February 11, 2013

Sanskrit & Computers

I have been studing and focusing on Sanskrit Computational Linguistics for the past 6 months. Linguistics here means the scientific structural study of a language. Why Sanskrit?? 

Some details below: - this wil be a concise introduction for those who don't know and want to know "how Sanskrit is the most suitable language for Computing". Rest of the pundits and my teachers who are copied in this mail - please correct if there is anything wrong in the content and also add what ever I missed specific to this topic of Linguistics

When I first heard - Sanskrit is the most ideally suited language for Computing - i wanted to know How  ? - then later I found out in my own research that - Dr. Leonard Bloomfield and Dr. Zellig Harris - these 2 early 20th Century linguists first came out with English Linguistics theories  and they came out with lot of theories on Structural Linguistics - which later got adopted in Computer programing languages in early computer. - later Naom Chomsky developed Generative Grammar (Naom Chomsky is the student of Zellig Harris - the Sanskrit Vyakarana scholar)

"From Wikipedia - page http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Backus%25E2%2580%2593Naur_Form
The idea of describing the structure of language with rewriting rules can be traced back to at least the work of Pāṇini(about the 4th century BC), who used it in his description of Sanskrit word structure. American linguists such asLeonard Bloomfield and Zellig Harris took this idea a step further by attempting to formalize language and its study in terms of formal definitions and procedures (around 1920–60)

for IAL (Intelligent Application Language) the first Computer Programming Language - from IAL born ALGOL-58 the first-generation popular programming language - John Backus a programmar in IBM labs developed the first BNF Notation (Backus-Norm Form) based on Sanskrit Grammar methods. Later when Peter Naur developed the original ALGOL (58) to ALGOL-60 - it become a success and brought in major develoments to the computer field.

From Wikipedia page - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Backus%25E2%2580%2593Naur_Form
"Further development of ALGOL led to ALGOL 60; in its report (1963), Peter Naur named Backus's notation Backus Normal Form, and simplified it to minimize the character set used. However, Donald Knuth argued that BNF should rather be read as Backus–Naur Form, as it is "not a normal form in any sense" unlike, for instance, Chomsky Normal Form. The name Pāṇini Backus form has also been suggested in view of the facts that the expansion Backus Normal Form may not be accurate, and that Pāṇini had independently discovered a similar notation earlier"

Later when I was reading about these 2 Linguists - Leonard Bloomfield and Zellig Harris, I found that both of them went Germany during late 19th century /early 20th century and studied both Vedic Grammar (Pratisakyam) and Paninian system - for 7 years !. in their post Doctoral research /studies. The both studied in details the works of Otto von Böhtlingk - a German Indologist and Sanskrit Scholar - specializing in Vyakarana

"From Wikipedia - page http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Otto_von_B%25C3%25B6htlingkBöhtlingk was one of the most distinguished scholars of the nineteenth century, and his works are of pre-eminent value in the field of Indian and comparative philology. His first great work was an edition of the Sanskrit grammar of PaniniAṣṭādhyāyī, with a Germancommentary, under the title Acht Bücher grammatischer Regeln (Bonn, 1839–1840)."

Thus it is very clear Maharishi Panini not only helped the Structure of Sanskrit being protected all these years - he also helped create Computer Programming languages.

When did Maharishi Panini live - in my view must be 4000 years back or more - in the begining of Kaliyuga. An not 2500 years back as western indologies say - how please read my blog and I have given scientific reasons for my claim


There are more original articles on Sanskrit Computational Lingustics in my blog - which I keep posting every week. - Though i wish to write in Sanskrit, I'm writing in English so that it reaches more audiance.

I also request your comments and contributions in this topic - which I shall upload in your name - please make sure it is Original article of yours - for others articles that you've seen /read - you may forward links.

Warm regards
CG Krishnamurthi


Anonymous said...

buy ativan best dosage ativan - ativan withdrawal after 1 week

sager said...

Congratulation for the great post. Those who come to read your article will find lots of helpful and informative tips.

Acer - Aspire AS5750Z-B964G32Mnbb 15.6" LED Notebook - Intel Pentium B960 2.20 GHz - Blue

Acer - Aspire AS5349-B814G32Mnkk 15.6" LED Notebook - Intel Celeron B815 1.60 GHz