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Showing posts from August 12, 2018

When China Rules the Web

Foreign Affairs Technology in Service of the State By  Adam Segal For almost five decades, the United States has  guided the growth of the Internet . From its origins as a  small Pentagon program  to its status as a global platform that connects more than half of the world’s population and tens of billions of devices, the Internet has long been an American project. Yet today, the United States has ceded leadership in cyberspace to China. Chinese President Xi Jinping has outlined his plans to turn China into a “cyber-superpower.” Already, more people in China have access to the Internet than in any other country, but Xi has grander plans. Through domestic regulations, technological innovation, and foreign policy, China aims to build an “impregnable” cyberdefense system, give itself a greater voice in Internet governance, foster more world-class companies, and lead the globe in advanced technologies. China’s continued rise as a cyber-superpower is not guaranteed. Top-down , state-le


Public Diplomacy Magazine  has just released its Summer/Fall 2018 issue on border diplomacy. Border diplomacy is a critical and timely topic as immigration debates run hot both within the U.S. and throughout the world. From asylum-seekers encountering family separation at the U.S. border to refugees from many countries seeking new homes in Europe, border diplomacy is crucial for finding common ground among those on all sides of borders. This issue  of  Public Diplomacy Magazine  explores new solutions to border crises and raises awareness about the key role that public diplomacy can offer. Public Diplomacy Magazine  is a publication of the Association of Public Diplomacy Scholars (APDS) at the  University of Southern California , with support from the  USC Center on Public Diplomacy at the Annenberg School  and the  USC Annenberg School for Communication and Journalism . Read the latest issue of  PD Magazine   here . To read all issues of the online magazine, click  here .

India celebrated Modi’s ill-thought Independence Day speech but it hurt Balochistan badly

India celebrated Modi’s ill-thought Independence Day speech but it hurt Balochistan badly HUSAIN HAQQANI 14 August, 2018 File photo of Prime Minister Narendra Modi giving his speech during the 70th Independence Day celebration at Red Fort, 2016 | Arvind Yadav/Hindustan Times via Getty Images Text Size: A- A+ Narendra Modi’s statement hurt Baloch nationalists, many of whom found themselves painted as Indian agents. Two years after Prime Minister Narendra Modi brought up Balochistan in his Independence Day speech, there has been no sign of India’s success in raising human rights violations in the restive Pakistani province to the level of a significant international issue. If anything, public professing of support from New Delhi without any substantive follow up actions has only reinforced Pakistan’s contentions about an Indian role in fomenting terrorism in Balochistan. Modi’s remarks two years ago were probably not thought through. They certainly had not been discussed with In

Clausewitz’s Library: Strategy, Politics, and Poetry Vanya Eftimova Bellinger     August 6, 2018 Carl von Clausewitz is considered by many the west’s preeminent military theorist, and within professional military education his seminal treatise  On War  is extensively cited and studied. With so much attention, it might be supposed that we know all there is to know about his life and work. In reality, however, Clausewitz’s intellectual path, especially in his later years, remains somewhat of a mystery. Marie von Clausewitz (Wikimedia) On War  is a constant fixture in the  Chief of Staff of the Army’s Reading List , but, remarkably given this interest in him, our knowledge about the books Clausewitz read and considered relevant for his work is rather opaque. Scholars usually study the letters to his wife Marie as the main source for insight into his cerebral path.[1] In this regard, the discovery of the complete correspondence between the couple in 2012 enhanced enormously our knowledge about Clausewitz’s intelle

Approaching a 'New Normal': What the Drone Attack in Venezuela Portends

COMMENTARY (Foreign Policy Research Institute) August 13, 2018 A drone is used to survey high-voltage power lines of electric company Westnetz near Wilnsdorf, Germany, July 11, 2018 Photo by Ralph Orlowski/Reuters by  Colin P. Clarke When two drones, each equipped with a kilogram of powerful plastic explosives, were used on August 4 to  attempt to assassinate  Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro, it may have ushered in a foreboding new era—terrorism by unmanned aircraft. The use of weaponized drones by lone individuals and small groups—some acting as proxies of nation-states—is no longer just a concern for the future, but very much for the present. The proliferation of certain emerging technologies has effectively diffused power and made it available at the lowest levels. The  barriers to entry  have never been lower for individuals to gain access to commercial off-the-shelf technology that can be used to lethally target individuals. Lone actors or small cells of terrorists, cr

U S : Space Force to Become Sixth Branch of Armed Forces

WASHINGTON -- The Defense Department will establish a sixth branch of the armed forces, the U.S. Department of the Space Force, by 2020, Vice President Mike Pence announced today. In a speech at the Pentagon, the vice president also announced plans to establish a new combatant command -- U.S. Space Command -- as well as a Space Operations Force and a new joint organization called the Space Development Agency. The announcement follows a seven-week review by DoD, directed by President Donald J. Trump, of “the process necessary to establish a space force as the sixth branch of the armed forces.” A report outlining the results of the study will be released later today. “In his inaugural address to the nation, President Trump declared that the United States stands ‘at the birth of a new millennium, ready to unlock the mysteries of space,’” Pence said. Space Force Just as advances in aviation technology drove the emergence of air as a new battlefield in the 20th century, advances in

Xinjiang in spotlight at UN

Xinjiang in spotlight at UN On Monday, August 13, from 10 a.m. – 1 p.m. Geneva time (4 a.m. – 7 a.m. EST), the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD) will meet to “consider periodic reports” received from several countries, including China. This is the second and final day of China’s hearing. On Friday, August 10, Gay McDougall, vice-chair of CERD, condemned China’s massive social engineering program in Xinjiang that has seen perhaps more than a million Uyghurs disappeared into “re-education camps” as part of an apparent plan to destroy Uyghur culture. Dozens of civil society organizations submitted reports to the committee about China. Some of these were from Chinese government-controlled organizations that echoed the Communist Party line, but most of the reports were critical. The Beijing delegation (comprising 48 people, including Yu Jianhua 俞建华, the P.R.C.’s UN ambassador in Geneva) is expected to answer these charges during Mon