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Showing posts from 2021

Security and the Arctic: navigating between cooperation and competition

As the Arctic rises as a region of geostrategic interest and concern, this new IISS research paper considers the Arctic’s evolving defence and security dynamics, as well as environmental factors, driving both co-operation and competition, their implications, and possible frameworks and approaches to mitigate and manage the risks involved. The Arctic region is undergoing particularly dramatic change, driven chiefly by environmental factors resulting from climate change. This is affecting the Arctic to a greater extent than any other region of the globe, with the region warming twice as fast as other parts of the planet. Consequently, the Arctic has become a region of growing strategic interest and concern. New geostrategic frictions are emerging as a result of increased military activities and the prospect of new maritime routes and greater access to resources; the increased focus on how to respond to the threat to the environment; and the impact of all this on Arctic populations and es


download a PDF of this report, click  here . A new critical issues report published by Sanctuary Counsel and CPD: " Socially Distanced Diplomacy: The future of soft power and public diplomacy in a fragile world " seeks to shed light on emerging challenges and opportunities as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic and a major reset in U.S. foreign policy under a new administration. Just as the dominant trends driving culture, fashion, art and politics for any given decade require several years to find their eventual form, so too it is for centennial shifts. In all likelihood, historians will regard 2020 as the definitive pivot point between the 20th and 21st centuries.  Over the last 15 months, the standard models of operation for governments, businesses, civil society, cultural and educational institutions, and day-to-day life have been upended. As the world continues to come to terms with the new normal of the pandemic age (and attempts to adapt accordingly), diplomats, internat

Foreign Interference Conspiracies Can Do More Damage Than Foreign Interference

Foreign Interference Conspiracies Can Do More Damage Than Foreign Interference December 20, 2021 Joseph Bodnar Research Assistant Earlier this month, the Congressional committee investigating the Capitol insurrection said former President Donald Trump’s chief of staff Mark Meadows  turned over  a PowerPoint titled, “Election Fraud, Foreign Interference & Options for 6 JAN.” The document shows that Trump allies  drew up  a plan to upend U.S. democracy by falsely claiming foreign powers had manipulated the 2020 election.    Domestic actors seeking to delegitimize elections through baseless allegations of foreign interference are doing the work of U.S. adversaries. These unfounded charges erode confidence in U.S. democracy at home and abroad. They leave the nation more vulnerable to real interference in the future. And no one in Moscow, Beijing, or Tehran even needs to lift a finger. State and federal election officials, along with private sector experts, found that the 2020 election

America’s Identity Crisis

by Bruce Stokes In 1950, the German-born child psychologist Erik Erikson  observed  of his new American homeland: “This dynamic country subjects its inhabitants to more abrupt changes during a lifetime or a generation than is normally the case with other great nations.” Since then, Americans have experienced an even greater acceleration in the pace of their demographic, societal, and economic transformation, one that threatens American democracy and the reliability of the United States as an ally. The percentage of non-white people in the United States has tripled in the last half-century. The portion of foreign-born persons has also tripled. The share of births to unmarried women has quadrupled. The percentage of children living in single-parent households has doubled. Meanwhile, church membership has declined by a third. And the portion of the workforce employed in manufacturing has declined by two-thirds. At the same time, median incomes have largely stagnated. Of course, change is

Could Washington Support Balochistan Independence?

September 12, 2021   Topic: Foreign Policy Region: Americas  Tags:#Pakistan  #Balochistan#Afghanistan #KuwaitStrategy U.S. Credibility Not Seriously Damaged by Afghanistan Failure President Biden To Lay Out COVID-19 Omicron PlanDid Donald Trump Just Start a War with Iran? The possibility that a future American administration may try a “Kuwait” solution with Balochistan is growing. by Michael Rubin In 1899, Great Britain cut a deal with a separatist leader in Kuwait to make the small Persian Gulf territory a British protectorate. For the British, severing Kuwait’s links to Ottoman Iraq made strategic sense: By empowering Kuwait as a separate entity with a foreign policy subordinate to Britain’s own, the [British] India Office was able to stymie a German plan to build a railhead on the Persian Gulf. Pakistan may be riding high after the Taliban victory in Afghanistan. Many of Pakistan’s most senior officials celebrate American defeat. This should not surprise anyone. While the United Sta

Putin does not need to invade Ukraine to get his way

Keir Giles Senior Consulting Fellow, Russia and Eurasia Programme World leaders must not let images of tanks panic them into forgetting Russia has other options than invasion – and none of them mean its demands must be met. Russia’s proposed  new security  treatie  with the US and NATO are so unrealistic that it is widely suspected they are  designed to be  rejecte  out of hand to give Moscow an excuse to escalate its war on Ukraine. But the Kremlin may have entirely different outcomes in mind. Based on past performance it is reasonable for Moscow to hope that at least some of the treaty proposals will be accepted. And there are plenty of options for attacking Ukraine that are less costly, and more manageable, than another land invasion. It is true the draft treaties should be emphatically rejected because even though some may superficially appear reasonable, the way they would be implemented (and breached) by Russia means nothing in them should be acceptable. The clauses on rolling ba

The Death of a Historian in Centre for Historical Studies, JNU

Written by Jitendra Suna   Published on 19 March 2017 Jitendra Suna Speech made at the protest by BAPSA on 16th March, 2017 against the Institutional Murder of Muthukrishnan (Rajini Krish) I am Jitendra Suna, and I am from a remote village named Pourkela in the District Kalahandi, Orissa. I completed my high school from B. R. Ambedkar Uchhavidyapitha Pourkela, but never really knew who Dr. Ambedkar was. When I was in 8th standard I lost my mother, she was the head of our family. My mother wanted to send us to a science school but she died and my family did not have enough money to send us to a science school. After completing my plus two (higher secondary) I came to Delhi for earning some money. I used to go to work with my brother. He was working in IGL (Indraprastha Gas Limited) as a helper, I also joined as helper. There was one fellow worker, I am unable to remember his name now, but his last name was Murari. He always used to ask my brother, 'what is the meaning of Suna'?


The S-400 is prized for a number of advanced capabilities including a very high mobility and response time, high situational awareness provided by multiple radars operating simultaneously in different wavelengths, and a multilayered defence capability provided by several complimentary types of surface to air missiles. The system can according to some reports engage up to 80 targets simultaneously, and its two longest range missiles are able to engage hypersonic targets travelling at over Mach 8 with respective maximum ranges of 400km and 250km. This allows systems deployed near India's borders to shoot down Pakistani aircraft deep into the country's airspace.

Nikola Tesla : Making Your Imagination Work For You

-Nikola Tesla "When I was about twenty, I contracted a mania for gambling. We played for very high stakes; and more than one of my companions gambled away the full value of his home. My luck was generally bad, but on one occasion I won everything in sight. Still I was not satisfied, but must go on with the play. I lent my companions money so that we might continue, and before we left the table I had lost all that I had won and was in debt. "My parents were greatly worried by my gambling habits. My father especially was stern and often expressed his contempt at my wanton waste of time and money. However, I never would promise him to give up gambling, but instead defended myself with a bad philosophy that is very common. I told him that, of course, I could stop whenever I pleased, but that it was not worth while to give up gambling because the pleasure was more to me than the joys of Paradise. "My mother understood human nature better and never chided. She knew that a man


Maps shape our understanding of the world—and in an increasingly interconnected and global economy, this geographic knowledge is more important than ever. Unfortunately, billions of people around the world have a skewed perception of the true size of countries thanks to a cartographic technique called the Mercator projection. Used just about everywhere, from classroom wall maps to navigation apps, the Mercator projection is the way most of humanity recognizes the position and size of Earth’s continents.

99.31% of the money returned to circulation after Demonetization of Rs.500 & Rs.1000 notes. Only 0.69% – Rs.10,720 crore – not returned

PUBLISHED BY Team PGurus 5 MINS AGO  More unanswered questions from the reply by the Government on Demonetisation - did the banks catch the fake currency and if yes, how much? Going by the objective that 13% of the money in circulation would not come back, should the Demonetization be deemed a failure? The Union Finance Ministry has informed Parliament that  Rs.10,720 crore  worth old Rs.1000 and Rs.500 notes were  not returned  to circulation after demonetization. According to the Finance Ministry, when  demonetization  was announced on November 8, 2016,  Rs.15,41,793 crore  worth withdrawn notes were in circulation. The Ministry said that after verification and reconciliation, as of June 30, 2018 Rs.15,31,073 crore worth was returned from circulation. The Finance Ministry was replying to the  questions raised  by BJP MP  Subramanian Swamy  about the return of money in circulation after demonetization. This reply shows that 99.31% of the money has returned to circulation after banning

Foreign Drones Tip the Balance in Ethiopia’s Civil WarPrime Minister

Turkish and Chinese drones paid by the UAE win the battle for Ethiopia against the advancing Tigrayan rebels.  The Emirati strikes stopped in January after President Biden came to power, under pressure from Washington. But they have resumed in recent months, largely in the form of the latest Chinese-made drones, the officials said. The Emirati drone strikes, under the direction of the national security adviser Tahnoun bin Zayed al-Nahyan, appear to be a snub to American diplomatic efforts to end the war. American officials say they are trying to draw the U.A.E. into peace efforts as an ally, but that cooperation is limited. In a meeting with the United States regional envoy, Jeffrey Feltman, earlier this week, Sheikh al-Nahyan denied that his country was shipping weapons to Ethiopia, an American official with knowledge of the meeting said. By contrast, Mr. Abiy’s dealings with Turkey have been relatively open. He signed a military pact in August with Turkey’s president, Recep Tayyip Er