The pressure group Pakistan Fisherfolk Forum has announced a campaign against the trawlers' arrival near Karachi. According to the PFF, fish stocks in coastal areas have already declined by more than 72% since last year due to uncontrolled fishing. Now they fear that the trawlers will further deplete Pakistan's marine resources.
The trawlers arrived off the coast of Sindh and Baluchistan in the first week of August. They have not started fishing yet. It is not known which part of China they came from.
PFF Chairman Muhammad Ali Shah said in a statement, "These vessels threaten the livelihoods of small fisher[men] by depriving them of catch today, and in future by ecologically destroying the sea."
Following the PFF's lead, fishermen in the southwestern city of Gwadar have also announced a protest campaign against the vessels. Gwadar is a central part of the $50 billion China-Pakistan Economic Corridor, a part of Chinese President Xi Jinping's Belt and Road Initiative. In the past, Gwadar fishermen have protested against Belt and Road infrastructure projects that prevented them from going to sea.
The president of the Gwadar Fishermen Alliance, Khuduaidad Waju, said the Chinese ships will badly hurt local fishermen.
"Fishing in the sea is a source of livelihood for over 2.5 million people in coastal towns of Sindh and Baluchistan, and the new trawlers will deprive us of our livelihood," he told the Nikkei Asian Review.
In the wake of protests, the provincial supervisory body Registrar Cooperative Societies Sindh has written a letter to a manager of the Fishermen's Cooperative Society, which issued the permit to the Chinese deep-sea fishing vessels. The letter, a copy of which was made available to Nikkei, asks the manager to detail the agreement with the company that owns the vessels, the Fujian Hengli Fishery.
The issue has reached the National Assembly. Aslam Bhootani, who represents Gwadar, told the legislature last week that the arrival of the Chinese trawlers has created fear among the area's fishermen.
Bhootani told Nikkei that the deep-sea vessels "have large fishing nets which not only capture a lot of fish but also destroy the ecology of the marine life." He added that the fishermen of Gwadar have small boats and can't go into deep waters. "Local fishermen of Gwadar do not stand a chance against these Chinese vessels, and that is why we oppose them," he said.
Experts also view the protests against the backdrop of wider resentment against Chinese economic expansion in Pakistan under the Belt and Road framework.
Mohan Malik, a professor of strategic studies at the National Defense College of the United Arab Emirates, told Nikkei that most developing countries that signed on to the Belt and Road Initiative do not have much leverage to say "no" to China even when its deep-sea fishing fleet engages in predatory practices at the expense of workers and fishermen in host countries.
China has built the world's largest fishing fleet with heavy government subsidies, Malik added. Faced with depleted fish stocks in the seas around China, Beijing's giant trawlers are increasingly targeting new waters, such as the Arabian Sea off the coast of Pakistan, to satisfy the country's insatiable appetite for seafood -- one-third of total world consumption.
Resentment against the Chinese is also reflected in the Gwadar fishermen's opposition to the Chinese deep-sea vessels.
"Allowing the Chinese deep-sea trawlers to fish is tantamount to selling the seas of Baluchistan to them," Waju said. He vowed that the fisherman of Gwadar will hold strong protests against the new vessels starting next week.