Skip to main content

Developing Gwadar as an Additional Supply Route for US Millitary

The Northern Distribution Network and the Modern Silk Road Planning for Afghanistan’s Future

A Report of the CSIS Transnational Threats Project and the Russia and Eurasia Program


Now that the U.S. government has embraced General McChrystal's recommendation to secure the city of Kandahar, it is worth asking, To what end? There are several good reasons. First, Kandahar is the largest Pashtun city in Afghanistan and the former capital of the Taliban government. Second, it is the second-largest city on the Afghan “ring toad” (Kabul is the largest) and hence must be secured and opened to easy commercial traffic if the domestic market is ever to revive. A third reason encompasses these two and is even more important for the success of the NATO mission and to the future of a fghanistan and the entire region: Kandahar is the key road connection between the new Pakistani port of Gwadar and Afghanistan and, beyond that, all Central Asia, Europe, and much of the Middle East.

Pakistan began the development of Gwadar with aid from China and has now engaged Singapore for the second phase of work. If the link to Kandahar were reopened, Gwadar would cut the transport time from Europe to Pakistan, India, and Southeast Asia substantially. Iran, with help from Russia and India, is developing a competing port at Chabahar, but it is not as well situated as Gwadar for the continental trade that is already beginning to emerge.

On Gwadar, the interests of the United States, Afghanistan, and Pakistan are aligned. It is past time to seize this opportunity and open Kandahar to long-distance truck traffic. Gwadar will give Afghans their best hope of generating legal income through long-distance trade, and it gives Central Asians a southern alternative to shipping everything to market through distant Russia. With Kandahar now in its eye, the United States should plan to build on future success there by making the opening to Gwadar a high priority.

The principal drawback at this point is the lack of a good highway between Gwadar and Kandahar. Pentagon officials estimate the cost of upgrading this connection at about $1 billion and have made it clear that this money is not available from the Department of Defense.55 China and Singapore were the principal external funders for phases I and II of the Gwadar port. Perhaps they and other South Asian and East Asian countries that stand to benefit the most from this connection should lead the funding of the highway project.

The Northern Distribution Network and the Modern Silk Road Planning for Afghanistan’s Future
A Report of the CSIS Transnational Threats Project and the Russia and Eurasia Program


Anonymous said…
Good fill someone in on and this mail helped me alot in my college assignement. Thank you on your information.
Anonymous said…
Well I to but I dream the brief should secure more info then it has.
Anonymous said…
Very nice and intrestingss story.

Popular posts from this blog

Menon meets Karzai, discusses security of Indians

Kabul/New Delhi/Washington, March 5 (IANS) India Friday said that the Feb 26 terror attack in Kabul will not deter it from helping rebuild Afghanistan as National Security Adviser Shivshankar Menon met Afghan President Hamid Karzai in Kabul to review the security of around 4,000 Indians working in that country. Menon, who arrived here Friday morning on a two-day visit, discussed with Karzai some proposals to bolster security of Indians engaged in a wide array of reconstruction activities, ranging from building roads, bridges and power stations to social sector projects. The Indian government is contemplating a slew of steps to secure Indians in Afghanistan, including setting up protected venues where the Indians working on various reconstruction projects will be based. Deploying dedicated security personnel at places where Indians work is also being considered. Menon also met his Afghan counterpart Rangin Dadfar Spanta and enquired about the progress in the probe into the Kabul atta

Pakistani firm whose chemicals were used to kill US troops seeks subsidy for Indiana plant

By Jennifer Griffin, Justin Fishel Published March 22, 2013   A Pakistani fertilizer maker whose chemicals have been used in 80 percent of the roadside bombs that have killed and maimed American troops in Afghanistan is now seeking U.S. taxpayer subsidies in order to open a factory in Indiana.  The request appears to be on hold pending further review, but the situation has stirred outrage in Congress, where some accuse the Pakistani government of halting efforts to clamp down on the bomb-making.  For the past seven years, the U.S. government has known that the raw material calcium ammonium nitrate, or CAN, is making its way across the border into Afghanistan where the Taliban use it to fuel their most deadly weapons, namely the improvised explosive device. IEDs have long been the number one killer of U.S. and coalition troops.  The material largely comes from Pakistani fertilizer maker the Fatima Group. But the Pakistani government has stymied attempts by the Pentagon to stop the

From Khartoum to Cairo - by Dr. Issam El Zein El Mahi Last month the Ambassador of Egypt in Sudan, Abdel Moneim Shazali, made two appearances in Sudan; one was at the Rashid Center For Arts, where he made a overall comment on the issue of the Nile water, and the second was a lecture arranged by the International Center for African Studies (established by Libya in Khartoum), where he was able to meet with Sudanese thinkers and journalists. Two major points were raised in these lectures. The first was the usual statement that the relationship between the two countries was eternal. This was not accepted by some who said that the eternality is between the two people but not with the Egyptian government. The other was the question of the Halaib Triangle, which is silently occupied by Egypt while Sudan does not compromise its right on that piece of land, but also does not see that the time is suitable to open such a file at the moment. 50 years on and still not resolved The que