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Showing posts from October 3, 2021

Media Literacy Standards to Counter Truth Decay

by  Alice Huguet ,  Garrett Baker ,  Laura S. Hamilton ,  John F. Pane Download Full Document Format File Size Notes PDF file 1.2 MB Technical Details » Format File Size Notes PDF file 0.2 MB Technical Details » Truth Decay —the diminishing role that facts, data, and analysis play in political and civic discourse—has in part been fueled by a complex and rapidly evolving media and technology ecosystem. For those interested in countering Truth Decay, media literacy (ML)—the ability to access, analyze, evaluate, create, and act using all forms of communication—has emerged as a potentially powerful tool. But the lack of specificity regarding ML competencies can challenge teachers, policymakers, curriculum developers, advocates, and researchers hoping to understand what kinds of ML education work best and how ML education can be implemented effectively. There is also no shortage of ML-relevant standards. The large number of existing standards can be an additional challenge for stakeholders

Approaches and Obstacles to Promoting Media Literacy Education in U.S. Schools

by  Garrett Baker ,  Susannah Faxon-Mills ,  Alice Huguet ,  John F. Pane ,  Laura S. Hamilton FULL DOCUMENT Format File Size Notes PDF file 1 MB Technical Details » Recent, widely publicized incidents of misinformation and disinformation underscore the need to equip Americans with the knowledge and skills required to navigate a changing media landscape . A key approach to accomplishing this involves education. A survey administered to public school teachers focused on the kinds of media literacy (ML) instruction promoted in public schools and the obstacles that teachers face in delivering ML curricula and instruction in their classrooms. Survey results indicate that ML instruction is unevenly implemented, at best, and that obstacles to teaching ML (e.g., lack of time, other priorities) are common. The survey also revealed that ML instruction, and obstacles to it, varies across schools of different ethnic makeups and poverty levels, suggesting that there are opportunities to administe

Anticipating Adversary Military Interventions

Source: RAND Research Questions Where, how, and how often have U.S. adversaries intervened militarily since 1946? What factors drive U.S. adversaries to use military forces abroad? Download Complete rreport   Concern about the potential for military interventions by U.S. adversaries to affect U.S. interests has risen over the past decade, driven by high-profile interventions, such as the Russian missions in Ukraine and Syria, Iranian activity in Iraq and Syria, and expanding Chinese military activity in Africa. Despite these concerns, relatively little is known about the intervention behavior of these countries. There are many reasons for U.S. policymakers to be concerned about the interventions of adversaries. First, adversary interventions might pursue outcomes that undermine U.S. interests. Second, adversary interventions might affect the activities and objectives of U.S. forces when they intervene in the same places. Finally, adversary interventions may directly threaten U.S. force

Al Qaeda Could Throw a Wrench in China's Plans for Afghanistan

October 8, 2021    Where once the United States was perceived as the “ far enemy ” by Al Qaeda operatives, China can expect trouble with Al Qaeda and the so-called  Islamic State Khorasan  (ISIS-K) as it  seeks  to invest in the post-war torn Afghanistan. by  Saba Sattar Where once the United States was perceived as the “ far enemy ” by Al Qaeda operatives, China can expect trouble with Al Qaeda and the so-called  Islamic State Khorasan  (ISIS-K) as it  seeks  to invest in the post-war torn Afghanistan. Beijing has already  dispatched  $31 million in emergency aid, including essential food items and coronavirus vaccines. Taliban spokesman Zabiullah Mujahid also  stated  the new regime’s “desire” to join the  China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) , Beijing’s flagship $62 billion endeavor, that serves a larger part of the trillion-dollar Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). Launched in 2013 as one of the critical ways of realizing the  Chinese Dream , or the great rejuvenation of the Chines

No teacher, no class: state of the education report for India, 2021

No teacher, no class: state of the education report for India, 2021 Corporate author: UNESCO Office New Delhi  [210] Person as author: Sarangapani, Padma M. [author]  [3],  Thirumalai, Bindu; Ramanathan, Anusha [author]  [2] ISBN: 978-81-89218-81-2 Collation: 138 pages : illustrations Language: English Year of publication: 2021

CHINA: Party Watch Weekly Report 4|44

Center for Advanced China Research to me View this email in your browser Weekly Report 4|44 9.25.2021-10.1.2021 David Gitter, Anna Scott Bell, Brock Erdahl, Julie Huynh, Connor Swank, Samuel Olson, and Christian Slavin Highlights Qiushi  published Xi Jinping’s speech at the 31st Politburo Collective Study Session on 25 June 2021, which focused on the theme of “using red resources well and continuing red bloodlines.” (see Senior Leaders section) A  People's Daily  Commentator Article hailed Huawei Chief Financial Officer Meng Wanzhou’s (孟晚舟) “return to the motherland,” attributing this “important victory” to the leadership of the Party, the efforts of the central government, and the support of the people. (see Propaganda Work section) A  People’s Daily  Editorial welcomed China’s 72nd National Day, looking back over the preceding year and celebrating China's triumph over significant challenges. (see Propaganda Work section) Senior Leaders Xi Jinping: Thoroughly Implement a Strat

An airlift capability to match China’s strategic ambitions

29 September 2021 Author: Loro Horta, Dili While analysts give substantial attention to China’s expanding fleet of modern fighter jets, such as the J-20 and J-15, they are much less enamoured with its growing strategic airlift and logistical capacity. Although modern stealth fighters might be ‘sexier’ than transport or mid-air refuelling platforms, China’s progress in this area is rapidly expanding its strategic footprint. No air force — no matter how modern its fighters or how good its pilots — can prevail without good logistics. The People’s Liberation Army Air Force’s (PLAAF) generals understand this well. Over the past decade China has invested significant resources in improving and expanding its mid-air refuelling and strategic airlift capabilities. For most of its existence since it was founded in 1949, the PLAAF’s role was limited to defending mainland China’s airspace and nearby areas. Chinese MiG-15s and MiG-17s fought against US fighters in Korea and the Taiwan Strait in the

India is struggling to keep its financial promises to South Asia

2 October 2021 Author: Kazi Mohammad Jamshed, University of Dhaka In 2010, India promised to finance  US$7.36 billion  in development projects in Bangladesh through  lines of credit (LOC) . So far, only 10.57 per cent of the total funds committed have been disbursed. Although the  ‘Neighbourhood First’  policy and Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s ‘ Everyone Together, Everyone’s Development, Everyone’s Trust ’ vision are integral components of its foreign policy, India is struggling to keep its promises. Will this over-promise but under-delivery of funds have an adverse impact on the relations between India and its LOC partners? Bangladesh and India have warm bilateral relations, derived from their shared history. Although the states are in a region replete with resources, they have failed to transform those resources into shared and productive wealth. They have failed to ensure economic integration, even though their economies are largely complementary and would benefit from econo

After Seven Decades Of Independence, Why Is Health Still Not A Fundamental Right In India?

HEALTH Even after seven decades of independence, people in India continue to struggle in accessing something as fundamental as health, say experts Published   19 hours ago   on   October 2, 2021 By Written By:  Barkha Mathur  | Edited By:  Sonia Bhaskar  | HIGHLIGHTS Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being: WHO Right to Health has not been enshrined as a fundamental right in Constituti Right to health is when the state is duty bound to provide health to all New Delhi:  According to the Constitution of India, health is a state subject. However, the central government also plays an important role in establishing public healthcare infrastructure. Together, the governments at the centre and state should provide adequate healthcare and preventive health facilities to the citizens but as of now, they are not constitutionally obligated to do so. This is because the ‘Right to Health’ has not been enshrined as a fundamental right in the Constitution. To understand w