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Showing posts from March 14, 2021

The Races of Afghanistan

Downloads  Description The Races of Afghanistan  was written towards the end of, and shortly after, the Second Anglo-Afghan War (1878–80) and published in London in 1880. The author, Henry Walter Bellew, was a surgeon and medical officer in the Indian Army who over the years had undertaken a number of political missions in Afghanistan and written several books on Indian and Afghan subjects. In explaining the purpose of his book, Bellew writes that the peoples of Afghanistan in his view soon would become subjects of the British Empire and that, “to know the history, interests, and aspirations of a people, is half the battle gained in converting them to loyal, contented, and peaceable subjects….” The book begins with an introduction, an overview chapter on the Afghans, and separate chapters on the history of the Afghans, British relations with Afghanistan, and Sher Ali (the emir of Afghanistan who reigned 1863–66 and 1868–79). These introductory chapters are followed by individual chapte

A History of India under the Two First Sovereigns of the House of Taimur, Báber and Humáyun

A History of India under the Two First Sovereigns of the House of Taimur, Báber and Humáyun Description William Erskine (1773–1852) was a Scottish-born scholar and administrator who held a variety of posts in India between 1804 and 1823. He mastered Persian and in 1826 published an English translation of the memoirs of Babur, the first Mughal emperor and the founder of the Mughal dynasty. In 1831 Erskine began formulating plans for a history of the first six Mughal emperors. He died before he could finish the work. In 1854 Erskine’s son, Claudius James Erskine, a member of the Indian Civil Service, published this two-volume study of the first two emperors, Babur (born 1483, reigned 1526–30) and Humayun (reigned 1530–40 and 1555–56), which his father had completed before his death. The book is a pioneering study of Mughal India, based on Erskine’s painstaking research and close reading of original Persian sources. Babur, the founder of the Mughal Empire and dynasty, was descended on his

The UK needs a rebrand – an expert explains how

Paul Temporal ,  University of Oxford March 15, 2021 11.51am GMT As the UK prepares for economic recovery from COVID and makes the best of Brexit, it is striking that there has been no talk of investing in the national brand. A post-Brexit “ global Britain ” will need more than rhetoric – and something more sophisticated than the nine-year-old  GREAT Britain  promotional campaign – to sell its products and services, develop new strategic alliances, retain its soft power, and make the nation an attractive destination. UK governments have tended not to engage in serious branding activities. They have preferred to focus on slogans and logo-heavy campaigns that draw heavily on marketing tools such as advertising (the regular  VisitBritain  tourism campaigns), PR (Tony Blair’s so-called  “Cool Britannia” party  in the 1990s), and exhibitions ( Food is GREAT  at China’s 2020 International Import Expo). At such a key moment for the country, to not attempt to build an all-encompassing national

What Lies Behind China’s Belt and Road Initiative?

World Although popular perception views the Belt and Road Initiative as an offensive project, it is a defensive venture by China to safeguard its international trade, the source of its growing wealth. 22 hours ago | Prem Shankar Jha         Source: HKTDC Research This is the first article in a two-part series on the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). The second one deals with the politics surrounding the BRI.  China’s prompt  withdrawal of its troops and armour  from the eastern part of the grey zone around Pangong lake between the Indian and Chinese defined Lines of Actual Control has confirmed the hypothesis advanced in several previous  columns  on this platform, that its purpose, from the start, was not to nibble Indian territory away in small slices but to force the Modi government to reconfirm India’s commitment to the agreements on Peace and Tranquility in the Border region arrived at in  1993  and  2005 . But, why should China be so intent upon re-establishing a durable peace with

UNHRC: Baloch activists accuse Pakistan of violating human rights in Balochistan

UNHRC: Baloch activists accuse Pakistan of violating human rights in Balochistan ANI |  Updated:  Mar 19, 2021 15:37 IST Geneva [Switzerland], March 19 (ANI): Baloch political activists have raised the issue of human rights violations in  Pakistan 's resource-rich  Balochistan  province by the state security agencies during the 46th session of the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva on Thursday. Waja Siddique Azad, Secretary-General of Baloch Peoples' Congress during the intervention drew the Council's attention towards the appalling Human Rights situation in  Balochistan . He said, "The depressive cases of missing persons have been going on for decades now. The Human Rights Commission of  Pakistan  (HRCP) has over the years condemned  Pakistan  state for its dark record in handling the cases of enforced disappearances in  Balochistan ." A UN working group made recommendations against enforced disappearances, but the  Pakistan i government did not live up to its con

Securing the Subsea Network: A Primer for Policymakers

March 9, 2021 DOWNLOAD THE REPORT   The United States’ position as the world’s leading hub in subsea networks can no longer be taken for granted. More of the world is coming online, and China is emerging rapidly as a leading subsea cable provider and owner. This guide for policymakers describes subsea cables' essential functions, planning processes, and common threats; explains the U.S. economic and strategic interests at stake; and offers recommendations for protecting U.S. centrality in subsea networks. This report was made possible by the generous support of Ciena Communications Inc., Corning Incorporated, Google LLC, the Microsoft Corporation, and the NEC Corporation of America. DOWNLOADS Download the Full Report

The powerful centenarian: China's Communist Party turns 100

5 min read Nearing its 100 th  anniversary, the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) appears stronger than ever. On the one hand, the party state lead by Xi Jinping has fared comparatively well in containing the coronavirus pandemic, increasing Chinese citizen’s trust in their government. From another perspective, what helped the leadership overcome challenges in recent decades was an unusual combination of political control and planning with economic flexibility and experimentation.    The Chinese Communist Party (CCP) was established in Shanghai on July 23, 1921. But it has little in common with the present-day CCP. Mao Zedong was very present at the first Party Congress, which announced the fight against class distinctions, the overthrow of the bourgeoisie through a proletarian revolution and the collectivization of production. What followed were years of civil war against the ruling Kuomintang party, violent propaganda campaigns and internal party purges.   Ever since the CCP started intr

EU-China Weekly Review is compiled by MERICS

  The European Commission published the outstanding market access annexes of the Comprehensive Agreement on Investment (CAI) last week.  What you need to know Key market openings in China: Automobile manufacturing  – After 2022 foreign investors can increase their shareholding to above 50 percent in the production of cars with internal combustion engines. Carmakers will also be allowed to establish more than two equity joint ventures at the same time from 2023. There continues to be no limitations on new investments in electric vehicles projects valued at over USD 1 billion. Medical services – China will allow establishment of fully foreign-owned private hospitals and clinics in eight selected cities, including Beijing, Shanghai, Shenzhen, and on Hainan island. The hospitals and clinics must employ a majority of Chinese nationals.  Telecommunication services  – Foreign investment of up to 50 percent will be allowed in online data processing and transaction processing services (e-commer

US national defense strategy and the future of foreign military sales

Seizing the advantage   by   Charles W. Hooper Defense Industry Defense Policy Defense Technologies Security & Defense An F-35 pilot prepares for take off from the Vermont Air National Guard Base with the flag of the United States, before a flyover honoring Vermont’s front line coronavirus disease (COVID-19) responders and essential workers in South Burlington, Vermont, U.S. May 22, 2020. U.S. Air National Guard/Miss Julie M. Shea/Handout via REUTERS. Join Forward Defense for leading-edge commentary and key recommendations as we help chart the course for the United States’ next National Defense Strategy. As the Biden administration’s Pentagon begins developing its new defense strategy, it should consider the future of one of the most important tools of foreign policy: foreign military sales (FMS). There’s a debate underway about the role of FMS in US statecraft. Some argue it is overused, represents a “militarization” of foreign policy, and produces unintended consequences for glob