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Showing posts from September 17, 2017

Double-Edged Sword: Vigilantes in African Counter-Insurgencies

7 Sep 2017 According to this report, African states confronting insurgent groups face a dilemma when civilians mobilize and take up arms to protect their local communities. Such vigilante forces can provide effective support in enhancing local security, but they also carry inherent risks, including the potential to transform into insurgent forces themselves. So how should African states make use of such vigilante groups? To help answer this question, the text’s authors examine four illustrative cases from Sierra Leone, Uganda’s Teso region, South Sudan’s former Western Equatoria State and Nigeria’s north east. Download English (PDF, 43 pages, 1.16 MB) Author International Crisis Group (ICG) Series Crisis Group Africa Reports Issue251Publisher International Crisis Group (ICG) Copyright© 2017 International Crisis Group (ICG)

The Maple Leaf Mujahideen: The Rise of the Canadian Jihadi Movement

22/09/2017   Nate Kennedy   Security Image  courtesy of Urban Seed Education/Flickr. (CC BY-SA 2.0) This article was  originally published  by the  Foreign Policy Research Institute ( FPRI )  on 1 September 2017. Though seldom mentioned in the same breath as prolific Western jihadi producers such as France, Germany, and Belgium, Canada has a long and often overlooked history of producing jihadists. From the “Millennium Bomber” and the “Toronto 18” to the “Ottawa 3” and the “Calgary cluster,” jihadis have organized on Canadian soil to carry out attacks, both in-country and around the world. While Canadians have fought on jihadi battlefields as far flung as Afghanistan and Syria, their government has failed to implement comprehensive counterterrorism and deradicalization measures. Lagging far behind its Western allies, Canada implemented its first counterterrorism strategy in  2012  and has yet to create a desperately needed nationwide deradicalization program. The rise of ISIS and

Trust (in) NATO: The Future of Intelligence Sharing within the Alliance

22 Sep 2017 By Jan Ballast for NATO Defense College (NDC) On 21 October 2016, NATO appointed its first Assistant Secretary General for Intelligence and Security with the aim of improving intelligence collaboration within the Alliance. So, what will the new Assistant Secretary General need to focus on to succeed in this task? To answer this question, Jan Ballast examines 1) the difficulties involved in sharing secrets within a multinational organization; 2) NATO’s existing intelligence cooperation structure; 3) past proposals to improve this system, and more. This article was  originally published  by the  NATO Defense College  in September 2017. 1 Introduction On 21 October 2016, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) appointed its first Assistant Secretary General for Intelligence and Security (ASG-I&S), Dr. Arndt Freiherr Freytag von Loringhoven. 2  His appointment was the result of a meeting of the North Atlantic Council (NAC) on 8-9 July 2016 in Warsaw, where the