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Showing posts from July 18, 2010

An Analysis of North Korea's Principal Trade Relations

An Analysis of North Korea's Principal Trade Relations Asie Visions 32, juillet 2010 DOWNLOAD THE DOCUMENT http://www.ifri.org/?page=detail-contribution&id=6155 The Direction of Trade Statistics by IMF is the most representative statistical data for bilateral trade with North Korea. However, IMF statistics underestimate North Korea's international trade since they do not classify inter-Korean trade as international trade. Therefore, this study restructures statistics on North Korea by combining the IMF and inter-Korean trade data, and it analyzes the structure of North Korea's international trade. In addition, it conducts a unique analysis of trade structures, since other studies have not analyzed production processes in North Korean trade. This analysis identifies six main characteristics of North Korea's trade: First, import volume is much greater than export volume during the period between 1989 and 2008. North Korea has suffered from chronic trade deficits that

Whither Pakistan? Growing Instability and Implications for India

IDSA Task Force Report Author 2010 IDSA Task Force Report Publisher: Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses Rs. 299 [ ORDER NOW ] ISBN 81-86019-70-7 Download E-Book [PDF Size 10.5 MB] About the Report Pakistan has invariably evoked a great deal of interest among India’s strategic affairs community. Because of historical, geographical, economic and cultural linkages, developments in the neighbourhood have important implications for India’s politics, economy and security. This is especially true in the case of Pakistan. Recent developments in Pakistan have been a cause of concern for all the countries concerned about its future. Given the need for better understanding of developments in Pakistan, IDSA launched its Pakistan Project in the year 2009. The project team began its work in March 2009 and has been meeting regularly to discuss various developments in Pakistan. This is the first report produced by the team and it was reviewed by a panel of experts in January 2010 and finalize

“The Future of the US-India Relationship”

Shashi Tharoor and Nick Burns on “The Future of the US-India Relationship” 4:00 pm: July 22, 2010 WWF Auditorium, 172-B, Lodi Estate, New Delhi Aspen Institute India cordially invites you to an interaction with Amb. Nicholas Burns, Professor of the Practice of Diplomacy and International Politics, Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University and Former Under Secretary, U.S. Department of State on “The Future of the US-India Relationship” on July 22, 2010 from 4:00 - 6:00 pm at the WWF Auditorium, New Delhi. Mr Shashi Tharoor, Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha and Former Minister of State for External Affairs will join Mr. Burns at the session and will speak and respond to questions. Registration will begin at 3:30 pm. Due to limited number of seats, prior registration is required. When Thursday, July 22, 2010 4:00 PM - 6:00 PM Where WWF Auditorium 172-B Lodi Estate, New Delhi RSVP Thursday, July 22, 2010 by 10:00 AM Please respond by clicking one of the b

Hiding Behind the Cloud

Author: Contingency Today http://www.defenceiq.com/ Neil Fisher, vice president of global security solutions at Unisys warns that a cyber weapon of mass disruption in the Cloud could have a hugely catastrophic effect on any company or country. It's time to beat the enemy at their own game. They think they can hide behind the Cloud. They can't but we can. Internet hackers are not limited by country borders and businesses in any region could be vulnerable to attack. Companies which see security as a cost centre and no more important than the corporate coffee budget are most at risk. By cutting long-term investments for short-term gain they are leaving themselves exposed and vulnerable to attack. Businesses that see security as a driver for revenue on the other hand, take security far more seriously and reap the benefit as a result. The front line of any attack is also the average consumer, going about their everyday lives, largely unaware of how their personal information can

LOCKERBIE & MUMBAI 26/11

B.RAMAN On December 21,1988,Pan Am Flight 103 flying from London to New York was destroyed by a bomb, killing all 243 passengers and 16 crew members. Eleven residents of Lockerbie in southern Scotland were also killed as large sections of the plane fell in and around the town. 2.Joint investigation by the Dumfries and Galloway Constabulary of Scotland and the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation( FBI) established after three years that the bombing was carried out by two officers of the Libyan Intelligence, who were identified as Abdelbaset Ali al-Megrahi, who was the security chief of the Libyan Arab Airlines (LAA), and Lamin Khalifah Fhimah, a Libyan intelligence officer working under cover as the station manager of LAA in the Malta airport. The US demanded in the UN Security Council that the two Libyan intelligence officers should be handed over to the Scottish authorities for trial in a neutral venue. On Libya's refusal, the UN Security Council, at the instance of th

New US strategy in Afghanistan Fresh challenges before India

by Maj-Gen Ashok Mehta (retd) http://www.tribuneindia.com/ 2010/20100721/edit.htm#4 T HINGS are going from bad to worse in Afghanistan. The troop surge and military operations in the South and East have failed to regain the initiative from the Taliban as expected. Rather, the Taliban offensive has taken a heavy toll of US and Afghan forces. An overall increase in violence is 87 per cent compared to that last year — a 94 per cent rise in roadside bombings and three suicide bombings a week, including multiple bombers targeting US/NATO bases inflicting the highest casualties in June. Earlier this month was the third case of fratricide since 2008 — a rogue Afghan soldier killing three British Gurkha soldiers and wounding four more. This is bound to adversely affect Afghanisation’s security sector. The Afghan Rights Monitor (ARM) in its mid-year report has described 2010 as the worst for Afghanistan in terms of insecurity since 2001 and criticised the UN which has been “effectively para

Pakistan: a client of more than one state

China has been Pakistan's firmest ally for 60 years – and it is to Beijing that Islamabad looks to counterbalance the influence of western largesse Mustafa Qadri guardian.co.uk , Sunday 18 July 2010 Article history · Pakistan's special relationship with the United States may have taken centre stage since the attacks of 11 September 2001, but in China it has another enduring great power ally. With Pakistan's President Zardari returning from a visit of several days to China last week, it is worth considering the country's other asymmetrical alliance. · China has been Pakistan's most reliable ally for six decades. Pakistan was quick to recognise China's communist regime a mere two years after it first came to power in 1949. Ever since, it has looked to the east Asian power to counterbalance its historical reliance on western geopolitical largesse. · After the 1 962 war between China and India , the US supplied India for the first tim

SITUATION IN IRANIAN BALOCHISTAN: AN UPDATE

B.RAMAN "The Iranian authorities have been projecting the Jundallah as a surrogate of the US intelligence operating from sanctuaries in Pakistani territory. They have been alleging that the periodic terrorist strikes in Iranian Balochistan are being mounted from Pakistani territory. While they accuse the Pakistani authorities of inaction against the anti-Iranian Sunni elements operating from Pakistani territory, they have never accused the Baloch nationalist organisations of Pakistani Balochistan of backing the Jundallah. They have been suspecting the Lashkar-e-Jhangvi (LEJ), the anti-Shia organisation of Pakistan which is allied with Al Qaeda, to be training the suicide bombers of the Jundallah. Some of the statements attributed to the Jundallah are disseminated from London. This has created some suspicion in the minds of the Iranian authorities that the UK is also probably backing the Jundallah in its anti-Teheran activities. The capture of the Amir of the Jundallah is a major

Expanding the Horizons of Indian Foreign Policy

http://www.idsa.in/idsacomments/ExpandingtheHorizonsofIndianForeignPolicy_mozkan_190710 Mehmet Ozkan July 19, 2010 Indians tend to think categorically. Like in mathematics, they think and act with calculations and it is rather unusual to think in an unconventional way among Indian academics and politicians. Two reasons may account for this. First is the existence of the historical and religious setting of the society which has an embedded caste system and mentality. Second is the widespread acceptance of the military-oriented and disciplined thinking that require a lot of calculations and fewer risks. A general overview of Indian foreign policy shows these points. During the Nehru years, besides being a newly established state in international affairs, the foreign policy belief and approach did represent very much of a conventional and categorical thinking. His foreign policy strategy of non-alignment was not more than a withdrawal from global politics, although Nehru himself claim

We need to revive and learn Sanskrit to get wiser

When chief minister Narendra Modi honoured veteran Sanskrit scholars on July 12 at Town Hall, Gandhinagar, what surprised the most was the presence of large number of people. With Sanskrit not being in daily use, one didn't expect the hall to be jam-packed. Audience enjoyed Bhavai, Garbas, Bhangra and short play based on Kalidas' Meghdootam, all performed in Sanskrit language. DNA's Paras K Jha talked toBhagyesh Jha, secretary, youth, sports and cultural activities department, on connecting the common man with the language. Sanskrit in Gujarat and its culture Sanskrit is present in every marriage ceremony, in every religious programme in Gujarat. But, if the language is not popularised among people, then people calling Sanskrit a dead language, would prove right. In fact, our chief minister made it clear at the function felicitating Sanskrit scholars, that he doesn't want to revive Sanskrit only because people use it during religious and cultural ceremonies, but bec

Strategic Stalemate in Afghanistan

http://www.idsa.in/idsacomments/StrategicStalemateinAfghanistan_gkanwal_190710 Gurmeet Kanwal July 19, 2010 When the next Afghanistan Conference begins at Kabul on July 20, the United States (US) and its NATO/ISAF allies will have little to show by way of success in counter-insurgency operations. Eight and a half years after the US and its allies effected a regime change in Afghanistan and six months after President Barack Obama decided to send more American forces to the beleaguered nation, Afghanistan remains mired in instability. The Lashkar-e-Tayebba has joined hands with the Taliban-al Qaeda combine to fight the Allies and wanton acts of violence are a daily occurrence. With neither side making major gains, the emerging situation is best described as a strategic stalemate. Consequent to President Obama’s carefully considered ‘surge’, there are now 93,000 US troops in Afghanistan. This figure is set to rise to 105,000 by the end of the summer, but even then the coalition forces

India needs to engage with the real decision makers in Pakistan

http://www.idsa.in/idsacomments/IndianeedstoengagewiththerealdecisionmakersinPakistan_agupta_190710 Arvind Gupta July 19, 2010 Bilateral talks between the foreign ministers of India and Pakistan held in Islamabad on 15 July 2010 ended in an unseemly public spat at a press conference. The talks have been analysed minutely by commentators on both sides. A number of reasons have been cited for the failure of the talks. In the Indian media Pakistan’s foreign minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi has been pilloried as the main villain whose impolite manners and hostile attitude has been held as responsible for the breakdown of the talks. Pakistanis have blamed India for refusing to engage in meaningful discussion on Kashmir and instead harping on the Mumbai terror issue. They feel that India was not sincere about discussing Kashmir. The Pakistani foreign minister has said publicly that the Indians were not mentally ready for the talks as yet. Qureshi wants result-oriented talks. Indians are s