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Showing posts from March 1, 2020

East India Company stock list, 1815

  Treasure of the Month: The collections of The Rothschild Archive London contain over two million pieces of paper, volumes, files, photographs, artefacts and art works. Each month the archivists will highlight a particular treasure from the collections. Nankings and Whanghees: East India Company goods price list, 1815 From their earliest days, global trade in goods and commodities was part of the daily life of the Rothschild businesses. As we approach the festive season with its vibrant colours and rich tastes, we reflect on the trade in exotic spices, dyes and textiles 200 years ago.   The East India Company The East India Company was a British joint-stock company, formed to pursue trade with the ‘East Indies’ (present day Maritime Southeast Asia). Originally chartered as the ‘Governor and Company of Merchants of London trading into the East Indies’, the company rose to account for half of the world's trade, particularly in basic commodities, trading mainly with China and the Ind

GEOPOLITICAL ILLITERACY AND PUBLIC DIPLOMACY Mar 2, 2020 by Vivian S. Walker In an era of renewed ideological warfare, here’s a new strategic vulnerability to consider: geopolitical illiteracy.  Experts have long recognized that promotion of media literacy—educating the information consumer to navigate the global media space—is essential to counter destabilizing information distraction and manipulation effects. But media literacy is not enough. We need to address an even more fundamental challenge—the absence of geopolitical literacy—or what every citizen needs to know about the strategic imperatives her country faces in the global context, and how these imperatives impact her, the members of her family, her community, her town, her region, her country. In this hyperconnected, hyper responsive world, we no longer have the luxury of information isolationism. National security begins at the level of individual knowledge about the global context. To address the phenomenon of geopolitical illiteracy, we need to


  04 MAR 2020 - 14:46 BACK TO ARCHIVE Spectator , Clingendael Institute Everybody talks about the momentum for peace in Afghanistan following the US-Taliban agreement signed on 29 February 2020 in Qatar’s capital Doha. What is really going on? Clingendael fellow Jorrit Kamminga has been working in Afghanistan for the past fifteen years and talks you through it in this explainer. A peace deal? No. The US-Taliban agreement is primarily about withdrawing US forces from Afghanistan. Obama tried to bring the troops home but failed and now Trump wants to deliver on his campaign promise to do the same. [1]  In return for withdrawal, the Taliban guarantees the country will never again be a safe haven or launchpad for international terrorism that can harm US security and interests. US soldier using an identity detection system during a cordon and search in Barla, Afghanistan in 2007. © The US Army/Flickr How was the deal struck? In September 2018 Trump appointed US Special Representative for Af

China’s growing Dominance in Space: Can India Risk Staying Behind

China tested an anti-satellite (ASAT) weapon in 2007 and in January 2019, Chinese lunar rover was successfully placed on the dark side of the Moon, a technically difficult mission. By: Huma SiddiquiMarch 7, 2020 10:15:24 AM NEXT Several projects being developed successfully for the services: DRDO Chief G Satheesh Reddy Coronavirus outbreak: Indian Army urges its personnel to avoid non-essential gatherings Pakistan does not want any security role for India in Afghanistan, says Shah Mahmood Qureshi India-china relations, indian space mission, china space mission, militarization of space, india's security concern space, china space silk road, indian space missions In today’s warfare the land-based assets are highly trackable from space, leaving very less chance of achieving surprise or deception. (Reuters) For India, China is considered as a dormant adversary, but it has come a long way since the last shots were fired in hostility during the Indo-China 1962 border conflict. Ad China h

Is India still the neighbourhood’s education hub? Constantino Xavier ,  Aakshi Chaba , and  Geetika Dang Friday, March 6, 2020 DOWNLOAD   Download the Policy Brief   Introduction India has long been an education hub for students from its neighbourhood.[2] Besides economic benefits, India’s capacity to attract students from neighbouring countries has helped it to form closer political ties and spread its cultural influence and values to the surrounding region. India’s ability to provide quality higher education is a form of soft power that, subtly but surely, enhances India’s connectivity with its neighbours. Some of the South Asian leaders who have benefited from an education in India include Nepal’s former Prime Minister B.P. Koirala, Myanmar’s Aung San Suu Kyi, Bhutan’s King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck, and Afghanistan’s former President Hamid Karzai. In 2018, however, only three serving world leaders had studied in India, compared to 58 in the United States.[3] This policy brief maps the current status of India as

US, China sea tensions on a precarious laser’s edge

Asia Times Pentagon accuses China of firing military-grade laser at US spy planes in dangerous new South China Sea escalation By  RICHARD JAVAD HEYDARIAN MARCH 2, 2020 Conceptual image of a military-grade laser attack on a US military plane. Photo: US military/Victor Tangermann MANILA – While global attention focuses on the fast-spreading Covid-19 epidemic, ratcheting US-China tensions in the South China Sea represent another rising threat to regional stability. The US Pentagon announced last week that a Chinese warship  fired  a military-grade laser at US Navy P-8 surveillance aircraft while conducting a routine mission in the hotly contested maritime area. Known as “dazzlers,” such lasers can temporarily blind pilots by beaming powerful light across vast distance and deep into aircraft cockpits up in the skies. “[China’s] navy destroyer’s actions were unsafe and unprofessional,” the US Pacific Fleet  said in a statement . “Weapons-grade lasers could potentially cause serious harm to