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Showing posts from May 23, 2021

Disproportionate representation at the Supreme Court: A perspective based on Caste and Religion of judges

Columns By Namit Saxena 23rd May, 2021 at 9:19 AM A recent observation made by former  Chief Justice of India  SA Bobde   regarding women refusing judgeship due to domestic responsibilities launched debates across the country on disproportionate representation at the highest level of the judiciary. While much ink has recently been spilled on gender biases when it comes to appointing judges, there is a need to highlight disproportionate representation at the Supreme Court on the lines of caste and religion. Here is an analysis from this perspective. What the Constitution says As per Article 124 of the Constitution, any citizen of India below 65 years age who has been: a judge of one High Court or more (continuously), for at least five years, or an advocate there, for at least ten years, or a distinguished jurist, in the opinion of the President, is eligible to be recommended for appointment, a judge of the Supreme Court. The criteria to be appointed as a Supreme Court judge are citizens

COVID-19 in India: State-Wise Estimates of Current Hospital Beds, ICU Beds, and Ventilators

April 21, 2020 by  Geetanjali Kapoor   Aditi Sriram   Jyoti Joshi   Arindam Nandi   Ramanan Laxminarayan   Share The Question:  COVID-19 was declared as a global pandemic by the World Health Organization on 11th March 2020. While all countries are working hard to cope with the sharp rise in infections, the existing healthcare capacity even in developed countries appears to be falling short of the real need. India, home to over 1.3 billion people, has a fragmented health care system with an inadequate public health infrastructure and a large and growing private sector. The availability of data on inpatient care and critical care capacity in India is limited, creating uncertainty surrounding whether the country can accommodate mass hospitalization at the peak of the Covid-19 pandemic. Researchers at CDDEP India and Princeton University estimated the current number of hospital beds, intensive care unit (ICU) beds and ventilators across 37 states of India. What We Found:  In this report, C

The race to understand the exhilarating, dangerous world of language AI

Hundreds of scientists around the world are working together to understand one of the most powerful emerging technologies before it’s too late. by  Karen Hao archive page May 20, 2021 ARIEL DAVIS On May 18, Google CEO Sundar Pichai announced an impressive new tool: an AI system called LaMDA that can chat to users about any subject. To start, Google plans to integrate LaMDA into its main search portal, its voice assistant, and Workplace, its collection of cloud-based work software that includes Gmail, Docs, and Drive. But the eventual goal, said Pichai, is to create a conversational interface that allows people to retrieve any kind of information—text, visual, audio—across all Google’s products just by asking. LaMDA’s rollout signals yet another way in which language technologies are becoming enmeshed in our day-to-day lives. But Google’s flashy presentation belied the ethical debate that now surrounds such cutting-edge systems. LaMDA is what’s known as a large language model (LLM)—a de