Skip to main content


Showing posts from July 24, 2011


Pradeepa Viswanathan Research Intern, IPCS email: The decision of the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) on 23-24 June 2011 to strengthen guidelines on the transfer of sensitive enrichment and reprocessing technologies concerns countries which are non-NPT members, and those who have not adopted IAEA full scope safeguards. India fits both criterions, but was depending on the ‘clean waiver’ given to it by the NSG to bypass these norms. Some groups in India, however, have cried foul over this ruling, with the government being largely silent on the issue. The communications received so far from Government sources, minimal as they are, have tried to allay criticism and evade misgivings over the nuclear agreements. The following discussion assesses the possible implications of the guidelines for India. What is ENR technology and why is it vital for India? Enrichment an

The end of the Norwegian fairytale ROSE-ANNE MANNS The well worn tourist route between Norway's quaint capital of the Middle Ages, Bergen, and its modern day equivalent, Oslo, is one of the most enchanting on the globe. The 12-hour journey via heritage train, ferry and bus took our tour group on a tranquil crossing of a fiord ringed by shroud-covered peaks, followed by a steep zig zag up to 900-metre snow-caps, and ending with a ride across glacier-covered plains. It was lovely, peaceful voyage, punctuated only by the constant click, click, click of cameras. Amidst this spellbinding scenery, the only imaginable danger seemed to be mythical trolls emerging from the thick forest to menace any children who refused to come in before nightfall. As we descended to Oslo on the afternoon of July 22, dozing after a dreamy day, I remarked to a fellow traveller on the unusual number of ambulances racing past us in the opposite direction. Approaching the city centre, our bus driver


INTELLIBRIEFS Note: Our Empathy to families who lost their loved one. To outsiders, Norwegian nationalism seems a robust, if romantic, affair. Independence was hard won, shaking off Swedish and Danish occupying neighbours only to be lost again under Nazi occupation. The country went to work after the war to rebuild its ruined cities and, parallel to the physical reconstruction, a remarkable cradle-to-grave welfare state.Financed by high taxes, it has given Norway one of the highest living standards in the world . Unscathed by the recent financial crisis – and with a €370 billion sovereign wealth fund from oil revenues – Norway has managed better than its neighbours to hold together the Nordic social model . This model, equidistant from the Anglo-American and continental European social models, pushes an unfettered individualism, underpinned by solidarity and trust in fellow citizens and state institutions. The shock left by Breivik’s attack is not just down to his bullets and bombs b

Cash-Starved Bankers and Terrorists Keep Asia Narcotics Boom Going

This article appears in the July 29, 2011 issue of Executive Intelligence Review. 1 MILLION AFGHAN ADDICTS by Ramtanu Maitra [ PDF version of this article ] July 21—On June 23, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) released its World Drug Report 2010. Replete with data, the voluminous report (307 pages) gives the impression that drug production and consumption have stabilized. However, this could not be further from the truth. In fact, what is happening today, due to the globalization and hot-money transfers that drive the drug trade, is an opening up of new drug-consumer markets among the drug-producer countries. For example: Afghanistan, now flush with cash, shows a huge growth in the number of addicts. Deputy Counter-Narcotics Minister Mohammad Ibrahim Azhar estimates that at least 1 million Afghans, including a large number of women and children, are addicted to heroin. India, which is not far from Afghanistan, is also becoming an illicit producer and consumer of dr

'Pakistan army, ISI complicit in supporting terrorist sanctuaries'

29 Jul, 2011, 02.15PM IST, PTI WASHINGTON: Asserting that America's soft policy with Pakistan with regard to terrorist sanctuaries has failed, an influential US lawmaker has said that there is no doubt that thePakistan Army and the ISI are complicit in supporting terrorist safe havens. "To succeed in Afghanistan, something must be done about the sanctuaries. A few points of emphasis: We lack a regional strategy for South Asia, whichAfghanistan and Pakistan are an important part," Gen (retd.)John Keane told US lawmakers at a Congressional hearing. "We must recognise our soft policy with Pakistan as it pertains to the sanctuaries has failed. There is no doubt that General (Ashfaq Parvez) Kayani and Lt General (Ahmeda Shuja) Pasha, the chief of staff and the director of ISI are complicit in supporting the sanctuaries," he said. "We need a new approach diplomatically that recognizes their manipulation of theUnited States government and frankly, how destru

Fight India’s secular British Liberals & strengthen the Northwestern Frontier - I

Ramtanu Maitra 28 Jul 2011 India’s northwest frontier will remain a security threat for years, if not decades, to come. Any effort from any quarter to slacken up on that area’s security instead of further strengthening it, at the behest of India’s secular and internationalist crowd who are still under the spell of their former British Liberal masters, will inevitably lead to a war and the eventual dismemberment of Kashmir from the Republic. In effect, the British Empire’s objective, carried out partially by Louis and Edwina Mountbatten when they seduced Nehru and his ilk into the breaking up of Kashmir, will be fully attained if New Delhi continues its mumbling and deliberately refrains from doing what needs to be done. What has happened in the Kashmir Valley since the early 1990s is not a matter of conjecture. The Muslims of Kashmir - controlled by the British imperialists working through a gaggle of Mirpuris based in London, Birmingham, Bedford, Dewsbury and elsewhere in the UK a

PROJECT: Death in Custody

The research project on death in custody is an interdisciplinary project involving different domains from legal medicine, international humanitarian law to human rights law. It is administered by the University Centre for Legal Medicine of Geneva , conducted by the Academy and developed in cooperation with the ICRC and The International Centre for Prisons Studies among others. The project is funded by the Swiss Network for International Studies -SNIS and is designed to produce a wide database on State’s obligation to investigate death occurring while in State’s custody in times of peace as well as during armed conflict. Throughout the duration of the Research a comparative analysis of the existing national or international guidelines on investigating death in custody is carried out. This aims at drawing a comprehensive set of minimum standards on the terms under which an effective investigation shall be launched by the State and which shall be in line with international humanitarian

Can Entrepreneurship Be Taught? A study shows that the more entrepreneurial classes taught at the MBA level, the more likely students are to become entrepreneurs. Professors at the Wellesley, Massachusetts-based college analyzed a survey of some 3,755 alumni and found that two (“or better yet three”) entrepreneurship classes strongly affected students’ decisions to pursue start-ups, and that writing a student business plan also had some influence, though not as strong. It doesn’t, however, explain what kind of entrepreneurship these graduates engage in. If the metric is as basic as ‘started a business’, this is next-to-useless knowledge. Why?The kind of entrepreneurship matters. Rentiers coming out of an MBA and domain squatting, starting a GroupOn clone, door-to-door insurance, or worse, realtor etc shouldn’t be weighted the same as catalysts – who shatter old assumptions, build out new markets, etc. That is, those who create opportunity and not simply capture it are the kind of entre


Credit Suisse reported a 52% drop in second quarter net profits (SFr768 million) compared with the same period last year. Revenues fell by a quarter to SFr6.32 billion. Investment banking profits fell from SFr784 million in Q2 2010 to SFr231 million in the last three months. Net new money coming into private banking totaled SFr11.5 billion. UBS posted SFr1 billion profits in the second quarter, compared with SFr1.8 billion in the first three months of this year and SFr2 billion in Q2 2010. Group revenues fell 14% from the first quarter to SFr7.2 billion. Investment banking proved to be the biggest drag on numbers, with a 71 per cent year-on-year fall in profits to SFr376 million. Net new money inflows amounted to SFr9.3 billion in the quarter.

IRGC Not to Stop Operations against PJAK Headquarters

TEHRAN (FNA)- A senior official of the Islamic Revolution Guards Corps stressed that unless the forces of Iraq's central government are deployed at the Iran-Iraq borders, the IRGC will not stop its operations against the headquarters of the PJAK (the Party for Free Life of Kurdistan) terrorist group. "By deploying the security and military forces of the central government or the Kurdistan region to the joint border of Iran and Iraq's Kurdistan, Iraq's government must accept the responsibility of guarding common borders," a military official of IRGC's Hamzeh Seyed al-Shohada base said on Wednesday. The official added that an area inside Iraqi soil has been given to the PJAK by Iraq's semi- autonomous Kurdistan region without receiving permission from the country's central government. "Under pressure from this terrorist group, Iraqi people have been deprived of their rights to live and use the land and resources near the borderline," the

Swiss government sets up anti-jihad commission.

Stopping terrorist propaganda Islamic fundamentalists often use the internet to drum up support for holy war. The Swiss federal government wants to prevent calls for jihad originating from Switzerland, so it’s set up a specialised team to tackle the problem . Swiss TV gained access to exclusive footage recorded by this new commission. (SF/ VIDEO

US debt crisis poses 'contagion threat' to eurozone

Fiscal instability in the US could spread to Europe As the US battles the threat of a debt default, concerns for the impact on the eurozone have risen. Fabian Zuleeg, economist at the European Policy Centre, warns that the US crisis could have a serious knock-on effect.,,15270738,00.html The deadline for the United States to raise the debt ceiling above $14.3 trillion (9.9 trillion euro) is just a week away. Republican and Democratic leaders are caught in a standoff with little hope of a compromise. Worst case scenario, the US government could be unable to pay its bills come August 2. The stalemate is rattling investor's worldwide, sending stocks and the dollar down, while pushing gold prices to a record high. Deutsche Welle asked Fabian Zuleeg, economist at the European Policy Centre in Brussels, how serious the crisis could be for the eurozone. DW: What impact has the dispute had on the European single currency? Fabian Zuleeg: There is of cou