2012, 10.14AM IST
WASHINGTON: In a latest jab at Pakistan by the US, the House of Representatives has unanimously voted to cut American military aidto Islamabad by USD 650 million asRepublicans sought to tamp down demands for deeper reductions.
The amendment to cut the aid, which was proposed by Republican Congressman Ted Poe, passed on the floor in a voice vote. Poe had demanded a USD 1.3 billion cut, but settled for the 650 million cut. It will now go to Senate for approval.
"Pakistan is the 'Benedict Arnold' to America in the war on terror. They are disloyal, deceptive and a danger to the United States," said Poe, a member of the House Foreign Affairs Committee.
"This so-called ally continues to take billions in US aid, while funding the militants who attack us. And we've kept the money flowing. It's time we turn off the tap," Poe said.
The State Department, however, refused to comment on the development, saying that since the legislative process was ongoing, he would not have any particular reaction.
"We continue to consult with Congress, but I don't have any particular reaction to ongoing legislative debate," said State Department spokesman Patrick Ventrell.
"We continue to, obviously, support our Pakistani counterparts in key areas like counterterrorism, but I don't have a particular reaction to ongoing legislative debate," Ventrell told reporters.
"By continuing to provide aid to Pakistan, we are funding the enemy, endangering Americans and undermining our efforts in the region. We don't need to pay them to betray us; they are already doing it for free," said Poe.
The passage of the amendment comes at a fragile time for relations between the US and Pakistan, which only recently overcame differences that led Pakistan closing down a critical supply route into Afghanistan that had cost the United States about USD 100 million in additional war costs.
Posted by Naxal Watch at 2:24 AM
July 19, 2012
|The Daily Reckoning Presents|
That's what Nomura International's Investment Strategist, Bob Janjuah, griped five months ago. Since then, policymakers have stepped up their market-rigging, while new revelations of past market-rigging have also come to light.
It's starting to feel like the financial markets are all rigging and no ship.
"I am simply stunned that our policymakers seem so one-dimensional, so short-termist, and so utterly bereft of courage or ideas," Janjuah remarked last February. "It now seems obvious that in response to the financial crisis that has been with us for five years and counting, we are being told to double up on these same policy decisions [that have failed]. The crisis was caused by central bankers mispricing the cost of capital, which forced a misallocation of capital, driven by debt/leverage, which was ultimately exposed as a hideous asset bubble which then collapsed, destroying the lives and livelihoods of tens of millions of relatively innocent people."
When Mr. Janjuah voiced these concerns a few months back, the European Central Bank (ECB) had barely started rigging the sovereign credit markets of Europe by providing hundred-billion-euro bailouts to the central banks of Spain, Italy and others.
And when Janjuah sulked that he had no meaningful insights to offer, the ECB had not yet announced that it would also rig the private eurozone credit markets by extending loans directly to European financial institutions, rather than lending money only to eurozone governments.
And, of course, when Janjuah griped that markets were "so rigged by policymakers" he had no idea that policymakers had already been rigging LIBOR rates — the very foundation of the global credit markets.
LIBOR, which stands for London Interbank Offered Rate, may seem like a meaningless financial obscurity to most folks. But this particular obscurity happens to determine the pricing of trillions of dollars' worth of credit lines and credit derivatives.
Therefore, rigging LIBOR is a little like rigging magnetic north...or its modern-day equivalent, the Global Positioning System (GPS). Every compass in the world would point to a deception. More importantly, your Paris-bound jet might touch down in Tripoli. And even if your Paris-bound jet touched down in nearby Lyon, you'd still be a little annoyed.
The point is that you could never be certain where you would land. And if you can't be certain where you would land, why would you ever take off in the first place? Or to rephrase the question: who would ever buy a plane ticket to "Somewhere"?
That's right; no one. And that's roughly the same number of folks who would willingly participate in a rigged financial market. Rigging markets is a destructive fraud. Rigging a market as influential as LIBOR is fraud on an epic scale.
According to recent press reports, only three of the 16 banks that establish the LIBOR rate have admitted — or sort of admitted — to posting fraudulent LIBOR rates between 2005 and 2008. But very few filthy kitchens contain just three cockroaches.
Chances are, as the various investigations proceed, we will discover that the number of banks that participated in the LIBOR-rigging totaled more than three, but probably not more than 16...unless we were also to include central banks like the Federal Reserve and the Bank of England.
That's right — Are you sitting down? — some central banks may have sanctioned LIBOR-rigging.
According to recent press reports, a few of the 16 LIBOR-setting banks engaged in LIBOR-rigging from 2005 to 2008. The motive for their fraud seems to have been nothing more elaborate than pure greed. But during the 2008 crisis, government market-riggers — i.e., central banks — may have gotten in on the act.
Earlier this week, Jerry del Missier, a former executive of Barclays Bank, admitted to manipulating his firm's LIBOR postings during the 2008 crisis. But he said he did so because "at the time it did not seem an inappropriate action, given that this [directive] was coming from the Bank of England."
Not surprisingly, the Bank of England refutes del Missier's assertion. Apparently, market-riggers prefer to do their rigging privately. Despite this preference for anonymity, however, the policymakers who are rigging various market riggers probably believe their treachery to be in the best interests of Queen and country...and maybe Goldman Sachs. The policymakers seem to genuinely believe that the free markets need them — that free markets would stumble around in the darkness unless policymakers switched the lights on.
But the reality, of course, is that free markets don't stumble around unless some government agency blindfolds them with "policy measures."
Price-fixing and market-rigging are a perversion — destructive corruptions of the market-based signals that facilitate capitalistic enterprise. The more the market-riggers and price-fixers have their way, the less the free markets can nurture entrepreneurial dynamism. And yet, tragically, the more the riggers have their way, the more they argue the need for even more pervasive and extreme market- rigging.
"Politicians hold key to recovery: IMF," a Globe and Mail headline declared earlier this week. Yes; it's true! The IMF asserted that the biggest threat to the financial markets is a lack of rigging. "Downside risks continue to loom large," the meddlesome agency declared, "importantly reflecting the risks of delayed or insufficient policy action."
"If you listen to the [policymakers in the US and Europe]," Janjuah griped in February, "it seems that the only solution they can offer up is to yet again misprice the cost of capital, in the hope that, yet again, through increased leverage/debt, we are yet again greedy enough to misallocate capital, which in turn will lead to yet another round of asset bubbles. Such asset bubbles are meant to delude us into believing that we are now 'richer.' When — as they do by definition — these bubbles burst, those who have been suckered in will realize that their 'wealth' is instead an illusion, which in turn will be replaced by default risk..."
Indeed, our illusory wealth is already vaporizing. As reported previously in this space, "The median net worth of families plunged by 39% in just three years from $126,400 in 2007 to $77,000 in 2010. According to the Fed, the financial crisis, which began in 2007, wiped out nearly two decades of wealth — with middle class families bearing the brunt of the decline. This puts Americans roughly in the financial position they were in 1992."
In other words, the heavy hand of government meddling is a failure. It is a failure built upon the delusion that free markets require more attention and medication than a nursing home patient. It is a failure built upon the fraud that rigging markets enables them to function more efficiently. And this fraud rests upon the conceit that policymakers know which markets to rig, when to rig them and by how much.
Just look around you...the Western World's politicians and "policy makers" are literally bludgeoning free-market prices into extinction. The endangered species list includes the free market prices of:
For many years, the Federal Reserve dabbled from time to time in the Treasury market. But almost never in large size or for very long. After the 2008 crisis, the game changed. The Fed aggressively ramped up its purchases of Treasurys — initially in an effort to provide liquidity to the financial sector and later to suppress interest rates [i.e. fix prices].
The Fed conducted these purchases via its infamous "Quantitative Easing" initiatives, followed up by "Operation Twist." At the end of all this easing and twisting, the Fed became the largest single holder of Treasury Securities — even larger than China, the former #1.
Clearly, the Fed is not buying Treasurys as a mere participant in the free market; it is buying Treasurys to rig the cost of credit on the "free" markets.
Janjuah feels very certain that this story will end badly. He continues to reiterate this February warning:
"When looking for where the bubbles may be, realize this: in this current cycle, where central bank balance sheets are at the core, the bubble is everywhere — in stocks, in bonds, in growth expectation, in credit spreads, in currencies, in commodity prices, in most real asset prices — you name it! This is why I think that this current bubble, if it is allowed to fester and develop into 2013, will have such widespread consequences when it bursts that it will make 2008 feel, relatively speaking, like a bull market... When this bubble bursts, I don't think there is an easy way out. Who will be the bailout provider?"
"The longer we have to wait for the final resolution to the global financial crisis," he concluded, "the bigger and more devastating the final leg lower will be. I have an extremely high level of conviction on this point... My personal recommendation is to sit in gold and non-financial high quality corporate credit and blue-chip big cap non-financial global equities. Bond and currency markets are now so rigged by policy makers that I have no meaningful insights to offer, other than my bubble fears."
Don't be so hard on yourself, Bob. Fear is a "meaningful insight."
for The Daily Reckoning
Posted by Naxal Watch at 9:57 PM
According to reports from Pakistan, ChaudhuryHabib-ur-Rehman, who constitutes the one-man Anti-Terrorism Special Court trying seven members of the Lashkar-e-Toiba (LET) for conspiring to carry out the 26/11 terrorist strikes in Mumbai, has accepted the objections of the LET conspirators to the admissibility of the report submitted by a Pakistani commission that had visited Mumbai in March to record the statements of some Indian witnesses.
2.The lawyers of the LET conspirators had objected to the admissibility of the commission's report on the ground that the Government of India did not allow the Pakistani lawyers assisting the commission to cross-examine the Indian witnesses.
3.The Judge has accepted the contention of the LET lawyers and declared the report of the commission as inadmissible in the pending case.However, he has kept open the possibility of admitting in evidence the report of any new commission that might be sent to Mumbai by the Pakistan Government if its lawyers are allowed to cross-examine the witnesses by the Government of India.
4.India's efforts to seek the co-operation of the State of Pakistan for the effective prosecution of the Pakistan-based conspirators including Hafeez Mohammad Sayeed , the head of the LET, have thus reached a dead-end. It is futile to hope for any forward movement in this direction.
5.While India should continue to keep the spotlight on Pakistan to demonstrate to the international community its machinations to avoid action against the conspirators, it should at the same time unilaterally initiate other options against Sayeed.
6.It should have Sayeed declared as a proclaimed and absconding offender in the case and offer a huge reward for anyone who could help in his capture and prosecution before the Mumbai court. The reward should be made applicable to individuals as well as organisations, so that organisations of Baloch freedom-fighters, Sindhi nationalists and Pakistani Shia fighters who are interested in availing of the reward could do so by helping in the capture of Sayeed and his being brought to India for trial.
7. Simultaneously, a special cell should be created in the R&AW for bringing Sayeed to justice in India. (20-7-12)
( The writer is Additional Secretary (retd), Cabinet Secretariat, Govt of India, New Delhi, and, presently, Director, Institute For Topical Studies, Chennai, and Associate, Chennai Centre For China Studies. E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org . Twitter: @SORBONNE75 )
Posted by Naxal Watch at 8:57 PM
From the Newspaper | I.A Rehman | 16 hours ago July 19, 2012 THE report that a team of the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances will visit Pakistan in September must have raised hopes in many a heart in Balochistan. Will this initiative give the efforts to resolve the issue of disappearances a decisive boost? One hopes nothing will be done to thwart the UN mission. Any cancellation or postponement of the plan will further tarnish Pakistan’s image abroad. The working group had requested Islamabad to invite its mission on Sept 29, 2010. It was not wise to delay acceptance of this request for 20 months. Even otherwise, Pakistan’s record with this working group has not been good. In its latest report the group stated it had transmitted 143 cases of involuntary disappearance to the government since its inception and 107 of them were pending as of March 2012. Between November 2010 and November 2011, the cases referred to Islamabad under an urgent-action procedure were those of Muzaffar Bhutto (allegedly abducted on Feb 25, 2011) and Al Sharkawy Abdullah Mohammed Abdelrahim (May 25, 2011). The three cases referred under standard procedure concerned Mir Sohrab Khan Marri (Nov 8, 2009), Ali Asghar Bangulzai (Oct 18, 2001) and Khan Mohammad Marri (Nov 7, 2010). We know the fate of the persons mentioned here. The group also reported receiving complaints about the judicial commission formed in 2010 and allegations attributing the disappearances “to the security forces of the government of Pakistan, in particular to the Frontier Corps and intelligence agencies.” It is essential for Islamabad to rebut these allegations effectively and ensure that exchanges with the UN team are based on truth, openness and a desire to solve matters instead of taking shelter under an umbrella of denial and obfuscation. Any reluctance to deal fairly with the UN team will also further alienate the people of Balochistan, especially the Baloch population. In the wake of long-festering Baloch grievances, the shock of disappearances has been the last straw on the camel’s back. Whatever was accomplished by the judicial commission formed in 2010 or has been done by the commission working at present, the Baloch have received little satisfaction. Hopes aroused by the Supreme Court’s decision to prioritise the issue of missing persons are unlikely to endure forever. After all, the august court has been seized of the matter since the beginning of 2007 and over the last few weeks it has gone as far as it can in its efforts to break through the arrogance and obduracy of Baloch-baiters. The result does not match the effort. The long-suffering people of Balochistan may not be able to bear the shock of a failure of the UN initiative. While the failure to recover a good number of people believed to have been picked up by security personnel and the discovery of missing persons’ dead bodies continue to inflame Baloch emotions, another serious cause for concern is the grim realisation that disappearances continue almost unabated. According to an official report released by the Ministry of Human Rights, 150 people were reported to have disappeared in 2011 and 108 or 109 of them were from Balochistan. The commission led by Justice Javed Iqbal inquiring into involuntary disappearances says it had 138 cases before it in January 2011 and 634 new cases were added to the list over the past 18 months. This is incontrovertible evidence that the sinister game of eliminating Baloch dissidents continues and the powers-that-be have become immune to both sane advice and the dictates of the law. On top of everything the government of Pakistan seems to have become as helpless as the mother of a missing person begging to be reunited with her first born. The Senate’s Functional Committee on Human Rights recently adopted a resolution moved by Senator Farhatullah Babar calling upon the government to sign and ratify the UN’s International Convention for the Protection of All Persons against Enforced Disappearance. The government must, of course, do so as soon as possible, preferably before the arrival of the working-group team. What needs to be noted is the fact that Senator Babar, well-known for his special status as the president’s spokesperson, has to move a resolution in a Senate committee for the ratification of a UN instrument. The implication is clear: the government needs outside support to overcome the opposition to ratification of this convention. This is a measure of the power of the state that has grown within the state. Will parliament, political parties and civil society accept the challenge? The task before all those who believe in justice and the rights of the people of Balochistan is much harder than getting a UN convention ratified or some more missing persons traced, dead or alive. They have to persuade the establishment to understand the Baloch mind. For reasons that need not be repeated, the Baloch have been nearly completely alienated from the state. In such situations — and students of history and politics are quite familiar with them — the people, especially the youth, have nothing positive left to say about the state’s institutions and services. One suspects that our law-enforcement agencies are trying to outdo the intelligence agencies of the colonial period by pouncing on anyone who is guilty of nothing more than open discourse. One of the punishments for such young persons in the colonial period was that they were denied entry into the civil service even if they had established their merit (the practice continues in Pakistan). A problem arose after independence when many, if not most, Bengali candidates who had passed the civil-service entry test were rejected on the ground of adverse intelligence reports. East Pakistan fought and won the right to service of candidates with such records. Their argument was that in their part of Pakistan intelligence agencies did not like any bright young person. Something similar may help in Balochistan. There is not much point in talking only to ‘angry Baloch leaders’ because they matter little today. Young people matter much more. Instead of trying to win over the Baloch by pampering the favourites of ministers, legislators, warlords and generals, the state will do well to embrace the angry youth of Balochistan, respect their convictions, put balm on their wounds and give due weight to their views on the future of their people. http://dawn.com/2012/07/19/the-un-and-the-missing/
Posted by Naxal Watch at 9:18 AM
Contributor: Richard de Silva
Posted: 07/13/2012 12:00:00 AM EDT | 0
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This is the thrid part of Defence IQ's report on India's Futuristic Soldier As a System (F-INSAS) programme. This article focuses on mobility.
One of the chief aims of F-INSAS is of course to lighten the load for the soldier in battle, which will subsequently enhance survival rates and operational effectiveness. Developers are working on retaining ballistic protection through a tactical vest that includes cover to the legs, groin, neck and collar, but does not chafe in hot and uncomfortable conditions nor impede the soldier's movement.
Developers have been under pressure to reconcile a lighter load with the 'soldier as a system' concept, including the need to weave cabling and battery packs into clothing. Specifically, India's intention of providing Palmtop computers, fire proof undergarments, health monitoring sensors, and integrated respirators and sensors for chemical protection will all add to the 'on board' hardware requirements.Looking at the positives, an advance in new 'micro' technology, such as smaller communication devices and tablet PCs, should counter this in the long run, provided that systems remain flexible enough to make fast upgrades after the programme is finally rolled out into the battlefield.
The Indian soldier's helmet will be made of a lighter-weight composite material so that it balances out the additions of the added, visor, camera and internal communication system, but still protects from 9mm carbine rounds and shrapnel.
It is possible that armoured clothing could include a shear-thickening capability that not only disperses the impact of a gunshot or blast, but could potentially harness and transfer that energy for its own internal energy system.
Simpler modifications are also being implemented to standard issue clothing to make the soldier more manoeuvrable, such as "modular" gloves that can be adapted for any type of weather and enable easy handling of a weapon.
Back at the Ranch
When it comes to survivability, most major militaries are anticipating a continued rise in urban and irregular warfare, which in turn is calling for a rising prioritisation for mobility over general protection.
Exo-skeletal suits, a popular concept currently being evaluated by R&D teams worldwide are not believed to be an aspect of F-INSAS. Such suits – or 'Lower Body Units' (LBUs) – are intended to enhance a soldier's strength by providing a form-fitting machinized frame that augments the muscle power of the wearer.
Integration of solar panel and nanotechnology systems to lighten the load has already been explored by British Armed Forces in tests to convert kinetic, solar and thermal energy into electricity, but admit that thermoelectric (TE) solutions could still be 5-10 years from incorporation into clothing, and longer still from seeing the battlefield. However, key to the planning phase of TE solutions is the concept of "building in redundancy" so that lightweight clothing, which is likely to tear, will simply see its electricity re-routed rather than severed.
The US Future Force Warrior programme has entertained secondary applicable shear-thickening solutions to armour in order to enhance capability without adding to the load. One product looks to provide a spray-on option that stiffens on impact with the round in enough time to disperse the force, but testing and development remains ongoing, as it does with related ceramic and ferrofluid smart materials.
Posted by Naxal Watch at 7:56 AM
भारतभञ्जनम् - ग्रन्थसारः
भारतदेशस्य विदलनार्थं विश्वस्तरे बह्व्यः शक्तयः प्रयतमानाः इत्यस्मिन् विषये 'Breaking India' इत्ययं ग्रन्थः २०११ वत्सरे प्रकाशितः। 'भारतीयसंस्कृतेः भञ्जनेन देशस्य भञ्जनं शक्यम्' इत्येतं सूत्रम् अवलंब्य उद्यमन्ति एताः शक्तयः। तत्र संस्कृतपण्डितैः ज्ञातव्यानि विषयानि बहूनि सन्तीत्यतः ग्रन्थस्य परिचयः क्रियते। ग्रन्थलेखकयोः महतः परिशोधस्य फलम् अयं ग्रन्थः। लेखकयोः एकः राजीव मल्होत्रा नाम अमेरिकावासी, अन्यः अरविन्दन् नीलकन्दन् नाम चेन्नै निवासी। भारते समाजसंयोजकशक्तयः कथम् शक्तिहीनाः सञ्जाताः, वियोजकशक्तयः बलिष्ठाः सञ्जाताः इत्येवम् अस्य ग्रन्थस्य विषयः। विघटनशक्तीनाम् परिशीलनमेव अस्य ग्रन्थस्य उद्देशः इत्यतः संयोजकशक्तीनां विश्लेषणं न कृतम्। विघटनशक्तिषु काश्चन आन्तरिकशक्तयः, काश्चन बाह्यशक्तयः। प्रजासु मिथः भेदभावोत्पादनम्, तदनु जनानाम् जातिरूपेण विभजनम् (racial division), पश्चाच्च शनैः शनैः अन्तःकलहोत्पादनेन देशस्य विभजनम् इत्ययं विघटनशक्तीनाम् व्यूहः अत्र बहुभिः उदाहरणैः निरूपितः।
प्रथमं तावत् अयम् प्रश्नः विचारितः। भारतस्य विदलने को वा उत्सुकः? किं प्रयोजनमुद्दिश्य इति। अस्माकम् देशः अद्यतनप्रपञ्चे आर्थिक-राजकीयक्षेत्रयोः महा- शक्तिमत्त्वेन वर्धमानः दृश्यते। नातिदीर्घे एव काले अमेरिका, चैना इत्यादि देशैः सह स्पर्धितुं समर्थः इति ते मत्सरग्रस्ताः। चैना देशः अस्माकमपेक्षया शक्तिमान्, पश्चिमदेशीयानाम् ईर्ष्यास्थानत्वेऽपि सुदृढं पालनं वर्तते इत्यतः तत्र हस्तक्षेपं कर्तुम् अशक्ताः पाश्चात्याः अस्माकं देशे बहुभिः प्रकारैः हस्तक्षेपं कुर्वन्तः सन्ति (p 415, 419)। देशेऽस्मिन् पालनादौर्बल्यं, देशाभिमानह्रासः, शृङ्खलारहित-प्रजास्वाम्यं च दृश्यन्ते इत्यतः अत्र हस्तक्षेपः अतीव सुकरः। अलेग्जान्डरस्य काले अम्भिः, पृथ्विराजस्य काले जयसिंहः आस्ताम्, अधुना तु बहवः तादृशाः सांस्कृतिक-राजकीय-क्षेत्रेषु अन्येषां परिष्वङ्गे लाल्यमाना वर्तन्ते। तादृशानां स्वरूपाविष्करणमपि अस्मिन् ग्रन्थे कृतम्। अस्यां विषमायां स्थितावपि वैदिको धर्मः संपूर्णे भारते सुव्यवस्थितः आसीत्, परं तु राजकीयस्तरे देशस्य भञ्जनं जातम् आक्रमद्भिः गजनीजनैः। पश्चाद्भाविनः पाश्चात्यास्तु संस्कृतेः विश्लेषणेन, कुव्याख्यानप्रज्ञया च अस्मासु मिथः भेदबीजावापम् अकुर्वन्।
अधुना तु प्रपञ्चीकरणस्य पृष्ठभूमिकायाम् अन्यविषयैः सह धर्मोऽपि प्रपञ्चीकृतः। हिन्दुधर्मः अस्माकं देशे बहुजनादृतः भवतु नाम, परं तु प्रपञ्चस्तरे अल्पसञ्ख्याकः वर्तते। विश्वस्तरे अल्पीयान्, लघुतरश्च। सर्वेषां धर्माणां समानं प्रामाण्यम् अङ्गीकरोति हिन्दुधर्मः,अन्यः कश्चिदपि एवंविधः न दृश्यते। अन्ये धर्माः मतपरिवर्तने बद्धकङ्कणाः। एवंभूतानां धर्माणां मध्ये यज्ञपशुरूपेण लभ्यते हिन्दुधर्मः। तथैव भारतेदेशोऽपि दृश्यते। शक्तिहीने राष्ट्रे स्वप्रभावं दर्शयितुं मावोपन्थीया अपि उद्युक्ताः। राष्ट्रविभजनं तेषाम् अनुकूलं भवति। अतः अस्मिन् ग्रन्थे तिस्रः शक्तयः उल्लिखिताः – 1) पाश्चात्यदेशीयाः, 2) इस्लांधर्मीयाः, 3) चैनादेशश्च (p 413)। भग्ने देशे शकलान् स्वायत्तीकर्तुम् व्यूहरचनां कुर्वन्ति ते।
यद्यपि तिसॄणामपि शक्तीनाम् उल्लेखः कृतः, तथापि पाश्चात्यदेशानामेव आक्रमणव्यूहः ग्रन्थेऽस्मिन् प्रपञ्चितः। त्रिशूलः पन्थाः (three-pronged policy) दृश्यते तेषाम् - १)विद्वांसः, २) ईसाधर्मसंस्थाः तथा च ३)पाश्चात्यराष्ट्रसंबन्धिसंस्थाः इति त्रीणि शस्त्राणि परस्परोपष्टम्बकरूपेण कार्यं कुर्वाणानि दृश्यन्ते (p 246)। तिस्रः अपि शक्तयः व्यूहरचनाकुशलाः।
प्रथमं तावद् विद्वांसः:
कर्तुमकर्तुम् अन्यथाकर्तुं च शक्ताः विद्वांसः। आक्रमितदेशेषु वर्तमानानां भाषाणां शास्त्राणाम् च अध्ययनम्, तेषां कुव्याख्यानेन तद्देशीयपण्डितानां सम्मोहनं, जनानां विभजनं च कर्तुं च क्षमाः एते। क्रिस्तोः सप्तदशशतकादारभ्य बहवः पाश्चात्य विद्वांसः प्रायेण कुदृष्ट्या एव अस्काकं ग्रन्थानाम् अध्ययनमकुर्वन्, अद्यापि कुर्वन्ति। अत्र नैकानि उदाहरणानि दत्तानि अस्मिन् ग्रन्थे।
· माक्स् मुल्लरमहाशयः महान् लोकप्रियः अस्मिन् देशे। स्वमित्रं प्रति प्रेषिते कश्मिन्श्चित् सन्देशे एवम् लिखति - 'वेदानां मूलानि एतेभ्यः दर्शितव्यानि, येन भारतीय संस्कृतेः उन्मूलनं भवेत्' इति (p 27)। वेदानाम् आङ्ग्लभाषानुवादः अनेन उद्देशेनैव कृतः।देवासुरसङ्ग्रामप्रस्तावे सर्वत्र सात्विक-तामसादि गुणविभागं विसृज्य आर्य-द्रविड सङ्ग्राम रुपेण प्रस्तुत्य द्रविडोद्यमस्य बीजानि उप्तवान्। ऋग्वेदस्य पञ्चममण्डलस्थ 'अनास' (5-29-10) इत्यत्र सायणेन 'आस्यरहितान्, अशब्दान्, मूकान्' इति व्याख्यातम्। माक्स् मुल्लरस्तु 'नासरहितान्' इति व्याख्याय ते द्रविडा एव इति निर्धारितवान् (p 53)। तत्कालीनः रिस्ली नाम प्रशासकः एतं विषयं झटिति स्वीकृत्य जनानां नासिकापरिशीलनार्थं 'नासमितिः' इति प्रकल्प्य जनानां विभागम् अकरोत्। अल्पनासीयाः द्रविडाः इति, दीर्घनासीयाः आर्या इति च व्यभजत्। आङ्ग्लेयानाम् आगमनात् प्राक् द्रविडजाति नाम्ना भेदभावः नासीत्। भेदोत्पादनेन धर्मपरिवर्तनं सुकरं भवेदिति प्रशंसितं माक्स् मुल्लरेण (p 52).
· विलियम् जोन्स् नामकः विद्वान् भारतीयभाषाणाम् अध्ययनं कृत्वा स्वपरिकल्पितयोः जात्योर्मिथः कलहोत्पादनाय भाषाशास्त्रसिद्धान्तान् उपयुक्तवान् (p 42)। द्रविडभाषाणां संस्कृतेन सह न कश्चित् संबन्धः इति तस्य प्रतिपादनम्। बैबिल् कथनानुसारेण विश्वस्य सृष्टिः क्रिस्तोः पूर्वं ४००४ तमे वर्षे सेप्टेम्बर् मासे भगवता कृता इति उषर् नामकेन प्रतिपादितम् (Ussher Chronology इति अन्तर्जालमध्ये द्रष्टुम् शक्नुमः)। ततः प्राग्भाविन्याः कस्याश्चित् संस्कृतेः अस्तित्वाभ्युपगमः न कर्तुम् शक्यते। सर्वस्यापि अर्वाचीनत्वमेव स्वीकर्तव्यम्, भारतीयानाम् युगानां विश्लेषणं त्यक्तव्यम् इति तस्य वादः। बैबिल् मध्ये वर्णितस्य हाम् नामक शप्तपुरुषस्यैव सन्ततिः भारतीयाः इति सिद्धान्तीकृत्य तेषां धर्मान्तरीकरणं पवित्रविधिरूपेण प्रदर्शितवान् अयम् (p 44)।
· पाश्चात्यविश्वविद्यालयेषु (South Asia Studies) नाम्ना शोधकार्यक्रमाः सततवर्तिनः दृश्यन्ते। तेषु द्रविडोद्यमानां प्रोत्साहः, भारतीयसंस्कृतेः न्यूनीकरणम् इत्ययं व्यूहः अवलम्बितः। भारते या वर्णव्यवस्था दृश्यते, तां जातिव्यवस्थारूपेण प्रदर्श्य भारतीयाः जातिभेदवादिनः, आर्याः, (मुख्यतः ब्राह्मणाः) द्रविडानां (दलितानां) दमनं कृतवन्तः इत्येतान् वादान् उपस्थाप्य ग्रन्थान् निर्मितवन्तः (p 65)।
· भाषाशास्त्रमपि अत्र सहायकं भवति (p 181)। द्रविडभाषाणाम् अध्ययनेन द्रविडानां भाषा संस्कृतेन सह साम्यं न भजति इति, द्रविडानाम् आफ़्रिकादेशस्थैः नीग्रोजातीयैः सह साम्यं वर्तते इति च तेषां शोधफलम्। आर्याः देशान्तराद् आगत्य एतेषां संदमनं कृतवन्तः इति पाश्चात्यविद्याविदां वादः। अयं वादः धर्मपरिवर्तने सहकारको भवति।
· अन्तर्जातीयसमावेशेष्वपि एते विद्वांसः भारतदेशमुद्दिश्य अयं देशः जातिभेददृष्टेः मातृका इतेवम् अभियोगापादनम् अकुर्वन्।
भारतीयविद्वांसः द्विविधाः - वामपक्षीयाः, धर्मपरिवर्तकाश्च।वामपक्षीयाणां सिद्धान्तरीत्या कस्यचित् धर्मस्य पक्षपातिता निषिद्धा, तथापि एते केवलं हिन्दुधर्मस्यैव निन्दकाः अन्यधर्माणाम् अनुमोदकाः दृश्यन्ते। ग्रन्थे बहूनि उदाहरणानि दत्तानि। रोमिला थापर् नाम्नी विदुषी (p 260) भारतसंस्कृतेः द्वेषिणी। पुराणानि सर्वाण्यपि दलितानां दमनं निरूपयन्तीति, ज्ञानिनां ब्रह्मानुभवः, समाधिस्थितिः इत्येतत्सर्वं मनोरुग्मता इति च लिखन्ती पाश्चात्यानां दयिततमा अभवत्। मिलियन् डालर् पुरस्कारेण सम्मानिता अपि।
अस्माकं वामपक्षीयाः पाश्चात्यदेशानां वामेतरवर्गीयैः सह मिलित्वा देशविभजने सहायकाः भवन्तीति विस्मापकः विषयः। वामपक्षीयाणां पक्षपातिता अपि अस्मिन् ग्रन्थे प्रदर्शिता।
पाश्चात्यविद्वांसः स्वदेशं प्रति, धर्मं प्रति च अतीव श्रद्धालवः , अन्यराष्ट्राणां विदलने व्यूहनिर्मातारः भवन्ति। भारतराष्ट्रं दलितस्तान्, मोगलिस्तान्, द्रविडस्तान् इत्यादि रुपेण बहुधा विभक्तुं शक्यते इति तेषां मतम्। अयं विषयः तेषाम् अन्तर्जालपुटेष्वपि दृश्यते। भारतराष्ट्रनाम्ना कदापि किञ्चिद् राष्ट्रं न आसीत्, कदापि एकच्छत्रपालने न आसीत्,अपि तु आङ्ग्लेयानां पालनसमये एव बहूनि राज्यानि एकत्रीकृतानि, अतः कृत्रिमोऽयं देशः, तथा च विभजनीयः, इत्येषा तेषां कुबुद्धिः (p 248, 328)। वेदकालादारभ्य 'गङ्गे च यमुने चैव', 'भरतवर्षे भरतखण्डे' इत्यादि वचनेषु आसेतुहिमगिरिं भारतराष्ट्रमुद्दिश्यैव प्रस्तावः कृतः। अष्टादशशक्तिपीठसहितमिति, द्वादशज्योतिर्लिङ्गयुक्तमिति बहुधा समग्रस्य भारतस्य वर्णनं यत् दृश्यते तत्सर्वं एतैः निराक्रियते। अस्माकं आधुनिका अपि एतं वादम् अङ्गीकुर्वन्ति।
पुराणप्रस्तावे एतैः कृतानाम् कुव्याख्यानानां सीमा एव न दृश्यते (p 251)। शिवः गणेशश्च पार्वतीं कामयमानाः युद्धमकुरुताम् इति, लक्ष्मणः सीतां काङ्क्षमाणः आसीदिति, कृष्णः, शिवश्च स्त्रीलंपटाविति व्याख्यातॄणां मनोरुग्मताद्योतकानि व्याख्यानानि दृश्यन्ते। तेषां व्याख्यानानि अत्रत्याः धर्मपरिवर्तकाः पाठ्यप्रणालीरूपेण परिवर्त्य अज्ञजनानां धर्मान्तरीकरणे उपयोजयन्ति।
राष्ट्रनिर्माणे विदुषां यावान् प्रभावः तावान् राष्ट्रभञ्जने अपि वर्तते इति सुस्पष्टं निरूपितम् अस्मिन् ग्रन्थे। अघटितघटनसमर्थाः पण्डिताः इत्यवधेयम्।
आङ्ग्लेयानाम् आगमनकालादारभ्य अद्यावधि एतेषां कार्यक्रमाः वर्धमाना दृश्यन्ते। विदुषां शोधग्रन्थानामाधारेण एते स्वानुकूलं व्यूहं निर्मान्ति। विद्वांसस्तु शास्त्राध्ययनपाटवेन वक्रीकरणयोग्यान् विषयान् प्रदर्शयन्ति। धर्मप्रचारकाः तस्मिन् पथि अग्रे गत्वा लक्ष्यमुपयान्ति। बहून्युदाहरणानि दर्शितानि अस्मिन् विषये।
· सप्तदशशतके भारतं प्रति आगतः राबर्ट् डि नोबिलि नामा विद्वान् संस्कृते असामान्यं पाण्डित्यं संपाद्य ब्राह्मणवेषेण पर्यटनमकरोत्, रोम् ऋषिः इति ख्यातः आसीत्। सः पण्डितप्रतारकः। पञ्चमवेदो लब्धः इति महता कोलाहलेन उद्घुष्य स्वकल्पितं ग्रन्थं (जीसस् मतानुसारि) अदर्शयत् (p37, 108)। तत्कालीनैः पाश्चात्यपण्डितैः एव तस्य प्रामाण्यं निराकृतम्। ग्रन्थस्तु अधुनाऽपि फ़्रान्स् देशस्य म्यूज़ियं मध्ये लभ्यते। माक्स् मुल्लरस्तु नोबिलि महाशयस्य धर्मशीलित्वं अभ्यनन्दत्।
· थामस् नामा जीसस् शिष्यः कश्चित् जीससस्य मरणानन्तरम् केरलदेशं प्राप्य जीसस् धर्मस्य प्रचारमकरोत् इति काचित् जनश्रुतिः धर्मपरिवर्तकैः सृष्टा। थामस् एव तिरुवाल्वारस्य गुरुः आसीत्, तस्य शुश्रूषणेन तिरुक्कुरल् ग्रन्थः रचितः इत्यपि वादः उपस्थापितः। अयं वादः अधुनाऽपि प्रस्तूयते तैः(p 96, 97)।
· अस्मिन्नेव मार्गे १९७० वत्सरे धर्मप्रचारकस्य कश्चित् ग्रन्थः तमिल सर्वकारस्य मन्त्रिणा आविष्कृतः। संस्कृत भाषा थामसेन आनीता, ब्राह्मणाधमाः एतां भाषां स्वायत्तीकृत्य रचनाः अकुर्वन् इति अस्य ग्रन्थस्य विषयः।
· तथैव शबरिमलप्रान्ते शिवमन्दिरस्य नातिदूरे क्रिस्तोः चिह्नः लब्धः इति जनश्रुतिं कल्पयित्वा तत्र स्थानं प्राप्तुं यत्नमकुर्वन् (p 95)। यदा तत्रत्याः पुरावस्तुविभागेन परिशीलनाय आग्रहमकुर्वन् तदा सा शिला निगूहिता आसीत् (p 95)।
· ईसाप्रचारकैः अस्माकं सिद्धान्तानामपि विकरणं बहुधा क्रियते। शैवसिद्धान्तोऽपि जीसस् बोधनैः सम्बद्ध इति, मुरुगो नाम कश्चित् जीसशिष्यस्य अपभ्रंशरूपः इति च तैः व्याख्यायते (p 104)।
· भारतदेशस्य वर्णेषु मिथः वर्गद्वेषजननं, केषुचित् आत्मन्यूनताभावोत्पादनेन हिन्दुधर्मविमुखीकरणं तथा च तेषां स्वपरिष्वङ्गे स्वीकरणम् इत्येषा तेषां प्रणाली।
· जाषुवा प्राजेक्ट् नाम्ना काचित् प्रणाली 'आत्मनां संचयः' (harvesting of souls) इत्यनेन उद्देशेन २००० वत्सरे आरब्धा। अस्यां प्रणाल्यां समग्रे राष्ट्रे जनानां धर्मपरिवर्तनमेव कर्तव्यतया निर्दिष्टम् (p 353)।
· मावोपन्थीयैः सिद्धान्तरीत्या धर्मव्यतिरेकिभिः भवितव्यम्। तथापि ते अटवीप्रान्तेषु जीसस् धर्मेभ्यः साहाय्यं प्राप्य प्रतिफलरूपेण अटवीमार्गेषु तेषां रक्षणं कुर्वन्तः गिरिजनानां धर्मपरिवर्तने तेषां सहायकाः भवन्ति (p 383)।
· यदा यदा जनेषु मिथः विवादः प्रचलति, तदा जीससीयानामुपरि व्याघातः कृतः ब्राह्मणीयशक्तिभिः इत्येवम् आक्रन्दनपत्राणि पाश्चात्यदेशान् प्रति प्रेषयन्ति। नियतरूपेण, अविश्रान्तरीत्या च एतादृशी वार्ताः प्रेषयन्ति। एवंविधं साहित्यं 'संपीडन साहित्यं' (atrocity literature) नाम्ना प्रख्यातम्। दलितान्, दुर्बलांश्च ब्राह्मणीयवर्गाः पीडयमानाः इति निरन्तरप्रचारः जायते तथा च भारते हस्तक्षेपं कर्तुं united nations इत्यादि संस्थाः एतैः आहूयन्ते (p 125, 185)।
· पाश्चात्यप्रशासनानि भारतदेशस्थानाम् राष्ट्रविरोधिविदुषाम् सम्माननसत्कारैः तोषणेन, राष्ट्रप्रतिकूलकथनानां निर्माणेन च देशविरोधिशक्तीनां प्रोत्साहने प्रमुखं स्थानं वहन्ति।
· भारते व्यक्तिस्वेच्छा-उल्लङ्घनम्, दलितानां, जीससीयानां दमनम् इत्यादि विषयेषु शोधग्रन्थान् निर्माय देशस्योपरि दोषारोपणं कुर्वन्ति। समये प्राप्ते अभिशंसितुं, देशं विभङ्क्तुमपि च पूर्वरङ्गनिर्माणं कुर्वन्ति।
· पाश्चात्य नेतारोऽपि अस्मद्देशीयाभिः दलितसंस्थाभिः संभूय व्यवहरणेन एताः देशविरोधिकार्येषु प्रचोदयन्तः दृश्यन्ते।
· धर्म स्वेच्छा भारते न विद्यते इति तेषां वादः। धर्म स्वेच्छा नाम स्वेच्छया धर्मान्तरीकरणम्। ईषदपि निरोधं अमर्षयन्तः विश्वस्य सर्वेषु राष्ट्रेषु जीससीयानां रक्षणार्थम् (अर्थात् प्रचारार्थं) विश्व-धर्मस्वेच्छा-स्मृति नाम्नीं स्मृतिं अमेरिका सर्वकारीयाः अरचयन् (p 271)। तेन विश्वस्य सर्वेषु राष्ट्रेषु (यत्र पालकानां क्लैब्यं स्फुटं दृश्यते) हस्तक्षेपं कर्तुं शक्नुवन्ति। भारते यावती स्वेच्छा वर्तते तावती न कुत्रापि वर्तते, तथपि तूष्णीं कलङ्कनेन, उपालंभेन च राष्ट्रस्य इतोपि शक्तिहननं कुर्वन्तः सन्ति।
न केवलं भारते अपितु अन्येषु राष्ट्रेष्वपि एवमेव कुदृष्ट्या पाश्चात्यैः कथं हस्तक्षेपः क्रियते इत्यपि अस्मिन् ग्रन्थे प्रदर्शितम्। श्रीलङ्कायामपि आङ्ग्लेया एव आर्य-द्रविड नाम्ना कलहोत्पादनं आरब्धवन्तः। गच्छ्ता कलेन स एव अन्तर्युद्धरूपेण परिणतः अभवत्। एवमेव रुवान्डा इत्यदि देशेष्वपि पाश्चात्याः स्वकीयां विभजनशीलितां प्रादर्शयन्। मार्जालयोः कलहे मर्कटस्येव लाभस्वीकरणं, धर्मान्तरीकरणं च तेषां प्रणाली।
त्रिशूलेन पथा विद्वांसः, धर्मप्रचारकाः, सर्वकाराश्च संभूय कथं वा कार्यं निर्वहन्ति , साम-दान-भेदोपायैः देशस्य सर्वाण्यङ्गानि शक्तिहीनानि कुर्वन्ति इति प्रदर्शनेन प्रमादघण्टिकाः श्रावितवन्तौ एतौ ग्रन्थलेखकौ। तन्द्रायामेव यदि वयं वसेम, तर्हि भविष्यच्चित्रपटः कथं भवेत् इत्यपि पूर्णरूपेण आविष्कारः कृतः।
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