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Showing posts from April 22, 2018

THE GEOGRAPHY OF FUTURE WATER CHALLENGES

https://www.clingendael.org/publication/geography-future-water-challenges 23 APR 2018 - 13:00  DOWNLOAD PUBLICATION  (PDF) Where in the world will people’s lives be affected by water issues by the year 2050? What is the impact of the growing global population, further urbanisation and climate change on these water risks, the food supply and migration? This new  report  by the PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency in collaboration with the Clingendael Institute and other Dutch research institutes points to pressure on security and migration arising from too little, too much or polluted water. Many integrated solutions are possible to divert this trend towards a sustainable and climate-resilient world. The analysis, largely based on modelling, illustrates that pressure on the production of food in already vulnerable areas will increase if current trends were to continue. However, improved water management could increase agricultural production by over 40%, in parts of Sub

THE POLITICAL ECONOMY OF GULF INVESTMENTS IN THE HORN OF AFRICA

https://www.clingendael.org/publication/political-economy-gulf-investments-horn-africa 26 APR 2018 - 14:32  DOWNLOAD ONLINE REPORT RIYAL POLITIK The Gulf and the Horn of Africa share a long history of economic and political engagement. In recent years, following a decade of political disengagement, the Gulf states have become once again major economic and political actors in the Horn region. Horn states have hardly remained passive clients, however, and actively court Gulf states for funding, as economic drivers and remittances have been a key factor for maintaining their domestic political settlements as well as a major determinant of conflict in the region. In this  report  authors  Jos Meester ,  Willem van den Berg  and  Harry Verhoeven explore the extent and impact of Gulf state economic engagement in the Horn as well as the linkages between these financial streams and prospects for regional stability in the Horn of Africa. It traces the historic ties framing perceptions of t

Facts, Beliefs, and the Brain: How Propaganda, Ideology, and Donald Trump Inhabit the Group Mind

http://www.inquiriesjournal.com/articles/1662/facts-beliefs-and-the-brain-how-propaganda-ideology-and-donald-trump-inhabit-the-group-mind By  Anthony R. Brunello 2017, VOL. 9 NO. 10 | PG. 1/2 |  » In the human experience, political ideology and propaganda have played powerful roles in forging group identity. In the evolution of the human species, beliefs have been as powerful as facts and truths. Knowledge of this research and political reality can help us to understand contemporary politics, and why lies continue to shape political discourse, and also why populist messages are resilient, even when they are wrong. In  The Atlantic  magazine (March 11, 2017), Caitlin Flanagan wrote an essay ar Iguing that despite a blizzard of satire lampooning President Donald Trump coming from late night comics and cable  television  shows, the result has not (so far) diminished the faith of Trump’s base of followers. Titled, “How Late Night Comedy Alienated Conservatives, Made Liberals Smug and F

Tracing the Success of Soft Power in the US State Department's Future Leaders Exchange Program

http://www.inquiriesjournal.com/articles/1659/tracing-the-success-of-soft-power-in-the-us-state-departments-future-leaders-exchange-program By  Leyla R. Latypova 2017, VOL. 9 NO. 10 | PG. 1/1 The United States government started exploring the soft  power  potential of student and scholar exchange programs as early as 1908, with the establishment of the Boxer Indemnity Scholarship Program.1 The father of the theory of soft power, Joseph Nye, was not even born when Edmund James, then president of the University of Illinois, outlined precisely the soft power benefits of the student exchange in his letter to president Franklin D. Roosevelt. James wrote, “The nation which succeeds in educating the young Chinese of the present generation will be the nation which, for a given expenditure of effort, will reap the largest possible returns in moral, intellectual and commercial influence.”2 Fifty years after James’ letter was written, the Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs (ECA) was e

India must reject Trump’s Iran policy with the contempt it deserves

India must reject Trump’s Iran policy with the contempt it deserves India’s biggest Chabahar-related challenge comes from US President Donald Trump’s policy to squeeze Iran Prime Minister Narendra Modi with Iran President Hassan Rouhani, Hyderabad House, New Delhi, February 17, 2018 (Vipin Kumar/HT) Updated: Apr 26, 2018 15:48 IST By Brahma Chellaney Exaggerated media accounts have sought to portray commercial glitches in India’s Chabahar port project, such as attracting a private partner for the operation of marine facilities there and an excise-duties dispute, as emblematic of its eroding influence in southern Asia. Some have seized on the Iranian foreign minister’s statement in Islamabad that Chinese and Pakistani investment in Chabahar was welcome as evidence of India’s declining strategic reach. That statement was largely an attempt to dispel a perception that Iran has teamed up with India to checkmate China’s Gwadar designs. To be sure, India’s regional clout has suffered