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Showing posts from May 7, 2006

EVOLUTION OF INDIA'S COUNTER-TERRORISM CAPABILITIES

by B.Raman ( PRESENTATION MADE BY THE WRITER AT A CONFERENCE ON INTERNATIONAL HOMELAND SECURITY ORGANISED BY THE ROYAL UNITED SERVICES INSTITUTE (RUSI) FOR DEFENCE AND SECURITY STUDIES, LONDON, ON MAY 10,2006) Internal security management has been an important component of India's national security management ever since India became independent in 1947.The Ministry of Home Affairs of the Government of India is the kingpin of India's internal security management mechanism. Initially, it focussed mainly on the maintenance of law and order and inter-communal peace, crime control and counter-insurgency. 2.Counter-insurgency became an important component of internal security management following the launching of an insurgent movement by a group of communist insurgents in what now constitutes the State of Andhra Pradesh immediately after India became independent and by some of the tribals living in India's North-East in the period starting from 1956. While the communist insur

Planned sabotage of the Constitution

By: V Sundaram "It is never the law itself that is in the wrong; it is always some wicked interpreter of the law that has corrupted and abused - Jeremy Bentham. At the instance of the Congress party playing its usual wicked game of petty chicanery behind the curtain, Jaya Bachchan was disqualified in a huff by the President of India on the advice of the Election Commission. In order to avoid the fate of Jaya Bachchan, Sonia Gandhi made the so- called "supreme sacrifice" of resigning her seat in the Lok Sabha. As if it were part of a planned course of action, the Election Commission of India has also announced that elections will be held in Rae Bareli constituency, the pocket borough of the Nehru family, on 8 May to enable Sonia Gandhi to get back to Lok Sabha under "controlled" conditions. In the meantime, the Congress party has stage-managed to announce that the Parliament which was adjourned sine die to ensure the planned escape of Sonia Gandhi will be re

Pakistan's Obedient Son -- Musharraf's Ambitions

SPIEGEL ONLINE - May 10, 2006, 02:17 PM URL: http://service.spiegel.de/ cache/international/spiegel/ 0,1518,415407,00.html Musharraf's Ambitions Pakistan's Obedient Son By Susanne Koelbl A key ally in America's "war on terror," Pakistan's President Pervez Musharraf is bickering with his neighbor Afghanistan and is faced with ongoing unrest at home. But he still wants to make his chaotic country a regional power -- with China's help. AP Pakistan President Pervez Musharraf, center, pays a visit to Chaklala airbase in Rawalpindi. Today the president is wearing a uniform. His sand-colored shirt is festooned with military decorations and the flash of gold on his epaulets. Pakistan's Pervez Musharraf sits in his office in a colonial-style villa built at Army House, a residential development for the military in the northern city of Rawalpindi. Everything seems very British here, including Musharraf's study, with its dark teak furniture and histor

CHINA AND THE “OTHER” WEST: THE EUROPEAN UNION, AUSTRALIA, CANADA AND NEW ZEALAND

By Chietigj Bajpaee While the world is focused on China’s relations with the United States following Chinese President Hu Jintao’s visit to Washington, China’s relations with the “other” West—the European Union, Canada, Australia and New Zealand—have been of increasing importance in recent years, especially in achieving China’s foreign policy goals of gaining access to markets, raw materials and creating a multi-polar world. Relations Grounded in Economics China’s relationship with Europe has always had a strong focus on economic and trade interactions via the Silk Road; the Cohong system of the 18th and early 19th centuries; and under Beijing’s unequal treaty relationship during the “100 years of humiliation” in the 19th century and first half of the 20th century. In the post-Cold War period, China’s relationship with Europe has been guided by economic considerations. In 2005, the European Union emerged as China’s leading trade partner while Canada and Australia were China’s ninth

TURKMENISTAN COMPLETES CHINA’S TRIPLE PLAY IN ENERGY

By Stephen Blank During the first week in April, China and Turkmenistan signed a deal by which Turkmenistan will annually sell China 30 BCM of gas from 2009 to 2039 at a price to be determined with reference to the global market price. During Turkmenistan President Sapirmurad Niyazov's visit to China from April 2-7, the two countries agreed, as stated in their joint agreement on the gas pipeline, to carry out "separate and joint actions necessary for the rapid implementation of the Turkmenistan-China gas pipeline project" and for its route to be “commissioned” in 2009 (Turkmenistan.ru, April 5). “The departments concerned will quicken their steps to study and implement" the pipeline project, said a separate joint statement issued by Niyazov and Chinese President Hu Jintao (Xinhua, April 5). In theory the pipeline would run via Kazakhstan and possibly Uzbekistan. China would “provide the bulk of raw materials” to facilitate the pipeline's construction (Turkmenist

Would an attack on Iran be legal?

BBC News - 10 May 2006 Details : As diplomatic attempts continue in the UN Security Council to get Iran to suspend its nuclear enrichment activities, the question has been raised about an American attack on Iran and whether it would be legal under international law. If the US decided to attack Iran, it would probably claim that it was acting pre-emptively and exercising an inherent right of self-defence under the UN Charter. One can rule out the US taking the other main legal path by which one state can attack another - an authorisation of force by the Security Council. Russia and China, both veto holders, are opposed to sanctions against Iran, let alone military action. And nor would it invoke the growing doctrine of a humanitarian intervention, as the conditions needed for that do not apply. So the US would probably seek to justify an attack under the self-defence principle, and it would first of all have to outline the nature of the threat. Currently, this woul

NBA turns vicious, takes on the law

Damn the law: Medha Patkar at a demonstration in New Delhi - PTI NBA turns vicious, takes on the law Pioneer News Service | New Delhi A day after losing the legal battle to stop the construction work of Sardar Sarovar Project (SSP), the Narmada Bachao Andolan on Tuesday gave a call for a "fight to finish" and launched a vicious campaign against the Supreme Court, the Union Government and the media." Displaying complete disregard for the judiciary, NBA leader Medha Patkar staged a demonstration outside the Supreme Court where her supporters raised noisy slogans against the court's verdict. The NBA leader was also joined by other rent-a-cause activists and NGOs opposing the construction of the SSP without addressing the issue of rehabilitation of the displaced persons. Incidentally, when the apex court in October 2000 had rejected the NBA's plea to stop SSP work, Ms Patkar had similarly condemned the court. Not just that, the NBA had also buri

Obstruction As Ideology : Exposing Medha Patkar's Narmada Bachao Andolan

Medha Patkar exposed (www.outlookindia.com) From: Murli Date: Sat, 06 May 2006 Of course, the usual mudslinging at Narendra Modi occurs. Murli http://www.outlookindia.com/ Web| May 03, 2006 Counterpoint Obstruction As Ideology NBA defines itself mainly through negative agendas – anti-dam, anti-liberalisation, anti-globalisation, anti-WTO, anti this, anti that. The alternative development paradigm Medha Patkar claims to represent has not yet offered any practical and positive worldview or agenda for action. MADHU PURNIMA KISHWAR The spectacular success of Medha Patkar's Narmada Bachao Andolan in making her opposition to the Narmada Dam Project an international cause célèbre and the courage and perseverance she has shown in pursuing this issue are indeed admirable. However, an honest and nuanced account of this movement is yet to be written. It is worth a serious study because the tactics and strategies adopted by the NBA movement has many important lessons to teach -- bot