February 23, 2019

West Bengal: Retired IPS officer commits suicide, holds CM responsible

Theweek.in

By Rabi BanerjeeFebruary 22, 2019 22:48 IST

West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee | PTI

He was a police officer with a doctorate on the topic of land reform in West Bengal. He served the left front in the state for over two decades. He described Benoy Chowdhury, land reforms minister in the Jyoti Basu government, as Gandhi. He compared Basu himself to Nehru. He knew CPI(M) general secretary Sitaram Yechuri since his college days in Delhi university, and described former West Bengal chief minister Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee as "a man of unparalleled honesty, conviction, highly principled to a fault".

The police officer, former state inspector general of police Gaurav Chandra Dutt, committed suicide on Tuesday. According to reports, he blamed Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee for his death, alleging mistreatment by the administration.

An officer of the 1986 batch, Dutt took voluntary retirement early last year and had applied for the release of his pension papers and other retirement dues like provident fund and gratuity. The total dues apart from monthly pension was around Rs 72 lakhs.

"The vindictiveness of this chief minister is unparalleled. My honest hard-earned savings have been blocked," Dutt said in the suicide note. Before taking his life, he had sent the note to some former IPS officers in the state, known to be very close to him, and some well-wishers.

The BJP demanded a CBI inquiry. "The chief minister should be booked for pushing the former officer to death," said Mukul Roy. Dutt was found at his home in Salt Lake, profusely bleeding. He reportedly slit his wrists when his wife was not at home. He was rushed to a local hospital but declared dead after a few minutes.

Dutt had spent most of his life in the national capital as his father Gopal Dutt was an IPS officer of the 1939 batch. The senior Dutt was among the first batch of officers who formed a part of the Research and Analysis Wing (RAW). Gopal Dutt was also the chief security officer of then prime minister Indira Gandhi in the late sixties.

The grudge against junior Dutt stemmed from the fact that he was the superintendent of police of undivided Midnapore when the 1999-2000 Keshpur political massacre took place. In the violence, many Trinamool Congress members and workers were allegedly killed by the left front leaders. In his suicide note, Dutt said that the police started two departmental proceedings against him.

"One case file was deliberately lost by the West Bengal government. In the second case, no corruption charge could be substantiated. Even the DG requested the CM, but she refused to close the cases. The CM is directly responsible for my action [suicide]," he wrote.

He said that due to two departmental proceedings, he was singled out for bias and prejudice. "I was refused leave, and not sent on deputation. I was not sent to any police course or training, and was not allowed to renew my passport," Dutt wrote in the note.

Dutt said Banerjee had "victimised him for 10 years" and went all out to "demoralise me due to her single-minded vendetta for reasons best known to her". "Her secretary Gautam Sanyal refused to meet me every time I tried for an appointment," said Dutt.

Ironically, Dutt even approached the Union home ministry, but said he received little help from the Modi government. "The chief minister is specifically responsible for my action. I have been approaching Delhi every year for the last few years, and camping out at the North Block. My pleas to the Union home secretary have fallen on deaf ears. I have returned frustrated every time," said he.

Dutt also said some of his colleagues tortured him. "By torturing me, they could please the CM and thus get some benefits. Like rats in a sinking ship, all service friends, social acquaintances and well wishers abandoned me. That was my biggest failing in my career of 33 years, as my parents did not teach me sycophancy and servility".

Defending his decision to commit suicide, Dutt said, "I decided to take the drastic step to highlight genuine problems faced by honest officers in West Bengal, and other parts of India."

"Maybe senior officials will henceforth think twice before tormenting, torturing and destroying honest officers like me who stand desolate, abandoned, homeless and humiliated. If one cannot live with honour, it is better to die with honour," Dutt said.

Dutt said Mamata's dharna in Esplanade against the CBI was all for show. "The favourites sitting with her at Esplanade got palatial bungalows, multiple SUVs, guards, servants and staff to keep them totally servile, subservient, pliable and spineless. Both sides are happy and content in this symbiotic relationship," he mocked the IPS officers close to the chief minister.

The West Bengal government refused to give an official statement on the incident. 

WEDDING IN RUSSIA

By Sudha  Narayan Murthy, wife of Mr Narayan Murthy (Infosys)
She writes:

Recently I was in Moscow, Russia.
The day I went to the park, it was a Sunday. It was drizzling and cold, though it was summer. I was standing under an umbrella and enjoying the beauty of the place... when suddenly, my eyes fell on a young couple.

It was apparent that they had just got married. The girl was in her mid-twenties, slim and with blonde hair and sparkling blue eyes. She was very beautiful Indeed.

The boy was almost the same age and very handsome. He was in a military uniform.

The bride was wearing a pretty white satin dress, decorated with pearls and pretty laces.

Two young bridesmaids were standing behind Her holding up the hem of the wedding gown, so as not to let it get dirtied.

One young boy was holding an umbrella over their heads, so that they should not get drenched.

The girl was holding a bouquet and the two were standing with their arms linked.

It was a beautiful sight. I  wondered why they had come to the park in this rain soon after getting married. They could surely have gone to a merrier place.

I watched as they walked together to the raised platform near the Memorial, placed the bouquet, bowed their heads in silence, and slowly walked back.

By now I was  curious to know as to what was going on...

There was an old man standing With Them. He looked at me, my saree, and asked, ‘Are you Indian ?’

I replied, ‘Yes, I am an Indian.’

And we began chatting Amicably. I decided to use the opportunity to ask some questions.

- ‘ How do you come to know English ?’

- ‘ Oh, I worked abroad.'

- ‘ Please tell me why that young couple visited the War Memorial on their wedding day ?’

- ‘ Oh, that is the custom in Russia. The wedding takes place normally on a Saturday or a Sunday.

'Irrespective of the season, after signing the register at the marriage office, married couples must visit the important national monuments nearby.

'Every boy in this country has to serve in the military for a couple of years at least.

Regardless of his position, he must wear his service uniform for the wedding.’

‘Why is that ?’

'This is a mark of Gratitude.

Our forefathers have given their lives in various wars that Russia has fought.

Some of them we won, and some we lost, but their sacrifice was always for the Country.

The newly married couple needs to remember that they are living in a peaceful, independent Russia because of their ancestors’ sacrifices. They must ask for their blessings.

'Love for the Country is more important than wedding celebrations.

We elders insist on continuing with this tradition whether it be in Moscow, St. Petersburg or any other part of Russia.

On the wedding day they have to visit the nearest War Memorial.’

This set me wondering about what we teach our children here.

Do we Indians have the courtesy to remember our Martyrs on the most Important day of our lives ?

We are busy shopping for sarees, buying jewellery and planning & preparing elaborate menus and partying in discos etc..

*My eyes filled with tears at the thought.. and I wished that we Indians could learn a lesson from the Russians in this noble thought and custom..*

And we too could  respect our Martyrs who sacrificed their lives for our nation.. and For our today and tomorrow too...

And From the Heart...!
🙏🙏
*If You Agree With The Sentiment please do Share ...*

February 22, 2019

BLF 2018 REPORT AND ARMED ACTIVI-TIES AGAINST PAKISTANI FORCES

BLF 2018 REPORT AND ARMED ACTIVI-TIES AGAINST PAKISTANI FORCES

Sangar News

BLF spokesperson Gwahram released the annual report and armed activities against Pakistani forces and said,BLF’s struggle against Pakistan is within the parameters of international laws;Armed struggle is one of the essential part of our national struggle to get rid of slavery and restore our national independence as no conscious man would contradict it. Whereas the enemy state (Pakistan) is an unnatural and terrorist state, in the same way the colonization of Balochistan is unnatural and an act of terrorism. This has become clear to the world that Pakistan completely shuns and prohibits all kinds of political activities. This ban is not confined to the verbal decrees but a well established policy that has morphed into extreme levels of violence, which is continued across Balochistan. It is quite natural that against such oppression, repression and state terrorism, the importance of armed struggle increases further.

Our struggle against Pakistan is within the parameters of international laws; whilst Pakistan army and its intelligence agencies are not only violating international laws but also trampling upon human dignity with their boots. On the other hand our freedom fighters are struggling within the prescribed limits of international laws and Baloch traditions. BLF is struggling for the national liberty. Baloch Sarmachars of BLF are fighting bravely for their motherland with latest guerrilla tactics and techniques.

This occupying army lacks respect for international laws and norms with a nature of a wild beast by carrying out atrocities against innocent people. They whisk them away, torture them to death and later throw their mutilated dead bodies for display. All these actions show that we face a coward enemy that is void of human dignity.

Balochistan Liberation Front tries to respect and follow international laws and war ethics, and only targets the security forces and their facilitators. We always try not to hurt any unarmed civilian. Despite strictly following international laws, our fighters have been able to successfully deliver sever blows to the enemy forces and broken their spirit to fight.

Balochistan Liberation Front is adamantly defying the evil ambitions of the enemy across Balochistan; 31 freedom fighters of BLF have embraced martyrdom while defending their motherland in 2018. These sacrifices will continue till victory. These brave sons of the soil have done their national duty, and left their uncompleted task for their cohorts to carry on.

We vow that we will accomplish the mission of our fallen heroes.

BLF Activities Published by “Ashoob” from the statements of BLF spokesperson Gwahram Baloch issued in Electronic and Print Media.

During the year 2018, (389) attacks were carried out on Pakistani forces. More than (553) soldiers were killed including a Pakistan army captain, more than (370) injured, and (79) vehicles including (4) motorcycles destroyed and 2 tower of Chinese mobile company destroyed.  

Brave martyrs of Balochistan Liberation Front

In first three months of 2018, 31 BLF fighters sacrificed their lives defending the country. The ideology of our martyred comrades is not only the asset of our organization but also a guide to the path of righteousness. We pay highest tribute to our martyrs’ invaluable services and sacrifices for the nation.

Fazul Baloch aka Gwahram Baloch ,Mubarak Baloch aka Hamma,Commander Noor-ul-Haq aka Baarag Baloch,Jahangeer aka Captain,Nasrullah aka Waaja Baloch,Mudeer aka Meeras & Ameer aka Azum,Ayub Baloch,Atif Baloch aka Mehrab Baloch,Essa Baloch s/o Mehrab,Wali Jan aka Farhad,Yaqoob aka Dad Shah,Ameer Bakhsh aka Meeran,Waheed Baloch,Shahsawar aka Chesal & Haneef aka Ustad Shohaz,Sikandar Baloch alias Zedan Baloch,Commander Kher Baksh Naaz & Wahid Baloch, Ustad Jangiyan, Pathan,Naqeeb Rasool Baksh alias Nazar & Waleed Moosa alias Qazi,Rashid Ali Basheer Ahmed, Aurangzeb Gulam Qadir, Gulsher Dilmurad & Muhim Khan,Sher Jaan alias Koohi,Abdullah Sooraj alias Shayhaq,Nasir Baloch alias Mulla Rameen & Shakar Baloch alias Lawang

JANUARY

01 January 2018 - Attack on Pakistan army check-post in Gajjali area of Mashkey district Awaran. Heavy casualties reported.Attack on a so called medical camp built by the security forces in Baalgathar area of district Kech, it was being used for propaganda purposes in the media.

02 January 2018 - Attack on Pakistan army camp in Sami area of district Kech with automatic weapons and inflicted heavy casualties.

03 January 2018 - Attack on Pakistan army while they were trying to encircle the Baloch fighters patrolling team in Malaar Zerak area of Kolwah, district Awaran. During the skirmish three army personnel killed.

05 January 2018 - Attack on Pakistan army camp built for the security of CPEC in Hoshap district Kech. Heavy losses occurred to the army.

08 January 2018 - Attack on Pakistani army check-post in Kannera area of Pirandar district Awaran and inflicted heavy casualties.

10 January 2018 - Attack on Pakistan army convoy consisted of thirty vehicles in Gili area of Buleda district Kech, two personnel killed and many injured.

12 January 2018 - Attack on Pakistan army check-post built for the security of Frontier Works Organization (FWO) in Asank Gaddagi area of Baalgathar, district Kech. Several killed and injured.

13 January 2018 - Attacked Pakistani army when they tried to encircle Baloch freedom fighters in Duraski area of district Awaran, in the attack one army vehicle was destroyed and several killed and injured.

14 January 2018 - Attack on two Pakistan army check posts with rocket propelled grenade (RPG) launchers and other heavy weapons in Mehi area of Mashkey, district Awaran, Balochistan. Heavy losses reported.

15 January 2018 - Attack on Pakistan army convoy consisted of four vehicles, with RPG launchers and heavy weapons in Shapuk area of Turbat, district Kech, Balochistan. One vehicle was destroyed and one partially damaged, ten SSG commandos killed and many injured.

17 January 2018 – Attack on Pakistani army redoubt built on the rooftop of Mashallah Hotel in Turbat district Kech. The redoubt was for the security of CPEC project. In the attack many army personnel were killed and injured.Attack on Pakistan army in Gwarkop area of district Kech. Two personnel killed and several injured.

21 January 2018 - Attack Pakistan army in Draj-Kaur area of Mashkey District Awaran. Four army personnel killed and several injured.

Attack on Pakistan Army convoy consisted of seven vehicles in Chibb area of Buleda district Kech, heavy casualties reported.Attack on Pakistani army check-post in Soreen area of Parom district Panjgur, several killed and injured.Attack on Pakistan army camp with automatic weapons and RPG launchers in Shahrak area of district Kech, several killed and injured.

21 January 2018 - Attack on Pakistan Army check-post in Sari Metag area of Baalgathar district Kech, many casualties reported.

22 January 2018 - Attack on Pakistan Army in Nali area of Baalgathar, district Kech, Balochistan. Heavy losses occurred to Pakistani forces.

24 January 2018 - Attack on Pakistan army convoy in Gili area of Buleda district Kech. One vehicle badly damaged in the attack.Attack on Pakistan army convoy consisted of twelve vehicles in Meski area of Buleda district Kech. One vehicle destroyed, four personnel killed and several injured in the attacks.

25 January 2018 - Attack on Pakistan army convoy in Sahra area of Kolwah district Awaran. Two motorcycles and one armored vehicle were destroyed, several troopers killed and injured.

27 January 2018 - Attack on Pakistan army camp with automatic weapons and RPG launchers in Zrankoli area of Pirandar district Awaran. Several army personnel killed and injured.Destroyed the Solar Energy run water supply scheme of Pakistani army in Zrankoli area of Pirandar district Awaran built for supplying water for Pakistani troops.Attack on Pakistan army camp with rockets and automatic weapons in Chayen area of Parom district Panjgur, several killed and injured.

28 January 2018 - Attack on Pakistan army in Sahji district Gwadar with a land mine, one vehicle destroyed and four army personnel killed.Attack on Pakistan army camp with automatic weapons in Hoshaap area of district Kech, several killed and injured.

30 January 2018 - Attack on Pakistan army vehicle with a land mine in Tank-Kaur area of district Gwadar, one vehicle was destroyed, several killed and injured.Attack on Gwadar Development Authority’s office with hand grenades in district Gwadar.Attack on a Police Station with hand grenades in district Kharan.

31 January 2018 - Attack on Pakistan army convoy with rockets and automatic weapons in Gili area of Buleda district Kech, several killed and injured.

February

01 February 2018 - Ambushed a Pakistani military convoy consisted of three military trucks with heavy weapons in Basol Kahn Area, between Turbat and Pidrak, district Kech, Balochistan and inflicted heavy causalities to Pakistan Army.Fired three mortars on Pakistani military camp in Keel-Kaur area of Parom District Panjgur, Balochistan. Two of the mortars landed in the military camp and inflicted heavy casualties.

02 February 2018 - Clashes erupted between Pakistani Military and BLF fighters in Tank-Kaur area of Kundasol district Gwadar, Balochistan and inflicted heavy casualties.

04 February 2018 - Attacked a Pakistan military camp with rockets and heavy weapons in Jaeen area of Parom district Panjgur Balochistan, and inflicted heavy casualties.Clashes erupted between BLF fighters and Pakistani military in Parom area ofdistrict Panjgoor, Balochistan. Several military personnel killed and injured.

05 February 2018 - Attacked Pakistan military camp with mortars and heavy weapons in Shahrak area of District Kech, Balochistan. The attack lasted for one hour; one of the mortars hit a military post, several landed in the camp due to which military suffered heavy casualties.

08 February 2018 - Attacked Pakistan military checkpoint with heavy weapons in Shahi-Tump area of Turbat district Kech Balochistan, and inflicted heavy casualties.

09 February 2017 - Ambushed Pakistan military backed Musallah-Diffa (Islamic extremist militant organization) convoy consisted of three vehicles with heavy weapons in Shiragi area of Mashkay, district Awaran, Balochistan and inflicted heavy casualties to them and Pakistani military when it came for their help.

10 February 2017 - Ambushed Pakistani Army support team which came to protect the Islamic extremists from BLF attacks, this ambush was carried out in Mashkay area of district Awaran Balochistan. Five military personnel killed and more than ten were injured.Attacked Pakistan military’s Parom Moro checkpoint with mortars and heavy weapons in Parom area of district Panjgur, Balochistan. One of the mortars hit the military checkpoint due to which several military personnel were killed and injured.

12 February 2018 - Attacked Pakistan military’s Asaank military camp with rockets in Baalgathar area of district Kech Balochistan, and inflicted heavy casualties.Clashes erupted between Pakistani military and BLF fighters when military tried to surround BLF fighters in Makai area of Baalgathar district Kech, Balochistan. BLF fighters counter attacked with heavy weapons in which three military vehicles badly damaged and two military personnel killed and several injured.Attacked Pakistan military’s patrolling team, in Kuchag area of Alandur, Buleda, district Kech, Balochistan and inflicted heavy casualties.Attack on Pakistan military convoy between Menaz and Alandur areas of Buleda district Kech Balochistan and inflicted heavy casualties.

15 February 2018 - Attacked Pakistan military camp in Kolwah area of district Awaran, Balochistan with heavy weapons and fired three mortars. Five military personnel killed and several injured.Attacked Pakistan military checkpoint with rockets and heavy weapons in Kor-Datt area of Pirandar district Awaran Balochistan, and inflicted heavy casualties.

16 February 2018 - Attacked two Pakistani military checkpoints at the same time with heavy weapons in Azian area of Tump district Kech, Balochistan. Two military personnel killed and several injured.

17 February 2018 - Attacked Pakistan military’s Kalat checkpoint with rockets and heavy weapons in Tump area of district Kech, Balochistan and inflicted heavy casualties.Attacked two Pakistani military checkpoints with heavy weapons in Shapkol area of Kolwah district Kech, Balochistan. Several military personnel killed and injured.Attacked Pakistan military personnel in front of military camp in Bitt area of Buleda district Kech Balochistan. Three military personnel were killed and two injured.

18 February 2018 - Attacked Pakistan military checkpoint with rockets and heavy weapons located in Malaant Cross in Gomazi area of Tump district Kech Balochistan and inflicted heavy casualties.

Attacked Pakistan military checkpoint with heavy weapons in Baari area of Gresha district Khuzdar, Balochistan and inflicted heavy casualties.

19 February 2018 - Attacked Pakistan military checkpoint with heavy weapons in Gajali area of Mashkay district Awaran, Balochistan and inflicted heavy casualties.

21 February 2018 - Attacked Pakistan military’s patrolling team in Mokandar River in Mand area of district Kech, Balochistan. Two personnel killed and several injured.

23 February 2018 - Attacked Pakistan military check post with heavy weapons located in Malaant Cross in Gomazi area of Tump district Kech Balochistan and inflicted heavy casualties.Attacked Pakistan military checkpoint with sniper rifle in Aspi Kahn area of Tump district Kech Balochistan. One military personnel killed.

24 February 2018 - Attacked Pakistan military checkpoint with sniper rifle in Kulli area of district Awaran, Balochistan. One military personnel killed.

25 February 2018 - Attacked Pakistan military checkpoint with rockets and heavy weapons in Nasirabad area of district Kech Balochistan and inflicted heavy casualties.Attacked Pakistan military’s Shankan check post with rockets and heavy weapons in Gomazi area of Tump district Kech Balochistan and inflicted heavy casualties.

27 February 2018 - Attacked Pakistan military with sniper rifle in Dokop area of Mand district Kech Balochistan. One military personnel killed.

28 February 2018 - Attacked Pakistan military checkpoint with sniper rifle located on Saalim-Koh in Mand area of district Kech Balochistan. One military personnel killed.Attacked Pakistan military with sniper rifle in Dokop area of Mand district Kech Balochistan. One military personnel killed.Attacked on Pakistan army in Buzzi area if Mashkay, district Awaran, Baloshistan and inflicted heavy losses to the military.March

01 March 2018 - One military personnel killed in a sniper attack in Mulla Chaat area of Mand district Kech, Balochistan.One military personnel killed in a sniper attack in Dokoop area of Mand district Kech, Balochistan.

02 March 2018 - Attacked Pakistan military patrolling team in Heykan Kaur area of Geeshkaur, Kolwah, district Awaran, Balochistan. Three personnel killed and several injured.Clashes erupted between BLF fighters and Pakistani military in Geshkaur area of Kolwah, district Awaran, Balochistan. Several military personnel killed and injured.

04 March 2018 - Grenade attack on Pakistan military in front of Shahpoor Restaurant in Turbat City of district Kech, Balochistan. Two military personnel killed including an Army officer.Attacked with rockets, and heavy weapons on Pakistani military check post in Gichk area of district Panjgur, Balochistan. Due to the attack heavy losses were reported.

06 March 2018 - Attacked with rockets, and heavy weapons on Pakistan military check post in Zarankuli area of Pirandar, district Awaran, Balochistan. Due to the attack heavy losses reported.Fired BM12 rockets on Pakistani military headquarter of district Awaran, Balochistan while Pakistani Army chief Qamar Javed Bajwa and Puppet CM of Balochistan Quddus Bizanjo were present there.Attacked Pakistani military check post near Kadde Hotel in Kolwah area of district Awaran, Balochistan. Due to the attack heavy losses reported.

07 March 2018 - Fired two rockets on Pakistani military check post in Gichk area of district Panjgur, Balochistan. Due to the attack heavy losses reported.

08 March 2018 - Clashes erupt between BLF fighters and Pakistani military in Gajli area of Raghey, Besima district Washuk, Balochistan. Two military personnel killed and several injured.

10 March 2018 - Attacked with rockets, and heavy weapons on Pakistan military check post in Qasumi-Jo area of district Awaran, Balochistan. Due to the attack heavy losses reported.

12 March 2018 - Attacked with rockets, and heavy weapons on Pakistan military check post in Qasumi-Jo area of district Awaran, Balochistan. Due to the attack heavy losses reported.

16 March 2018 - Attacked Pakistan military convoy between Baalgathar and Piri Hotel areas of Goran district Panjgur, Balocistan. One vehicle completely destroyed and all the personnel were killed or injured.Attack on Pakistan military check-post in Hushab area of district Kech, Balochistan, due to the attack several military personnel were killed and injured.

17 March 2018 - Attack on Pakistan military camp in Kadde Hotel area of Kolwah, district Awaran, Balochistan, several personnel killed and injured in the attack.Attacked two Pakistan military vehicles patrolling on China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) in Baalgathar, district Kech, Balochistan. Two personnel killed and several injured.

18 March 2018 - Attacked with rockets, grenades and heavy weapons on a central camp of a construction company working on (CPEC) project in Parom area of district Panjgur, Balochistan. Due to the attack heavy losses reported.

20 March 2018 - Attack on Pakistan regular army camp from two sides with rockets and heavy weapons in Sanidi area of Mashkey, district Awaran, Balochistan. More than ten personnel killed and several injured.Attacked oil tanker of Frontier works organization (FWO) working on (CPEC) in Rakhshan, district Washuk, Balochistan.Attacked Pakistan Coast Guard check post near Bakhshi Pump in Pasni, district Gwadar, Balochistan. Two Coast Guard personnel killed and several injured.

21 March 2018 - Three attacks were carried out on Pakistan military busy conducting military operation in the mountainous areas of Toba and Soler, district Washuk, Balochistan. First two attacks were carried out in Toba area of district Washuk, Balochistan, in the attacks fourteen personnel killed, and one attack was carried out in Soler, district Washuk, Balochistan, in which five personnel killed and many injured.One military personnel killed in a sniper attack in Malesh Band area of Mashkey district Awaran, Balochistan.Attacked Pakistan military checkpoint in Kulli area of Bazdad, district Awaran, Balochistan, due to the attack two personnel killed and two injured.

22 March 2018 - One military personnel killed in a sniper attack in Bundiki area of Mashkey, district Awaran, Balochistan.Attack on Pakistan military in the mountainous of Rakhshan, district Washuk, Balochistan, due to the attack three personnel killed and several injured.In Shai Kahn area of Kech, attacked on Pakistan military sponsored death squad and use to sell narcotics in the area.

22 March 2018 - One military personnel killed in a sniper attack on military check-post in Bundiki, Mashkey, district Awaran, Balochistan.

23 March 2018 - Attack on Pakistan military in Soler area of district Washuk, Balochistan, due to the attack five personnel killed and two injured.Attacked Pakistan military camp in Gushang area of district Awaran, Balochistan, it inflicted heavy losses to them, after the attack military pursued Baloch fighters and resulted in a twenty minutes face to face battle, in which four more personnel were killed and many injured.Attacked Pakistan military patrolling team in Duraski, district Awaran, Balochistan, two personnel killed and two injured in the attack.Attack on military convoy in Bidrang area of Kolwah, district Kech, Balochistan. Two personnel killed and several injured.Attacked Pakistan military convoy with heavy and automatic weapons in Koh-Dagaar area of Mand, district Kech, Balochistan. One vehicle was damaged, two personnel killed and two injured in the vehicle.Attacked Pakistan military camp with BM-12 rockets in Saami area of district Kech, Balochistan.

24 March 2018 - Attacked with rockets and heavy weapons on Pakistan military convoy in Soler area of district Washuk, Balochistan. Eight personnel killed and several injured.Attack on Pakistan military headquarters with heavy and automatic weapons in Gajjar area of Mashkey, district Awaran, Balochistan and inflicted heavy casualties.Attacked with BM-12 on two Pakistan military vehicles in front of a military camp in Sahaki area of Baalgathar, district Kech, Balochistan, due to the attack one vehicle was destroyed and one personnel killed.

28 March 2018 - One military personnel was killed in a sniper attack in Chukkaap area of Mand, district Kech, Balochistan.Attacked Pakistan military check-post with rockets and heavy weapons in Kuch area of Nondhada, district Awaran, Balochistan, due to the attack three personnel killed and several injured.

29 March 2018 - Attacked Pakistan military check-post in Hoshab, district Kech, Balochistan, due to the attack two personnel were killed.Attack on Pakistan military camp with rockets, heavy and automatic weapons in Geshkor area of district Awaran, Balochistan, due to the attack four personnel killed and several injured.

30 March 2018 - Attacked with rockets and heavy weapons on Pakistan military check-post providing security to an under construction road linked to the (CPEC) route in Gombad area of Gresha, district Khuzdar, Balochistan. Four personnel killed and several injured.Attacked with heavy and automatic weapons on Pakistan military check-post in Dal Bazar of Geeshkor, district Awaran, Balochistan, due to the attack two personnel killed and two injured.Attacked on Pakistan military in two different places in Gwash area of district Awaran, Balochistan, due to the attacks six personnel were killed and several injured.

31 March 3018 - Attacked with heavy and automatic weapons on military and FWO personnel working on CPEC project between Hothabad and Kherabad areas of district Kech, Balochistan, due to the attack two (FWO) personnel killed.Attacked Pakistan military check-post in Malaant area of Tump, district Kech, Balochistan.

April

03 April 2018 - Attacked Pakistan military post deployed at Saami Fort with heavy weapons and rocket propelled grenades in Saami area of Turbat, district Kech, Balochistan. 3 military personnel killed and 2 injured.

03 April 2018 - Clashes erupted between Baloch fighters and Pakistani forces in Dasht Pasht Kaor, district Kech, 9 Pakistani military personnel including a captain killed and more than 10 injured.

05 April 2018 - Attacked Pakistan military camp with heavy weapons and rockets in Raghey Shingir area of Besima, district Washuk, Balochistan. The attack lasted for around half an hour, 5 military personnel present at the post were killed and several injured.Attacked Pakistan Army camp with sniper rifle in Raghey Shingir area of Besima, district Washuk, Balochistan. 1 military personnel killed.

06 April 2018 - Clashes erupted between Baloch fighters and Pakistani forces in Beront area of Raghae Garai, district Washuk, Balochistan. Several Pakistani military personnel killed and injured.

07 April 2018 - Attacked Pakistan military post with heavy weapons in Chambur area of Kolwah, district Awaran, Balochistan. 2 military personnel deployed at the post were killed.Attacked Pakistan military checkpoint with heavy weapons in Bundiki area of Mashkay, district Awaran, Balochistan. 2 military personnel killed and 2 injured.

08 April 2018 - Attacked Pakistan military camp with heavy weapons in Manguli area of Mashkay, district Awaran, Balochistan. 2 military personnel killed and 2 injured.

09 April 2018 - Attacked Pakistan military post located on Saalim Koh with rockets in Gayaab area of Mand, district Kech, Balochistan. 2 military personnel killed and 1 injured.Attacked Pakistan military camp with Sniper rifle in Gawak area of Mand, district Kech, Balochistan. 1 military personnel killed.

10 April 2018 - Attacked Pakistan military checkpoint with heavy weapons and rockets in Mulla Chaath area of Mand, district Kech, Balochistan. 2 military personnel killed and 2 injured.Attacked Pakistan military convoy with heavy weapons in Gawak area of Mand, district Kech, Balochistan. 4 military personnel killed and 2 injured.

10 April 2018 - Attacked Pakistan military checkpoint with sniper rifle in Apsaar area of Mand, district Kech, Balochistan. 1 military personnel killed.

13 April 2018 - Attacked Pakistan military convoy consisted of 2 vehicles with rockets and heavy weapons in Teertej area of district Awaran, Balochistan. Both of the military vehicles destroyed, 3 military personnel killed and 3 injured.Attacked Pakistan military checkpoint with sniper rifle in Jakk area of Teertej, district Awaran, Balochistan. 1 military personnel killed.

15 April 2018 - Attacked Pakistan military check-post in Chukkap area of Mand district Kech, Balochistan with rockets and automatic weapons, two military personnel killed and two injured.Attacked Pakistani Army convoy with heavy weapons on the route of China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) in Keelkaur area of District Panjgoor Balochistan. 1 military vehicle destroyed and killed 2 military personnel and injured 4.

16 April 2018 - Attacked Pakistani military convoy consisted of six vehicles on CPEC route in Ball area of Kolwah district Kech, Balochistan. 5 military personnel killed, 6 injured and two vehicles badly damaged.

17 April 2018 - Attacked Pakistani military on CPEC route when the military personnel came out of their vehicles to review the area in Shaho Batel, district Kech, Balochistan, 4 personnel killed. Also, attacked two military vehicles standing aside, several killed and injured in the attack.

20 April 2018 - BLF sniper unit attacked Pakistan army newly established outpost at Bidrang area of district Awaran, Balochistan. One personnel killed.Ambushed three army vehicles as they tried to pursue the BLF fighters. 2 vehicles badly damaged; 4 personnel killed and 7 injured.In two different attacks Pakistan military check-posts in Asiabad, Tump district Kech, 3 personnel killed and 2 injured.

21 April 2018 - Attacked and killed 1 military personnel and confiscated his weapon in Turbat city district Kech, Balochistan.

22 April 2018 - Attacked Pakistan military camp with rockets in Bit area of Buleda, district Kech, Balochistan and heavy losses occurred to the military.Attacked Pakistan military check-post in Mehi, Mashkay, district Awaran, Balochistan, 2 personnel killed and several injured.Attacked Pakistan military camp on CPEC route in Tijaban, district Kech, Balochistan, 3 personnel killed and 2 injured.

23 April 2018 - Attacked Pakistan military convoy in Koh-Dagaar area in Mand, district Keck, Balochistan, after the attack a fierce clash erupted, as a result, 5 personnel killed and 4 injured.

26 April 2018 - 1 military personnel killed in a sniper attack on Pakistan Army check-post in Bit area of Buleda, district Kech, Balochistan.At the same time attacked two check-posts of the camp with heavy weapons, 4 personnel killed and 2 injured.BLF fired two rockets on Pakistan military camp in Bidrang area of Kolwa, district Awaran, Balochistan, due to the attack heavy losses occurred to the army.

27 April 2018 - Killed 1 military personnel during picket security of a convoy in Mokandar area of Mand, district Kech, Balochistan.

28 April 2018 - Attacked a construction company located on CPEC link road in Gresha area of district Khuzdar, 7 vehicles badly damaged.Atatcked Pakistan military check-post at CPEC project route in Tal area of Hoshaap, district Kech, Balochistan, 2 personnel killed and 2 injured.

May

01 May 2018 - Attacked Pakistan military camp with heavy weaponry in Tanzila, area of Kolwa, district Awaran, Balochistan. Heavy losses occurred to the military forces.Ambushed two vehicles of Pakistan Army at Pakistan China Economic Corridor (CPEC) route in Tash area of Baalgathar, district Kech, Balochistan. An army vehicle came under intense attack and badly damaged. Three army personnel were killed and two injured as a result of the attack.

03 May 2018 - Attacked Pakistan military’s recently established outpost with rocket propelled grenades and heavy weaponry on Pakistan China Economic Corridor (CPEC) route in Baalgathar, district Panjgoor. Resulted in heavy losses to the occupying forces.

04 May 2018 - Attacked Pakistan military outpost with rocket propelled grenades in Malaant area of Tump district Kech. Two army personnel were killed and three injured as a result of the attack.

07 May 2018 - Attacked Pakistan Army-backed religious death squad in Lakki area of Rakhshaan district Panjgoor. Two death squad members were injured as a result of the attack and confiscated their motorcycle, one AK47 gun and magazine including many rounds of ammunition.

13 May 2018 - Attacked Pakistani military camp with automatic weapons and rocket-propelled grenades in Hoshaap district Kech, Balochistan. Heavy losses occurred to occupying forces as a result. This camp is established to secure the Frontiers Works Organisation (FWO), a construction company of Pakistan Army, working on the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC). Thousands of families have been displaced and migrated from this area due to the routine military operations.

15 May 2018 - Hurled a hand grenade on Pakistan military truck, when truck was loading in Imam Jan transport near National Bank in Turbat city, district Kech, Balochistan.BLF Sniper Unit killed one Pakistani Army personnel at China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CEPC) project route between Hosahaap and Baalgathar, district Kech, Balochistan.

16 May 2018 - BLF fighters and occupying forces of Pakistani military came face to face in Gwash area of Teertej district Awaran, Balochistan. A heavy skirmish erupted between them. Three Pakistani army personnel killed and two injured as a result of the clash.Attacked Pakistani mobile company tower and disabled it near China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CEPC) route in Gorki, Rakhshaan district Washuk, Balochistan.

20 May 2018 - BLF Sniper Unit attacked Pakistani military camp in Niwano area of Zamuran district Kech, Balochistan. As a result of this attack one Pakistani army personnel killed.

22May 2018 - Ambushed Pakistani military convoy with heavy weapons in Bundiki area of Mashkay district Awaran, Balochistan, when Pakistani military convoy was traveling from Awaran to Mashkay. Four vehicles were badly damaged, more than six army personnel were killed and nearly ten injured as a result of the attack.

23 May 2018 - Attacked Pakistani military patrolling team consisting of five military vehicles with heavy weapons in Dann-e-Sar Shaapuk district Kech, Balochistan, while patrolling for security of the China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) project. Two vehicles were badly damaged. Four army personnel were killed and two injured as a result of the attack.

25 May 2018 - BLF Sniper Unit killed one Pakistani Army personnel at China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CEPC) project route in Sari Methag area of Gaddagi, Baalgathar district Kech, Balochistan.

27 May 2018 - BLF Sniper Unit killed one Pakistani military personnel near Asiabad crossing in Tump area of district Kech, Balochistan.Attacked Pakistan military camp with heavy weaponry in Killi Bazdad, area of district Awaran, Balochistan. Heavy losses occurred to the military forces.

28 May 2018 - Attacked Pakistan military checkpoint with rockets in Karak Dhal area of Gichk district Panjgoor, Balochistan. Heavy losses occurred to the army.

29 May 2018 - Attacked Pakistan Army, deployed for the security of road construction, in Duraski Choko area of district Awaran, Balochistan. The attack was carried out with rocket launchers and heavy weaponry. In this attack one military vehicle was completely destroyed, three military personnel killed and two injured.

30 May 2018 - Attacked Pakistan military checkpoint with rockets and automatic weaponry in Nasirabad area of district Kech, Balochistan. Four military personnel killed and more than four injured.

31 May 2018 - Hurled two hand grenades on Pakistan’s military arm Frontier Corps’ (FC) headquarter, in Harnai city, district Harnai, Balochistan. Heavy losses occurred to the military forces.

June

01 June 2018 - Attacked Pakistani military check-post with rockets in Gomazi area of district Kech, Balochistan. Heavy casualties inflicted on the army.

02 June 2018 - Attacked Pakistani army check-post with heavy weapons in Gomazi area of district Kech, Balochistan. 1 military personnel killed.

03 June 2018- Attacked Pakistani army check-post with heavy weapons and rockets in Syah Damb area of Gichk district Panjgoor, Balochistan heavy casualties inflicted to the military.

05 June 2018- Attacked Pakistani army check-post with heavy weapons and rocket launchers in Paghadd area of Mashkay district Awaran, Balochistan, heavy losses inflicted to the military.

06 June 2018- One army personnel killed in sniper attack on Pakistani military check-post in Azian area of Tump district Kech, Balochistan.

07 June 2018- Ambushed Pakistani military convoy with heavy weapons in Hoshaap area of district Kech, Balochistan and inflicted heavy casualties to the military.Ambushed Pakistani military convoy consisted of 3 military vehicles with heavy weapons in Gathani Dann area of Pidark district Kech, Balochistan, 3 military personnel killed and 1 vehicle destroyed.Attacked Pakistan military check post built to provide security to the Frontier Works Organization (FWO) personnel working on China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) project, in Palmak area of Baalgathar district Kech, Balochistan, 2 military personnel killed and 1 injured.Attacked Pakistan military camp with heavy weapons in Balochabad area of Raghey district Washuk, Balochistan, heavy casualties inflicted to the military.

09 June 2018 - Attacked Pakistan military camp with heavy weapons at Gajli area of Mashkay district Awaran, Balochistan, heavy casualties inflicted to the military.

11 June 2018 - Attacked Pakistani army check-post with heavy weapons near Kadd Hotel in Kolwah area of district Awaran, Balochistan, 2 military personnel killed and 1 injured.

12 June 2018 - Attacked Pakistan military camp with heavy weapons in Tijaban area of district Kech, Balochistan. Heavy casualties inflicted to the military.Attacked Pakistan Army check-post with heavy weapons in Kashi Wadh area of Kohdo, Jhaoo district Awaran, Balochistan, 3 military Personnel killed and 2 injured.

13 June 2018 - Fired rockets on Pakistan military check-post on martyr Saalim Koh in Mand area of district Kech, Balochistan. Heavy casualties inflicted to the military.Attacked Pakistan military check-post with heavy weapons and rocket launchers in Zeelag area of Jaho district Awaran, Balochistan, heavy casualties inflicted to the military. Later Pakistani forces tried to surround BLF fighters near Gajru river where BLF fighters fired rockets on military due to which one of military vehicles badly damaged, 3 military personnel killed and 2 injured.

14 June 2018 - Attacked Pakistani army camp with sniper rifle and rockets in Niwano area of Zamuran district Kech, Balochistan, many military personnel killed and injured.

15 June 2018 - Attacked Pakistan Army check-post with heavy weapons in Jebari Bredag area of Mashkay district Awaran, Balochistan, heavy casualties inflicted to the military.

17 June 2018 - Attacked Pakistan military check-post with heavy weapons and rockets in Gawak area of Mand district Kech, Balochistan, 2 military personnel killed and 1 injured.

19 June 2018 - Fired three mortars on Pakistani army camp in Jebari area of Mashkay district Awaran, Balochistan, heavy casualties inflicted to the military.

20 June 2018 - Attacked Pakistan military’s 3 check posts at the same time with heavy weapons and rockets. The check posts were built to provide security to Frontier Works Organization (FWO) personnel working on China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) project, in Keelkaur area of district Panjgoor, Balochistan. 3 military personnel killed, many injured and inflicted heavy losses to the military.Attacked Pakistan army camp built to provide security to the Frontier Works Organization (FWO) personnel working on China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) project, in Hoshaap area of district Kech, Balochistan, and inflicted heavy casualties to the military.Attacked Pakistani army camp in Chimber area of Kolwa district Awaran, Balochistan, heavy casualties inflicted to the military.One army personnel killed in a sniper attack on Pakistani military check-post at Kasht area of  Keel-Kaur, district Panjgoor, Balochistan.

22 June 2018 - Ambushed Pakistan military convoy consisted of 2 military vehicles on China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) project route, in Hirronk area of district Kech, Balochistan. 3 military personnel killed, 2 injured and vehicles partially damaged.

24 June 2018 - Attacked Pakistani army camp with heavy weapons and rockets in Soro area of Mand district Kech, Balochistan. Heavy casualties inflicted to the military.

25 June 2018 - One army personnel killed in a sniper attack on Pakistani military convoy in Daschen area of Mand, district Kech, Balochistan.

26 June 2018 - Attacked Pakistani Army’s main camp with heavy weapons and rockets in Shangar area of Raghey district Washuk, Balochistan, 10 military personnel killed and many injured.One army personnel killed in sniper attack on Pakistan Army camp at Buleda of district Kech, Balochistan.

27 June 2018 - Attacked Pakistani military check post with automatic weapons in Sari Kallag Gwarkop area of district Kech, Balochistan, 2 military personnel killed and 1 injured.

30 June 2018 - BLF fighters, in a joint operation with BLA, ambushed Pakistani army convoy in Gwanikko area of Keelkaor, district Panjgoor. Two army vehicles damaged and two army personnel killed and three injured.

30 June 2018 - BLF fighters ambushed Pakistan Army convoy in Siarag Kaor area of Gwarkop, district Kech. Three army personnel killed and one injured.

On 4 July 2018 - Hussain Shahsawar aka Chesal and Haneef Lal aka Ustad Shohaz martyred in firing by state backed death squads in Jaligi area of Zamuran district Kech.

On 11 July 2018 - Sikandar aka Zaidan martyred while shifting him to a hospital after he suffered kidney diseases.

On 15 July 2018 - Pakistani army attacked a BLF camp with support of gunship helicopters in Makki - Kolwah of district Awaran. Camp Commander Khair Bakhsh aka Baba and Baba Gwahram, Wahid Baloch aka Talaar, Ustad Jangiyan aka Ustad Jafar and Pathan aka Shikari Sarban embraced martyrdom in the battle with occupying forces.

On 08 August 2018 - BLF fighters Naqeeb aka and Waleed aka Qazi martyred in a face to face battle with Pakistani army in Shap-Aap-Kaor area of Tump district Kech.

On 09 September - In Sarwan city of West Balochistan, local death squad opened fire which killed BLF fighter Abdullah Sooraj alias Shehak s/o Iqbal resident of Alandoor, Buleda. Shehak had crossed the border to meet his relatives in Sarawan.

On 07 September 2018 - Moheem Khan alias Rahmeen, Deputy Unit Commander killed in the Jhao battle which took place on 7th September. Along him three other BLF fighters Rashid Ali s/o Basheer Ahmed, Aurangzaib s/o Ghulam Qadir and Gulsher s/o Dilmurad fought bravely and embraced martyrdom.

On 28 September 2018 - BLF fighter Shair Jan aka Kohi martyred when ran onto a mine planted by Pakistani army in Gwash-Askani area of district Awaran.

JULY

02 July 2018 - Pakistan military convoy attacked with rocket propelled grenades and other heavy weapons in Kolwah area of district Awaran, Balochistan. 9 military personnel killed and weapons confiscated.Ambushed Pakistan military convoy consisted of 3 vehicles with heavy weapons between Banduki and Tank area of Mashkay district Awaran, Balochistan. 1 military vehicle destroyed, 8 military personnel killed, 2 injured and confiscated the weapons.Attacked Pakistan military when they were busy in construction of a new military redoubt near Shah Bateel Ziarat in Kolwah area of district Awaran, Balochistan. 1 military personnel killed and 1 Injured

03 July 2018 - Attacked Pakistani military convoy with heavy weaponry on the route of China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) in Hoshaab area of District Awaran, Balochistan. The convoy was consisted of 3 military vehicles. All of the vehicle were destroyed and killed more than 12 military personnel while more than 10 were injured.

04 July 2018 - Attacked Pakistan military convoy with heavy weapons in Pangnuki River between Hirronk and Tijaban areas of district Kech, Balochistan. The convoy was consisted of 3 military vehicles, 1 of the vehicles was destroyed, 3 military personnel killed and 3 injured.

06 July 2018 - Attacked Pakistan military checkpoint with rocket propelled grenades and heavy weapons in Banduki area of Mashkay, district Awaran, Balochistan. 3 military personnel killed and 3 injured.

07 July 2018 - Attacked Pakistan military check post with heavy weapons in Gwarkop area of district Kech, Balochistan and inflicted heavy causalities.

10 July 2018 - Blew up and destroyed a bridge with explosives on the route of China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) in Konrak River in Hirronk area of District Kech, Balochistan.Ambushed Pakistan military convoy with heavy weapons between Sibdan and Patuk area of Dasht district Kech, Balochistan. 1 military vehicle destroyed, 3 military personnel killed, 3 injured and confiscated the weapons.

11 July 2018 - Attacked Pakistan military checkpoints with rocket propelled grenades and heavy weapons in Gushanag area of Kolwah district Awaran, Balochistan. 3 military personnel killed and several injuredAttaked Pakistan military checkpoint with sniper rifle in Kulli area of district Awaran, Balochistan. 1 military personnel killed.

12 July 2018 - Attacked Pakistan military checkpoints with rocket propelled grenades and heavy weapons in Gajli and Garr areas of Mashkay, district Awaran, Balochistan. 3 military personnel killed and 2 injured.Attacked Pakistan military camp with rockets and heavy weapons in district Kech, Balochistan. Also attacked checkpoint located near a water supply tank. Heavy losses inflicted to the military.

13 July 2018 - Attacked Pakistan military checkpoint with sniper rifle in Kallag Wakai area of Zamuran district Kech, Balochistan. 1 military personnel killed.

14 July 2018 - Attacked three different redoubts of Pakistan military camp with heavy weapons in Siyahaloo area of Dasht, district Kech, Balochistan. 3 military personnel killed and 2 injured. Heavy losses incurred to the redoubts.Attacked Pakistan military camp with rocket propelled grenades and heavy weapons in Kaneechi area of Kolwah, district Awaran, Balochistan. 1 military personnel killed and 2 injured.Attacked Pakistan military post with rockets and heavy weapons in Pindok area of Peerandar, district Awaran, Balochistan. Heavy losses inflicted to the military

15 July 2018 - Responded to ground and aerial attack by Pakistan military forces on BLF camp in Makki area of Kolwah, district Awaran, Balochistan. The battle lasted three hours in which dozens of military personnel were killed and several injured. Four BLF fighters namely Kher Baksh Naaz alias Baba Guhram, Wahid alias Talaar, Ustad Jangiyan alias Ustad Jaffar and Pathan alias Shikari Sarban sacrificed their lives and got martyred. BLF pays rich tribute to their sacrifices.

16 July 2018 - Attacked Pakistan military check-post with rockets and heavy weapons in Zarankoli area of Piraandar, district Awaran, Balochistan. 2 military personnel killed and 2 injured.

18 July 2018 - Attacked the main camp of Pakistan military with rockets and heavy weapons in Zarankoli area of Gwarkop, district Kech, Balochistan. Heavy losses incurred to the military.

19 July 2018 - BLF fighters had an encounter with Pakistan army personnel in Darmani Bent area of district Awaran, Balochistan. In this battle 2 military personnel killed and several injured.Attacked Pakistan military post with sniper rifle in Kodech Kulanch area of Pasni district Gwadar, Balochistan. 1 military personnel killed.Attacked the convoy of the Pakistan military consisting of five vehicles with rocket propelled grenades and heavy weapons in Gomazi area of Mand, district Kech, Balochistan. Heavy losses occurred to the military.Attacked Pakistan military camp with heavy weapons in Parwar area of Mashkay, district Awaran, Balochistan. Heavy losses occurred to the military.Attacked Pakistan military check-post with rocket launchers and heavy weapons in Gumbad area of Garesha, district Khuzdar, Balochistan. 2 military personnel killed and 1 injured. Heavy losses occurred to the military.

20 July 2018 - Attacked Pakistan army camp in Geli, Buleda, district Kech. Many killed and injured.Attacked Pakistan army check-post in Raghay, Shingir, district Washuk. Many killed and injured.Attacked three patrolling vehicles of the Pakistan military in the Nemgo river with rockets and heavy weapons. 3 military personnel killed and 2 injured.Attacked Pakistan military check-post with rocket propelled grenades and heavy weapons in Zarankoli area of Piraandar, district Awaran, Balochistan. 2 military personnel killed and 2 injured.Attacked Pakistan military post with sniper rifle in Gwangi area of Mand district Kech, Balochistan. 1 military personnel killed.

21 July 2018 - Attacked Pakistan military camp with rockets and heavy weapons in Geeli area of Buleda, district Kech, Balochistan. Heavy losses occurred to the military.Attacked a Pakistan military vehicle with mine explosives in Kalakor area of Parom, district Panjgur, Balochistan. Several military personnel killed and many injured.Attacked Pakistan military camp with rockets and heavy weapons in Raghay Shingir area of district Washuk, Balochistan. Heavy losses occurred to the military.Attacked Pakistan military checkpoint with rockets and heavy weapons in Nondrah Draj Kor area of Jhau, district Awaran, Balochistan. Heavy losses occurred to the military.

22 July 2017 - One military personnel killed in a sniper attack in Goburd check-post in Mand, district Kech.One military personnel killed in a sniper attack in Bullo Bazaar, Mand, district Kech.Attacked Pakistan army check-post in Menaz, Buleda, district Kech. Many killed and injured.Attacked Pakistan army camp in Manguli, Mashkay, district Awaran. Two personnel killed and three injured.Attacked Pakistan army busy in a military operation in Malar Kahn, district Awaran. Four personnel killed and many injured.Attacked two Pakistan army check-posts in Gokdan, Turbat, district Kech. Three personnel killed and three injured.

23 July 2017 - One military personnel killed in a sniper attack at Bullo check-post, Mand, district Kech.Attacked Pakistan army check-post in Palmak, district Panjgur. Many killed and injured.Attacked Pakistan army check-post in Hushab, district Kech. One personnel killed and three injured.Attacked Pakistan army check-post in Bundiki, Mashkay, district Awaran. Two personnel killed and one injured.Attacked Pakistan army check-post in Gwani area of Gresha, district Khuzdar. One personnel killed and one injured.

24 July 2017 – Attacked Pakistan army at a polling station in Tijabaan, district Kech. Two personnel killed and many injured.Attacked Pakistan army Koro camp with BM12 rockets in Jhaoo, district Awaran. Many killed and injured.Attacked Pakistan army security team of a convoy in Teertej, district Awaran. Four personnel killed and four injured.Attacked Pakistan army patrolling team in Hushab, district Kech. Two personnel killed and three injured.Attacked Pakistan army camp with BM12 rockets in Lijje, district Kharan. Many killed and injured.Attacked Pakistan army two check-posts in Gomazi, district Kech. Many killed and injured.Ambushed Pakistan army convoy consisted of five vehicles and two motorcycles in Baalgatar, district Kech. Many killed and injured.Attacked Pakistan army check-post in Mand Bazaar, district Kech. Many killed and injured.Attacked Pakistan army check-post in Huzi, Mand, district Kech. Many killed and injured.Ambushed Pakistan army convoy consisted of four vehicles in Zamuran, district Kech. More than a dozen killed, three vehicles destroyed and many injured.

25 July 2017 – Attacked Pakistan army headquarter in district Awaran. Many killed and injured.Attacked Pakistan army at a polling station in Pirandar, district Awaran. Many killed and injured.Attacked Pakistan army with rockets in Zrankoli, district Awaran. Many killed and injured.Attacked Pakistan army at a polling station in Jebari, Mashkay, district Awaran. Two personnel killed and many injured.Attacked Pakistan army in Mashkay, district Awaran. One personnel killed and two injured.Attacked Pakistan army at a polling station in Reko, Buleda, district Kech. Three personnel killed and many injured.Attacked Pakistan army camp with mortars in Awaran. Many killed and injured.Attacked Pakistan army at a polling station in Talamb, Mand, district Kech. Many killed and injured.One personnel killed in a sniper attack in Konshkalat, Tump, district Kech.Attacked Pakistan army at a polling station in Khaerabad, district Kech. Many killed and injured.Attacked Pakistan army at a polling station in Mand, district Kech. Two personnel killed and two injured.Attacked Pakistan army at a polling station in Ghareebabad, district Panjgur. Many killed and injured.

26 July 2017 – Attacked Pakistan army check-post in Kolahu, Tump, district Kech. One personnel killed and one injured.

AUGUST

01 August 2018 – BLF fighters fired three rockets on a check post in Diz area of Parom, district Panjgoor. Heavy losses occurred to them. This check post is established by occupying a school.

04 August 2018 – Ambushed a convoy of Pakistani military in Kannera area of district Awaran. Three army personnel killed and two injured.

06 August 2018– Targeted an ISI run camp of religious fundamentalist organization Mussalah Difa in Beront area of district Washuk. Heavy losses occurred

07 August 2018– BLF fighters came face to face with Pakistani army in Shah Aap area of Tump district Kech. A skirmish erupted. Several Pakistani army personnel killed and injured. Two BLF fighters Naqeeb s/o Rasool Bakhsh aka Nazar and Waleed s/o Moosa aka Qazi martyred after a fight of two hours.

10 August 2018 – BLF fighters attacked Pakistani military check post at Jotari area of Jahoo district Awaran. Two army personnel killed and two injured.

12 August 2018 – Attacked Pakistani military check post in Mulla Gazzi area of Jhaoo, district Awaran. Losses occurred to the occupying forces.

13 August 2018 - Attacked Pakistan military check-post with rockets in Gomazi, Tump, district Kech, heavy casualties inflicted to the army.

13 August 2018 - Attacked Pakistan military camp with rockets and automatic weapons in Apsi Kahn, Tump, district Kech, heavy casualties inflicted to the army.Attacked Pakistani military check post in Draaj Kaor area of Mashkai, district Awaran. Four army personnel killed and others injured.

14 August 2018 – Attacked Pakistan army Headquarters with BM12 rockets in Awaran; Attacked Pakistani army camp with rockets in Nali area of Baalgatar district Kech; Attacked Pakistani military camp in Gwand Saren area of Hoshaap district Kech. Heavy losses occurred to occupying forces while they were busy in celebrating 14th August as Independence Day of Pakistan.

15 August 2018 - Attacked Pakistan military camp with rockets and automatic weapons in Koh Bagh, Turbat, district Kech, heavy casualties inflicted to the army.

20 August 2018 - One personnel killed in a sniper attack on a check-post in Gwarkop, district Kech.

24 August 2018 - Attacked Pakistani military camp with rockets in Kolwah, district Kech and inflicted heavy casualties.

24 August 2018 - Attacked Pakistani military check-post twice in Kilkaur, district Kech, heavy casualties inflicted to the army.

25 August 2018 - Attacked Pakistan military camp with rockets and heavy weapons in Koh-Kalat, Sami, district Kech, heavy casualties inflicted to the army.

26 August 2018 - Hurled hand grenade on a military vehicle near National Bank in Turbat, district Kech, three personnel were injured.

28 August 2018 - Attacked Pakistan military check-post in Parg, district Awaran, two personnel killed and one injured.

SEPTEMBER

01 September 2018 - Attacked Pakistan military backed religious extremists involved in Baloch genocide in Buzi area of Mashkay, district Awaran, Balochistan. One armed extremist killed and 3 injured.Attacked Pakistani military with sniper and automatic weapons on a bridge on the route of China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) between Hoshaab and Tijaban areas of district Kech, Balochistan. As a result of this attack one military personnel killed and two injured.

02 September 2018 - Attacked Pakistan military checkpoint with heavy weapons and rocket propelled grenades in Malar Kahn area of district Awaran, Balochistan. Two military personnel killed and several injured.

September 7, 2018 - Moheem Khan alias Rahmeen, Deputy Unit Commander killed in the Jhao battle which took place on 7th September. Along him three other BLF fighters Rashid Ali s/o Basheer Ahmed, Aurangzaib s/o Ghulam Qadir and Gulsher s/o Dilmurad fought bravely and embraced martyrdom.

08 September 2018 - One military personnel killed in a sniper attack in Kasht Kandi area of Keelkaur district Panjgur, Balochistan.On the evening of 9th September in Sarwan city of West Balochistan, local death squad opened fire which killed BLF fighter Abdullah Sooraj alias Shehak s/o Iqbal resident of Alandoor, Buleda.Shehak had crossed the border to meet his relatives in Sarawan.

11 September 2018 - Attacked Pakistani military checkpoint with rocket propelled grenades and automatic weapons. The checkpoint was for the protection of CPEC on the route of China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) in Lashkaran Kaur area of Keelkaur district Panjgur, Balochistan. Due to the attack 2 military personnel killed and 3 injured.

12 September 2018 - Attacked Pakistani military vehicle in Gwand-Saren area of Hoshaab, district Kech, Balochistan. As a result of this attack 1 military personnel killed and 2 injured.

15 September 2018 - Ambushed Pakistani military convoy with rocket propelled grenades and automatic weapons. The convoy was consisted of 5 military vehicles which was passing through the route of China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) in Chaken Gauran area of district Panjgur, Balochistan. Due to the attack 8 military personnel killed and several injured.

16 September 2018 - Attacked Pakistani military convoy with a remote control explosive device on the route of China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) near Shapuk Dam in district Kech, Balochistan, 6 military personnel killed and 2 injured.

19 September 2018 - Attacked Pakistan military check-post with rocket propelled grenades s in Keelkaur area of district Panjgur, Balochistan. Several military personnel killed and injured.

19 September 2018 - Ambushed Pakistani military convoy with heavy and automatic weapons in Buleda area of district Kech, Balochistan, 12 military personnel killed and several injured.

24 September 2018 - Attacked Pakistani military during a military operation with heavy and automatic weapons in Aaskani Badring area of district Awaran, Balochistan, due to the attack 3 military personnel killed and 2 injured.

26 September 2018 - Attacked Pakistani military with rocket propelled grenades and automatic weapons on a link road of China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) in Gwash area of district Panjgur, Balochistan, 3 military personnel killed and 3 injured.Attacked Pakistan military checkpoint with rockets in Mehi area of Mashkay district Awaran, Balochistan. 2 military personnel killed and 3 injured.Attacked Pakistan military camp with heavy weapons in Baarag-Koh area of Shapuk district Kech, Balochistan and inflicted heavy causalities.

28 September 2018 - Clashes erupted between BLF fighters and Pakistani forces in Murmasi area of Mashkay district Awaran, Balochistan. 3 Pakistani military personnel killed and 2 injured.BLF fighter Shair Jan aka Kohi martyrdom when ran onto a mine planted by Pakistani army in Gwash-Askani area of district Awaran.

29 September 2018 - Attacked Pakistan military camp with heavy weapons in Hoshab area of district Kech, Balochistan and inflicted heavy causalities.

OCTOBER

2nd October 2018 – Attacked Pakistani military convoy and Blew up a military vehicle, in Loop area of Peerandar, district Awaran. 10 Pakistani military personnel killed several injured.Attacked Pakistani military check-post in Abdui area of Mand, district Kech with heavy and automatic weapons. 4 military personnels killed and several injured.

04 October 2018 – One military personnel killed in a sniper attacked on a check-post on the route of CPEC (China Pakistan Economic Corridor) in Tijaban Karki, district Kech, Balochistan.

13 October 2018– Targeted and killed a Pakistani military personnel in Turbat Bazar and confiscated the weaponry.

17 October 2018– Attacked Pakistani military check-post near Chirag river in Tump area of district Kech with rocket launcher and automatic weapons. 2 military personnels killed and 3 injured.

18 October 2018 – Ambushed Pakistani military convoy near Crush Plant between Jamak and Peedark areas of district Kech with rocket launcher and automatic weapons. 2 military personnels killed and 4 injured.

19 October 2018 – One military personnel killed in a sniper attack

20 October 2018 - One military personnel killed in a sniper attack on Pakistani military check-post in Mand area of district Kech, Balochistan.

23 October 2018 - Attacked Pakistan military check-points with sniper rifle and automatic weapons in Azian area of district Kech, 2 military personnel killed and 2 injured.Destroyed the fiber optical cable in Dokoop area of Tump, district Kech Balochistan.

27 October 2018 – Attacked with hand grenade on Frontier Works Organization (FWO) a construction wing of Pakistani military and inflicted them heavy causalities.

NOVEMBER

07 November 2018 – Pakistani military tried to surround BLF fighters in Mazan Band area of Dasht, district Kech, Balochistan. BLF fighters successfully defeated Pakistani military which resulted killing 3 Pakistani military personnel and several injured.

08 November 2018 – Planted a landmine at a military check-point located in Kolwah area of, district Awaran, Balochistan. As two of the military personnel entered the check point the landmine exploded and killed both of them.

10 November 2018 – Attacked Pakistani military check-post in Jothar area of Jaho Korak district Awaran, Balochistan with automatic weapons and inflicted them heavy causalities.

14 November 2018 – Ambushed Pakistani military convoy in Solo area of Bulaida district Kech, Balochistan with heavy and automatic weapons. 2 military vehicles destroyed due to which 4 military personnels killed and 2 injured.

19 November 2018 – Attacked Pakistani military camp in Jakk area of Teertej district Awaran, Balochistan with rocket launchers and automatic weapons and inflicted them heavy causalities.

22 November 2018 – Pakistani military tried to surround BLF fighters in Daankambi area near Mashkay, district Awaran, Balochistan. BLF fighters successfully defeated Pakistani military and killed 5 Pakistani military personnel and injured several.

Attacked Pakistani military camp in Bitt area of Bulaida district Kech, Balochistan with heavy weapons. 2 military personnel killed and several injured.

23 November 2018 – Attacked Pakistani military check-post on the route of China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) in Shapuk area of district Kech, Balochistan. 4 military personnels killed and 2 injured.

Attacked Pakistani military with heavy weapons in Banduki area of Mashkay district Awaran, Balochistan. 2 military personnel killed and several injured.

26 November 2018 – Attacked Pakistani military camp in Raghey area of district Washuk, Balochistan from two sides with heavy weapons. several military personnel killed and injured.

27 November 2018 – Planted a remote controlled IED explosive and targeted a vehicle in a Pakistani military convoy near Ahri area of Teertej, district Awaran, Balochistan. 4 military personnel were killed and 2 injured.

28 November 2018 – Attacked Pakistani military check point in Bullu area of Mand district Kech, Balochistan with rocket launchers and automatic weapons and inflicted them heavy causalities.

29 November 2018 – Attacked 2 Pakistani military check points in Gajli area of Mashkay district Awaran, Balochistan with rocket launchers and automatic weapons. 6 military personnel were killed and 3 injured in this attack.

DECEMBER

1st December 2018 – Attacked Pakistani military convoy in Dostain Bazar area of Mand district Kech, Balochistan blew up a military vehicle with an IED. 1 military vehicles destroyed due to which 5 military personnels killed and 6 injured.

2nd December 2018 – Ambushed Pakistani military convoy in Pansan river, Dasht area of district Kech, Balochistan and inflicted heavy causalities.

Attacked Pakistani military checkpost in Rodan area of Gawak, Mand district Kech, Balochistan with mortars and heavy weapons, 3 military personnels killed and 2 injured.

3rd December 2018 – Ambushed Pakistani military convoy on the route of China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) in Gondsareen area of Hooshab district Kech, Balochistan. 1 military personnel killed and 1 injured.

06 December 2018 – One military personnel killed in a sniper attack in Drachku area of Dash district Kech, Balochistan.

09 December 2018 – One military personnel killed in a sniper attack on a check-post in Zarankuli area of district Awaran, Balochistan.

10 December 2018 – Ambushed Pakistani military convoy consisted of 3 military vehicles in Jath area of Kolwa district Awaran, Balochistan. 5 military personnel killed and 2 injured as a result.

11 December 2018 – Attacked Pakistani military check-post in Goni area of Gresha district Khuzdar, Balochistan with rocket launchers and heavy weapons, and inflicted heavy causalities.

14 December 2018 –  Pakistan military backed Islamic Religious extremist group Musallah Diffa along with Pakistan army tried to attack and surround BLF’s patrolling team in Syah dumb area of Gichk, district Panjgur, Balochistan. In this clash BLF fighters succeeded to break the siege and left 3 Musallah Diffa members injuries.

15 December 2018 – Clashes erupt between BLF fighters and ISIS linked Lashkar-e-Khurasan in Zareen Kahoor area of Pidrak, district Kech, Balochistan. during the clash Lashkar-e-Khurasan members fled and left their motorcycle which later BLF fighter confiscated.

17 December 2018 – Attacked Pakistani military camp in Raghey area of district Washuk, Balochistan with automatic and heavy weapons, and inflicted heavy causalities.

20 December 2018 – Attacked Pakistani military check-post on the route of China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) in Sahaki area of Balgathar district Kech, Balochistan with rocket launchers, and inflicted heavy causalities to the occupying.

22 December 2018 – One military personnel killed in a sniper attack in Dokop area of Mand district Kech, Balochistan.

24 December 2018 – Attacked Pakistani military check-post in Bullu area of Mand district Kech, Balochistan with rocket launchers and heavy weapons, and inflicted heavy causalities.Attacked Pakistani military check-post in Choko area of Libach district Kech, Balochistan with rocket launchers and heavy weapons, 2 military personnel killed and 1 injured.

25 December 2018 – Blew up a Pakistani military truck with an IED in Mehi area of Mashkay, district Awaran, Balochistan. The military truck was carrying ration for Mashkay military camp, 7 military personnel were killed in this attack and 3 injured.Attacked Pakistani military check-post in Mullayani area of Jaho district Kech, Balochistan with rocket launchers and heavy weapons, 2 military personnel killed and 2 injured.      http://sangarpublication.com/home/page/986.html

February 21, 2019

US: Where the jobs aren't

AXIOS FUTURE Steve Levine

Illustration: Sarah Grillo/Axios

 

A swath of millions of Americans have been jobless for a year or more — the hard-core unemployed. Among the causes for their stubborn joblessness are lack of skills, drug habits and felony records.

But there is another, largely overlooked reason: Many of these unemployed people simply can't — or won't — get where the jobs are.

Erica writes: Increasing numbers of experts say the concentration of wealth in big cities, along with the rise of automation, is putting low-wage jobs out of the physical reach of workers.

Often they live far on the periphery of cities, without easy access to public transportation.And for the first time in the nation's history, big numbers of Americans have stopped moving for work. Even when there are jobs in another city or state, they have been unwilling, for reasons no one has been able to decisively explain, to pick up and start a new life.

Both workers and employers are getting hit.

As we've reported, about 13 million working-age people in the U.S. are unemployed, involuntarily working part time or have wholly given up on the job hunt. The problem, though, isn't a lack of jobs — employers complain that they can't fill open positions — but a slew of barriers.

A new report from the Urban Institute analyzed 2017 application data across several types of low-wage, hourly jobs in 16 major U.S. cities, looking at the mismatch between openings and job seekers by zip code.

In 41% of Boston-area zip codes, there were far more openings than job seekers who lived a reasonable distance away. In other words, most possible applicants lived too far from the workplace, and there either was no efficient public transportation to the job or the cost was too high to get there.In New York, 32% of zip codes had this problem. In San Francisco, 29%.The trend stretched tomiddle-sized cities, too: 24% of Denver-area zip codes had this mismatch. In Columbus, 37%.

"These are people who are looking to enter the job market, and if they can't find it feasible from a transportation or cost or distance perspective, that's saying that there are significant barriers in place."

— Joseph Kane, Brookings Institution

What's happening: Poorer city residents live in the "last-subway-stop" parts of cities, a couple of hours, or farther, from work — and they either can't afford to or don't want to move.

Another bucket of low-wage jobs, those in factories or warehouses, have the opposite problem. Companies like Amazon are building their warehouses far away from city centers, close to airports and highways and away from major public transit lines. They can be difficult to access without a car, says Brookings' Kane.

In Minneapolis, Amazon and General Mills have started offering shuttles to ferry workers from the city to the warehouses, reports the Star Tribune.

The solution is twofold, Christina Stacy, lead author of the Urban Institute report, tells Axios. Cities need to revisit train and bus lines and build affordable housing closer to downtown. "Until we figure out how to make every job a high-quality job, connecting people to a job is crucial," says Stacy.

February 20, 2019

New Zealand’s complicated new relationship with China 


New Zealand's former leader denies authoring pro-China op-ed for Communist Party newspaper / CNBC

Did she or didn’t she? Former New Zealand prime minister Jenny Shipley “has denied writing a controversial opinion piece for a Chinese state-run newspaper headlined: We need to learn to listen to China.”:

The piece drew scathing criticism from New Zealand’s deputy prime minister, Winston Peters, and comes at a time of heightened tensions between the two countries.

This week an opinion piece carrying Shipley’s byline appeared in People’s Daily, a mouthpiece for the Chinese communist party, praising the country for its progress on women, its belt and road initiative, and poverty reduction. It appeared as the most-read article on the paper’s website on Wednesday.

But Shipley has denied writing the piece, saying it had been constructed from an interview she gave the newspaper in December last year.


Spy chief Andrew Hampton says damage to NZ relations with China plays no part in decision-making / New Zealand Herald

“GCSB head Andrew Hampton has made it clear that he is not concerned about any damage in relations between New Zealand and China over his decisions involving Huawei.”

Women and children carried RDX, explosives used in Pulwama terror attack




ZeeNews

By Amit Bansal | Updated: Feb 20, 2019, 14:50 PM IST

SRINAGAR/NEW DELHI: Women and children were recruited to transfer explosives used in the Pulwama terror attack from one point to another, top intelligence sources told Zee Media on Wednesday. 

The explosives were carried from across the border over a period of few months and the actuating mechanism to trigger the explosives were created locally. Both the components were fitted in the bomb justs days before the attack. 

On February 14, over 2000 Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) personnel travelling in a convoy of 78 vehicles on Jammu-Srinagar highway was attacked by a vehicle-borne suicide bomber at Lethpora (near Awantipora) in the Pulwama district. The attack resulted in the death of at least 40 CRPF personnel and injured many others.

Terror outfit JeM claimed responsibility for the attack and Kashmiri local Adil Ahmad Dar was identified as the suicide bomber.

The RDX used in the attack is reported to be of Military A5 grade category and was transported across the border in small quantities over a period of few months primarily by women and kids. These were accumulated in Pulwama for the February 14 attack.

RDX is a highly unstable compound and is often mixed with wax or soap to make it stable for easy handling, said sources in the Army. Military grade RDX is, however, mixed with high quality stearic or octadecanoic Acid. An A5 grade RDX denotes 98.5 to 99.5 per cent purity and is reportedly very expensive. 

Around 300 kgs of RDX was used in the Pulwama attack. It was carried in three drums and mixed with shrapnel (nails, iron pieces) and Ammonium Nitrate which is used as an oxidiser to create an impactful blast. 

The drums were fitted in the vehicle which was then manoeuvred by the suicide bomber on the Jammu-Srinagar highway.

Use of military grade explosives also signals Pakistan Army's support to JeM which carried out the attack.

According to Indian intelligence agencies, the RDX used to attack the bus was procured by Pakistan Army in Rawalpindi and handed over to JeM operatives. The process of collecting RDX reportedly began in March 2018 and the explosives were smuggled using backpacks, cylinders and coal bags to Tral village of Pulwama. 

AI'S DIPLOMACY DISRUPTION

Uscpublicdiplomacy.org

Feb 20, 2019

Artificial intelligence, or AI, was a hot topic at this year's Diplocamp, hosted by the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Brussels, Belgium. At the center of the discussion was the question of how AI will change diplomatic practice. A recent report by the DiploFoundation's Diplo AILab, commissioned by the Finnish Ministry for Foreign Affairs, begins to address this query. 

Importantly, the report delineates between different ways AI's disruptive power will impact diplomacy: it will be a prominent topic diplomats need to address as they manage global relationships; it will serve as a tool for diplomats to use on a daily basis; and it will impact the environment in which diplomacy is conducted. However, it states that diplomats should not fear that diplomacy as we know it will become obsolete with AI's rise. 

"AI is often talked about as a technology with great potential for disruption and diplomacy will have to adapt," reads the report. "But it is safe to say that diplomacy is here to stay. In fact, looking at the fundamental questions and dilemmas that AI and its applications pose, it is clear that we need diplomacy more than ever. Diplomats are needed to foster understanding between countries with very different approaches to AI and to build and maintain relationships across borders with regard to, for example, shared understandings, the peaceful use of the technology, scientific co-operation, and ethical questions."

Read the full report, "Mapping the Challenges and Opportunities of Artificial Intelligence for the Conduct of Diplomacy,here.

February 18, 2019

An AI that writes convincing prose risks mass-producing fake news

MIT Technology Review


Fed with billions of words, this algorithm creates convincing articles and shows how AI could be used to fool people on a mass scale.

by Will Knight 

February 14, 2019

Here’s some breaking fake news …

Russia has declared war on the United States after Donald Trump accidentally fired a missile in the air.

Russia said it had “identified the missile’s trajectory and will take necessary measures to ensure the security of the Russian population and the country’s strategic nuclear forces.” The White House said it was “extremely concerned by the Russian violation” of a treaty banning intermediate-range ballistic missiles.

The US and Russia have had an uneasy relationship since 2014, when Moscow annexed Ukraine’s Crimea region and backed separatists in eastern Ukraine.

That story is, in fact, not only fake, but a troubling example of just how good AI is getting at fooling us. 

That’s because it wasn’t written by a person; it was auto-generated by an algorithm fed the words “Russia has declared war on the United States after Donald Trump accidentally …”

The program made the rest of the story up on its own. And it can make up realistic-seeming news reports on any topic you give it. The program was developed by a team at OpenAI, a research institute based in San Francisco.

The researchers set out to develop a general-purpose language algorithm, trained on a vast amount of text from the web, that would be capable of translating text, answering questions, and performing other useful tasks. But they soon grew concerned about the potential for abuse. “We started testing it, and quickly discovered it’s possible to generate malicious-esque content quite easily,” says Jack Clark, policy director at OpenAI.

Clark says the program hints at how AI might be used to automate the generation of convincing fake news, social-media posts, or other text content. Such a tool could spew out climate-denying news reports or scandalous exposés during an election. Fake news is already a problem, but if it were automated, it might be harder to tune out. Perhaps it could be optimized for particular demographics—or even individuals. 

Sign up for the The Algorithm

Artificial intelligence, demystified

Stay updated on MIT Technology Review initiatives and events?

YesNo

Clark says it may not be long before AI can reliably produce fake stories, bogus tweets, or duplicitous comments that are even more convincing. “It’s very clear that if this technology matures—and I’d give it one or two years—it could be used for disinformation or propaganda,” he says. “We’re trying to get ahead of this.”

Such technology could have beneficial uses, including summarizing text or improving the conversational skills of chatbots. Clark says he has even used the tool to generate passages in short science fiction stories with surprising success.

OpenAI does fundamental AI research but also plays an active role in highlighting the potential risks of artificial intelligence. The organization was involved with a 2018 report on the risks of AI, including opportunities for misinformation (see “These are the ‘Black Mirror’ Scenarios that are leading some experts to call for secrecy on AI”).

The OpenAI algorithm is not always convincing to the discerning reader. A lot of the time, when given a prompt, it produces superficially coherent gibberish or text that clearly seems to have been cribbed from online news sources.

It is, however, often remarkably good at producing realistic text, and it reflects recent advances in applying machine learning to language.

OpenAI made the text generation tool available for MIT Technology Review to test but, because of concerns about how the technology might be misused, will make only a simplified version publicly available. The institute is publishing a research paper outlining the work. 

Progress in artificial intelligence is gradually helping machines gain a better grasp of language. Recent work has made progress by feeding general-purpose machine-learning algorithms very large amounts of text. The OpenAI program takes this to a new level: the system was fed 45 million pages from the web, chosen via the website Reddit. And in contrast to most language algorithms, the OpenAI program does not require labeled or curated text. It simply learns to recognize patterns in the data it’s fed.

Richard Socher, an expert on natural-language processing and the chief scientist at Salesforce, says the OpenAI work is a good example of a more general-purpose language learning system. “I think these general learning systems are the future,” he wrote in an e-mail. 

On the other hand, Socher is less concerned about the potential for deception and misinformation. “You don’t need AI to create fake news,” he says. “People can easily do it :)”

Southern Thailand’s Fractured Peace Process at a Crossroads

https://www.geopoliticalmonitor.com/southern-thailands-fractured-peace-process-at-a-crossroads/

SITUATION REPORTS - February 15, 2019

By Michael Hart

The shock return to power of political veteran Mahathir Mohamad in Kuala Lumpur last May signaled not only a new dawn for Malaysia, but also fresh hope of a peaceful resolution to a decades-old conflict raging across the border in southern Thailand. The 93-year-old Mahathir, returning for a second stint as Malaysia’s prime minister, has long held an interest in securing peace in Thailand’s troubled Deep South, where separatist Muslim insurgents have fought the military for independence since the 1950s.

After a high-level meeting in Bangkok last October between Mahathir and the head of Thailand’s ruling military junta, Gen. Prayut Chan-ocha, both sides appointed new peace envoys and initial talks began in January. The early signs were remarkably positive. Thailand, for the first time, voiced a willingness to consider making concessions on autonomy and political decentralization, while indicating a desire to bring the most powerful rebel group, Barisan Revolusi Nasional (BRN), back to the negotiating table.

Yet the fleeting peace process hit an unexpected snag earlier this month, when the head of the Thai negotiating team, retired army general Udomchai Thammasarorat, failed to turn up for a scheduled meeting in the Malaysian capital. The no-show left Malaysian mediator Abdul Rahim Noor ‘shocked,’ and drew an angry response from rebel groups. Mara Patani, an umbrella organization representing a series of rebel factions, responded by ruling-out further participation until after Thai national elections are held in late March, while the rogue BRN vowed to continue its armed struggle for independence.

With support from Malaysia assured, can southern Thailand’s fractured peace process overcome this early setback and – with elections looming – navigate the choppy political waters which may lie ahead?

 

The roots of southern Thailand’s separatist insurgency

For seven decades, ethnic Malay Muslim separatist rebels have battled Thai security forces to establish an independent homeland in the four southern provinces of Pattani, Yala, Narathiwat, and Songkhla. The conflict-stricken region borders Muslim-majority Malaysia to the south, and was formerly part of the Islamic Sultanate of Patani, which was formed in 1516 and bordered the ancient kingdom of Siam to the north, which would later become modern-day Thailand. The region was annexed in the Anglo-Siamese Treaty of 1909 and incorporated into the Buddhist-majority Thai state, governed by Bangkok.

The region retained its local traditions and largely failed to assimilate with the rest of Thailand, leading to disenfranchisement among many residents and tensions over territorial control of the four southern provinces. By the late 1950s, a political independence campaign had been superseded by an emerging armed insurgency. For decades the conflict remained at a low-level until its intensification in 2004. During the past 15 years more than 7,000 people have been killed amid insurgent bombings, shootings, and assassinations, while the military has launched repeated crackdowns on rebel activity.

Peace talks started in 2015, a year after the Prayut-commanded military junta – formally labelled the National Council for Peace and Order (NCPO) – seized power from the democratically-elected regime of Yingluck Shinawatra in a bloodless coup. Yet negotiations have failed to make meaningful progress. The junta has initiated dialogue with the Mara Patani umbrella grouping, which represents a network of shadowy rebel units operating in the Deep South. Talks have been restricted because the BRN – the most powerful and influential rebel group, which controls most fighters on the ground – has declined to participate in the peace process due to the government’s refusal to allow international mediation. The junta views the conflict as an internal and domestic matter which should not be internationalized.

Another more deeply-ingrained sticking point concerns the rebels’ demand for independence. While the junta and all previous Bangkok administrations have maintained a blunt, non-negotiable position opposed to allowing the south to break away, the junta has also until-recently refused to consider granting autonomy or any kind of political devolution to the south, reflecting the military’s long-term preoccupation with preserving the territorial integrity of the state.

 

Malaysia’s Mahathir reinvigorates the peace process

Talks remained stalled until the shock election victory of Mahathir in mid-2018. Thailand and Malaysia have long enjoyed strong bilateral ties, while Mahathir’s return – as a respected elder statesman in Southeast Asia with a strong personal interest in regional peace-making – lent fresh impetus to the peace process. Malaysia also has a long-standing interest in helping to resolve the conflict for several vital geo-strategic reasons. Kuala Lumpur feels a sense of duty to ensure an environment of peace and prosperity for ethnic Malay Muslims living in southern Thailand, while also wanting to avoid worsening instability and violence along its northern border, which could result in unmanageable refugee flows. Concerns over the suspected presence of ISIS sympathizers in Malaysia and the potential for weapons to be smuggled via rebels operating in Thailand’s volatile south have also incentivized Malaysia to act.

When Mahathir met Gen. Prayut in late-2018, both leaders were optimistic in tone, and spoke of their shared desire to resolve the conflict. Mahathir pledged to help ‘in whatever way possible to end this violence in the south,’ calling for better co-operation on the issue ‘between two friendly neighbors.’ Gen. Prayut said although the insurgency is considered a ‘domestic problem,’ dialogue would ‘resume immediately with Malaysia as the facilitator,’ without giving a specific timeline for fresh negotiations.

After the appointment of representatives for both countries, initial meetings were held at the start of January. Early indications were positive. Malaysian facilitator Abdul Rahim Noor said he was optimistic the conflict could end within two years, while Thai negotiator Udomchai Thammasarorat said Bangkok would consider devolving powers or allowing a ‘special administrative zone,’ having taken advice from Mahathir. However, it was stated that independence or separation would remain off the table. On 11 January, Udomchai confirmed ‘low-level’ talks had been held with ‘all groups’ involved in the process.

Yet just weeks later, the peace process stands on the brink of collapse after Udomchai failed to attend an introductory meeting with Mara Patani representatives scheduled for 4 February in Kuala Lumpur. The move took the Malaysian facilitating team by surprise and drew an angry reaction from the rebel leadership. Udomchai claimed he would only meet Mara Patani chief Sukree Haree one-on-one, and had never agreed to the pre-arranged meeting with a larger rebel delegation. A Mara Patani statement condemned the Thai panel’s ‘unacceptable attitude’ and ‘hidden agenda,’ calling for Udomchai to be replaced by someone with ‘more credibility.’ Mara Patani has now suspended its participation in talks until after the Thai national election, set for 24 March. The BRN had already rejected involvement and released a video message in early-January, which vowed to ‘fight with all our might’ for independence.

Little over a month in, talks have ended and the revived peace process already stands at a crossroads.

 

Can the peace process outride upcoming hurdles?

The most immediate obstacle facing the peace process is the upcoming Thai election, set for March. The election has been pushed back repeatedly since the junta came to power in 2014, and may bring a return to democratic governance for the first time in five years. A return to democracy would leave things in the south uncertain: talks would likely be reset and the Thai negotiating team would change, while a new government in Bangkok would have more immediate priorities, such as securing its grip on power after half-a-decade of military rule. Malaysia is also due to undergo a leadership transition, with Mahathir having pledged to give way to successor Anwar Ibrahim within the next few years. This is likely to be a smooth change and would have only a minimal effect on the peace process. However, the charismatic Mahathir, who has invested much time and energy in the process, would be a big loss.

If the Thai junta does stay in power, it remains to be seen whether autonomy will remain on the table. The junta has recently, for the first time, demonstrated a willingness to make concessions and devolve power to some degree, but after the election may revert to its previous policy of initiating a low-key and slow-moving peace dialogue while at the same time hoping to see the insurgency fizzle out on the ground. In this sense, the junta sees the conflict as a low-level nuisance, isolated and confined to the remote southern provinces, rather than as a conflict representing a major threat to national security.

It would certainly suit the next Thai government – whether civilian-led or military-controlled – for the insurgency to die out without the need for talks. Evidence does suggest violence has declined in recent years, with monitoring group Deep South Watch reporting 218 deaths in 2018, down from 235 in 2017 and 892 at the conflict’s peak in 2007. Yet insurgent groups have been resilient enough to persist for decades, while a spate of attacks in early-2019 suggests the security situation may be deteriorating once again. Insurgent groups certainly retain the ability to inflict harm. On 21 January, rebels shot dead two monks at a Buddhist temple in Narathiwat, while other attacks have targeted school guards and policemen.

Some have even raised concerns over ISIS infiltration, as has been witnessed in other conflict zones in Southeast Asia. In 2017, ISIS-aligned militants laid siege to the southern Philippine city of Marawi for five months, and retain a presence in the country after joining-up with local Muslim insurgent groups. However, there has to-date been no documented evidence of ISIS fighters in southern Thailand, while throughout its history the conflict has remained purely separatist and ethno-nationalist in nature. It is unlikely the BRN or Mara Patani would risk accepting ISIS recruits into their ranks, as adopting a violent jihadist ideology would erode local support among moderate Muslims and encourage a firmer military crackdown in the region, supported by global actors. Aside from lingering fears of ISIS infiltration, the prospect of further civilian suffering and impoverishment due to the insurgency persisting in its existing separatist form may yet serve as a strong enough imperative for both sides to seek a political solution.

 

Future forecast: is autonomy a realistic solution?

If the peace process survives the expected turbulence of the next few months, the process is likely to re-start with only informal talks and trust-building mechanisms, with Malaysia retaining its traditional role as impartial mediator. Both the Thai government and the rebel leadership must demonstrate a genuine willingness to compromise before formal dialogue can begin. The junta – or a newly-elected civilian administration – will need to show openness to an autonomous political settlement based on some form of decentralized governance. The rebels – including the BRN and all factions represented by Mara Patani – will need to resolve their differences and negotiate on an alternative outcome to full independence. Independence remains unattainable, no matter the type of government in Bangkok.

Two precedents for such a compromise settlement already exist in Southeast Asia. Separatist rebels in Indonesia’s Aceh province signed a peace accord with Jakarta in 2005, while a 30,000-strong Muslim insurgent organization based on the southern Philippine island of Mindanao signed an autonomy settlement with Manila just last year, which it is hoped will eventually bring an end to decades of war. Both conflicts started out as violent struggles for independence by heavily-armed Muslim insurgents. In both instances, violence has significantly de-escalated after compromise settlements were reached.

The history of peace processes in these regions shows that negotiations in southern Thailand are likely to be fraught and littered with setbacks. Securing an elusive peace in Thailand’s Deep South will require a sustained, long-term effort marked by patience, resolve, and compromise on both sides.