January 01, 2014

Saudi Arabia and the United States: Brown game around Iran continues

News | 01.01.2014 | 20:26

Saudi Arabia continues to escalate the situation around Iran even after the Iranian delegation in response to Washington's adoption of the sanctions list of 19 individuals and entities in protest left the talks in Geneva. So, in Riyadh announced their intention to form a military alliance based on the Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf (GCC), which should be inherently anti-Iran. On appeal Riyadh, facing all countries in the region, responded only to Bahrain.However, other neighbors Wahhabi kingdom, including close to the CSA for a political device, oil and gas monarchy - Qatar, UAE, Kuwait and Oman, in no hurry to respond to this call than put at risk "the chickens laugh at" a resounding statement in Riyadh.

On a rather abrupt and controversial step Saudi Arabia prompted the need for the consolidation of regional allies. This happened after the quench US-Saudi relations in October of this year, when it became known that the U.S. does not intend to support the actions of radical Wahhabis in Syria, which in turn receive financial and material support of Riyadh. Although, of course, the roots of this conflict go deeper - namely, in the reformatting of American foreign policy in the Middle East, change of elites in the White House and the revision of the relationship between U.S. intelligence agencies and radical Islamists.

Last Republican administration in Washington has been closely associated with the royal family in Saudi Arabia through the extraction of oil in Texas and the Arabian Peninsula. This facilitated the United Statescoordination with the Saudis during operations against Iraq, Afghanistan, and Iran's isolation. But in the end Washington suffered a series of political and military failures had an impact on the U.S. image in the outside world, and even aggravated by severe financial and economic situation of America. A worldwide well known that Saudi Arabia has removed hands of the international coalition led by the United States of his opponent in the face of Iraqi President Saddam Hussein, has limited the influence of Iran in the Middle East, seriously weakened its strategic partner - Syria, eliminated long-time opponent - Libya and its leader Muammar Gaddafi .

After more than ten years of continuous confrontation with the Muslim world, the U.S. finally realized that the rate on radicals fueled by Saudi Arabia, is fundamentally wrong. Much more effectively with moderate Islamists and secular political forces in the Middle East. So this fall The United States made a sharp turn in his Middle East policy and are now trying to move away from the policy of unilateral support "Arab revolutions" and radical movements in the region.

It clashed with the strategic direction of Saudi Arabia on reformatting the political regimes in the Arab countries of the Middle East by supporting radical groups, collaborating with al-Qaeda, which is suspected by many reputable international experts in ties with Saudi intelligence. Simply put, if the United States refused to cooperate with militant groups Wahhabis, particularly in Syria and Iraq, the Saudis from such cooperation not only refused, but also intend to strengthen relevant international network.

Thus, Saudi Arabia, having lost the unconditional support of the United States, was virtually alone in the Middle East. Therefore, in Riyadh and the idea of transformation of economic integration in the GCC political alliance, and on the basis of the anti-Iranian. Saudis wanted harder to bind the Gulf monarchies.However, the rest of the Arabian states do not want to become a full satellite KSA, fearing the loss of their sovereignty. Therefore, the political initiative in Riyadh based on demonstration allegedly Iranian danger that not all neighbors Saudi Arabia is perceived as a critical threat.

But do not assume that the Saudis will be waiting a positive response of their neighbors. Riyadh continue covert war with Iran, in which their main ally in violation of religious and political attitudes, and traditions, is Israel. However, Saudi proposal for neighbors attractive in that the Saudi army and the police can protect them from the upheaval. But at what cost? It is possible that it will have to pay sovereignty. In addition, many countries in the region, for example, Qatar and the UAE have experienced the effects of terrorist networks "Muslim Brotherhood" and Al-Qaeda, coordinated from the Saudi kingdom. Therefore, they do not have confidence in its neighbor. As a result, the removal of the U.S. from Saudi Arabia struggle against Iran is likely to lead to an interchange of forces in the region, that will mean a transition in Syria in confrontation smoldering conflict and civil war in Iraq, on the contrary, in active opposition, because that is where the main front in the struggle goes Sunnis with Shiites in the Middle East.

Meanwhile, due to a miscalculation of Washington on the nuclear track negotiations with Tehran in no hurry to exit from the negotiation process concerning the implementation of the Geneva agreements. While many in Iran seriously enough to call it. It will be recalled that on Wednesday, a group of parliamentarians in Iran prepared a set of harsh retaliatory measures that the government would be obliged to take in the event of the failure of negotiations on the Iranian nuclear program. Under the bill, the government will be obliged to prepare for the launch of nuclear facilities at Natanz and Ford in the event of new sanctions against Iran, as well as in cases of violation of the Islamic Republic on its own program of "peaceful atom." But the main provisions of the document is that if the country's "Six" and Iran does not reach a compromise, the enrichment should be adjusted to 60%. More than unequivocally that this initiative was a response to Iran's deputies made by the U.S. Senate proposal to impose new economic sanctions against Iran. Initiative of U.S. senators, in turn, implies a direct and flagrant violation of U.S. provisional agreements. However, while cause for concern should not be - operates an interim arrangement between the "six" and Tehran, which many countries have called "historical" and Iran adheres to the letter and spirit of these agreements.

In addition, according to information announced by December 27 this year Head of the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran, Ali Akbar Salehi, for today the Islamic Republic has 19,000 such centrifuges developed a new generation of centrifuges, however, before they can be put into mass production, these centrifuges must pass all stages of testing. Salehi also said some other achievements of Iran in the nuclear field, chief among them - improving the quality of Iranian nuclear scientists, increase their productivity while reducing costs.

Dissatisfied with the negotiations and Iranian Foreign Minister Javad Zarif. December 23 this year He said that currently holding talks with Iran "six" at the professional level and moving very slowly. Zarif also urged all parties to "serious, precise and friendly" to implement the first stage of the agreement on the Iranian nuclear issue, which was achieved at the meeting in Geneva.

And another remarkable statement Salehi made later. According to him, Iran to implement the agreements reached in November during the talks with "six" of international mediators in Geneva, not earlier than the Western countries will Despite Minister Ali Akbar Salehi demand, Argentina celebrated last week the arrest warrants remain  take steps to ease sanctions against the country. "It as decided that the agreement will be implemented in parallel with the implementation plans (Western countries) to lift the sanctions, when they act, we begin to fulfill our commitments, "- said Salehi. He also said that Tehran does not intend to stop the work of a nuclear reactor in Arak. According to him, after talks in Geneva in November, Iran agreed to slow down the installation of the equipment in Arak in the next six months. The next round of technical talks on a possible measure of the Iranian nuclear program with the IAEA will be held January 21 in Tehran.

So until you can say one thing - now the tension in Washington and Tehran over the "Joint Action Plan" increasingly growing.While President Barack Obama and Iran's supreme leader, Ayatollah Khamenei, constrain their overly excited supporters of tough measures. But how long can they do it is difficult to predict. Why not take advantage of the current situation in many respects unique for a quick exit from the press of financial and economic sanctions on Tehran, on the one hand, do not want. But, on the other hand, and give up the West Tehran does not intend. Therefore, it is necessary to urgently resume negotiations on the implementation of the principles of the Geneva agreements on the Iranian nuclear program. Otherwise, Saudi Arabia and Israel during this period of time when there is neither peace nor war, to do everything possible to torpedo the Geneva agreements and forcing another round of tension around Iran and the Persian Gulf as a whole.

Vladimir Efimov, Iran.ru

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