January 27, 2013

INTELLIGENCE SUPPORT TO URBAN OPERATIONS


This manual is designed primarily  for the intelligence staffs and soldiers of units conducting intelligence
support to operations in the urban environment.  It can also be used by commanders, staffs, and intelligence
personnel at all echelons, and applies equally to the Active Army, the Army National Guard/Army National
Guard of the United States, and the United States Army Reserve unless otherwise stated.


With the continuing growth in the world’s urban areas and increasing population concentrations in urban
areas, the probability that the US Army will conduct full spectrum operations in urban environments is ever
more likely.  As urbanization has changed the demographic landscape, potential enemies recognize the
inherent danger and complexity of this environment to the attacker, and may view it as their best chance to
negate the technological and firepower advantages of modernized opponents. Given the global population
trends and the likely strategies and tactics of future threats, Army forces will likely conduct operations in,
around, and over urban areas—not as a matter of fate, but as a deliberate choice linked to national security
objectives and strategy. Stability operations––where keeping the social structure, economic structure, and
political support institutions intact and functioning or having to almost simultaneously provide the services
associated with those structures and institutions is the primary mission––may dominate urban operations.
This requires specific and timely intelligence support, placing a tremendous demand on the Intelligence
warfighting functions for operations, short-term planning, and long-term planning.  

Providing intelligence support to operations in the complex urban environment can be quite challenging
and may at first seem overwhelming.  The amount of detail required for operations in urban environments,
along with the large amounts of varied information required to provide intelligence support to these
operations, can be daunting.  Intelligence professionals must be flexible and adaptive in applying doctrine
and tactics, techniques, and procedures (TTP) based on mission, enemy, terrain and weather, troops and
support available, time available, and civil considerations (METT-TC).

As with operations in any environment, a key to providing good intelligence support in the urban
environment lies in identifying and focusing on the critical information required for each specific mission.  
The complexity of the urban environment requires focused intelligence, and a comprehensive framework
must be established to support the commander’s  requirements while managing the vast amount of
information and intelligence required for urban operations. By addressing the issues and considerations
listed in this manual, the commander, G-2/S-2, and intelligence analyst will be able to address most of the
critical aspects of the urban environment and identify both the gaps in the intelligence collection effort and
those systems and procedures that may answer them. This will assist the commander in correctly
identifying enemy actions so that US forces can focus on the enemy and seize the initiative while
maintaining an understanding of the overall situation

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4 comments:

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