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Showing posts from March 11, 2018

Book Review: “The Rohingyas: Inside Myanmar’s Genocide”

Usman Butt March 14th, 2018 There are many groups who can claim the dubious honor of being the world’s forgotten people, but Myanmar’s ethnic Rohingya population is arguably the current front-runner for the label. Over the last several years, the plight of the Rohingya has occasionally made it into the international news. But, the global community has done little to intervene in the  ongoing genocide . For the most part, there has been confusion about who the Rohingya are and why they are being targeted by the Myanmar regime. Azeem Ibrahim, an international research fellow affiliated with Harvard, Yale, and the U.S. Army War College, argues that the persecution of the Rohingya is historically rooted in the situation of postcolonial Myanmar and the normalized “otherness” of the Rohingya people within the country’s culture. Ibrahim’s new book  The Rohingyas: Inside Myanmar’s Genocide  traces this troubling history of persecution and explains its origins. ADVERTISEMENT As the book

#CyberMediation initiative launched to address potential and challenges of digital tools in peace mediation

Editor   15 Mar, 2018    download adthe  Press Release in PDF format   Geneva, Switzerland, 15 March 2018 : The #CyberMediation initiative was launched on 13 March to explore how digital technology is impacting the role of mediation in the prevention and resolution of violent conflict, how digital tools can be used by peace mediators and what safeguards are needed to protect the integrity of the mediation process. The initiative was launched by the UN Department of Political Affairs, DiploFoundation, the Geneva Internet Platform, the Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue, swisspeace, and researchers from Harvard University. The initial phase of the initiative lasts until the end of 2018, and will explore four main thematic streams: the impact of new technologies; the role of social media; the use of data for mediation; and the use of artificial intelligence (AI), including text mining. The initiative will also explore the challenges stemming from the misuse of technology through a rese

State behaviour in cyberspace: moving away from a military discourse

https://www.diplomacy.edu/blog/state-behaviour-cyberspace-moving-away-military-discourse  Francesca Casalini and Stefania Di Stefano 15 Mar, 2018  0 Comments Diplomacy, Internet Governance       Microsoft has acknowledged that ‘the world needs new international rules to protect the public from nation state threats in cyberspace, and that ‘in short, the world needs a Digital Geneva Convention’. Mr Brad Smith, President and Chief Legal Officer of Microsoft, has acknowledged that the idea of a Digital Geneva Convention, as the name betrays, takes inspiration from the 1949 Geneva Conventions (GCs). Smith explains this analogy by affirming that, as the first responders during the battle of Solferino (the battle that inspired the creation of the ICRC) were the doctors of the respective armies and the civilian volunteers that worked with them, today, in the context of cyberattacks, the first respondents with the expertise are tech companies. This piece would like to stress that this an

The Indo-Pacific – A passage to Europe?

15 March 2018 Eva Pejsova The new 'Indo-Pacific' is headed for an era of more open strategic rivalry. At the forefront, China’s progressive expansion into the Indian Ocean to secure its interests along its Maritime Silk Road connectivity initiative is raising concerns about its assertive foreign and security policy. On the other side, a more robust collaboration is emerging between the  status quo powers (US, Japan, India and Australia - the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue), which are wary of preserving a rules-based liberal democratic order. The focus on connectivity and maritime security puts Europe on the spot: as the greatest trading power with an interest in regional stability, Brussels will have to take a stance. This Brief sets the stage for an upcoming EUISS series entitled  ‘Along the road ’, which will examine the security implications of China’s Belt and Road (BRI) connectivity initiative. Through a collection of case studies from infrastructure projects and cou

Third powers in Europe's east

13 March 2018 Edited by Nicu Popescu ,  Stanislav Secrieru Relations between most of the Eastern Partnership (EaP) countries and third powers have been visibly intensifying in recent years. China, Turkey, Iran and the Arab states are all a bigger presence in the region than was the case a decade ago. This trend is driven by, on the one hand, the growing economic and foreign policy ambitions of the third powers, and on the other by the EaP countries’ eagerness to expand their economic and diplomatic links with powers other than the EU, US or Russia. Through a strategy of increased engagement with the third powers, these countries are seeking to diversify their trade and foreign policy options, in the process even further diluting what was once primarily a Russian sphere of influence. This  Chaillot Paper  examines the geopolitical repercussions of the rising presence of third powers in the region, and how the growing constellation of partnerships between the EaP countries and thes

RESISTING THE SPECTER OF SMOOT-HAWLEY

Volume VII, Issue 3, March 2018 by  Matthew P. Goodman  and  Stephanie Segal ( click here to read online ) London, April 2009: Leaders representing 85 percent of the world economy met for their second summit amid collapsing global growth and trade and starkly declared, “We face the greatest challenge to the world economy in modern times; a crisis which has deepened since we last met, which affects the lives of women, men, and children in every country, and which all countries must join together to resolve. A global crisis requires a global solution.” The  communiqué issued by Group of 20 (G20) leaders  went on to list a range of urgent responses to the crisis, including this: “Reinvigorating world trade and investment is essential for restoring global growth. We will not repeat the historic mistakes of protectionism of previous eras.” As  they convene on March 19–20 in Buenos Aires , G20 finance ministers and central bank governors should try to rekindle the sense of crisis that a

Will Trump make China great again? The belt and road initiative and international order 

https://academic.oup.com/ia/article/94/2/231/4851910 Astrid H. M. Nordin   Mikael Weissmann International Affairs , Volume 94, Issue 2, 1 March 2018, Pages 231–249, https://doi.org/10.1093/ia/iix242 Published:   15 February 2018 Article history PDF Cite Permissions Abstract Under President Xi Jinping's leadership, Chinese foreign relations have moved from keeping a low profile, to a more assertive bid for international leadership that is beginning to take form in the ‘belt and road initiative’ (BRI). This initiative focuses on connectivity in policy coordination, facilities, trade, finance and people-to-people relations, in order to connect China to key parts of Asia, the south Pacific, east Africa and Europe. Networked capitalism and the national unit, which are often seen as spatial opposites in the global political economy, are both exercised through the BRI in mutually supporting ways. Networked capitalism is not challenging the national spatial unit, nor vice versa